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the land and the timber, want at lengt'i overcomes love of countrv, and all, both young and old, are fouuu forsaking the land of their bi. th, and seeking a home in the unworn regions of the West. In the short period of thirty years, which is within my rememorance, many of the above changes bave taken place of my own knowledge, in certain neighborhoods of land, originally fertile, soft, and easy to cultivate. i therefore think it requires no prophet to tell, that if the present and former state of husbandry is not altered, a large portion of the once valuable lands of Virginia must be cime a deserted wilderness ; for, instead of making our lands better from the time of their being cleared, they are daily growing poorer from constant and bad tillage, close grazing, and the washing of heavy rains. How unlike some of our sister States, having no slaves, where many generations of the same family prosper on the same spot of land.

A, B, C..

From the New-Hampshire Chronicle.

INFANT EDUCATION.

Probably is the proper course were always taken, children would seldom need the discipline of the rod. Few would be the occasions when the good of the child would absolutely require it, or when its infliction would be in any degree beneficial. And when it fails of becoming so, all must r::adily allow that it is injurious. If it should ever become necessary, in the view of the judicious parent, he will know how to administer it-in lore, not in anger, and will not fail to leave a just igipression on the mind of his child. I intend thes: remarks in reference to all corporeal punishment.

But I would here speak more particularly of the less difficult, but commonly more eff-ctual, methods often resorted to, by parents and oth:rs, to punish misdem-anor and secure obedience. I mean the practice of frightening children by shutting them up in a dark room, so exposing them as to terrify them, or even threatening them with such treatment. Tuhuman, I must say, as it is, and common as it is, it calls for censure. Why should the child bave inflicted on it a punishment the influence of which will be felt for years purbaps will never be forgotten ? Far better were it to chastise severely with the rod, than in a way to make it tremble at its own shadow, and fear to open its eyes where there is darkness. It is a cruelty that cannot be atoned for, the inflicting of an evil that cannot be repaired ; and it is astonishing that one who has suffered from it should ever impose it on others. The darkness is as hatural as the light, and naturally no more dreaded.

Yet how many are afraid to be alone in it, even where they know there is no dangir. And this because of injudicious, I may say unjust, treatment in their early days.

That parent is unfit to have the management of a child, who cannot commonly govern it by mild reproof, or a decided injunetion, as every parent may who commences the proper course of discipline in its infancy.

CHUTCH AND STATE.

Who are they that seek this union? It cannot be charged on those theologians who are perpetually at war with each other. Were they planning such an arduous enterprize, they would seek union among themselves;

st cannot be charged on zealous sectarians of any kind. Sectarianism tends to division, not union.

It cannot be brought about by Sectarianism. Because the prevention of sectarianism is the grand object always sought by such anion.

It cannot be charged on those who are heartíly engaged in promoting moral reform. Such a reform, so far from uniting the church with the state, is threatening to tear the churches asunder.

It cannot be charged on those ministers or those presses that make themselves inpopular hy reproving vice.

Those who would unite church and state, in this country, must first render themselves popular. This is done, not by stemning the current of public feeling, but by swimming with it.-Genius of Temperance.

SHUT UP THAT GROG-SHOP! Yes—shut it up.--It is a fountain of death. Drunkards are made there. It is a whirlpool, that swallows down all that comes within its reach-houses-lands-food-raiment—the widow's last mite-the orphan's last crust-time--money-health-lifereputation--and the souls of men.

Fathers! Mothers! If a den of rattlesnakes were within sight of your windows, you would bolt your doors and keep your children in, till the horrid cavern was closed. That grog shop yonder, is worse than a den of rattle-snakes. The still-worm lies coiled there, in those barrels. It “ biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder," And the worm that never dies is concealed there. It winds through every street, and lurks in every path. It will bite your children. They are not safe, till that den is shut

up. Do you ask how you shall shut it up ?-You can do it by never entering into it yourself, nor permitting your children, your servants, or your property to enter it. Put none of your money into that grog-shop, and it will close of itself. History tells tis that when a frightful cavern appeared in the midst of Rome, it could not be made to close up, till the most valuable things in Rome were thrown into it. But the way to close this cavern, is, to keep your valuable things out of it. It is a cheap remedy and a sure one.

Shut up that grog-shop. That one, I mean that is called a Hotel, and that that is called an oyster cellar. The one that is called a wine store, and that which passes for a confectionary, or soda room. Yes ! and the grocery store, the warehouse, the merchant's compting room, the billiard chamber, and the house of iilfaine. ALL the places where strong drink is sold, hargained for, dealt out, or given away. The booths at the Park, where negroes drink, on the 4th of July, and the City Hall, where Alderpres drink at the same tiine. They are grog-shops, the whole of them: -doos of destruction.-Shut them ip: shut them up. Thry are public nuisances, public pesis. They diserace the nation and threaten its ruin. Shut them up, all of them.--1b.

INTELLIGENCE.

RELIGIOUS. City Missions. --At the late meeting of the Boston Society for the moral and religious instruction of the poor, the President briefly stated the object of the Society. It was formed in 1816, the late Rev. Mr. Huntington having been among the most active of its original friends. It is estimated that there are now froin 20000 to 25,000 persons in the city of Boston, who are unconnected with any religious society! They are generally poor, and ignorant on religious subjects. For the benefit of such, the society was formed.

Baltimore -- It is stated in one of the Baltimore papers, that of a population of 80,000 souls which that city contains, it is computed that only 20,000 are attached to the regular congregations that asseinble for public worsbij on the Sabbath.

Mormonism. - A gentleman of this city has presented for publication, the following extract of a letter from a Mormonite to bis friend here. The writer was forinerly a respectable citizen of Boston, and we are assured that bis credibility and sincerity cannot be doubted.--Boston Courier.

CANANDAIGUA, Jan. 9, 1831. We live in this place, and have ever since the 8th of October, My mind and time have mostly been taken up in the labor of the new covenant, and I cannot say much which would be interesting, either to you or to me, unless I write upon this interesting subject. You must suppose I have had a good opportunity of witnessing much of the proceedings of those wbo believe in the book of Mor

The book causes great excitement in these parts, and many lie and foam out their shame, and soine believe and become meek and lowly in this region.

There are about one hundred souls who have bumbled themselves and come forth with broken hearts and contrite spirits, and

Inon.

desired baptism, at the haad of Joseph Smith, or some other elder,-for you must know that there are, in this church, elders, priests, teachers, and deacons, each ordained according to the gift aud calling of God. Unto Him, many have been ordained to preach. Four of these only have gone out as yet, and they have gone to the Samanites, (or Indians) to preach the gospel to them. They passed through Onio and preached, and three hundred have come forth; many, on coming, brought all their possessions, and gave to the church.

One of the first was an old miser, who set the example by throwing in all his property,-eight hundred acres of land under good cultivation. Thus we see, that when the people become right, this will follow, as in the Apostles' days.

There are about four hundred soils, and yet no one has aught he calls his own. This we have not preached; but it is the natural consequence of embracing the Apostolic doctrine, which we bave done; for He has visited his people, by the ministration of angels, and by raising up unto us a seer and a revelator, that He may communicate unto us such tbings as are necessary for our preservation and instruction.

You recollect we were talking of the hill which contained all the sacred engravings; we thought it must be far south. But we were both mistaken ; for since I saw you, I bave seen the spot, and been all over the hill. The time is short, and this generation will not pass before there will great and marvellous things take place to the confounding of all false, vain, and pernicious doctrines, and to the bringing to nought the wisdom of the world ; for Israel shall be saved with an everlasting salvation, and the day is soon at hand when the wicked shall be cut off and the meek shall inherit the earth, and the Lord God will turn to the people a pure language; this is the first language, and it is still preserved on the plates of Jared, and will be the last language that will be.

MORAL.

Progress of Temperance in England.--The Christian Observe er says:-"We are delighted at wituessing the rapid progress of Temperance Societies. Nothing but want of funds, and these, we trust, will be liberally supplied, prevents the Central Society, formed at Ex-ter Hall, from branching out its important labors to all parts of the kingdom. We have not space at present to notice the numerous facts and publications which multiply around us, bat we recommend the whole subject to the renewed consideration of our readers ; and earnestly do we pray that the plague-a plague far more destructive to mankind than war or pestilencemay be stayed among us."

In the city of Boston, with only about 60,000 inhabitants, there were the last year, 690 persous licensed by the gi verrment to sell ardent spirits. If each has orly 10 customers a day, it would make 6900 who daily use it. And if each spends only 10 cents a day, it would amount to $251,950 a year.

In the four cities of Boston, New York, Pbila lelphia and Baltimore, containing only about 500,000 inhabitants, more than 6000 persons are lic-oseil to sell ardent spirits, and thus be accessory to the ruin of their follow-men. If they have daily 10 customers each, and they each spend for this poison only i0 cents, it would be more than $2,196,000 a year. More than 6000 men-more tban one in twenty of all the men over twenty-one years of ageare, for a little monøy, licensed to carry on a trade wbicb is pror. ed, by a vast accumulation of facts, to be among the greatest curses which have come upon th• human family ; which has caised a loss to the people of the United States of more than $90,000,000 dollars a year; and brought down more than 30,000 people to an untimely grave. And this is continued aiter it is proved by the experience of more than a million of persons, that men in all kinds of business are better without the use of it; and those who prosess to be good men are furnishing it to all who will purchase, and thus assisting to perpetuate this mighty ruin down to the end of the world.- Report of Am. Tem. Soc. for 1831.

Of 126 adults adinitted to the Dexter Asylum, Providence, the American stat s that nivety-eight were intemperate. Of the others, many were reduced to pauperisin by intemperate busbands and parents.

Pay Day.—The Norwich Courier, in speaking of the exertions making for alt ring pay day from Saturday to Monday night, states that the Thames company, whose manufacturivg establishmut is the largest in that town, have adhered to Monday for their pay day ever since the commencement of thir work, eight years azo-and it is blieved that no small degree of the order, regularity and good orals which characterize the individuals engaged there, are mainly aitributable to this one circumstance. This is good testimony, and we should think it would induce every temperate master workman to try the experiment.

Slave Trade.--With undiminished atrocity and activity, is this odious traffic now carried on all along the African coast. Slave factories are established in the immediate vicinity of the colony, and at the Gallinas, (between Liberia and Sierra Leone) not less than 900 slaves were shipped during the last summer in the space of three weeks.--While all Christian Governments have expressed their abhorrence of this trade, they have done comparatively nothing for its suppression. The voice of injured and bleeding humanity, has long called for vigorous and united action on this subject, but it has called in vain. Thousands of human beings have perished in agony, perished as the victims of the most unrelenting injustice and cruelty, inflicted by citizens of Christian states, and yet the powers of Christendom, well knowing the fact, have felt no adequate sympathy and made no energetic efforts to save them.---- African Repository.

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