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dens, they will ever sustain a full share. I claim for them, however, no extraordinary merit or virtue.
11 The tilling of the soil has every where been deemed honorable, but the farmers of United America seem destined to form a more respectable and more intelligent body of men than those of any other country. Their numbers, and our political institutions, secure to them much considerationEducation is within their reach. They are invited to the acquisition of knowledge. Intelligence and virtue are every where secure of respect.
12 After a long period of calamity and carnage, suffering humanity has demanded, not in vain, a pacificated world. A state of peace has thrown nations
upon resources; such is emphatically our attitude at present. must seek to produce those things at home, which we can obtain no longer abroad on the principle of exchange, and they are only so to be obtained without certain and speedy ruin. It ought to be our felicity, that the resources of this widely spread and growing empire are immense, and that the energies of a free people may be directed to develope them.
13 Our heretofore national prosperity has given us a taste for productions which we must either seek to domesticate or forego their use. Wine, silk and tea, may be named among these conveniences.-Millions are annually exported and expended to obtain for us those articles.
14 Household industry comprehends an essential interest in rural economy. It is the department in which the influence of that sex, to whom we are bound by the strongest ties of love and gratitude, is most conspicuous—it is the scene where the thrift, the ingenuity, the taste and intelligence of woman, has full latitude of operation.
15 How many comforts—how many enjoyments are accumulated—how many endearments are secured, by raising her to her proper elevation ! A community will be formed, refined and happy, in proportion as woman is secure of respect. Employment is ever the shield of innocence, and the nurse of virtue.
16 In a farmer's house it is the best maxim, to make what you can, even when foreign commodities are most depressed. Who would not prefer having their spinner, their dyer, their clothier, for their neighbors, rather than in a foreign land? Independently of all interested considerations, we must delight to cultivate au interchange of kindnesses and mutual
good offices. How much must life languish where they are wanted !
17 It is not in relation to the comforts of families only, that household manufactures deserve high regard and consideration: They are of essential importance to national prosperity. The community whose time is the most carefully and usefully employed, will be the most flourishing. Where there is no household manufactures, much time will be consumed to little purpose, and much expense must accrue, to purchase that which is not produced.
18 The wealth sent abroad for foreign conveniences, as things now are, will slowly, perhaps not at all, return. Thus the nation will become impoverished. National penury must militate against individual and domestic happiness. It is a point of sound policy, to nourish a taste for household manufactures-It is for the ladies to facilitate and effect their establishment_Teach them it is for their country's good, and they will do their duty.
SECTION IX. Persuasive to early Piety and Moral Rectitude:from an
address delivered by FREDERICK BEASLY, D. D. Provost of the University of Pennsylvania, to the senior class of the students, on the 22d of July, 1821.
MY YOUNG BRETHREN, 1 Your intentions, are, no doubt, at this time upright, and all your
views laudable. The evil propensities and passions which are common to you race, you must be presumed to possess, but they have not yet gained the ascendency over your better powers.
If vicious inclinations have occasionally transported you into excess, this excess has been speedily succeeded by remorse and penitence, which have operated as an immediate corrective of such evil.
2 Whatever may have been the follies or vices, into which you may have been hurried, habits of irregularity and excess are not yet contracted, and evil propensities have not subjected you to their dominion. From your commerce with a corrupt world, and exposure to the allurements of its pleasures, and its temptations to dishonor, you have not yet relaxed your principles or tainted your morals.
3 If you are beginning to lisp the language of profanity, a delicate and sensitive conscience gives you warning of the outrage you are committing against God. If you have given way to the impulses of unbridled passions, the pangs of
contrition have been their bitter fruits. At the prospect of shame, dishonor and infamy, your spirits would shudder within you.
4 Not only are you free, as yet. from the slavery of sinful passions, but the virtuous principles of your constitution, aided by the holy spirit of God, maintain a decided preponderance over those which incline you to evil. Your heart dilates with secret emulation and delight, when you hear recounted any generous and noble deeds which have been performed by others. Your moral feelings are alive to all the claims of duty. .
5 The doctrines of the gospel interest and touch your heart, while its moral precepts recommend themselves by an irresistible evidence to your understandings. You cannot walk abroad and contemplate the wonders of creation, without feeling a sacred glow of gratitude and love to their beneficent Author.
6 Such, at this time, my young brethren, in all probability, is your moral condition, and such are your views, feelings and principles of action. It is a happy and most precious moment of your lives, could you but be rendered sensible of its full importance. This is to you emphatically the accepted time, this is the day of salvation.
7 From the days of infancy to those of boyhood, and from those of boyhood to those of youth, no determinate plans are formed, and scarcely ever any definite character impressed upon the mind. Through this portion of the journey of life, almost all of us pass with equal thoughtlessness and frivolity, and when arrived at youth find ourselves at the same stage and pursuing the same road.
8 Not so, however, when we have attained to youth and manhood. From the moment in which you commence an intercourse with the world on your own account, and mingle amongst its actors, entering into its interests, its sympathies and its conflicts, the paths in which you walk begin to diverge from each other. Some of them will lead you to respectability, peace, honor, fame, immortality ; while others will conduct you in a downward course to shame, disgrace, mise. ry and everlasting contempt.
9 You stand, my young brethren, upon the point from which this divergence begins.-Does it not infinitely concern you to give heed to the steps which you shall take next, to pause seriously, reflect and deliberate before you precipitate yourselves into unseen dangers, and begin to contest with
enemies with whose strength and wiles you are unacquainted ?
10 Hitherto amidst the levity and heedlessness of younger years, reflection and seriousness were more difficult to be at tained by you; but it is now time, that you should be sus ceptible of the impressions of truth and duty, and should im bibe the lessons of wisdom and sobriety.
11 It is fearful to reflect upon the changes which ofter. take place in the fortunes and conditions of young men, immediately after that period of life to which you have now attained. How many opening prospects of youth are soon clouded or sunk in perpetual night! How many hearts of parents and friends are wrung with anguish at the sudden disappointment of those hopes which they had long and fondly cherished!
12 You yourselves are entirely unapprised of the severity of that trial to which you must be subjected in making your way through the world—what evil communications will essay to corrupt your good manners. What blasphemies and impieties will incessantly assail your ear and insinuate a secret poison into your hearts !
13 And it is to be remarked as an awful admonition, on this head, that the progress which our unruly appetites and passions make towards subjecting us to their despotism, is imperceptible; and that the demands which they make upon us are increased by every indulgence which we grant them. We are subjected to their yoke before we are aware; and then, of all the criminal desires, it may be truly said, that increase of appetite doth grow by the very aliment they have
14 How precious, in this point of light, is the period of youth, and how infinitely important the restraining influence of religion, to save it from the miseries it
may bring upon itself! 15 My young brethren, you may now be awake to every virtuous and noble sentimert, and susceptible of the tenderest impressions of religion-and yet, a little familiarity with scenes of guilt, may diminish your sensibility in this respect, gradually harden your heart, and vitiate your thoughts and principles of action.
16 Vice insidiously spreads its contamination through the youthful mind; and when once it is deeply imbibed, where is the antidote that shall check its fatal progress ?-What an impressive lesson does this consideration teach you, to cultivate an early piety, which is the only effectual expedient by which you shall be saved from the evils to come!
17 The next consideration which should lead you to seek the grace of early piety, is, that it furnishes you with the best provision for a long and happy life.
18 But if virtue has sometimes to encounter persecutions and be tested by its trials, it neyer fails ultimately to contribute to our welfare, and promote our true enjoyment. Vice, on the other hand, by the tumult and inquietude which it awakes in the bosom, never fails, not only to imbitter our pleasures, but also to abridge the term of our present lives.
19 The wicked shall not live out half their days.-Intemperance, debauchery, avarice, inordinate ambition, revenge, all the wild and lawless passions, hurry their victims to untimely graves. Do you not perceive that righteousness exalteth to honor, but that sin sinketh down to shame? Are not the good, although not always, yet, for the most part, the prosperous upon earth ?
20 Do they not find that while the name of the wicked is allowed to rot in public estimation, a good name is to them better than great riches, and loving favor than silver and gold ?
21 Their meekness and gentleness of disposition conciliate the esteem and affection of others,—their soft words extinguish wrath, their patience and forbearance under provocations and injuries disarm resentment and revenge,their blameless lives and scrupulous integrity attract universal confidence,-their habitual intercourse with God, both by internal and external acts of homage, purifies their minds from all unholy desires, and quells the turbulence of unruly passions, while that ardent love of mankind which springs out of the pure fountain of religion in the heart, prompts them to those benevolent, humane and disinterested exertions, which never fail to reward the performers of them with the gratitude and attachment of their fellow-men.
SECTION X. Selections from the first Message of Governor Thomas,
to the Legislature of Delaware, Jan. 7, 1824. i I would earnestly press upon your attention the propriety of adopting some plan, by which the means of education may be accessible to every member of the community. This is a subject of primary importance, and I trust it will receive from you that serious consideration to which it is justly entitled. The school fund is gradually increasing; but if permitted to remain untouched, it would require at