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and is much harassed by the Mahrattah reprehension by Admiral Duckworth, but cavalry.
the particulars are not mentioned. He ap. ADMIRAL LINOIS's squadron effected pears to have exercised shocking cruelties their escape from Pondicherry Roads in at the Cape, not only on the Blacks who the night time, although a British squa were opposed to him, but on his own coundron of superior force lay near them. A trymen, who are said to have been with corvette had arrived from France the even- difficulty restrained from venting their rage ing before and given Lipois such informa- upon him after his surrender. He is now tiou respecting the rupture which was in England, with several more of his gene. about to take place, as induced him to ral officers. The number of persons who slip his cables and put to sea. He is sup- surrendered is stated to be about nine pored to have gone to the Mauritius. thousand; most of them were taken to Ja.
maica, aud will probably be brought thence ST: DOMINGO.
to Europe. We stated in our last that accounts The conduct of our officers does not aphad been received of the evacuation of St. pear to have given perfect satisfaction to Domingo by the French. We shall now Dessalines. The circumstance of our lay the particulars before our readers. spiking the guns and destroying the amThe Cape was so closeiy invested by the munition at Fort Dauphin and other places Negro army under Dessalines, that Genc- captured by us, instead of transferring ral Rochambeau, fearful of falling into them to the blacks, would naturally, give their hands, and of experiencing the ef- offence. Accordingly we find when Capfects of their vengeance, proposed to ca- tain Loring applied to Dessalines for pipitulate to the British vessels which block- lots to conduct his ships into the harbour aded the harbour. The terms offered to him, of Cape Francois, in order to take posseshowever, he conceived to be inadmissible, sion of the French shipping, the laiter ciand the treaty was broken off. He then , villy declined the request. “I shall reentered into a negociation with Dessalines, fuse, though with regret, to send you the who was about to commence his attack on pilots which you require. I presume that the Cape, which terminated in the follow- you will not stand in need of them, as I ing agreement, viz. that the Cape should shall force the French ships to sail from be given up to General Dessalines in ten the roads, and in that case you will deal days from the eighteenth of November, with them as you think proper.” Indeed that the forts and all military stores should it is stated to have been with reluctance be left in their present condition; that the that Dessalines even complied with Cap. slaps of war and other vessels should be tain Loring's request not to fire on the free to depart with the troops and inhabi- ships, after they had surrendered to his tants on the day appointed; that the gar- majesty. rison should carry with them their arms Cape Nicola Mole has been since evaand private property; that the sick and cuated by the French, and five of the six wounded should be taken care of by Ge- vessels, on board of which the garrison beral Dessalines; and that all the natives had embarked in the hope of escaping to of the country, whatever be their colour, France, have been taken. Thus has the confined by General Rochambeau should First Consul's attempt to subjugate the be set at liberty. It was evidently the in- Negroes of St. Domingo ended in his own tention of the French General to effect his disgrace, and in the final establishment of escape, if possible, during the continu- their independence. Thus too has another ance of this truce; but his design was practical proof been exhibited of the frustrated by the vigilance of the British wretched futility of those reasonings which squadron.
would degrade the African below the level The Blacks having threatened tbat, as of our species, and make him merely the soon as they got possession of the forts they link which joins us to the brute. An addiwould sink the ships in the harbour with red tional proof, were any wanting, might also hot shot, Rochambeau renewed his offer of be found in the proclamation of the St. surrendering to Captain Loring, who com- Domingo chiefs on taking possession of the manded our squadron, and on the day pre- Cape, and which may be considered as ricus to that fixed for the evacuation of the a declaration of rights on the part of the Cape, terins were agreed upon to the fol- Negroes of St. Domingo. Its language is, lowing effect, viz. that all the ships of war doubtless, borrowed from the French sod merchantmen should be delivered up school, but still the degree of moderation to the English; that the garrison on board shewn in it forms a striking contrast to should be prisoners of war; that private pro- the sanguinary proceedings of the French perty should be sacred; and that none of the commanders. In this proclamation the Inhabitants, who had voluntarily accompa- independence of St. Domingo is declared, tied the French army on board, should be and the Negroes swear never to yield it to again landed in St. Domingo. Three fri any power on earth; the planters who rates and two corvettes were captured on have renounced their claims to the persothis occasion. General Rochambeau's nal servitude of the Negroes are invited to conduct is spoken of in terms of pointed return to their estates--they will be re
ceived as brothers; those who have not, closes with an apology for those excesses are threatened, if they return, with chains which have unfortunately taken place and deportation. -" We have sworn, they during the continuance of the contest, and add, not to listen to clemency towards all which the chiefs feelingly lament. those who would dare to speak to us of A descent was made at two places in slavery; we shall be inexorable, perhaps the island of MARTINIQUE, by a party of even cruel, towards all the troops who, men from some of our ships cruizing of themselves forgetting the object for which that station, and two batteries were taken they have not ceased fighting since 1780, possession of and completely destroyed should come yet from Europe to carry a- with scarcely any loss on our part. mong us death and servitude. Nothing is too dear, and every means are lawful, to tion of Negro rights however, backed as it men from whom it is wished to tear the is with military skill and prowess, and the first of all blessings. Were they to cause confidence arising from the complete dis. rivers and torrents of-blood to run; were comfiture of one of the finest and best disthey, in order to maintain their liberty, to "ciplined armies in the world, ought to inconflagrate seven-eighths of the globe, duce West Tudian proprietors to take a they are innocent before the tribunal of dispassionate view of their situation, and Providence, that has not created men to to consider, whether it will be for their see them groaning under a harsh and advantage to continue to swell the Negro shameful servitude*.” The proclamation 'population of our islands, with those whom
a sense of recent injury will make the fit· * The extravagance of this language is test fuel for the flame of rebellion, should certainly somewhat palliated by the cir- it by any accident be kindled in our cumstances of the writers. This publica- islands.
GREAT BRITAIN. PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS. Slave Trade, and of the number of Slaves
imported in such ships since the 5th of PARLIAMENT met on the first day of the January 1797. month, pursuant to adjournment. · On the 8th inst. the Secretary at War ob- 'The public attention for the last two tained leave to bring in a bill to consoli- weeks has been almost entirely absorbed date, explain, and amend the volunteer by the alarming illness with which it has laws. The most material provisions of the pleased the Almighty to afflict the king. bill, so far as it varies from former acts, The danger in which he was at first reare those which secure to volunteers, in ported to be, spread a very general general, the right of resigning, and to gloom over all ranks of men in the king. effective volunteers an exemption, not from dom, and the fear of invasion seemed to the ballot, but from the obligation to serve give place to the apprehension of what in the militia or army of reserve; making was deemed a still greater calamity. It them, however, liable, if ballotted, to is with sincere pleasure and with feelings serve whenever they cease to be effec- of gratitude towards the sovereign dispentive. The rank of volunteer officers shall ser of all good that we have observed the be as youngest to officers of the same rank more favourable representation of the state in the regular and militia forces. In the of his Majesty, which has been published course of his speech, Mr. Yorke expressed by authority during the last week; and himself to be determined to resist every we earnestly pray that he, with whom claim ou the part of voluiteer corps to alone are the issues of life, may restore elcct their own officers, where there had him to bis family and to his people, and not been a previous compact with govern- grant him yet many years of health and ment to that effect. The discussion of the increasing comfort and happiness. The illsubject was deferred till the second read. ness of our king, at such a moment as the ing of the bill, which has not yet taken present, is, doubtless, an awful dispensaplace.
tion. May it produce its proper effect on Mr.Wilberforce on the 13th inst. gave the minds of the nation at large. . notice, that he meant shortly to move for the abolition of the Slave Trade. He then it is very difficult to ascertain the state moved, as preparatory to that step, for of political parties in this country at the copies of the correspondence which had present moment. A coldness has evidenttaken place between the Secretary of ly subsisted for some time between Mr. State and the Governors of the West In. Pitt and Mr. Addington, but the breach dian islands, with a view to the gradual has been greatly widened of late by pamabolition of the trade; and for copies of phlets which have issued from the friends the accounts of the number of ships and of those gentlemen. It does not, howtheir tonnage "employed in the African ever, appear that Mr. Pitt means to engage in any active opposition to the mean and a recent melancholy instance of the sures of administration ; and we do hope effects of this species of gaming in stia that he will have the magnanimity to rise fting the voice of conscience, and in harsupcrior to all party feelings, and to con- dening the heart to all the motives which sult, in his public conduct, only the good a regard to reputation, natural affection, of his country. By such a proceeding, or religion, could furnish, seems to call up. high as he already stands with the nation, on us to repeat our animadversions. A inan be will not fail to obtain a still larger share who had for a series of years borne a very of its esteem and confidence,
high character, not merely for honesty
and punctuality, but for strict religious in the West Indies a considerable num principle, having large deficiencies to pay, bet or captures have been made from the was tempted to borrow, for that purpose, eneur, besides those already mentioned. sums of money from his friends, whose In the channel several of the Freuch confidence in bis integrity was almost gun-boats bare been taken in passing from limited. He likewise purchased £.2,600. one port tu another. They are very fine three per cents, from a brother broker, for Tessels, entirely new, of about one hun which he gave a draft, which was refused dred tons burthen, and carry thrce twen. payment by the banker, although he him. ty-four and eighteco pounders. They are self had received the value of the stock wel built and well found, being eighty feet from his principal. Losses to the amount ion, agd cighteen wide, and are said to be of 2.27,000, have already been discovercond sea boats. They row about forty ed, and the defaulter bas disappeared. We Sperps and are made for taking the cannot help expressing our astonishment ground.
that religious people are still to be found
who will not only dcfend, but themselves The case of Mr. Astlett,(who was found engage in the mischievous, and let it guilty of embezzling Exchequer Bills to a be remembered also, unlawful, practice of laree amount the property of the Bank.) gambling in the funds. The raming table Reserved for the opinion of the twelve and a religious profession are generally jariges, was solemnly argued before them. thought to be wholly inconsistent;, but Their judgment was, that the embezzle- can any thing be alleged in favour of gamwest of the prisoner subjected him to the bling in the funds, which would not apply penalties of the statute. Sentence of death with equal force to any other game; exbas accordingly been passed upon bim. cepting that the former may be practised
When we first adverted to the case of secretly? This, however, will be consithis unhappy man (Vol. II. p. 251) we dered as no recommendation of it in the took occasiop tu express a clear opinion eye of those who are really intiuenced by respecting the iniquity of gambling in the that fear of God, which is the same in the funds. Subsequent events have tended to darkness as in the light, in secret as be. confirun the opinion which we then gave; fore the eyes of the world.
His complaint, which was an infiamma. To the Editor of the Christian Observer.
tion of the lungs, produced a considerable Tue ackpowledged exceilence of Mr. degree of mental lethargy. A general inDrewitt's character, of which a just out difference to external objects was observed lipe was inserted in your Obituary for Oc- in him, forming a direct contrast to his tober last, ipduces me to think, that the constitutional vivacity. His extreme defollowing communication may not be un- bility rendered him so much averse to aeceptable to the readers of your work. conversation, that during his last days but
D. few words escaped his lips. As the in
Rainmation upon his lungs went off, a pu. The health of Mr. Drewitt, which was trid fever succeeded, and put a speedy never robust, was visibly on the decline some period to his existence in this world. titne previous to his death. An attack of the This account of the last days of one, induenza, at the time that distemper was whose christian character is established general in this country, gave a shock to upon the fullest evidence, may, in some his constitution, of which he never reco, degree, check the extravagant value which vered; and which, uniting with his other some pious persons are disposed to put bodily infirmities, accelerated his dissolu- upon that confident, and even ecstatic, ton. His last illness continued about a state of mind, with which some christians Weck, during which he was coutined to his quit this worid. As such a state is not to bed; and on the 11th of October, 1803, he be undervalued, so neither is it to be exclosed his eyes on this inortal scene.
alted above its just value. It is a truth as CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 26,
'ndisputable as it is seriously to be consi- Mr. Drewitt was the author of several dered, that such exultation and assurance small publications, particularly of one enmay be the effect of delusion; and as they titled, “ Why are you a Churchman!" of may be experienced by self-deceivers, so which some thousands have been sold, the may sincere believers, from various i auses, tract having passed through six editions, be sturers to them. The least question. He was the author also of the anonymous able state of mind on a death-bed, is that pamphlet A Call to Union, &c.** awful apprehension of the condition into which deserves to be generally known which the departing soul is about to enter, The rest were of inferior importance. and that humiliating sense of personal There is one part of Mr. Drewitt's cha. guilt and infirinity, which ought to accom racter that peculiarly requires to be set pany and temper even the most animating, in a fair light, and ought to be more exthe most just, and the most vivid antici tensively understood. It is a part too, to pations of future felicity.
which Mr. Biddulph was so well qualified. There is, however, another lesson, per. to do aniple justice, that nothing inore is haps of greater importance, inculcated by necessary than to hear him in his owo the foregoing account--the danger of de- words. " But that branch of the uniformi. terrin to the last hours of life a prepara- ty of his character, which I have pripeitron for the world to come. Had not this pally in my view, is his unshaken attachpreparation been made, and made eftec- ment to the Church of England. And I tually by the subject of these few lines, advert principally to this, because the inwhat opportunity would a period of morbid tegrity of his character, as a minister of indifference have afforded for the performn- the establishment, has been impeached; ance of that great work upon which the and, (througb the misrepresentations of ig everlasting salvation of the soul is sus- norance, I trust,) his principles and conpevs And upon what evidence do duct have been traduced both privately "sipher; ground the presumption that this and publicly. I believe that I was both shall not be their case ?
intimately and fully acquainted with his The tribute of affection and respect paid sentiments of ecclesiastical polity; and to the memory of Mr. Drewitt at his fu- can attest, from personal knowledge, that neral, wbich was solemnized on the 17th he was a strict episcopalian, in conseof October, has not been often exceeded. quence of a full conviction of the apostoliManý of the clergy, the children of the cal origin of the episcopal institutiont; that Chedder school, and the Chedder corps of he was warmly attacbed to the discipline, volunteers, attended to express their es- as well as to the doctrines of the reformed teem and sorrow for his loss. The con- Church of England. He had studied the gregation assembled in the church was un- point with close attention, and had formed usually great. A sermon was preached on his creed on the subject from the evidence the occasion by the Reverend Mr. Bid that was brought before him. He had dulph, which was worthy of the subject; learned to honour his father in heaven that dignified, eloquent, and impassioned, and begat him with the word of his truth; and delivered with impressive energy
to reverence his mother that bare him and It is the intention of the parishioners to nourished him with the sincere milk of her erect a monument by subscription, to the doctrine. Had his general conduct been memory of their beloved and lamented observed, and credit been given to his depastor.
claration (and surely credit ought to have The general character of Mr. Drewitt been given to the declaration of such a has alrı a'iy been drawn in your work man,) no suspiciou could have arisep re(Vol. II. p. 643). The serion before us specting the sincerity of his regard to our contains some additional information upon holy mother the cliurcht. the same subject; and it will not be amiss to transcribe a passage or two. “ Our * Reviewed in the 1st. vol. of the Chris dear brother now departed,” (says Mr. tian Observer, p. 381. Biddulph, p. 7), « affords another instance f Mr. Drewitt was engaged at the time of the saine kind,”-of the fine natural ta- of his death, in abridging the excellent Jents by which St. Paul was distinguished. work of Bishop Hall on the subject of epis: " Those who knew him well, and were copacy. capable of estimating aright the extent of Another proof of uniformity in Mr. his abilities, saw with delight an uncom- Drewitt's character, inay be founded on mon assemblage of brilliant qualifications the patriotic efforts wliich fre made to for the ministry in his character. Very serve his king and country in the present few labourers in the Lord's vineyard can awful crisis. It may, perbaps, be assumbe put on a level with him. In knowledge, ed with great propriety, that a clergymari, human and divine, in an aptness to teach, who has solemnly engaged to "give him huid a command of expression in commu- self wholly to the other of the ministry, nicating dis knowledge to others, he ex. has, in general, little to do with worldly celled not in his equals in age, but most politics. But the present emergency is an of bis seviors who had been much longer exeinpt case. Mr. Drewitt exerteủ himpractised in thie holy art.” p. 8.
self to the utmost in raising a corps of to“I have been frequently struck, when second voyage in the Cornwall, and was conversing with my dear departed friend come to see his countryman on board the on the subject just mentioned, with the Royal Admiral. As soon as Mydo sai theekness which ne shewed under the re Mr. Gillham he burst into tears, and said, peated insults with which some of the he had known him well at Otaheite; he public prints and private calumny bad also informed him, that Oley was just arloaded him. No asperity of language drop- rived from the West Indies." Mr. Gillbam ped on these occasions from his lips; nor immediately repaired on board the West did I ever see his spirit ruffied by the unme. India ship and found Oley, who also rerited reproach which he received. But he cognized him, having been a page to Idcounmitted his character and cause to Him deah, the queen, when he was at Otaheite. that judgeth righteously; indifferent to Movee obtained a passage home, but Oley the opinion of men, while conscious of his and Mydo were taken by Mr. Gillhan to own integrity in the matter. May those his house, and introduced to the Reifreud who were the agents in the defamation of Dr. Haweis, Mr. George Collinson, and his character, blush, repent, and be for- Mr. Hardcastle, from whom they expe. given.”
rienced the greatest kindness and hospita
Oley came first to England in a South
Wbaler, in 1900, and was then indebted ABSTRACT OF AN ACCOUNT OF TWO NA- for protection to Mr. Hardcastle, who pro.
TIVES OF OTAHEITE, CHRISTIAN MY vided him with a passage to the West In. DO, AGED 17, AND JOSEPH OLEY, dies, in one of his own ships, and on his AGED 19; WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE return from thence extended his kindness AT MIRFIELD, IN YORKSAIRE, 1803*, to him in providing means for his instruc
tion. THOUCH Missionaries had arrived at Ota Mydo related, that he had waited upkeite in 1797, and these two youths were on the Missionaries as a servant, and not altogether ignorant of the doctrines
expressed himself in terins of affection taught by them, yet it was the will of God
towards one in particular, whose conduct that they should come to England, and had left a good impression on his mind. there first obtain a knowledge of salvation. Oley likewise cultivated an acquaintance Mydo came to England in the Cornwall, a with them, and resided for some time in South Whaler, in which he made two voy- the house of one of them. From the MisIges to the South Seas.
sionaries they had probably heard the first Mr. Gillham, a surgeon, who had accom- principles of christianity, which were more Pauied the ship which carried the Mission particularly explained to them in London; unies to Otaheite, in 1796, had conceived so that when they came to Mirfield they & great affection for the natives of Ota were not quite unacquainted with them. heite, and soon after the Royal Admiral re- What induced them to leave Otaheite turned from that island, be being request. does not clearly appear. What they ed by Captain Wilson to inoculate Movee, themselves alleged, namely, “that they a native of Otaheite, who had arrived in wanted to see the land from which the her, with the cow-pox, he went immedi- ships came," was probably the real mostely on board for that purpose, where he tive; or rather the good Providence of met Mydo, who had just arrived from his God led them to adopt a measure which
- ultimately became the happy means of lateers in the parish of Chedder, and suc. bringing them to the knowledge of him. ceeded beyond all reasonable expectation; self. no less than two hundred and twenty per Mydo, by his behaviour on board the sods having enrolled themselves out of a ship, bad gained the regard of the captain, populationi not exceeding two hundred and who would not part with him but under an binety-six of the four classes liable to be assurance that he would be well cared for; called out by the bill for General Defence, and it is worthy of remark that, though in Frequently he attended the drill; and by the midst of men who, in general, pay no his animated addresses excited among the regard to religion, they contracted no bad parishioners a spirit of exernplary zeal for habits, if we except a propensity discothe common cause. On one of these ooca- vered in Oley to indulge in the use of Sions, when he had been stating to the stroug liquors, in which, however, as he testic patriots their duties and obligations, was ashamed of it, it was found easy to one of them stepped forward, saying, restrain him. They were never guilty of
ST, yon bare spoken enough; do get us any indecent expressions, and on hearing some arms, and we will try what we can some people in the country use profane
language, they declared their contempt of * The account is inserted in the perio. such an abuse of words. tical accounts of the Moravian brethren, On consulting about the best means of and is signed by two of their ministers, the giving them christian instruction, the Reverend Dr. Okely and the Reverend above-mentioned gentlemen determined Charles La Trobe.
to apply to the bruckren to receive them