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have, neither honour nor resolution to' he honest> you theresore wish to persuade yourselves that you have no being superior to a beast, and this, to get rid of the sting of conscience^ Your origin began with Luciser, nothing less would content that patriarch or first archetype, that original heretic, nothing less but to be God would limit his pride. From this cause we may compute the fall of man; so that you arc nonsuited, in every sense of the word, in your first and prime thought. That the wisdom of this age had enlightened the northern hemisphere with this extraordinary phenomenon or New Day. Fiddle de dee. . .
xClub. What you charge our enlightened philosophy of this bright and enlightened age, whose members are arrived in knowledge to the source and origin or pristine or first conception or cause from whence man derived sorm and received his being, is a sneer, contrivance, artsul, cunning, slight, or flight of a presbyterian or vague Calvinistical assertion. They would be happy to allow them a spirit, the maggot of a weak, distempered brain, which beguiles animals not properly formed. Our grand philosophy takes its origin or first principle from the texture, Purity and quantity of brains we are possessed or endowed with, according.to weight and measure, in a due course of Logarithm progression. The brain, therefore, being the origin or principle from which issues what.the ancients termed the faculties .of she soul, will,. :ipemory# aod understanding* immortal spiritual substance, not dependent on
the the body, but gives lise and animates the body or material part of man. By our enlightened age and new philosophy, has dettcted, by the superiority of our understanding, this folly, error, weakness, and base ignorance of man srom their origin, or first state, which they count or reckon to be five thousand seven hundred years besore our enlightened and wise Luminary the Fistyeighth Century. 1%is is a bright day, when the funshines at noon-day. O the meridian of man, the zenith of wisdom. Brain comforts terrestrial. Man resigns celestial.
Host. How haps it that this delirium has seized your intellects? I perceive we are one. If you will restore the spirit, you will then add sevenfold to your comforts, spiritualizing the works of the flesh.
If the brain be the God of Lise and Wisdom, and no other, to each creature that possesses Brains; is this be so, how is it that a parrot, whose head, according to the rules of proportion, and quantum of this wise paste, or thick mixture of solid and fluid matter, whose head is nearly, when master has laid by his plumage, equal in weight and measure to his body, not transmitted to suture generations, from father to son, and so on, at least, some sootsteps of the great seats and heroic passages of their times, in imitation of man, who, according to the asoresaid rules laid down. by our new philosophers, no way can be allowed rivals or competitors in weight or measure, or quantum of Brains, in a due scale of proportion, or stand in the lowest degree claimants with this royal: bird to LATRIA I
Club. You seem to use reason in your argument, and would be of weight, did the brightness and strength of our philosophy depend solely on weight, measure, and quantum of brains. But there is a great degree or force to be granted to the state and degree of mixture and resinement of the paste or matter to this source or first mover of wisdom. The faculty heretosore thought a soul is sormed. The reason we assume, to get rid of this difsiculty, is, the texture, quality, and firmness of man's nature might be the cause cf this superior degree of knowledge in him preserable to every other animal. For it is too glaring to deny that some little and most frequent headed men, with very large bodies, have more understanding than little bodies with great heads. Some fay, there may be more brains and better compacted in a small head than within a great skull. But this is not proved, and the dignity of philosophy is to affirm nothing but what is proved by a mathematical demonstration, as a 'philosopher should glory in truth.
Haft. Is we reser to reason and truth, the twos grand bases and pillars of found philosophy, we shall defeat your new, or rather old, exploded tsvosoid heresy ., philosophical and reli.< gious being opposite to.truth and order. Other animals are equal in.4hei'r creation with man,. and yet,: sor nvar fix.thousand years, cannot be produced ose single instance above their natural or general instinct,' unless .some :anticks or training, by the ingenuity or 'contrivance of man. Name me one, but man, tbap has made use of reason, to transmit, to the. latest times, by writing. hierogliphicks or.tra*; dition, the difserent arts and sciences, or other usessul knowledge, and whatever they judged), requisite to transmit or hand down to posterity* No animal, but man, was ever known to con* trive or form instruments of various forts for various purposes, to extend and assist them; in the arts and sciences, and their other pur-, suits and purposes. No animalj but man, was ever known to build ships to transport themselves in search os nations to them unknown, as Columbus and many others. Never was ip known that the ape, parro: or any other animal, but man, carried their knowledge to the hear venly bodies, measuring their distances, consi-r dering and marking out their motions and periodical revolutions. Myself have spent much, time at sea, with some improvement in navigation, which has communicated and improved my ideas. It is there, in a particular manner, by experience, we see the wonders of the airmighty and superior knowledge of man, travelling many thousand miles through an extensive and trackless ocean, having no guide but the fcill of man, assisted with the sun and stars for observation, compass, and chart to direct, and log-line tp measure his distance, which insure him his desired haven. Bur. in all my voyages never espied one single veffel guided by mon-» key, parrot, dog, hog, or other anima1 but man. Let us now return to land, and uke a
▼iew os empires and kingdoms, their regular tions, laws, and government; both civil an-d military, general. and particular, ofsensive and dessensive, politics, alliances, commerce, &c, manœuvring and marshaling armies; the laws of prudence in erecting fortifications, offensive and dessensive, and a thousand other requisites, in a well-ordered government, cities, towns, architecture, of various forts and high finishings, and this regulated according to order, rule, and precision. All this is peculiar to mart and him alone to him the world is put under subjection. I do not exaggerate when I affirm, that both earth and heaven were made for man; who sees nor, that all matters of state, commerce, or any other contract among men, ar.§ marked out and regulated according to the pe-r riodical movements of the Great Luminary ,? One half-of man explore the vast bofomof th$ deep, bending to their user sun and stars,,-, to escort, convey, and guard them on their road* . I am travelling in an inexhaustible ocean, ef man-j extension in power, glory, greatness, nobility, wisdom, knowledge, perspicuity, anfl perssection, which labyrinth, to be properly seE forth, would require volumes, and for tranJ fcending my inability and illiterate conceptions. But thus far, for the honour of my species, I have endeavoured to shew the absurdity in advancing tenets the most base and humiliating to man, that could be contrived by art, degeneracy, malice and folly; the whole acting against reason aad common sense., > 'i V - ''.•*' Club.