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The Great Western Rail Road. -De Witt Clinton, Esq. bas received instruccions from the Engineer Department at Washington, to examine the route of the contemplated Rail Road from tha Hudson River to the Ohio Canal. The distance is about 500 miles.
Machinery and Capital.-We copy the following extraordinary statement from the Mechanics' Nia azine ; it speaks volumes. " Mr. Cramshaw's inu worksNumber of persons employed 5000; annually expended for labor 300,0001., number of horses employed 450, number of stpam engines 8, each at 50 horse power, but going night and day, doing the work of 12000 horses; water wheels 9, equal to the power of 954 horses ; furnaces 84, each about 50 feet high and wide in proportion; forges 3, foundry 1, rolling mills 8, boring milli ; annually used for mixing with the iron ore, irou stone 90,000 tons, lime 40,000 tons; annually consumed, coals 200,000 tons ; gunpowder 30,000 lbs., candles 120, 000 lbs. One hundred and twenty miles of tran-railway have been laid down for the use of these works, besides which there is a canal of several miles, aqueduct, briges, &c.
Of tram wagonis, made cbiefly of iron, there a'e many thousand. Mr. Cramshaw bas lately built a castle for his own residence, in the vicinity of the works, which covers an acre of ground and contains 72 apartments; the locks and hinges alone cost 7001. There is a pinery attached to the castle which is heated by steam, and costs 8501. yearly, and an extensive granary also, that costs nearly as much. -English paper.
Latest from Europe.-By an arrival at New York, London papers
to the 3d of November have been received. The most important news is the account of a dreadful riot at Bristol, England. It is said that four or five hundred persons were killed in the affray or perished in the buildings' which wrre burnt by the mob. Forty-two dwelling houses and ware houses were burnt, besides the excise house, custom house, four toll houses, three prisons and the Bishop's palace.- Courier.
The letters from Berlin to the 22d October, give 29 cases of cholera for that day, and 18 deaths. On the 19th, at Vienna, there were only 6 new cases in the city, and I death. In the suburbs, where the people could not be got to be equally careful, there were on the same day, sixty-three new cases and twentythree deaths.
It was said in Paris that the affairs of Greece were to be left to the decision of England and Russia.
All Egypt is infected with the cholera morbus, which is more destructive in the principal towns than ever the plague has been. From six bundred te eight hundred persoas died daily at Cairo.
To our PATRONS AND S.Bangers. -While we feel grateful for the p.om tness with which most of our subscribers hare inade payme it, we would remind those few who are in arrears, that the balance due is much wanied by the printer,
It is pr sumed that those who have received the Magazine this year, will generally wish to r-ceive it for the coming year; that they may have a complele Volume, together with the Title Page and Index.
It is proposed, in the January number, to give a List of Agents. We respectfully request our patrons to obtain new subscribers, who, if they chouse, can be supplied with the back numbers of the current volum, on accommodating terms.
CPOriginal matter for our pages, would be very acceptable.
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THEOLOGICAL WORKS. Paley's NATURAL Thrology, illustrated by the plates and by a selection from the notes of James Paxton, with additional notes, original and selected - New edition.
VATSON'S THEOLGICAL INSTITUTES, or a view of the evidences, doctrines, morals and institutions of Christianity, by a ichard Watson.Stereotype edition
In addition to the above may be found a very valuable collection of Theological and other Books at
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13, Market-streer. BIOK & JOB PRINTING. WILLIAM MARSHALL & 1o No. 12, Market Square 4th story, respectfully inform the public that they have just added to their stock of materials, an entire new office, selected with greit care by a gentleman wo contemplated prosecuring the printing business in this town.
This being added to t eir former large assortment of materials, makes an extensive rariety, and enables them to offer vers great advantages to persons who may want any kind of Letter Press Printing done in good style, and at short notice, Providence, Oct 31, 1891.
SCO "T'S FAMILY BIBLE, with critical Votes and practiral Obser. vations, in 6 Octavo vols. - Price 13 dollars--For sale at lo 5, Market. Square, by
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AN ESSAY ON THE STATE OF INFANTS, by Rev. Alvan de D. D. Price 10 cents For sale by HUTCHIEVS & SUI PARD,
'HE THPEE FIRST VOLUMES OF THE HOPKINS) AN VAGAZINE either Half bound, or in Boards, may be had, entire or in si gle voumes, at very reduced prices, at the Book store of
UTCHENS & STIEPARD.
JANUARY 31, 1832.
THE HOPKINSIAN MAGAZINE.
With the present number, our periodical enters on its eighth year. This is an age, to which few publications of the kind, in this country, have arrived. It becomes us gratefully to acknowl. edge "the good hand of God,” which bas sustained us under the labours, sacrifices, and discouragements, with which the work has been conducted. And while we are sensible that our pages have been less instructive and interesting than they would have been, if we had possesed greater ability, enjoyed more leisure, and received more aid from those who were well able to afford it; still we indulge the hope, that the original design of this publication, las been, in some degree, attained. Something, we trust, has been done, towards stating, explaining and proving that system of scriptural doctrines and duties, which had obtained the name of Hopkinsian. If this has edified and confirmed some; we would Hatter ourselves it has enlightened and convinced others. It must bave been perceived that the Hopkinsian system, while, on the one hand, it shuns the first principle of Arminianism—that of a self determining power, or "the efficiency of man in all his moral actions”-it avoids, on the other hand, the three capital absurdilies of modern Calvinism, viz. the imputation of Adam's sin to his descendants ; the natural inability of men to do what God requires ; and an atonement made for the elect only. It is presumed some bave discovered, that Hopkinsianism is, indeed, muchì the mildest, and the only consistent form of Calvinism. It is not unlikely, that some may have found themselves in the predicament of an aged Minister of the Old Colony,' a few years since ; who had conceived a strong prejudice against the writings of Dr. Hopkins, which he had never read; but upon being persuaded by a clerical brother, to peruse a volume of the Dr.'s works, exclaimed, “If this be Hopkinsianism, I have been a Hopkinsian these twenty years
We think we can perceive, that in places where this work has freely circulated, much of the reproach which had been cast upon the name Hopkinsiap, has been removed, and that this appella
tion is used, as it ever should have been, merely as a term of distinction.
It gives us pleasure to state, that our publication has received a regularly increasing patronage, from its commencement. While we tender our thanks to all who have aided in circulating the Vagazine ; we would rescifully solicit a continuar ce of their assistarce ; as, without it. our work must share the fate of most relig. io's periodicals in this fieile age, and expire for want of pecuniary s!pport. Still more urgently would we solicit the aid of such as arr able to adorn our pag's with well-written original communications,
BETWEEN A CALVINIST AND A SEMI CALVINIST.
The fulluwing Dialogte was inserted in the Life of Jur. Hop. kins, written princi, ally by himsif, and published sin after his death. That interesting and valuable work is now out of print, and probabiy has not been scen by many oí our readers. The life of Dr Hop In bas recently bein re-written, and published in an abridged forin;, from which the Dialogue, as well as some of the peculiar sentiments of the venerable ai thor, bare been tcluded. We hav.. ever considered this Dialogue as one of the Dr.'s most able and useful productions, with which we wish allor readers may be acquainted, and with which, at the siggestion of an esteemed correspondent we are happy to enrich our pages.- ED. Semi-Cruis!
Sir, I have wanted, for some time, to talk with you about the notion, which some lately advance, viz: That ehristians may, yea, that they ought, and must be willing to perish fori ver, in order to be christians. Ths is a shocking doctrine to me: For I beli ve it absolutely impossible for any one to be willing to be eternally wretch'd; and, if it were possieke, it would be very wicked; for we are commanded to do that which is directly contrary to this, viz: to desire and seek to escape damnation, and to be saved; as all our most considerable and best diviues lave taught, which I could easily prove, were it necessary.
Calvinisl. - can decide nothing upon this mattis until I know what is meant by being willing to be in serole forever, by those who assort this, of you, wh) 0,1, 05P it. Let me then ask
Do you suppose that by bring willing to ba miserable is meant a being plased with damnation, or choosing to be miserable forever, for ils our sale or in itself con«i'ered; and preferring misery, eternal misery, and beina juist as ibe damned will be, to eternal happiness, and being just as the blessed will be forever, considering the form
er as being in itself better than the latter ? This is doubtless impossible, and if it were not, would be very unreasonable and wicked. And I question whether any one ever believed this, or meant to assort it, by saying that christians ought to be willing to perisha forever, But if by being willing to be cast off by God forever, be meant, that however great and dreadful this evil is ; yet a christian may and ought to be willing to suffer it, if it be necessary in order to avoid a greater eril; or to obtaio an overbalancing good, if such a case can be supposed : This, I think, is true, and ought to be maintained, as essential to the character of a cbristian ; and that the contrary doctrine is dangerous and hurtful. For it is esSantial to true benevolence to prefer a greater good to a less, and a less evil to a greater, and that whether it be private or public god or evil; or his own personal good or evil; or that of others.
Semi. I am unable to conceive what you mean by “ a greater evil, than et rnal damnation, or a greater good' to be promoted by this evil. Is not this the greatest of all evils ? And what good is lett for him, who is doomed to eternal misery ? I grant that a man may, and ought to subject himself, in many cases, to a less evil, in order to avoid a greater, or to obtain a greatly overbalancin: 2001; but in the proposed case all good is lost forever, awl the greatest possible evil takes place, and nothing but evil, wi, huit eod.
Cil. Is not the damnation of millions a greater evil than the dam ation of a single person? And is not the eternal happiness of mitous a greater good, than that of one individual ? This I know rou will grant. Supposing it were necessary for one indivitual tu bi miserable Corever in order to save a million from this misery; and by his subjecting himself to this, they would all be savs from this evil, and be eternally hapny : ought he not to be willing to perish, in such a case and on this supposition ? And if ho should not be willing to give himself up to this evil, to save a mision from it, and to make them eternally happy, would he not prrar a nullion times greater evil to one a million times less; and choose a milhon times less good and prefer it to one a million times gratis? And if this is not unreasonable and wicked, and directly contrary to true benevolence, what can be ?
Soni. This is making an impossible supposition. The damnation of one man cannot save one, inuch less a million.
Cole. I grant it is an impossible supposition ; but it nevertheless serves to show that there may be a greater evil than the damWation of one individual; a good that will overbalance a million. times, the evil of the damnation of one man ; and that on supposit on, this ar atrrevil can be avoided, and the overbalancing good obtained, by the damnation of one man, and can be done no other war, then it is desirable he should be damned, and he ought to be willing, and to choose it. St. Paul makes this same supposition, when he says; I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ, for my brethren, my kinsmen, according to the flesh,' and