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racity is “the candid good faith of “We formerly," they say, “ hinted sainted True Churchmen." Your pub- our suspicions of the Antinomianism lication is “ fanatical," and, in the of the Christian Observer; but now we highest degree, “ dangerous and pes- see him openly and boldly adowing it: tilent." Your admirers are “ deluded for this (the doctrine now maintained enthusiasts,” “who implicitly devour by the Christian Observer) is the your poisoned morsels." You are the ipsissima antinomorum fær á kæresis partizan of a “ dangerous and upstart pestilentissima. Of this doctrine the sect," who are the « assailants" of unequivocal language is, let us do establishments, and whose object it is evil that good may come; let us cortito revive, and propagate among us, nue in sin that grace may abound." “the Calvinism, Puritanism, and An- In short, Sir, your “general princi. tinomianism of the seventeenth cen- ples" "are deserving of the most tury.” Your cause is “the cause of unqualified reprobation ;” and your error, of fanaticism, and of nonsense.” “publication, if uniformly consistent, You and your “friends are perpetu- is certainly one of the most dangeroza ally labouring, both with tongue and and pestilent which were eper enuploved pen, to overwhelm with iinpiety, ab- to pervert or corrupt the religious and surdity, and nonsense, the pure and moral sentiments of a people.» genuine doctrines of the Gospel.” Such, Sir, is the character of the Your doctrines are "a disgusting com. Christian Observer, and its Editor. pound of nonsense and blasphemy;" a Such are the frightful and accumutheory of which “ every man of un- lated epithets, by which their abomiderstanding, sense, and benevolence, nations are displayed in one single armust, of course, declare his utter ab. ticle of the Anti-jacobin. The mas. horrence.” They are “ wild, unscrip. sages here given as quotation are the tural, blasphemous dogmas;" "as op- precise words in which this review posite to the doctrine of Scripture and has described them. (See Appendix of the Church of England, as light is to Vol. XVIII, p. 400–504.) Let to darkness :" they include “ one of not your pious readers, however, be the most pernicious errors which have alarmed. They know where, and to ever been broached in the Christian whom, it is said, “ Blessed are ye Church, and the foundation of the when men shall revile you, and persemost abominable Antinomianism:" they cute you, and shall say ALL MANNER OF are “ the rankest Antinomianism, Evil against you FALSELY for my sake.* grafted on the impious tenets of Cal. Neither, Sir, let your heart be disvin (*)." You teach, Sir, “ that those inayed. You are, indeed, stunt in for whom Christ died must continue every part, and to your very vilas; sinners;" and, " that when we have and the poison has been emitted most reason to believe a man virtuous, we profusely. Yet, the above precious must exclude hin from those for Arungia, extracted from the venonwhom Christ died (+)." The vileness ous creature itself, will not only prove. of your “ precious system of divini. a complete specific in your case, but ty” has even ercceded the “expecta- diminish its power of doing further tion" of the Anti-jacobin Reviewers. mischief.
But to quit metaphor. Is there natural powers be, indeed, less perfect
a man of common sense and comthan their's were
mon integrity acquainted with the ." (*) The Anti-jacobin Reviewers af- doctrines and spirit of the Christian firm, that the real heresy of Dr. Gleig, in Observer, who will not pronounce. our estimation, consists in his asserting that the writers who describe it in the the doctrine of universal redemption. Had above language, will absolutely v they read our work they must have disco. any thing? In what class of society vered that we have uniformly inculcated would any persons be ranked, who, that very doctrine, which they charge us in differences in matters of common with considering as heretical.
life, should thus exhaust language in (+) We objected to the expression “ his
$ expressions of malevolence, assail
a virtuous brother for wbom Christ died," as is an instance of unscripturul phraseology.
$ their antagonists through the medium Instead of producing a passage from Serip
of such accumulated falsehoods, and ture to disprove this criticism, which would
i disembogue such a torrent of unquahave been a lesritimate mode of reply, the lified and unmerited abuse? And B Anti-jacobin Reviewers call our remark a this behaviour to be endured from bold and open ayowal of Antinomianism. men, who occupy the chair of criti
ism, and bave assumed the dignified page, to every paragraph of it, for haracter of guardians of our taste, proof'; while I challenge even male. nd our morals? What reader of the volence itself fairly to prove the con. Anti-jacobin must not suppose, that trary. How unequivocal then is the
e title of Christian Observer is a character of the Anti-jacobin Review, amne artfully and wickedly prefixed ers, who have described this work in ) a work, for the purpose of more the language which has been quoted? ffectually undermining our holy reli- And is there a cause so deplorable ion; that its Conductors are Abet, as to need such advocates, and the prs of the French Regicides; Disci- support of such means ? Is there a les of the infamous Paine; Converts Christian, is there a Gentleman, who t the absurd and blasphemous God, can countenance such outrageous cavin; or, at any rate, that they have lumny? Is it possible that in Great rrived at the half way-house of ipfi. Britain, in the nineteenth century, elity with Belsham and Geddes? Or, such writers should be endured? hould he conceive the pestilence of But what has the Christian Observer heir principles to be of the opposite done? In your Review of. Dr. Gleig's ind, less could not be supposed, be- Sermons, after commending all that ause this is explicitly and repeated charity itself could select as comy affirmed, than that they have a- mendable, you said, “the author is a lopted the extravagant notions of strenuous opposer of two fundamental ome visionary seciaries, which are doctrines of the Gospel and the Church ncompatible with all order and deco- of England--original or birth-sin, and um, and peculiarly inimical to our justification by faith only.” You adda cclesiastical establishment? In the ed, that by the .“excesses of their vorst of these cases, our critics could panegyric's on these sermons, the nly say, that their dogmas are “most Anti-jacobin Reviewers afforded new boininable,” and “ blasphemous;" evidence of the heterodoxy, of their epresent their “ general principles as own religious sentiments, and fresh leserving of the most unqualified re- instances of their inconsistency; and rrobation," and their work as “cer, you mentioned, as one of these in. ainly one of the most dangerous and stances, their having applauded the vestilent, which were ever employed to diametrically opposite doctrine of Mr. servert or corrupt the religious and Cooper on Justification. These pro. noral sentiments of a people.” How positions were severally supported by hen must such a reader be astonished quotations which left thern plainly invhen he finds, that the uniform and controvertible by any honest means. otorious object of the work thus re- (See the Christian Observer for Au. robated, is the promotion of the gust, 1803.) That which respects oriwost pure and undefiled religion and ginat sin is so notoriously true, that morality; and the promotion of them, our Reviewers' “ faithful ally," the in the precise order, and by the very British Critic, is constrained, in a leans, appointed by our superiors? great measure, to admit it, as sufficilow must he stand ainazed, on learn- ently appears in your number for A. ng, that the Editors of this publica- pril last * The contrariety of Mr. ion are zealous supporters of our ivil and religious establishments :
The British Critic charges Dr. hat their theology, both in respect to Gleiz with apparently denying the doctrine Doctrine and Eeclesiastical Govern- of original corruption, and adds, that it is bent, is exacuy that of the national not very easy to see how some of Dr. Gleig's onfession: and that the only real positions can be reconciled with the ninth lifference between these writers and and some other articles of our Church. Now ome other loyal subjects and learned it is for avowing precisely the same opinion ninisters of the Church of England with the British Critic, that we are stig. $, that, on some points of faith, the matized as ignorant, and as guilty of gross ormer adhere more closely than the misrepresentation and gross falsehood. But
is it not probable, when even the British atter to the plain and literal meaning
Critic, who shews an evident disposition of the established Creed; and, in
to censure Dr. Gleig no farther than is re. consequence, inculcate a more strict
quired by a regard to his own credit, sees ystem of religion and morals?. Yet, reason to accuse him of deviating from the hat this is its genuine character, 1 ninth article, that we did not misrepresent nay refer the competent and impar- Dr. Gleig when we affrined, that his ser. ial judge, to every number, to every mons directiy oppose the doctrine of the CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 36.
Cooper's sentiments to those of Dr. own personal obedience, either to the Gleig, and, consequently, the incon- moral or the ceremonial law. In the sistency of our critic, has been fur- act of his justification, his own perther most conspicuously illustrated, in formances are not taken into the ac a volume of excellent sermons, which count."-" The very notion of grace you have also reviewed. (May, 1804.) necessarily excludes all intermixture of These positions, however, the critic works.”_"" The gift of righteousness still vehemently denies, and labours to is freely offered to all. Faith is the overturn. But his reasoning and his hand which receives, applies, and ap railing are equally at random. Let propriates the gift.” This language your readers examine again such pas- of Mr. Cooper, it is obvious, is not sages as the following: “Shall we, only at variance with that of IX. then," says Dr. Gleig, “ impute the Gleig, but contains the specific and wickedness of man to the depravity precise doctrine of those against whom of his nature? No."-"We derive our critics have expressed the highest nothing," he adds, “from our first indignation. Let the friends of truth, parents, more than the oak derives however, re-examine and compare from the acorn, but by the will of the whole of your quotations from God holy and good."-" Adam," (re- these two writers: or, that they may plies Mr. Cooper) “begat a son in guard against the possibility of decep his own likeness, after his image, in tion and mistake, let them compare that state of radical and total depra- the whole volume of Mr. Cooper's dity to which he was himself reduced Sermons with that of Dr. Gleig, and by his fall.”-“It is of no consequence then let them decide on the truth and Whatever," (adds Dr. Gleig), "wlie- propriety of such language as the ther we be more or less perfect than following: “What opinion," say the Adam was *."-" To what other Anti-jacobin Reviewers, “must out cause,” (answers Mr. Cooper), “but readers form of the honesty of the to inadequate conceptions of the nature Christian Observer, when we inform and extent of human corruption, is it them that, on the subject of justicowing, that so many partial and de tion by faith, there is not betwear Dr. fective sentiments prevail respecting Gleig and Mr. Cooper even the shadow the meaning of conversion, &c.?"- of a difference" And after some que " Though faith in Christ,” (proceeds tations from Mr. Cooper, they say, Dr. Gleig) " be absolutely necessary "From these passages it appears, that to the justification of a Christian, it of justification by faith alone, as uniwill not ALONE justify him.”—“The formly taught by the Christian Objustification of a sinner,” (Mr. Cooper server, and the sect of True Clarck affirms), “has no connection with his men, Mr. Cooper is no less a strenuous
opposer than Dr. Gleig or ourselves." Church on the subject of original sin? The -* On the subject of justification by Anti-jacobin Reviewers, however, are of faith, Mr. Cooper's notions are proopinion, an opinion which they say las ciselu the same with those of Bishop been deliberately formed, that the sermons Bull. with those of Dr. Hey, with of Dr. Gleig are “most masterly, sound, those of Dr. Gleig, with those of the and orthodox compositions." * The Anti-jacobin Reviewers quote,
Anti-jacobin Reviewers, &c. t.' re, that D:
did These assertions will abundantly con not mean to oppose the doctrine of origifirm the doctrine of this letter, and nal sin : and they add, in his own words, that “it is not easy to conceive a question of less importance," and that it is one
It is scarcely needfal to rengi
It is scarcely needto «« which he has no occasion whatever to how little qualified those must be to guide discuss." But surely it is po light matter the judgment of others, who, whether trum to have thus attempted to reduce to insiz- perverseness of intellect, or obliguity of nificance, a primary and fundamental te. principle, can discover uniformity chest net of Christianity. If this point be of direct contrariety exists. We wish that no importance, why is it expressly made Mr. Cooper could himself be heard outis the subject of an article; or why is the occasion; although after what we hart right knowledge of it so strongly enforced just witnessed, we might expect to find in the Homilies? (See Christian Observer, the Anti-jacobin Reviewers maintaining p. 500, 501.) Here we have another in that Mr. Cooper's denial of an agreem stance of the boasted attachinent of these in sentiment with Dr. Gleig and the reviewers to the doctrines of the Church of selves, was intended to be understood # Ługland!
an affirmation of it.
vill not, perhaps, find their parallel that the enmity of writers of this den the annals of criticism or of theo- scription will advance your reputaogical controversy * Confident tion among all persons whose good o
- pinion is desirable, I remain, Sir, * We subjoin a few brief remarks on with great esteem, your's sincerely, ome points contained in the Anti-jaco
ANTI-CALUMNY. pin's review of our work, which have not ret been noticed.
Notwithstanding the ingenious defence nation.” We, quoted these words at full shich has been attempted by these Re- length in our review of Dr. Gleig's Ser.
iewers, we are still of opinion, that the mons; and then asked whether the Doctor proposition of Dr. Gleig, that there may really thinks that such a man reveres, and
e men who live negatively inn"cent and even perhaps as he ought to do, the God of vithout positiva guilt, has no support ei- his fathers? This question appears to her from Scripture or experience; and have excited the displeasure of the Antihat the purpose of that gentleman in quot jacobin Reviewers. We have omitted, say ng the text, “ God made man upright," they, “ the emphatie words in his heart,'s vas to oppose the doctrine of original which, they allege, for what reasons we tin.
kuow not, would have rendered the sentiThe Reviewers have taken great pains ment less objectionable: a fresh proof, acto prove that God is the last object to cording to them, of the candiour of Caloia vbih christian benevolence extends. nistic Methontists. Not to detain our read. They have not succeeded, however, in ers with noticing this retnark, which they ponvincing us, that too: to God is not the will of themselves see not to be very source, nay the ovly source of true benes important, (or where can a man be sup. rolence, and, indeed, of all acceptable posed to revere God if not in his heart?) bedience.
we would ask, whether it be credible that On the doctrine of justification by faith, a man, who really reveres God in his heart, he Homilies are sufficiently explicit, and could act as Dr. Gleig supposes bima to do lo not seem to us to require the aid of It is impossible, and every real Christian Bisbop Bull's comment to render them in will at once feel it to be so. It may, inbelligible. We agree with the Anti-jacobin deed, be very convenient for some indivi. Reviewers that when it is said, “we are duals to persuade themselves, (we sincere. ustified by faith only,” our reformers ly wish that neither Dr, Gleig vor the Anti. meant that we are justified freely coithout jacobin Reviewers may be of the purn. oorks.” But when they add, that, “by ber), that a man, “ who can smile at the this latter expression, our reforiners did jest of the impious scoffer," and endure pot understand that good works are no profaueness even at his own table, nay, condition of our justification, but only that who can himself use, with indecent levi. they are not to be accounted the meritori. ty, the sacred names of God and of Christ, pus cause of it," we think they fall into may yet in his heart revere, perhaps as he an absurdity. If works are excluded ought to do, the God of his fathers, and nerely because they are not the meritori. hope for salvation only through the Cross pus cause of justification, faith ought to of Christ. But let such persons know, bave been excluded on the same princi- that they do but deceive themselves. ple; for that grace is as httle the merito. Whatever be their reputation as Christians, ious cause of justification as works are, whatever be their pretensions to piety, Neither faith nor works, but the sacrifice however flaming their zeal for the Church, and mediation of Christ, are the meritori- they are destitute of the very first beginpus causes of justification. The passage nings of a religious life. which the Anti-jacobin Reviewers have We add viva extracts from the same Ap. quoted from the Homilies, affords a lucid pendix to the Anti-jacobin Review, which and scriptural explanation of the doctrine, has been quoted above. The reader will " that we be justified by faith only:" but make his own use of them. it affords also satisfactory evidence that "When a writer condemns in one per" justification by frith only is the doctrine son what he approves in another, we with of the Church.
reason conc'ude, that persons, not senti. One remark more, and we have done. monts, are the objects of his indignation." "Many a man," says Dr. Gleig, “who p. 450. in his heart reveres, perhaps as he ought "---the Edinburgh Revieto; a work of to do, the God of his fathers, and hopes which the presumptuous ignorance, the for salvation only through the Cross of petuiant tastelessness, the incredible biunChrist, can yet smile at the jest of the im- ders, the lumpish dullness, would not, esen pious scoffer, and suffor, at bis own table, for the sake of its virulent slander, be elibis Creator and Redeemer to be inention- dured in any other country in Europe, but ed in terms, which, if applied to himself Great Britain," p. 484. or his friend, he would resent with indig
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near Bristot, PREPARING for the press, a new Edition Mr. Reeves has printed a PSALTER IN of BLOMEFIELD's History of Norfolk, with Hebrew, with Illustrations in Ezgish, a Continuation to the present Time, to be milar to those printed in his Prayer Bout. printed in 4to. and 8vo.--A new Edition of He purposes also to pablish a Collection PULTENEY's general View of the Writings all the Lessons of our Churck Server she of LINNEUS, with Memoirs of Dr. P. by are taken from the Hebrer Bible, fe that Dr. MATON.-- A Natural and Civil Histo- language; to be called Lortionatas EcTy of the County of York, c. &c., in 2 clesia Anglicante Hebraicum. vols. royal 4to., with Plates, by Mr. C. Mr. DELAFONS, who, during forty-fre FOTHERGILL. - Biographical Sketches of the years of a life employed in the Britis Norfolk Literati, from the Time of Queen Naval Service, in the course of which be Elizab»th to the present Period, from the frequent'y discharged the functions of DeMS. of the late Rev. Mr. POTTER.
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