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Account he gives us of him in the Acts of the

And indeed, there is nothing in the Expresfions in either place, that does necessarily infer, that he was actually under Execution, and then deliver'd from it ; but rather under Sentence, or Designation to Death : For in the 15th Chapter of the first Epistle, what we read, If I have fought, may be read, If I had fought'; i. e. If I had been actually exposed to a Combat with the Beasts, as I was designed for it. And in the Verse before iny Text, he only says, that he had the sentence of death in himself; i. e. He look’d upon himself, as one under Sentence of Death ; one that was designed and intended for the Slaughter. So that there is no Necessity, to gather from either of these places, that by the Death, from which he was delivered, is meant an actual Execution thereof; but rather only a Designation to it. And then we need not have recourse to Fancy, to supply a supposed Defect in St. Luke's History ; For we shall find in the 19th Chapter of the Afts, an Account of a great Danger, which he was delivered from in Asia; a great Tuinult rais'd in Ephesus, by Demetrius and the Craftsmen, upon Occasion of St. Paul's Preaching against the Superstition and Idolatry of that place ; where his two Companions were haled away to the Theatre; probably, with a Design to throw them to the Lions


and he himself narrowly escaped.


The Learned Grotius would refer us to the following Chapter, A&ts 20. v. 19. for an Account of this great Death ; where St. Paul tells the Elders of Ephesus, whom he had convened at Miletus ; Ye 'know, from the first day that I came into Asia, bow I have served God with tears and temptations ; that is, Tryals and Persecutions, that befel me, by the lying in wait of the Jews.

But this seems to be too general an Account of the Matter; and does not satisfy the Doubt, what particular Paffage of his Life it is, that he has an Eye to in the Text. And indeed, I see no Reason to believe, but that St. Paul, in this general Account of his Sufferings in Asia, had a Regard, among the rest, to that particular Story in the foregoing Chapter : For he seems to refer to all the Troubles, that happen'd to him, from his first coming into Afia ; And why then should it be imagin'd, he overlook'd so reinarkable a one as this?

'Tis true, he says of those, that they befel bim by the lying in wait of the Jews ; But whoever consults the Story, in the foregoing Chapter, will see Cause to believe, that the Jews had a Hand in that Matter ; for, 'tis plain, they were very busy in that Tumult ; and, we may be sure, with no good Design to St. Paul.

There is a Reason urged, why that Expression of his, in his first Epistle, mention'd before, of his fighting_with Beasts at Ephesus ; cannot relate to this Danger , in Asts 19 ; be

cause, cause, as 'tis faid, That Epistle was wrote before this Tumult happen'd at Ephesus : And if this be true, 'tis unanswerable.

I do not think my self obliged at present, to enquire nicely into this Matter; and shall only fay, that there is great Reason to believe, that that first Epistle was written, not as the Author of the Postscript, whoever that was, says, from Philippi ; which, as we read in Acts 16. is a City in Macedonia ; for there are no Salutations in it from the Saints in Macedonia; but rather from fome Place in Afia, from whence he sends Salutations in the 19th Verse of the last Chapter ; The Churches in Asia salute you : And particularly from Ephesus ; where he proposes, at the 8th Verse, to stay still Pentecost : I will tarry at Ephesus till Pentecost

. But yet, if it be objected, that he went away from Ephesus immediately after the quieting of this 'Uproar ; as some conclude from the first Verse of the 20th Chapter of the Afts ; where it is said, after the Uproar was ceased, Paul called to bim the Disciples, and embraced them, and departed to go to Macedonia: And if this should be admitted as a Reason, why his First Epistle could not be written from thence after this Uproar; and consequently, his Fighting with Beasts at Ephesus, mention'd in that Epistle, cannot refer thereto : yet I am sure, prwill afford a good Argument for That for which I am much more concern'd, that

my Text has a particular Relation thereto. For 'tis certain, his Second Epistle was written from Macedonia : And if he went so immediately from Ephesus, upon his Escape of the Danger of this tumultuous Uproar, into Macedonia, from whence he writes this Epistle; what Danger can it be so probably suppos’d to be, from which he blesses God in the beginning of this Epistle for delivering him, and of which he seems fo sollicitous to inform the Corinthians, as this which he so lately and fo narrowly escaped in that same Place, which in the Verse but one before my Text, he makes the Scene of it, viz. Asia ?


I know the Learned Lightfoot will not allow this to be the great Death there mentioned; and his Argument is, because we do not read of any the least Damage that actually happen'd to him in that Tumult. But with all due Reverence to the Ashes of fo Great a Man, I cannot think his Argument to be of any Force; for certainly a Man may be, and truly said to be, in great and eminent Danger of Death, tho' he may be preserved by the good Providence of God, from actually sustaining any the least Hurt.

I doubt not, our Apostle thought himself to be, and really was in very great Danger, both at Jerusalem, when more than Forty of the Jews had bound themselves under a Curse, that they would neither Eat nor Drink till they had killed him; and also at Damascus, when the Jews had taken Counsel to the same Purpose,



and he was glad to be let down the Wall in a
Basket by Night, to avoid them : He was in
Danger, I say, in both Places, tho' no actual
Harm happen'd to him in either.

His Two Companions in the Tumult I have been now speaking of, were hurried away by the Rabble to the Theatre ; it may be, as Dr. Lightfoot himself yields, and I think I inay fay inost probably, with a Design to cast them to the Lyons; and can we imagine that they had less cruel Intentions towards him? All the Fault of Gaius and Aristarchus was, that they were Paul's Companions in Travel; 'twas he that anger'd them, 'twas this Paul that had preach'd against their Idolatry, and persuaded and turned away much People, Verse 26. and 'twas for His Saké that the others were laid hold on; And would they not much rather have halled him to the Theatre, and more certainly have cast him to the Lyons, if by the Advice of his Friends, and kind Intimation of their Designs, given him by the Asiarcha, he had not been hinder'd from appearing publickly among them? And if those were their Intentions concerning him, he might well look upon his Escape as a Deliverance from a very great Death.

But Esius has an Obječtion against Their Interpretation of that Passage in his First Epiftle, concerning his fighting with Beasts at Ephesus, who understand it of his being exposed to the Lyons, as Ignatius was ; which

may against my Interpretation of this Place: And it


be urged


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