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II. Not to Sin against, grieve or quench the Spirit.


But they rebelled and vexed his OF AFFLICTIONS, troubles, and pERholy Spirit, therefore he was turned to be their enemy.-Isa. lxiii. 10.

But the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.-Matt. xii. 31, 32. Mark iii. 29, 30.

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Keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace; and grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed, &c.-Eph. iv. 3. 30.

Quench not the Spirit.-1 Thess. v. 19.

He that despised Moses' law, died without mercy, &c. Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, &c. and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?-Heb. x. 28, 29.

The Spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, &c.-1 Pet. iv. 14.


SECT. I. To whom they belong, or who may expect them.

I. Common to all.

MAN is born unto trouble as the sparks fly upward.-Job v. 7.

Man that is born of a woman, is of few days, and full of trouble.Job xiv. 1.

II. More especially, Christian Believers, such as are born of the Spirit.

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men for my name's sake, &c. The disciple is not above his master, &c. It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household? &c. Think not that I am come to send peace on earth, &c. A man's foes shall be they of his own household.-Matt. x 17, 18. 21, 22. 24, 25. 34-36. xxiv. 9, 10. Luke xxi. 12, &c. Mark x. 30.

Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.-Matt. xvi. 24. Mark viii. 34, 35.

Woe unto you that laugh now, for ye shall mourn and weep. Woe unto you when all men shall speak well of you: for so did their fathers to the false prophets.-Luke vi. 25, 26.

Jesus said unto him, Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.-Luke ix. 58.


If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hated you. ye were of the world, the world would love its own; but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you. Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord: if they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you, &c. All these things they will do unto you for my name's sake, because they know not him that sent me.-John xv. 18-21. 1 John iii. 13. John xvii. 14.

shall have tribulation.-John xvi. 1 3. 20. 22. 33.

Of a truth, against thy holy child Jesus, &c. both Herod, &c. were gathered together, to do whatsoever thy hand, and thy counsel determined before to be done.-Acts iv. 27, 28.

The Lord said of Paul, I will shew him how great things he must suffer for my name.-Acts ix. 15, 16

Exhorting them to continue in the faith and that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.-Acts xiv. 22. Mark x. 30.

The Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city, saying, That bonds and afflictions abide me.-Acts xx. 23.

These things have I spoken unto you, that ye should not be offended: they shall put you out of the synagogues; yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you, will think that he doeth God service; and these things will they do unto you, because they have not known the Father, nor me. Ye shall weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice; and ye shall be sorrowful, &c. In the world ye

Always we which live are delivered to death for Jesus' sake, that the life also of Jesus, &c.-2 Cor. iv. 11. vii. 5.

But as then, he that was born after the flesh, persecuteth him that was born after the Spirit, so it is now.Gal. iv. 29.

We wrestle not against flesh, &c. but against principalities, &c.-Eph. vi. 12, 13.

Unto you it is given in behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake.— Phil. i. 29.

That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves know that we are appointed thereunto.1 Thess. iii. 3.

All that will live godly in Christ Jesus, shall suffer persecution.2 Tim. iii. 12.


Whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, &c. for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not? but if ye be without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons.-Heb. xii. 6—8.

Think it not strange, concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you: but rejoice, inasmuch as ye are made partakers of Christ's sufferings: judgment must begin at the house of God.-1 Pet. iv. 12, 13. 17. The devil, &c. whom resist, &c.


knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren.1 Pet. v. 8, 9.

Behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried and ye shall have tribulation ten days. Rev. ii. 10.

As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, &c. Rev. iii. 19.

These are they that came out of great tribulation, and have washed, &c.-Rev. vii. 14.

SECONDLY. That the Saints have been so exercised with Afflictions, in Soul and Body, from God: and in their Bodies, and outward Concerns, from Men, by Persecutions.

I. From God more immediately.—
Prov. xviii. 14.

Jacob sorely afflicted for Joseph and other of his sons.-Gen. xxxvi. xxxiv.

The Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me: I went out full, and the Lord hath brought me home again empty, &c.-Ruth i. 20, 21,

I am full of confusion, therefore see thou my affliction. Job x. 15, &c, My soul is also vexed, O Lord, how long? &c. I am weary with my groaning: all the night (or every night) make I my bed to swim: I water my couch with my tears: mine eye is consumed because of grief, &c. Ps. vi. 3. 6, 7. xxxii. 4. cii. 3, &c.

The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid. The sorrows of hell compassed me about.-Ps. xviii. 4, 5. cxvi. 3.

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My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? &c. I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not. . Ps. xxii. 1, 2.

I am desolate and afflicted: the troubles of mine heart are enlarged, &c.-Ps. xxv. 16, 17. xl. 12. cii. 3—6. 9. cxliii. 4..

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My tears have been my meat, while they continually say unto me, Where is thy God?-Ps. xlii. 3. 10.

Job greatly afflicted in his substance, and his body.-Job i. 13. 22. ii. 5-8. vii. 3, &c. ix. 27, &c.


O that my grief were thoroughly weighed, &c. for now it would be heavier than the sand of the sea; therefore my words are swallowed up (or I want words to express my grief): for the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit: the terrors of God do set themselves in array against me. Job vi. 2-4. xiii. 24. 26. xix., ever?. will he be favourable no xxx. Ps. xxxviii. 2. lv. 4, 5. more? Is his mercy clean gone for ever? doth his promise fail?-Ps. lxxvii. 2-4. 7, 8. cxlii. 3, 4. 6. cxliii. 4. 7. Luke xviii. 8.

In the day of my trouble I sought the Lord; my sore ran in the night, and ceased not; my soul refused to be comforted: I remembered God, and was troubled; I complained, and my spirit was overwhelmed. Selah. Thou holdest mine eyes waking; I am so troubled that I cannot speak, &c. Will the Lord cast me off for

Make me to hear joy and gladness, that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice; hide thy face from my sins. Ps. li. 8, 9.

Save me, O God, for the waters are come in unto my soul: I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing; I am come into deep waters (or depth of waters) where the floods overflow me: I am weary of my crying, my throat is dry: mine eyes fail, while I wait for my God.-Ps. lxix, 1—3. xlii. 6, 7.


All the day long have I been plagued, and chastened every morning.-Ps. lxxiii. 14. H

My soul is full of troubles, &c. Thou hast laid me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in the depths: thy wrath lieth hard upon me, thou hast afflicted me with all thy waves, &c. I am afflicted, and ready to die: I suffer thy terrors: I am distracted: thy fierce

wrath goeth over me: thy terrors have cut me off.-Ps. lxxxviii. 3. 6, 7. 9. 14-17. xxxviii. 4. 6. 8. 10. xxxi. 9,10. Prov. xviii. 14. Ps. xl. 12.

Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O Lord.-Ps. cxxx. 1. :

Jonah cast into the sea, and in the belly of the fish.-Jonah i. 15. 17. ii.

For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, &c. We are chastened of the Lord, &c.-1 Cor. xi. 30-32.

We were troubled on every side: without were fightings, within were fears.-2 Cor. vii. 5.

Ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold tempta tions.-1 Pet. i. 6.

Hezekiah, &c. was left of God, in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart. 2 Chron. xxxiii. 31.

II. From Men by Persecutions of various kinds-Gal. iv. 29.

We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed, &c. persecuted, but not forsaken, &c.-2 Cor. iv. 8-11.

FIRST. From Men openly wicked: Heathens, Infidels.

Joseph, because he refused lewd commerce with Potiphar's wife, was by her means imprisoned in Egypt. Gen. xxxix. 7—21.


When Israel began to increase in Egypt, the king said, Come on, let us deal wisely with them, lest they multiply, and it come to pass, when there falleth out any war, &c. Therefore they did set over them task-masters, to afflict them with their burdens, &c. They made them serve with rigour: and they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, &c. ordered the midwives to kill the male children. Exod. i. 7-17.

Pharaoh pursued after Israel with a great army unto the Red Sea.Exod. xiv. 7-10.

Afterwards they laid the burden heavier, allowing them no straw, and yet required the tale of brick.-Exod. v. 6-9. 11.


-The adversaries of Judah and Benjamin troubled them in building, and hired counsellors against them to frustrate their purpose, &c. Afterwards Rehum the chancellor wrote to the king, &c. The Jews are building the rebellious and bad city, &c.' If this city be builded, and the walls set up again, then will not they pay toll, tribute, &c. and so thou shalt endamage the revenue of the kings: now, because we have maintenance from the king's palace, and it was not meet for us to see the king's dishonour, &c. This city is a rebellious city, and hurtful unto kings, &c. and that they have moved sedition within the same of old, &c. If this city be built, &c. by this means thou shalt have no portion on this side the river, &c. So they hasted to Jerusalem,' and by force stayed the work.-Ezra iv. 1.4, 5. 12-16. 23, 24.

Sanballat laughed us to scorn, &c. said, &c. Will ye rebel against the king?-Neh. ii. 19. vi. 6-8.

When Sanballat and others heard that the walls of Jerusalem were made up, &c. they were very wrath, and conspired all of them together to come and to fight against Jerusalem, and to hinder it, &c.-Neh. iv. 7, 8.

They hired men to draw Nehemiah to sin, that they might have occasion to reproach him.-Neh. vi. 12, 13.

When Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence; then was Haman full of wrath, &c. wherefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews, &c. said unto the king, There is a certain people, &c. and their laws are diverse from all people, neither keep they the king's laws; therefore it is not for the king's profit to suffer them. Let it please the king that it may be written, that they may be destroyed, and I will pay, &c. The king grants his desire, &c.-Esth. iii. 5, 6, 8-11.

Many say of my soul, There is no help for him in his God. Selah. Ps. iii. 2.


The wicked in his pride doth persecute the poor, &c.-Ps. x. 2. 8, 9.

The wicked bend their bow, &c. that they may privily shoot at the upright in heart.-Ps. xi. 2.

All they that see me, laugh me to scorn; they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying, He trusted on the Lord that he would deliver him; let him deliver him, seeing (or if) he delighted in him.-Ps. xxii. 7, 8.

They devise deceitful matters against them that are quiet in the land, &c. They have said, Aha, aha, our eye hath seen, &c. so would we have it.-Ps. xxxv. 20, 21. 25.

The wicked plotteth (or practiseth) against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth, &c. The wicked have drawn out their sword, &c. to cast down the poor and needy, to slay such as be of upright conversation.-Ps. xxxvii. 12. 14.

They also that seek after my life lay snares for me: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceit all the day long, &c. when my foot slippeth, they magnify themselves against me, &c. They also that render evil for good are my adversaries, because I follow the thing that good is.-Ps. xxxviii. 12. 16. 19, 20. cix. 4, 5.

For thy sake are we killed all the day long we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.-Ps. xliv. 22.

Have the workers of iniquity no knowledge, who eat up my people as they eat bread?-Ps. liii. 4. xxv. 19.

Being angry, with intestine hatred they persecute me.-Ps. lv. 3.

my sin, O Lord: they run and prepare themselves without my fault, &c.-Ps. lix. 3, 4. 7. cxix. 86. 161.

Man would swallow me up: he, fighting daily, oppresseth me: mine enemies would daily swallow me up, for they be many that fight against me, &c. every day they wrest my words: all their thoughts are against me for evil.-Ps. lvi. 1, 2. 5.

The mighty are gathered against me, not for my transgression, nor for

The workers of iniquity, who whet their tongue like a sword, &c. bitter words: that they may shoot in secret at the perfect, &c.-Ps. lxiv. 2—5.

They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head. -Ps. Ixix. 4. cix. 2-4.

They that hate thee have lifted up the head; they have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones: they have said, Come, and let us cut them off, &c.-Ps. lxxxiii. 2—5. xxxi. 13.

How long shall the wicked triumph? shall they utter and speak hard things? &c. they break in pieces thy people, O Lord, and afflict thine heritage? &c. Which frame mischief by a law: they gather themselves together against the soul of the righteous, and condemn the innocent blood.-Ps. xciv. 3-5. 20, 21.

The proud have forged a lie against me.-Ps. cxix. 69. 86.

We are exceedingly filled with contempt: our soul is exceedingly filled with the scorning of those that are at ease, and with the contempt of the proud.-Ps. cxxiii. 3, 4.

The enemy hath persecuted, &c. my spirit is overwhelmed within me, my heart is desolate, &c. my spirit faileth, &c.-Ps. cxliii. 3, 4. 7.

All that pass by clap their hands at thee: they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, saying, Is this the city? &c. We have swallowed her up certainly this is the day that we looked for; we have found, &c.-Lam. ii. 15, 16.

There are certain Jews whom thou hast set over the affairs of the province, &c. These men, O king, have not regarded thee; they serve not thy gods, nor worship the golden image, &c. and they cast them into the fiery furnace.-Dan. iii. 9. 12. 20, 21.

The wicked devoureth the man that is more righteous than he.-Hab. i. 13.

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