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wealthy friends to liberal sentiment and free discussion;—Where are they? I trust many more have sent their aid privately, than appear on the list*, surely such of these who have not, can not want reminding how very closely - the oppressions visited on you and your worthy fainily are associated with their own dearest rights;--in short yours is the cause of every one in this kingdom, nay, of all mankind from the Pole to the Equator, however widely opposed you may be in opinion; but more especially is it the bosom business of all those who think it not just to burn alive for the promulgation of conscientious sentiments, -or who believe that the same power, which could with so much cant of goodness in the mouth, and so much cold-blooded insensibility of heart, subject you and others to an incarceration for years, simply for the exercise of this right, would not have hesitated to have sent you to the wheel or to the stake, did the temper of the age permit them to do so!

Enclosed is One Pound, the conjoint asssistance of myself and a brother infidel, who as enthusiastically venerates your dauntless virtue, though he sometimes trembles for your future safety;-in sending you This trife, we beg it to be considered as an expression of that unqualitied esteem, while we regret its deficiency as a pecuniary aid ; for I once more repeat, that prompt effective means of relief must and ought to come from the wealthy partisans to the right of wenslaved inquiry: at the same time it is impossible to calculate upon the ultimate inagnitude of the continually increasing small contribu-! tions of numerous individuals; let it be remembered, that in the physical world, the imperceptible accumulation of numbers, infinitely minute particles of watery matter, compounds a dense mass, often of vast elemental powers, astonishing in their active operations and extensively important in their effects; and I cannot conclude this long letter betier than by joining in the appeal to all who love truth and enlightened freedo!n, so ably made by your friends of Manchester, and more recently. of Millbridge,—let all furnish what they can, and this concentrated aggregate may in time become a moral condensation of force not only to rend asunder the chains incircling one virtuous family, but those of all others suffering in the same cause !

With the most heartfelt wishes for the happiness and fulfilment of every hope of Yourself, Wife, and Sister.

I am, sincerely yours,

HARMODIOUS. * Harmodious having expressed a hope that I have received private aid to a greater extent th an has been made public, I beg to assure him that I have not, and I could not dare to say so if I had. Every subscription penny that I have heard of I have made public and not a penny more than has been received. Many private friends have incurred losses and expences to serve me on particular occasions ; but nothing that I could make public as a tangible subscription of money, or other property in the shape of direct support, has been omitted.

R. CARLILE,

A VAGABOND AND LYING CHRISTIAN

EXPOSED.

The public have heard a great deal of a certain Lieutenant of the Navy, who, when he was discharged from bis ship, bad cupning enough to see, that Methodist preaching was not altogether a bad trade on shore, with no otber means of turning a penny. This person is now commonly known as the Reverend Mr. Smith of Pepzauce. Tbis Reverend Vagabond has acquired the true art of methodistical preaching, and wherever he can get a congregation together, with the prospect of making a collection of money, for the better dissemination of an almighty omnipresent God's word, there he is to be found preaching! In villages, in the bye-lanes of towns, or any where, so as the congregation and the pence can be collected, he is your man to dole out the word of God. If he preaches in Hull, be will raise the curiosity and surprise of his dupes by telling them some lies and strange anecdotes about what is passiog in Londou, and vice versa; always laying the scenes of his tales about a hundred miles from the spot where he parrates them. But it happens that at Hull, there is a paper called “ The Hull Advertiser,” of somewhat the same stamp as the Vagabond Preacher, and this paper has reported two of his speeches, which are replete with lies of the most barefaced description. Here then we have the Reverend in print, and every means of exposing his craft and trickshere they shall be exposed.

There were two meetings of fools and fanatics beld in Hull last month; the one on the fifteenth day called “ The Annual Meeting of The Hull Evangelical Society, for promoting the Gospel in Holderness and the neighbouring Villages';" the other on the sixteenth, called “The Annual Meeting of the Hull and East Riding Auxiliary Bible Society. At both these 'meetings the Reverend Vagabond Smith was present, and at each, among other lies, he told some about me. At the first meeting he is reported to have spoken as follows:

“ The Rev. Gentleman then communicated some interesting particulars respecting a society about to be established in London to carry the gospel into the dark corners and retired parts of that metropolis. He stated that a shop had been recently opened to vend Carlile's blasphemous and infidel publications, which were again

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exposed to, and bought by, the multitude; but if the gospel- was simply, generally, and zealously preached, and God's work was left in his own hands, ten thousand times ten thousand Carliles could never injure it. Jesus must reign, till all his foes become his footstool. The Rev. Gent. then stated that a survey had been taken of the Thames, and 60,000 persons, resident on its banks, were found destitute of religious instruction. A meeting was held to form a society for this object, when a man came forward and addressed him, saying that if he held his tongue the boards would cry out against him; -he had been the greatest infidel in London, and he proceeded to give an account of himself in substance as follows:İle was foreman to Carlile, and he heard Mr. S. preach on Kennington Cominon, when he handed to him some Spencean writings, requesting his opinion upon them. Some time afterwards, Mr. S. was preaching to a number of watermen; the same individual was among them, and called out—“I am a Deist, but almost you have persuaded ine to be a Christian.” Struck with the power of God he went home, A few days afterwards a poor Methodist called to ask if he would send his children to a Sunday School? They conversed; he was much affected, and told the Methodist of his impressions, whom, at the same time he desired to burn his infidel books, and fetched down Paine's Age of Reason, and Carlile's Mock Trial, for

that purpose.

The Methodist declined: upon which the man asked him to blow the fire while he fetched down the books, and put them into it. This was agreed to; and they were so numerous that it occupied considerable time to consume them. Mr. S. added, he did not know any thing of the man, and had not seen him since; but at the Meeting in question, he thanked God for giving him courage to do this; stated that he was seeking the Lord Jesus Christ; that he was desirous to do as much as he could, and to be as active for Christ as he had been for Satan.”

To this I answer, that I never employed any man in the character of a foreman, and tbat I never employed any man in my business from first to last who had at the same time a wife and a child, excepting Mr. William Clark, who was lately tried for publishing “Queen Mab."

There are a hundred persons in London, who will support this statement of mine. I bave employed eight men, above twenty years old, as shopmen, and I can take upon myself to say, that they are now all of them most firm and most decided Materialists. Three of them are now suffering imprisonment for their opi-' nions, and three others expectants of the same honour; the seventh conducts my printing, and the eighth has been working in another channel upon the same principle almost ever since he left me. Excepting those eight, I have employed nothing but youths and errand boys, not one of wbom did I ever question about bis opinions, or use the

least means to induce him to adopt or comprehend mine. So much in answer to the story about the recanting foreman, the methodist applying to the man to advise him to send his children to school, and the burning of the books.

Independent of this exposure, the Reverend Vagabond gives the lie to himself in his own account. He says, that at a meeting to form a religious society, to preach God's word to the people about the Thames, this foreman of mine came forward, and said, “ if he held his tongue the boards would cry out against him: that he HAD BEEN the greatest infidel in London,&c. Now, of course, this means to say, that the man had discovered himself in error as to his infidelity towards Christianity, and that he then and there felt compelled to renounce that error. The Reverend Liar goes on to say, that some time after he was preaching to some watermen, and that this same man being present, said to him (Sirith) “ I am a Deist, but almost you persuade me to be a Christian," as if he had then, for the first time, received an impression from the discourse he had delivered to the watermen. Compare these two stories: think of a Methodist declining to put some of my publications in the fire, and think of the same Methodist blowing the fire whilst the other placed his own books on it; then see how the story finishes with another lie, by saying that this foreman of mine thanked God, at this meeting, for giviog him courage to burn the books, whereas we are first told that it was a few days after the meeting that the Methodist called upon him: think of all this, see what a string of lies the paragraph contains, independent of my denying ever having such a man in my employ, and then think what a lying vagabond Christian this Ex-Lieutenant Smith of Penzance must be! His paragraph carries three distinct lies on the face of it, visible to any one who will take the pains to examine it.

I will lay it down as an axiom, that it is an utter impossibility for an individual to fall back to the ignorance of a Christian after he has become a Deist or Materialist upon a full and fair enquiry into the grounds of religion. It is as impossible as for a man to become ignorant how to solve the most simple problem in mathematics after he had become a perfect master of the science: A inental emanation from Christianity to Deism or Materialism is an emanation from ignorance to knowledge, and what we learn upon such a ground we cannot unlearn or forget. It is an emanation from superstition to a liberality of mind founded on

knowledge. It is an emanation from falsehood to truth, towards which a man may be a hypocrite, but cannot be an apostate.

The following paragraph is that which the Reverend Vagabond is reported to bave spoken at the second meeting.

“ The Rev. G. C. Smith, of Penzance, next addressed the meeting, in a speech of great feeling and energy, of which we can barely give an outline.

After adverting to the great loss sustained by the Society in the death of Mr. Owen, and pronouncing an eulogium on his character, he adverted to the diffusion of infidelity on the continent, particularly in France, and stated, from his own observation, the effects which it had produced on society in that country. The Bible Society had no longer to encounter that open and direct hosti. lity which was once employed against it; but it had to meet another opposition of a more striking and hideous nature. Societies of Deists and Freethinkers were established in our own metropolis, to circulate throughout the country every thing that could hinder the progress of the Word of God. The individual (Carlile) of whom they had heard so much, was supported by men of talent, influence and wealth. His shop was re-opened ;--crowds assembled round it; and upwards of 10,000 papers had been circulated, addressed to Bible Societies, and Ladies' Societies in particular.

A view of the window would be sufficient to strike them with horror, more especially when they were informed, that they were now not merely one or two, but twenty shopmen in reserve, in the pay of men able to keep them, and determined, by the circulation of infidel papers, to overthrow or render nugatory the efforts of the Bible Society. This was doubtless permitted by God to take place, in order to rouse up the friends of this institution to additional energy.

The Reverend Gentleman then gave a very glowing and animated description of his visit to the tombs of Voltaire, and Rousseau, and of his triumphant feelings, when contrasting on the spot, the impious and arrogant predictions of these men, with the recent conquests of the gospel, and the spread of divine truth, through the medium of the Bible Society. He urged upon the meeting, the necessity of firmness and perseverance in the prosecution of their glorious object."

Now, I take upon myself to say, that there is no such an association in London, as a society established to circulate Deistical or Atheistical publications. No such publications are given away in any part of this Island, nor any where else that ever I beard. I never heard of a subscription for any such a purpose upon the smallest scale. I never knew a single publication of the kind given away by any one from the motive of proselytizing.

The assertion that I am supported by “men of talent, influence and wealth" is utterly false, if it relates to private

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