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and deliver us, when we are prayer from God only," and teinpied. †
in our prayers to praise him, Temptation, Any thing that ascribing kingdom, power, entices or persuades us to sin of and glory to him; and in that diverts or discourages 16 from our duty
testimony of our desire and * Mat. 26:41 Watch and pray, assurance to be heard, we thatyeenternot into temptation.
+ Ps. 19:13. Keep back thy say. Amen. servant also from presumptuous Ascribing, Ackrowledging as sins; let hem not have dominion
Amen, A wish and hope that
it may be as we as K. 107. What doth the con- * Dan. 9:18. We do not present clusion of the Lord's prayer our supplications before thee for teach us?
our righteousness, but for thy
great reicies, The conclusion of the
ti Chion. 29:11. Thine, O Lord's prayer, which is, Lord, is the greatness, and the For thine is the kingdom, and power, and the glory, and the
victory, and the majesty; for all the power, and the glory, for that is in the heaven and in the ever, Amen, teacherh us to earth is thine; thine is the king
dom, O Lord, and thou art exalia take our encouragement in ed as head above all.
A considerable number of scriptures upon the following subjects are referred to. The figurer placed at the right hand of the subjects denote the questions in the Assembly's Catechism, undor which the references are respectively placed.
15,49 Adultery 70 Knowing Gou
46 Atonement of Christ 25 Murder
67 Bearing false witness 76 Offices of Christ
23 Blessedness nf Believers 38 Perfections of God
36 Coveting 79 Perseverance of saints
99 Day of judgment 28 Prayer
3. Derrees of God
7 Profanity Depravity of man 18 Providence of God
11 Divinity of Christ 6 Punishment of the wicked
Io Divinity of the Holy Spirit 6 Repentance
85 Duties of children to parents 63 Sabbath
57,60 Election 20 Stealing
85 Trinity Glorifying and enjoying God 1 Works
CONTAINING VARIOUS DIRECTIONS
FOR STUDYING THE SCRIPTURES.
The Bible comes to us fraught of scripture, that almost any part, with the treasures of heaven and well understood, will throw light earth. Godliness is profitable unto upon others. In general, the his all things, having promise of the torical parts are most intelligilife that now is, and of that which ble, and claim the earliest attenis to come. It is no less grievous, tion. than astonishing, that these trea- 2. Read the Bible through, in sures are so little regarded-s0 course, once a year. This will little known! Why is it thus? give an idea of the connection, One of the greatest reasons is which cannot be gained in any doubtless want of method in read- other way; and conduce to render ing the scriptures. Method is the plain many passages, otherwise soul of business ; and it is as need- unintelligible. Begin the Bible ful in attending to the scriptures, with the year, and read 3 chapters as in any thing else. Though every day. 'On each Sabbath, some may be better than others, read 3 psalms, besides the 3 chapyet almost any regular course is ters. The book of Psalms may preferable to the random, desulto- be omitted in the daily reading. ry way, in which many are ac- In this way, you may read the customed to read the words of whole Bible in a little less than a eternal life.
year. Among the following hints, The following statement shows eyery reader may probably find the place of daily reading on the some, that may be useful to him- first day of each month,
and the self.
place in Psalms on the first Sab1. To understand difficult pas- bath in each month. As it resages of scripture, cultivate a fa- spects the Psalms, the statement miliar acquaintance with such as may not be perfectly accurate for are easy. There is such a con- every year; but it is sufficiently nection between different parts Bo to answer the purpose. Jan. 1, Gen. 1: Sab.
1: Feb. 1, Lev. 4:
13: March 1, Deut. 25:
25: 1, 2 Sam.
40: May 1, 1 Chron. 23:
52: June 1, Job 18:
79: Aug. 1, Jer. 42:
91: Sept. 1; Am. 1:
103: Oct. 1, Mark 13:
130: Dec. 1, 1 Pet. 2:
142: If you adopt this method at 3. To understand a difficult pasany other time, it may be best to sage, endeavor to know the mean. commence with the chapter as- ing of every word and phrase. signed to the day, when you begin. For this purpose, a common dic
tionary may be useful, Brown's a passage, than to remain entirely Dictionary of the Bible, or Cru- doubtful of its meaning. False den's, or Butterworth's Concor- interpretations represent God as dance, is still better.
saying what he does not say, and 4. To understand a difficult pas- seem to be a kind of adding to his sage, enaeavor to ascertain the word. Rev. 22:18. particular occasion, or reason, of 11. We should guard against its being spoken, or written. assigning to any passage a spirit
5. Consider the particular sub- ual meaning that does not belong ject upon which the sacred writer to it. is treating. This may generally 12. We should faithfully imbe ascertained, by reading what prove the helps, which God affords precedes or follows the passage. us, for understanding the scrip
6. Endeavor to understand his tures. The most common of these torical events alluded to.
helps are parents, ministers, teach7. Consult parallel passages, or ers, friends and religious books. those which treat upon the same Some persons are fearful of availsubject in other parts of the Bible. ing themselves of some of these The marginal references of Scott aids, lest they should be led into may be of great advantage in error. Are not such in still greatpursuing this method. A Con- er danger of being led astray by cordance, and also Gaston's Col- their own imaginations, prejudilections, may be of use for the ces, passions and self-sufficiency? same object.
The wisest and safest way must 8. Endeavor to ascertain what be, to use such aids as God is expressions are figurative, and pleased to afford us; not indeed what they import. Many pas- to adopt implicitly the opinions Bages are obviously, figurative of others; but to weigh every others are as manifestly literal. thing in the balance of the sancof others, it may be difficult to de- tuary, and judge for ourselves cide. The general rule, which good what is truth and what is duty. men have adopted, is to consider The greatest use of commentaan expression figurative, when it ries is for occasional consultawould be manifestly absurd, or tions. In Henry and Scott, howcontrary to the general tenor of ever, we may find it profitable to scripture, to consider it literal. read whole chapters and whole
9. To understand difficult pro- books. phetic passages, pay particular Scott's Marginal References are attention to the symbols and pro- probably the best aid, which huphecies, that are explained in the man learning and ingenuity have Bible, and to the explanations yet furnished, for understanding there given. Gen. 15:12, 13 and the scriptures. It is deeply to be 37:5_i1 and 40:1–23 and 41:1– regretted, that they are so little 32. Num. 14:34. Dan. 2:1—45 and used by those who possess them. 4:1-37. &c. &c. Some have im- A great reason may be the labor bibed the strange idea, that no of finding the passages referred prophecy can be understood, till to. This obstacle may be in a its accomplishment. But this no- great measure removed by the tion appears as contrary to scrip- following, ture as it is to reason. Rev. 1:3. Method of marking a Bible, for
10. Guard against adoptips the purpose of readily, finding wild, fanciful, and conjectural in- passages.-With very thick ink terpretations. It is much worse mark the edges of the leaves, conto adopt a false interpretation of taining the book of Genesis, forabout a quarter of an inch, begin- following words: O Lord, 1 bening at the top, making it perfect- seech thee, open my understandly black. Directly to the right ing, to understand thy word. May hand of the bottom of that mark- thy truth ana thy Spirit sanctify ing, mark the edges of the leaves my soul, and prepare me for gloof Exodus, in the same manner, ry, for Christ's sake. and to the same extent. In the 15. If we would continually in. same manner, proceed with the crease in the knowledge of the succeeding books through Pro- scriptures, we should faithfully verbs, which will complete the practise what we acquire. If we first column. Where there are are not doers of the word, we two books of a name, as Samuel, shall undoubtedly be forgetful &c. the first only may be marked, hearers or readers, Jam. 1:23–24. as the second is easily distinguish: But doing the divine commanded by being left blank. At the ments has a happy influence to left hand of the mark upon Levi- impress them upon our minds, ticus, make the letter L, formed and give us a more clear, deep like a printed capital. To the extensive and realizing view of left hand of the mark upon Num- the subject, to which they relate. bers, make the letter N, and so of 16. Attention to Sacred Geogthe rest. Commence the second raphy is of great use, to unable us column at the top, like the first, to understand, remember and feel and let it finish the 0. T. The the truths of the Bible. God has books of the N. T. form the third shown us his estimation of geocolumn. The books of the Bible graphical instruction, by giving being thus marked and lettered, a us so much of it in his word. person may soon be able almost 17. The Chronology of the Bible instantly to turn to any passage is scarcely less important to the mentioned.
biblical student, than its Geogra13. To understand the scrip- phy. Of this, the Bible itself ex. tures, we should cultivate an ac- hibits the same evidence. In atquaintance with our own hearts. tending to this, important aid The scriptures are addressed to may be derived from the Union the heart, and contain many strik- Catechism, and from the Chart ing delineations of its exercises. &c. attached to Whelpley's Com
14. We should above all, be- pend of History, seech the Father of lights to en- 18. An admirable method of lighten our minds, and open our studying the scriptures is to mark understandings, that we may un- and commit to memory the most derstand the scriptures, Prov. 2:1 striking passages. A passage -Ó. Luke 24:45. Probably one often becomes peculiarly striking reason, that so many passages are by being more clearly understood hard to be understood, is, that we than before. This renders it more may feel the necessity of divine easily committed to memory, and aid, and be induced to cry to God, more useful, when committed. It to preserve us from error, and is, therefore, much better to comlead us in the paths of truth. mit passages of a few words or Every time we read the scriptures, lines, than whole chapters. Bethen, let us lift up our hearts to sides, if we commit whole chaptheir gracious Author for the en- ters, it may be impossible to relightening and sanctifying influ- collect any passage, that we may ences of the Spirit, that we may have occasion to use, except the not read in vain, Some may pos- first, as each passage is associated sibly find advantage in using the with the words that go before it
But when separate passages are Babel, Abraham, Sarah, Lot, committed, the words of each one Canaan, Egypt, Isaac, Jacob,
are associated with the idea, Esau, Joseph, Job, Moses, Aaron, • which they express, and the cir- Plagues of Egypt, Israel's De
cumstance, that renders it need- liverance from Egypt, Passover, ful, will conduce to its recollec- Wilderness between Egypt and tion. These passages thus mark- Canaan, Sinai, the Golden Calf, ed, may be easily reviewed, and the Ten Commandments, Ark of may be recited to another person, the Covenant, the Twelve Spies, who may take the Bible, and men- Korah and his Company, Fiery tion a word or two of each mark- Serpents, Balak, Balaam. ed passage. This exercise may Those who may adopt this mebe highly useful for fixing pag- thod, may use such of these topics sages correctly in the memory. as may appear eligible. Hun
19. A method, that is called the dreds more may be added. It Topic System, may be useful in inay be best for the learner to teaching and learning scripture. attend to them, first in their order, A scripture topic is some impor- and then miscellaneously. To do tant scriptural subject, as Crea- the latter, they may be written tion, Adam, the Flood, &c. These upon so many tickets, or pieces of are designed as topics of conver- card-paper about an inch square, sation, to be attended to, agreea- put together into a box, and bly to the direction in Deut. 6:7. drawn out fortuitously for use, Suppose we take Adam for a to- Where there are several persons pic, the question is asked by the of the same name, as John, Mary, parent or teacher, What items or &c. items may be montioned conimportant particulars, do you re- cerning them all. collect concerning Adam? Some 20. Another method, that has such answers as the following, been found of great utility, is the may be given: He was the first Ticket System. The object of man; he was created in the image 'this is to facilitate committing to of God; he was created in matu- memory the contents of particular rity; he was the husband of Eve; chapters. These tickets may with he was placed in the garden of propriety be denominated Chap Eden; he was forbidden to eat of ter Tickets. A ticket consists of a certain tree, &c. &c. When two parts; one part mentions the one has mentioned as many items book and chapter, and the other, as possible, the question may be the contents or principal subject. put to another; and then to an- One part may be written upon other, &c. Or one may be called one side of the ticket, and the upon to mention one item, and other upon the other The folanother another, &c. These items lowing may serve as may be stated without regard to Specimens of Chapter Tickets any particular order. This me- Gen. 1: Creation; Gen. 2: the Garthod may be used once or twice a den of Eden; Gen. 3: The Apostaday either at table, or devotional cyį Gen. 4: Cain
and Abel ; Gen. exercises. There is perhaps no 5. Longevities ; Gen. 6:-8: The better method for fixing in the Flood; Gen. 11: Babel; Gen. 12: mind the most important facts Call of Abraham; Gen. 14: Caprecorded in the Bible.
ture and Deliverance of Lot : Selection of Scripture Topics.- Gen. 18 and 19: Destruction of Creation, Adam, Eve, the Sab- Sudom, &c.; Gen. 22: Abraham's bath, the Garden of Eden, Cain, offering of Isaac; Gen. 23: Death Abel Enoch, Noah, the Flood, of Sarah: Gen. 4: Marriage of