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dons him, so soon as he goes into the next the reason is, that there rests upon him a
company or takes a part in the next peculiar manifestation, by which the truth
worldly concern, which, in the course of is made visible to the eye of his mind, and
his business, comes round to him. It com- a peculiar energy, by which it comes home
pletely disappears as an element of conduct, upon his conscience. And if you come to
and he talks, and thinks, and reasons just inquire into the cause of this speciality, it is
as he would have done, had his mind, in the language of the Bible, confirmed, as we
reference to God, been in a state of entire believe it to be, by the soundest experience,
darkness. If any thing like a right con- that every power which nature has con-
ception of the matter ever exist in his heart, ferred upon man, exalted to its highest
the din and the day light of the world measure, and called forth to its most stren-
drive it all away from him. Now, to recti- uous exercise is not able to accomplish it, -
fy this case, it is surely not necessary, that that it is due to a power above nature, and
the Spirit add any thing to the truth of beyond it; that it is due to what the Apostle
God's omnipresence, as it is put down in calls the demonstration of the Spirit,-a de-
the written record. It will be enough, that monstration withheld from the self-suffi-
he gives to the mind upon which he ope- cient exertions of man, and given to his be-
rates, a steady and enduring impression of lieving prayers.
this truth. Now, this is one part of his And here we are reminded of an instruc-
office, and accordingly it is said of the unc-tive passage in the life of one of our earliest
tion of the Spirit, that it is an unction which I and most eminent reformers. When thelight
remaineth. Neither is it necessary that the of divine truth broke in upon his heart, it
light, which he communicates, should con- was so new and so delightful to one form-
sist in any vision which he gives to the erly darkened by the errors of popery,
eye, or in any bright impression upon the he saw such a power and such an evidence
fancy, of any one thing not to be found along with it,- he was so ravished by its
within the pages of the Bible. It will be beauties, and so carried along by its resist-
enough if he give a clear and vigorous ap- less arguments, that he felt as if he had
prehension of the truth, just as it is written, nothing to do, but to brandish those mighty
to the understanding. Though the Spirit weapons, that he might gain all hearts and
should do no more than give vivacity and carry every thing before him. But he did
effect to the truth of the constancy of God's not calculate on the stubborn resistance of
presence, just as it stands in the written corrupt human nature, to him and to his
record-this will be quite enough to make reasonings. He preached and he argued,
the man who is under its influence carry and he put forth all his powers of eloquence
an habitual sense of God about with him, amongst them. But mortified that so many
think of him in the shop and in the market-hearts remained hardened, that so many
place, walk with him all the day long, and hearers resisted him, that the doors of so
feel the same moral restraint upon his many hearts were kept shut in spite of all
doings, as if some visible superior, whose | loud and repeated warnings, that so many
Virtues he revered, and whose approbation souls remained unsubdued, and dead in
he longed after, haunted his every footstep, trespasses and sins, he was heard to ex-
and kept an attentive eye fastened upon claim that old Adam was too strong for
the whole course of his history. The natu- | young Melancthon.
ral man may have sense, and he may have There is the malignity of the fall which
sagacity, and a readiness withal to admit adheres to us. There is a power of cor-
the constancy of God's presence, as an un-| ruption and of blindness along with it,
deniable doctrine of the Bible. But to the which it is beyond the compass of human
power of this truth he is dead; and it is means to overthrow. There is a dark and
only to the power of this world's interests settled depravity in the human character,
and pleasures that he is alive. The spiritual ) which maintains its gloomy and obstinate
man is the reverse of all this, and that resistance to all our warnings and all our
without carrying his conceptions a single arguments. There is a spirit working in
hair breadth beyond the communications the children of disobedience which no
of the written message. He makes no pre-power of human eloquence can lay. There
tensions to wisdom by one jot or one tittle is a covering of thick darkness upon the
beyond the testimony of Scripture, and face of all people, a mighty influence abroad
yet, after all, he lives under a revelation to upon the world, with which the Prince of
which the other is a stranger. It does not the power of the air keeps his thousands
carry him by a single footstep without the and his tens of thousands under him. The
peld of the written revelation, but it throws minister who enters into this field of con-
a radiance over every object within it. It flict may have zeal, and talents, and elo-
furnishes him with a constant light which quence. His heart may be smitten with
enables him to withstand the domineering the love of the truth, and his mind be fully
influence of sight and of sense. He dies fraught with its arguments. Thus armed,
into the world, he lives unto God,--and he may come forth among his people,

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flushed with the mighty enterprise of turn-power must be brought to bear upon the ing souls from the dominion of Satan unto mass of resistance which is before him; and God. In all the hope of victory he may let the man of confident and aspiring genius, discharge the weapons of his warfare among who thought he was to assail the dark seats them. Week after week, he may reason of human corruption, and to carry them by with them out of the Scriptures. Sabbath storm, let him be reduced in mortified and after Sabbath he may declaim, he may de-dependent humbleness to the expedient of monstrate, he may put forth every expe- the Apostle, let him crave the intercessions dient, he may at one time set in array be- of his people, and throw himself upon their fore them the terrors of the law, at another prayers. he may try to win them by the free offer | Let us now bring the whole matter to a of the Gospel; and, in the proud confidence practical conclusion. For the acquirement of success, he may think that nothing can of a saving and spiritual knowledge of the withstand him, and that the heart of every gospel, you are on the one hand, to put forth hearer must give way before the ardour of all your ordinary powers, in the very same his zeal and the power of his invincible way that you do for the acquirement of arguments. Yes; they may admire him, knowledge in any of the ordinary branches and they may follow him, but the question of human learning. But in the act of doing we have to ask is, will they be converted so, you, on the other hand, are to proceed by him? They may even go so far as to on a profound impression of the utter fruitallow that it is all very true he says. He lessness of all your endeavours, unless God may be their favourite preacher, and when meet them by the manifestations of his he opens his exhortations upon them, there Spirit. In other words, you are to read may be a deep and a solemn attention in your Bible, and to bring your faculties of every countenance. But how is the heart attention, and understanding, and memory, coming on all the while ? How do those to the exercise, just as strenuously as if people live, and what evidence are they these and these alone could conduct you to giving of being born again under the power the light after which you are aspiring. But of his ministry? It is not enough to be told you are at the same time to pray as earnof those momentary convictions which flash estly for this object, as if God accomplished from the pulpit, and carry a thrilling infiu- it without your exertions at all, instead of ence along with them through the hearts of accomplishing it in the way he actually listening admirers. Have these hearers of does, by your exertions. It is when your the word, become the doers of the word ? eyes are turned toward the book of God's Have they sunk down into the character of testimony, and not when your eyes are humble, and sanctified, and penitent, and turned away from it, that he fulfils upon pains-taking Christians ? Where, where is you the petition of the Psalmist,~"Lord, the fruit? And while the preaching of do thou open mine eyes, that I may behold Christ is all their joy, has the will of Christ the wondrous things contained in thy law." become all their directions? Alas, he may You are not to exercise your faculties in look around him, and at the end of the year, searching after truth without prayer, else after all the tumults of a sounding popularity, God will withhold from you his illuminating he may find the great bulk of them just influences. And you are not to pray for truth, where they were,-as listless and uncon- without exercising your faculties, else God cerned about the things of eternity,--as ob- will reject your prayers, as the mockery of stinately alienated from God,-as firmly a hypocrite. But you are to do both, and devoted to selfish and transitory interests, - this is in harmony with the whole style of as exclusively set upon the farm, and the a Christian's obedience, who is as strenuous money, and the merchandize,--and, with in doing as if his doings were to accomplish the covering of many external decencies, to all, and as fervent in prayer, as if without make them as fair and plausible as their the inspiring energy of God, all his doings neighbours around them, proving by a heart were vanity and feebleness. And the great given, with the whole tide of its affections, Apostle may be quoted as the best examto the vanities of the world, that they have ple of this observation. their full share of the wickedness which There never existed a man more active abounds in it. After all his sermons, and than Paul, in the work of the Christian all his loud and passionate addresses, he ministry. How great the weight and the vafinds that the power of darkness still keeps riety of his labours! What preaching, what its ground among them. He is grieved to travelling, what writing of letters, what daily - learn that all he has said, has had no more struggling with difficulties, what constant effect, than the foolish and the feeble lisp-exercise of thought in watching over the ings of infancy. He is overwhelmed by a Churches, what a world of perplexity in his sense of his own helplessness, and the lesson dealings with men, and in the hard dealings is a wholesome one. It makes him feel of men with him; and were they friends, that the sufficiency is not in him, but in or were they encmies, how his mind beGod; it makes him understand that another hooved to be ever on the alert, in counsel to bear upon the

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ling the one and warding off the hostility | alone can work with effect? This is very
of the other. Look to all that is visible true, but God chooses to work by instru-
in the life of this Apostle, and you see ments,-and Paul, by the question, “Lord,
nothing but bustle, and enterprise, and what wilt thou have me to do ?" expressed
vareity. You see a man intent on the fur- his readiness to be an instrument in his
therance of some great object, and in the hand. Neither did he say, what signifies
prosecution of it, as ever diligent, and as my praying, for I have got a work here to
ever doing, as if the whole burden of it do, and it is enough that I be diligent in the
lay upon himself, or as if it were reserved performance of it. No--for the power of
for the strength of his solitary arm to ac- God must be acknowledged, and a sense of
complish it. To this object he conse- his power must mingle with all our per-
crated every moment of his time, and even formances; and therefore it is that the
when he set him down to the work of a Apostle kept both working and praying, and
tent-maker, for the sake of vindicating the with him they formed two distinct emana-
purity of his intentions, and holding forth tions of the same principle; and while there
an example of honest independence to the are many who make these Christian graces
poorer brethren; even here, you just see to neutralize each other, the judicious and
another display of the one principle which the clear-sighted Paul, who had received
possessed his whole heart, and gave such a the spirit of a sound mind, could give his
character of wondrous activity to all the unembarrassed vigour to both these exer-
days of his earthly pilgrimage. There are cises, and combine, in his own example,
some, who are so far misled by a kind of the utmost diligence in doing, with the
perverse theology which they have adopted, utmost dependence on him who can alone
as to hesitate about the lawfulness of being di- give to that doing all its fruit and all its
ligent and doing in the use of means. While efficacy.
they are slumbering over their speculation, | The union of these two graces has at
and proving how honestly they put faith times been finely exemplified in the latter,
in it by doing nothing, let us be guided by and uninspired ages of the Christian
the example of the pains-taking and indus-Church; and the case of the missionary
trious Paul, and remember, that never since Elliot is the first, and the most impressive
the days of this Apostle, who calls upon us that occurs to us. His labours, like those
to be followers of him, even as he was of of the great Apostle, were directed to the
Christ,-never were the labours of human extension of the vineyard of Christ,--and
exertion more faithfully rendered --never he was among the very first who put forth
were the workings of a human instrument his hand to the breaking up the Ameri-
put forth with greater energy.

can wilderness. For this purpose did he But it forms a still more striking part of set himself down to the acquirement of a the example of Paul, that while he did as harsh and barbarous language; and he bemuch toward the extension of the Chris- came qualified to confer with savages; and tian faith, as if the whole success of the he grappled for years with their untractacause depended upon his doing,-he prayed ble humours; and he collected these wanas much, and as fervently for this object, as derers into villages; and while other re11 all his doings were of no consequence. | formers have ennobled their names by the A fine testimony to the supremacy of God, formation of a new set of public laws, did from the man, who, in labours was more he take upon him the far more arduous task abundant than any that ever come after of creating for his untamed Indians, a new him, that he counted all as nothing, unless set of domestic habits; and such was the God would interfere to put his blessings power of his influence that he carried his upon all, and to give his efficacy to all! He christianizing system into the very bosom who looked so busy, and whose hand was of their families; and he spread art, and 80 constantly engaged, in the work that learning, and civilization amongst them : Was before him, looked for all his success and to his visible labours among his people to that help which cometh from the sanc- he added the labours of the closet; and he tuary of God. There was his eye directed. (translated the whole Bible into their tongue: Thence alone did he expect a blessing upon and he set up a regular provision for the his endeavours. He wrought, and that with education of their children ; and lest the diligence too, because God bade him; but | spectator who saw his fourteen towns risen ne also prated, and that with equal dili- | as by enchantment in the desert, and peogence, because God had revealed to him, I pled by the rudest of his tribes, should ask that plant as he may, and water as he may, I in vain for the mighty power by which God alone giveth the increase. He did ho- such wondrous things had been brought to mage to the will of God, by the labours of pass,-this venerable priest left his testithe ever-working minister, --and he did ho-mony behind him; and neither overlooking mage to the power of God, by the devotions the agency of God, nor the agency of man of the ever-praying minister. He did not as the instrument of God, he tells us in the say, what signifies my working, for God lone memorable sentence written by him

s, that I may behold ntained in the land se your faculties in vithout prayer, the you his illuminating not to pray for the : faculties, els God , as the mockery of are to do both, and

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| or accumulating process. After he had The last inference we shall draw from this travelled in birth with his new converts till topic, is the duty and importance of prayer Christ was formed in them--this was the among Christians, for the success of the use he put them to. It is an expedient ministry of the Gospel. Paul had a high which harmonizes with the methods of Prosense of the efficacy of prayer. Not ac- vidence and the will of God, who orders incording to that refined view of it, which, tercessions, and on the very principle too, making all its influence to consist in its im- that he willeth all men to be saved, and to proving and moralizing effect upon the come to the knowledge of the truth. The mind, fritters down to nothing the plain intercession of christians, who are already import and significancy of this ordinance. formed, is the leaven which is to leaven the With him it was a matter of asking and of whole earth with Christianity. It is one of receiving. And just as when in pursuit of the destined instruments in the hand of some earthly benefit which is at the giving God for hastening the glory of the latter of another, you think yourselves surer of days. Take the world at large, and the your object the more you multiply the doctrine of intercession, as an engine of number of askers and the number of appli- mighty power, is derided as one of the recations—in this very way did he, if we may veries of fanaticism. This is a subject on be allowed the expression, contrive to which the men of the world are in a deep strengthen and extend his interest in the slumber ; but there are watchmen who court of heaven. He craved the interces- never hold their peace day nor night, and sion of his people. There were many be- to them God addresses these remarkable lievers formed under his ministry, and each words, “Ye that make mention of the of these could bring the prayer of faith to Lord, keep not silence, and give him no bear upon the counsels of God, and bring rest, till he establish, and till he make Jerudown a larger portion of strength and of salem a praise in the earth.”

SERMON II.

The mysterious Aspect of the Gospel to the Men of the World. “Then said I, Ah, Lord God! they say of me, Doth he not speak parables ?"-Ezekiel s. 49. IN parables, the lesson that is meant to or who wanted patience for the exercise of be conveyed is to a certain degree shaded attention; or who wanted such a concern in obscurity. They are associated by the about God, as either to care very much for Psalmist with dark saying "I will open his will, or to feel that any thing which remy mouth in a parable, I will utter dark speeted him was worth the trouble of a very

sayings of old.” We read in the New Tes serious investigation. .tament of a parable leaving all the effect of They who wanted this concern and this an unexplained mystery upon the under- principle, from them was taken away even standing of the general audience to which that which they had. God at length ceased it was addressed, and the explanation of from his messages, and the Spirit of God the parable given to a special few was to ceased from his warnings. They who had them the clearing up of a mystery. “It is the preparation of all this docility, to them given unto you to know the mysteries of more was given. Their honest desire after the kingdom of heaven; but to them it is knowledge, was rewarded by the acquirenot given !"

ment of it. They continued to look, and The prophets of old were often commisto enquire, and at length they were illumisioned to address their countrymen under nated; and thus was fulfilled the saying of the guise of symbolical language. This the Saviour, that " whosoever hath, to him threw a veil over the meaning of their com- shall be given, and he shall have more munications; and though it was a veil of abundantly, but whosoever hath not, from such transparency as could be seen through him shall be taken away even that he hath." by those who looked earnestly and atten- ! It is not difficult to conceive how the obtively, and with a humble desire to be scure intimations of Ezekiel would be taken taught in the will of God,-yet there was by the careless and ungodly men of his dimness enough to intercept all the moral, generation. It is likely that even from the and all the significancy, from the minds of naked denunciations of vengeance they those who wanted principle to be in earnest;/ would have turned contemptuously away..

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And it is still more likely that they would and the Son; and the process of growing refuse the impression of them, when offered up unto Christ; and the habit of receiving to their notice, under a figurative disguise. out of his fulness, and of beholding with It is not at all to be supposed that they would open face his glory, so as to be changed put forth any activity of mind in quest of into the same image, from glory to glory, that which they nauseated, and of that even as by the spirit of the Lord. We are which, if ever they had found, they would not at present asking, if you feel the disgust have found to be utterly revolting to all with which unsubdued nature ever listens their habits of impiety. They are the very to these representations, or in what degree last men we should expect to meet with at they are offensive to your taste, and painthe work of a pains-taking search after the fully uncongenial with the whole style and interpretation of these parables. Nay, they habit of your literature. But we ask, if would gladly fasten upon the obscurity of such terms and such phrases as have now them both as a circumstance of reproach been specified, do not spread before the eye against the prophet, and as an apology for of your mind an aspect of exceeding dimtheir own indifference. And thus it is, that ness over the preacher's demonstration ? to be a teacher of parables might at length Does he not appear to you as if he wrapped become a scoff and a by-word; and the pro- himself up in the obscurity of a technical phet seems to have felt the force of it as an language, which you are utterly at a loss to opprobrious designation, seems to be looking comprehend? When the sermon in quesforward to the mixture of disdain and impa- tion is put by the side of some lesson of tience with which he would be listened to, obvious morality, or some exposition of when God charged him with an allegorical those principles which are recognized and communication to his countrymen, and he acted upon in ordinary life, does it not look answered," Ah, Lord God! they say of me, to you as if it was shrouded from common Doth he not speak parables ?"

observation altogether; and that ere you Now the question we have to put is--Is could be initiated into the mystery of such there no similar plea of resistance ever pre- language and of such doctrine, you would ferred against the faithful messengers of need to describe a mighty and still untrodGod in the present day? It is true, that in den interval from all your present habits of our time there is no such thing as a man conception ? · And yet, what if it be indeed coming amongst you, charged with the ut- the very language and the very doctrine of terance of a direct and personal inspiration. the New Testament ?-if all the jargon that But it is the business of every minister truly is charged on the interpretation of the word to expound the record of inspiration; and be the actual word itself ?--and if the is it not very possible that in so doing he preacher be faithfully conveying the mesmay be reproached, not for preaching para- sage of the Bible, at the very time that the bolically, but for preaching mysteriously? hearer is shielding himself from the impresHave you never heard of a sermon being sion of it by the saying, that he preacheth called mystical; and what shall we think mysteries ? of it, if, in point of fact, this imputation falls ! But to keep the two parties at a still more most readily and most abundantly on the hopeless distance from each other,-the sermon that is most pervaded by the spirit, | message of such a preacher, incomprehenand most overrun with the phraseology of sible as many of its terms and many of its the New Testament? In that composition particulars may be, evidently bears a somethere are certain terms which recur inces- thing upon it that is fitted to alarm the santly, and which would therefore appear fears, and utterly to thwart the strongest to represent certain very leading and promi- tendencies of nature. Let him be just a nent ideas. Now, whether are these ideas faithful expounder of the Gospel of Jesus clearly and promptly suggested to your Christ, and let the blindness of the natural mind, by the utterance of terms? What man be what it may, still there is scarcely are the general character and effect which a hearer who can fail to perceive, that, an in your eye is imparted to a sermon, when, terior to the reception of this Gospel, th throughout the whole of it, the words of the preacher looks upon him as the enemy of apostolic vocabulary are ever and anon ob- God,--and strongly points at such a contruded upon your hearing--and the whole troversy between him and his maker, as stress of the argument is made to lie on can only be made up through an appointed such matters as sanctification; and the Mediator-and requires of him such a faith atonement; and the blood of the everlasting as will transform his character, and as will covenant; and the indwelling of the Holy shift the whole currency of his affections Ghost, who takes up his habitation in the and desires--and affirms the necessity of soul of the believer; and salvation by grace; such a regeneration, as that all old things and the spirit of adoption poured forth on shall be done away, and all things shall bethe heart, and filling it with all the peace come new ;-and lets him know, that to be and joy of a confident reconciliation, and a Christian indeed he must die unto sense, the exercise of fellowship with the Father, he must be crucified unto the werld, and,

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