The Elements of Euclid: The Errors by which Theon, Or Others, Have Long Vitiated These Books, are Corrected, and Some of Euclid's Demonstrations are Restored. Also the Book of Euclid's Data, in Like Manner Corrected. viz. the first six books, together with the eleventh and twelfth
J. Collingwood, 1827 - 513 páginas
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added altitude angle ABC angle BAC base Book centre circle circle ABCD circumference common cone cylinder definition demonstrated described diameter difference divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular equimultiples Euclid excess figure fore four fourth given angle given in position given in species given magnitude given ratio given straight line greater Greek half join less likewise logarithm magnitude manner meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane prism produced PROP proportionals proposition proved pyramid radius reason rectangle rectilineal figure remaining right angles segment shewn sides similar sine solid solid angle sphere square square of AC taken THEOR third triangle ABC wherefore whole
Página 141 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.
Página 26 - If a straight line fall upon two parallel straight lines, it makes the alternate angles equal to one another, and the exterior angle equal to the interior and opposite upon the same side, and also the two interior angles upon the same side together equal to two right angles.
Página 46 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, four times the rectangle contained by the whole line and one of the parts, together with the square of the other part, is equal to the square of the straight line which is made up of the whole and that part.
Página 28 - Cor. angles; that is * together with four right angles. There1s, 1. fore all the angles of the figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.
Página 21 - If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the other, each to each, but the angle contained by the two sides of one of them greater than the angle contained by the two sides equal to them, of the other ; the base of that which has the greater angle shall be greater than the base of the other.
Página 12 - IF two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the other, each to each, and have likewise their bases equal; the angle. which is contained by the two sides...
Página 169 - Wherefore, in equal circles &c. QED PROPOSITION B. THEOREM If the vertical angle of a triangle be bisected by a straight line which likewise cuts the base, the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the segments of the base, together with the square on the straight line which bisects the angle.
Página 5 - LET it be granted that a straight line may be drawn from any one point to any other point. 2. That a terminated straight line may be produced to any length in a straight line. 3. And that a circle may be described from any centre, at any distance from that centre.