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ce we knew him to be forty, would not this of have made us stumble at all his pretensions vn and, in spite of every other argument and ti- | appearance, would we not have withdrawn ble our confidence from him as a teacher from an God? This we allow would have been a ng most serious dilemma. It would have been ty that state of neutrality which admits al ed nothing positive or satisfying on either side ve of the question; or rather, what is still more ne distressing, which gives me the most post Prs tive and satisfactory appearances on both of sides. We could not abandon the truth of ent the miracles, because we saw them. Could

to we give them up, we should determine ce an a positive rejection, and our minds would Llo- find repose in absolute infidelity. But 3

to the case stands it is scepticism. There is dy, nothing like it in any other department di

to inquiry. We can appeal to no actual erto- ample; but a student of natural science may

ex- be made to understand the puzzle, when
ted we ask him, how he would act, is the er
our periment, which he conducts under the most
I it perfect sameness of circumstances, were to
un- / land him in opposite results? He wouli
be- / vary and repeat his experiments. He would
ca- try to detect the inconsistency, and would
the / rejoice, if he at last found that the difficulty
his-/ lay in the errors of his own observation,
our- and not in the inexplicable nature of the
, or subject. All this he would do in annons
Cu- and repeated endeavours, before he inferred
ory that nature persevered in no law, and this
ork that constancy, which is the foundation d
, as all science, was perpetually broke in up
Tar- / by the most capricious and unlooked for
lost appearances, before he would abandon him
zes. / self to scepticism, and pronounce philos
e of phy to be an impossible attainment.

its! It is our part to imitate this example I
1, is Jesus Christ has, on the one hand, performed
sich /miracles, and sustained in the whole termina
osti- of his history the character of a prophet

ever will be theologians who feel a peculiar of our religion no farther than to the length
interest in their subject; and we trust that of an ambiguous and midway scepticism.
there ever will be men, with a higher grasp | By adopting a decisive infidelity, we re-
of mind than either the mere theologian, or jcct a testimony, which, of all others, has
the mere naturalist, who are ready to ac- come down to us in the most perfect and
knowledge the claims of truth in every unsuspicious form. We lock up a source
quarter, --who are superior to that narrow of evidence, which is often repaired to in
contempt, which has made such an unhappy other questions of science and history.
and malignant separation among the differ- We cut off the authority of principles,
ent orders of scientific men,--who will ex- which, if once exploded, will not terminate
amine the evidences of the Gospel history, in the solitary mischief of darkening and
and, if they are found to be sufficient, will destroying our theology, but will shed a
view the miracles of our Saviour with the baleful uncertainty over many of the most
same liberal and philosophic curiosity with interesting speculations on which the hu-
which they would contemplate any grand man mind can expatiate.
phenomenon in the moral history of the Even admitting, then, this single objec-
species. If there really appears, on the face tion in the subject of our Saviour's testi-
of this investigation, to be such a difficulty mony, the whole length to which we can le-
as the one in question, a philosopher of the gitimately carry the objection is scepticism,
order we are now describing will make or that dilemma of the mind into which it
many an anxious effort to extricate him- is thrown by two contradictory appear-
sell; he will not soon acquiesce in a scep-ances. This is the unavoidable result of
ticism, of which there is no other example admitting both terms in the alleged con-
in the wide field of human speculation; he tradiction. Upon the strength of all the
will either make out the insufficiency of reasoning which has hitherto occupied us,
the historical evidence, or prove that the we challenge the infidel to dispose of the
falsehood ascribed to Jesus Christ has no one term, which lies in the strength of the
existence. He will try to dispose of one of historical evidence. But in different ways,
the terms of the alleged contradiction, be- we may dispose of the other which lies in
fore he can prevail upon himself to admit the alleged falsehood of our Saviour's testi-
both, and deliver his mind to a state of un-mony. We may deny the truth of the
certainty most painful to those who respect geological speculation; nor is it necessary
truth in all her departments.

to be an accomplished geologist, that we We offer the above observations, not so may be warranted to deny it. We appeal much for the purpose of doing away a dif- to the speculations of the geologists themficulty which we conscientiously believe to selves. They neutralize one another, and have no existence, as for the purpose of leave us in possession of free ground for exposing the rapid, careless, and unphiloso- the informations of the Old Testament. phical procedure of some enemies to the Our imaginations have been much regaled Christian argument. They, in the first in- by the brilliancy of their speculations, but stance, take up the rapid assumption, that they are so opposite to each other, that we Jesus Christ has, either through himself, I now cease to be impressed by their evior his immediate disciples, made an asser-dence. But there are other ways of distion as to the antiquity of the globe, which, posing of the supposed falsehood of our upon the faith of their geological specula- Saviour's testimony. Does he really astions, they know to be a falsehood." After sert what has been called the Mosaical anhaving fastened this strain upon the sub- tiquity of the world? It is true that he ject of the testimony, they by one sum- gives his distinct testimony to the divine mary act of the understanding, lay aside all (legation of Moses; but does Moses ever say. the external evidence for the miracles and that when God created the heavens and general character of our Saviour. They the earth, he did more at the time alluded will not wait to be told, that this evidence to than transform them out of previously As a distinct subject of examination; and existing materials? Or does he ever say. that, if actually attended to, it will be found that there was not an interval of many much stronger than the evidence of any ages between the first act of creation, de viner fact or history which has come down scribed in the first verse of the book of to us in the written memorials of past ages. Genesis, and said to have been performed If this evidence is to be rejected it must be at the beginning; and those more detailed rejected on its own proper grounds; but if operations, the account of which commenall positive testimony, and all sound reason- ces at the second verse, and which are deing upon human affairs, go to establish it, scribed to us as having been performed in men the existence of such proof is a phe- so many days ? Or, finally, does he ever nomenon which remains to be accounted make us to understand, that the genealogies for, and must ever stand in the way of of man went any farther than to fix the positive infidelity. Until we dispose of it, antiquity of the species, and, of conseWe can carry our opposition to the claims Iquence, that they left the antiquity of the

we and, on the other hand, asserted to be true ar's / what we undeniably know to be a false on-hood, this is a dilemma which we are called rof, upon to resolve by every principle, that can ye- urge the human mind in the pursuit a ind/liberal inquiry. It is not enough to say res that the phenomena in question do not al hat within the dominion of philosophy, and een / therefore leave them as a fair exercise and

as amusement to commentators. The maths
Ow | matician may say, and has said the salle
the thing of the moralist, yet there are moru
: of in the world who will prosecute their spect-
an-lations in spite of him; and what is more
m-/ there are men who take a wider survey
ese / than either, who rise above these proles

as / sional prejudices, and will allow that in
e a each department of inquiry, the subjects
the/which offer are entitled to a candid and

its, spectful consideration. The naturalist may
n's/pronounce the same rapid judgment upon

difficulties of the theologian; yet there

globe a free subject for the speculations of evidence. This historical evidence rephilosophers ?-We do not pledge our mains in all the obstinacy of experimental selves for the truth of one or all of these and well-attested facts; and as there are so suppositions. Nor is it necessary that we many ways of expunging the other term should. It is enough that any of them is in the alleged contradiction, we appeal to infinitely more rational than the rejection every enlightened reader, if it is at all canof Christianity in the face of its historical I did or philosophical to suffer it to stand.


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On the Internal Evidence, and the Objections of Deistical Infidels.
THERE is another species of evidence for feel and understand the powerful evidence
Christianity, which we have not yet noticed, which lies in the tone, the manner, the cir-

what is commonly called the internal | cumstantiality, the number, the agreement
evidence, consisting of those proofs that of the witnesses, and the consistency of all
Christianity is a dispensation from heaven, the particulars with what we already know
which are founded upon the nature of its from other sources of information. Now
doctrines, and the character of the dispen- it is undeniable, that all those marks which
sation itself. The term “internal evi-give evidence and credibility to spoken
dence” may be made, indeed, to take up testimony, may also exist to a very impres-
more than this. We may take up the New sive degree in written testimony; and the
Testament as a human composition, and argument founded upon them, so far from
without any reference to its subsequent being fanciful or illegitimate, has the sanc-
history, or to the direct and external testi- tion of a principle which no philosopher
monies by which it is supported. We will refuse; the experience of the human
may collect from the performance itself mind on a subject on which it is much ex-
such marks of truth and honesty, as entitle ercised, and which lies completely within
us to conclude, that the human agents em- the range of its observation.
ployed in the construction of this book We cannot say so much, however, for
were men of veracity and principle. This the other species of internal evidence, that
argument has already been resorted to, and which is founded upon the reasonableness
a very substantial argument it is. It is of of the doctrines, or the agreement which is
frequent application in questions of gene- conceived to subsist between the nature of
ral criticism; and upon its authority alone the Christian religion and the character of
many of the writers of past times have the Supreme Being. We have experience
been admitted into credit, and many have of man, but we have no experience of God.
been condemned as unworthy of it. The We can reason upon the procedure of
numerous and correct allusions to the cus- man in given circumstances, because this is
toms and institutions, and other statistics of an accessible subject, and comes under the
the age in which the pieces of the New cognizance of observation; but we cannot
Testament profess to have been written, reason on the procedure of the Almighty in
give evidence of their antiquity. The art-given circumstances. This is an inaccessible
less and undesigned way in which these subject and comes not within the limits of
allusions are interwoven with the whole direc, and personal observation. The one,
history, impresses upon us the perfect sim- like the scale, and compass, and measure-
plicity of the authors, and the total absence ments of Sir Isaac Newton, will lead you on
of every wish or intention to palm an im- safe and firm footing to the true economy of
posture upon the world. And there is such the heavens; the other, like the ether and
à thing too as a general air of authenticity, whirlpools, and unfounded imaginations of
which, however difficult to resolve into Des Cartes, will not only lead you to miscon-
particulars, gives a very close and power-ceive that economy, but to maintain a stub-
ful impression of truth to the narrative. born opposition to the only competent evi-
There is nothing fanciful in this species of dence that can be offered upon the subject.
internal evidence. It carries in it all the We feel that in thus disclaiming all sup-
certainty of experience, and experience port from what is commonly understood
too upon a familiar and well-known sub- by the internal evidence, we do not follow
ject, the characters of honesty in the the general example of those who have
written testimony of our fellow men. We written on the Deistical controversy. Take
are often called upon in private and every- up Leland's performance, and it will be
day life to exercise our judgment upon the found that one half of his discussion is ex-
spoken testimony of others, and we both pended upon the reasonableness of the doc-


of evidence. This historical evidence re-
r- mains in all the obstinacy of experiinental
se and well-attested facts; and as there are so
ve many ways of expunging the other term

is in the alleged contradiction, we appeal to
on every enlightened reader, if it is at all call-
cal I did or philosophical to suffer it to stand.


the Objections of Deistical Infidels.
for feel and understand the powerful evidence
ced, which lies in the tone, the manner, the er:
"nal cumstantiality, the number, the agreement
Chat of the witnesses, and the consisteney of a
wen, the particulars with what we already know

its from other sources of information. Now
ben- ' it is undeniable, that all those marks which
evi- give evidence and credibility to spoken

up / testimony, may also exist to a very impres.
new sive degree in written testimony; and the

and / argument founded upon them, so far from
ment/being fanciful or illegitimate, has the same
esti- tion of a principle which no philosopher
We will refuse; the experience of the human
self/mind on a subject on which it is much er-
title ercised, and which lies completely within
em- the range of its observation.
ook We cannot say so much, however, la
This the other species of internal evidence, that

trines, and in asserting the validity of the certain sacrifices must be made, and some argument which is founded upon that rea of the most urgent propensities of the mind sonableness. It would save a vast deal of put under severe restraint and regulation. controversy, if it could be proved that all the human mind feels restless and dissatisthis is superfluous and uncalled for; that fied under the anxieties of ignorance. It upon the authority of the proofs already longs for the repose of conviction; and to insisted on, the New Testament must be re- gain this repose, it will often rather preceived as a revelation from heaven; and cipitate its conclusions, than wait for the that, instead of sitting in judgment over it, tardy lights of observation and experiment. nothing remains on our part but an act of There is such a thing, too, as the love of unreserved submission to all the doctrine simplicity and system-a prejudice of the and information which it offers to us. It is understanding, which disposes it to include conceived, that in this way the general ar- all the phenomena of nature under a few gument might be made to assume a more sweeping generalities-an indolence, which powerful and impressive aspect; and the loves to repose on the beauties of a theory, defence of Christianity be more accommo- rather than encounter the fatiguing detail dated to the spirit and philosophy of the of its evidences—a painful reluctance to the

admission of facts, which, however true, Since the spirit of Lord Bacon's philoso-break in upon the majestic simplicity that phy began to be rightly understood, the we would fain ascribe to the laws and operascience of external nature has advanced tions of the universe. with a rapidity unexampled in the history Now, it is the glory of Lord Bacon's phiof all former ages. The great axiom of his losophy, to have achieved a victory over philosophy is so simple in its nature, and all these delusions; to have disciplined the so undeniable in its evidence, that it is minds of its votaries into an entire submisastonishing how philosophers were so late sion to evidence; to have trained them up In acknowledging it, or in being directed by in a kind of steady coldness to all the splenits authority. It is more than two thousand dour and magnificence of theory, and taught years since the phenomena of external na-them to follow, with unfaultering step, ture were objects of liberal curiosity to wherever the sure though humble path of speculative and intelligent men. Yet two experiment may lead them. centuries have scarcely elapsed since the 'To justify the cautious procedure of the true path of investigation has been rightly inductive philosophy, nothing more is nepursued, and steadily persevered in; since cessary than to take a view of the actual The evidence of experience has been re-powers and circumstances of humanity; of ceived as paramount to every other evi- the entire ignorance of man when he comes dence, or, in other words, since philosophers into the world, and of the steps by which have agreed that the only way to learn the that ignorance is enlightened; of the numagnitude of an object is to measure it, the merous errors into which he is misled the only way to learn its tangible properties is moment he ceases to observe, and begins to 10 touch it, and the only way to learn its presume or to excogitate; of the actual hisVisible properties is to look at it.

| tory of science; its miserable progress, so Nothing can be more safe or more infal- long as categories and principles retained lible than the procedure of the inductive their ascendency in the schools; and the philosophy as applied to the phenomena of splendour and rapidity of its triumphs, so external nature. It is the eye, or the ear- soon as man understood that he was nothing witness of every thing which it records. It more than the disciple of Nature, and must 18 at liberty to classify appearances, but take his lesson as Nature offers it to him. then in the work of classifying, it must be l What is true of the science of external urected only by observation. It may group I nature, holds equally true of the science paenomena according to their resemblances. and phenomena of mind. On this subiect It may express these resemblances in words, too, the presumptuous ambition of man carand announce them to the world in the form ried him far from the sober path of experior general laws. Yet such is the hardihood mental inquiry. He conceived that his of the inductive philosophy, that though a business was not to observe, but to specuSingle well-attested fact should overturn a late; to construct systems rather than conwhole system, that fact must be admitted. sult his own experience and the experience A single experiment is often made to cut of others; to collect the materials of his short the finest process of generalization, theory, not from the history of observed However painful and humiliating the sacri- | facts, but from a set of assumed and excogince; and though a theory, the most simple tated principles. Now the same observaand magnificent that ever charmed the eye tions apply to this department of inquiry. 1 an enthusiast, was on the eve of emerg-We must admit to be true, not what we ing from it.

presume, but what we find to be so. We submitting, then, to the rules of the must restrain the enterprises of fancy. A wuctive philosophy, we do not deny that I law of the human mind must be only a


and / which is founded upon the reasonablenes 3 of of the doctrines, or the agreement which is ene-conceived to subsist between the nature of one / the Christian religion and the character ol lave/ the Supreme Being. We have experience jave of man, but we have no experience of God The We can reason upon the procedure a CUS- man in given circumstances, because this is s of an accessible subject, and comes under the Vew/cognizance of observation; but we cannot ten, / reason on the procedure of the Almighty a art- / given circumstances. This is an inaccessible zese / subject and comes not within the limits of 20le, direc. and personal observation. The one, sim- / like the scale, and compass, and measure 'ncements of Sir Isaac Newton, will lead you on

im-safe and firm footing to the true economy a uch the heavens; the other, like the ether and

ity, whirlpools, and unfounded imaginations into Des Cartes, will not only lead you to misode ver-ceive that economy, but to maintain a stub ive. born opposition to the only competent ers


sofdence that can be offered upon the subject

the We feel that in thus disclaiming all sup
nce port from what is commonly understand
zub-/ by the internal evidence, we do not follow
the the general example of those who hame
We/ written on the Deistical controrersy. Take
ery-/up Leland's performance, and it will be
the found that one hall of his discussion is er

nd upon the reasonableness of the de

series of well-authenticated facts, reduced to l'investigation, theology is the only subject
one general description, or grouped together that is suffered to remain the victim of pre-
under some general points of resemblance. judice, and of a contempt the most unjust,
The business of the moral as well as of the) and the most unphilosophical.
natural philosopher is not to assert what he We do not speak of this feeling as an
excogitates, but to record what he observes; impiety; we speak of it as an offence against
not to amuse himself with the speculations the principles of just speculation. We do
of fancy, but to describe phenomena as he not speak of it as it allures the heart from
sees or as he feels them. This is the busi- the influence of religion ; we speak of it as
ness of the moral as well as of the natural it allures the understanding from the influ-
inquirer. We must extend the application ence of evidence and truth. In a word, we
of Lord Bacon's principles to moral and are not preaching against it; we reason
metaphysical subjects. It was long before against it. We contend that it is a trans-
this application was recognized, or acted gression against the rules of the inductive
upon by philosophers. Many of the conti-philosophy. All that we want is, the ap-
nental speculations are still infected with plication of Lord Bacon's principles to the
the presumptuous a priori spirit of the old investigation before us; and as the influ-
schools; though the writings of Reid and ence of prejudice and disgust is banished
Stewart have contributed much to chase from every other department of inquiry,
away this spirit from the metaphysics of we conceive it fair that it should be banish-
our own country, and to bring the science ed from theology also, and that our sub-
of mind, as well as matter, under the entire ject should have the common advantage of
dominion of the inductive philosophy. a hearing,-where no partiality of the heart

These general observations we conceive or fancy is admitted, and no other influ-
to be a most direct and applicable introduc-ence acknowledged than the influence of
tion to that part of the subject which is evidence over the convictions of the under-
before us. In discussing the evidence of standing.
Christianity, all that we ask of our reader Let us therefore endeavour to evince the
is to bring along with him the same sober success and felicity with which Lord Ba-
and inductive spirit, that is now deemed so con's principles may be applied to the in-
necessary in the prosecution of the other vestigation before us.
sciences; to abandon every system of the According to Bacon, man is ignorant of
ology, that is not supported by evidence, every thing antecedent to observation; and
however much it may gratify his taste, or there is not a single department of inquiry,
regale his imagination, and to admit any in which he does not err the moment that he
system of theology, that is supported by abandons it. It is true that the greater
evidence, however repugnant to his feelings part of every individual's knowledge is de-
or his prejudices; to make conviction, in rived immediately from testimony ; but it
fact, paramount to inclination, or to fancy; is only from testimony that brings home
and to maintain, through the whole process to his conviction the observation of others.
of the investigation, that strength and in- Still it is observation which lies at the
trepidity of character, which will follow bottom of his knowledge. Still it is man
wherever the light of argument may con- taking his lesson from the actual condition
duct him, though it should land him in con- of the thing which he contemplates; a con-
clusions the most nauseous and unpalatable. dition that is altogether independent of his

We have no time to enter into causes; / will, and which no speculation of his can but the fact is undeniable. Many philoso- modify or destroy. There is an obstinacy phers of the present day are disposed to in the processes of nature, which he cannauseate every thing connected with the- not controul. He must follow it. The ology. They associate something low and construction of a system should not be a ignoble with the prosecution of it. They creative, but an imitative process, which regard it, as not a fit subject for liberal in- admits nothing but what evidence assures quiry. They turn away from it with dis- us to be true, and is founded only on the gust, as one of the humblest departments lessons of experience. It is not by the exof literary exertion. We do not say that ercise of a sublime and speculative ingethey reject its evidences, but they evade the nuity that man arrives at truth. It is by investigation of them. They feel no con- letting himself down to the drudgery of viction; not because they have established observation. It is by descending to the the fallacy of a single argument, but be- sober work of seeing, and feeling, and excause they entertain a general dislike at the perimenting. Wherever, in short, he has subject, and will not attend to it. They not had the benefit of his own observation, love to expatiate in the more kindred fields or the observation of others brought home of science or elegant literature; and while to his conviction by credible testimony, the most respectful caution, and humility, there he is ignorant. and steadiness, are seen to preside over This is found to hold true, even in those every department of moral and physical sciences where the objects of inquiry are

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the most familiar and the most accessible.fluence of every authority, but the authority
Before the right method of philosophising of experience. We see that the beauty of
was acted upon, how grossly did philoso- the old system had no power to charm him
phers misinterpret the phenomena of ex- from that process of investigation by which
ternal nature, when a steady perseverance he destroyed it. We see him sitting upon
in the path of observation could have led its merits with the severity of a judge, un-
them to infallible certainty! How misled moved by all those graces of simplicity and
in their conception of every thing around magnificence which the sublime genius of
them, when, instead of making use of their its inventor had thrown around it.
senses, they delivered themselves up to We look upon these two constituents of
the exercises of a solitary abstraction, and the philosophical temper, as forming the
thought to explain every thing by the fan- best preparation for finally terminating in
tastic play of unmeaning terms, and ima- the decided Christian. In appreciating the
ginary principles! And, when at last set pretensions of Christianity, there is a call
on the right path of discovery, how totally both upon the humility and the hardihood
different were the results of actual observa- of every inquirer; the humility which feels
tion, from those systems which antiquity its own ignorance, and submits without re-
had rendered venerable, and the authority serve to whatever comes before it in the
of great names had recommended to the shape of authentic and well-established evi-
acquiescence of many centuries! This dence; and the hardihood, which sacrifices
proves that even in the most familiar sub- every taste and every prejudice at the shrine
jects, man knows every thing by observa- of conviction, which defies the scorn of a
tion, and is ignorant of every thing without pretended philosophy, which is not asham-
it; and that he cannot advance a single ed of a profession that some conceive to be
footstep in the acquirement of truth, till he degraded by the homage of the superstitious
bid adieu to the delusions of theory, and vulgar, which can bring down its mind to
sternly refuse indulgence to its fondest an- the homeliness of the Gospel, and renounce,

without a sigh, all that is elegant, and
Thus, there is both a humility and a har-| splendid, and fascinating, in the specula-
dihood in the philosophical temper. They tions of moralists. In attending to the com-
are the same in principle, though different plexion of the Christian argument, we are
in display. The first is founded on a sense widely mistaken, if it is not precisely that
of ignorance, and disposes the mind of the kind of argument which will be most readily
philosopher to pay the most respectful at- admitted by those whose minds have been
tention to every thing that is offered in the trained to the soundest habits of philosophi-
shape of evidence. The second consists in cal investigation; and if that spirit of cau-
a determined purpose to reject and to sacri- tious and sober-minded inquiry to which
fice every thing that offers to oppose the modern science stands indebted for all her
mfluence of evidence, or to set itself up | triumphs, is not the very identical spirit
against its legitimate and well-established which leads us to “cast down all our lofty
conclusions. In the ethereal whirlpools of imaginations, and to bring every thought
Des Cartes, we see a transgression against | into the captivity of the obedience of
the humility of the philosophical character. Christ.”
It is the presumption of knowledge on a On entering into any department of in-
subject, where the total want of observation quiry, the best preparation is that docility
should have confined him to the modesty of mind which is founded on a sense of our
of ignorance. In the Newtonian system of total ignorance of the subject: and nothing
the world, we see both humility and hardi- is looked upon as more unphilosophical
hood. Sir Isaac commences his investiga- | than the temerity of that a priori spirit,
lion with all the modesty of a respectful which disposes many to presume before
inquirer. His is the docility of a scholar, they investigate. But if we admit the total
who is sensible that he has all to learn. He ignorance of man antecedent to observa-
takes his lesson as experience offers it to tion, even in those sciences where the ob-
bim, and yields a passive obedience to the jects of inquiry are the nearest and the
authority of this great schoolmaster. It is most familiar, we will be more ready to
in his obstinate adherence to the truth / admit his total ignorance of those subjects
which his master has given hiin, that the which are more remote and more inacces-
hardihood of the philosophical character sible. If caution and modesty be esteemed
begins to appear. We see him announce, so philosophical, even when employed in
with entire confidence, both the fact and its that little field of investigation which comes
legitimate consequences. We see him not within the range of our senses; why should
deterred by the singularity of his conclu- they not be esteemed philosophical when
sions, and quite unmindful of that host of employed on a subject so vast, so awful, so
antipathies which the reigning taste and remote from direct and personal observa-
puilosophy of the times mustered up to op- tion, as the government of God? There
pose him. We see him resisting the in-! can be nothing so completely above us, and

on, man is ignorant of ent to observation : and department of inquit, err the moment that he

true that the girate Jual's knowledge is de rom testimonr; but it

ony that brings hom : observation of othex on which lies at the ledge. Still it is mer m the actual condition e contemplates; a com her independent of his speculation of his

There is an obstinat nature, which be care must follow it. The

stem should not be a itative process, which what evidence 24 ure

founded onlr on the
e. It is not by the er
and speculatire ingen
es at truth. It is by
nl to the drudgert de
by descending to the

, and feeling, and a
erer, in short, be liable
of his own observada
1 others brought home
Y credible testimoer;

old true, even in these objecis of inquiry and

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