Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

PERGOLESI, Giovanni Battista, one of his productions. In Rome, his Olimpiade the most distinguished musicians, whose was represented anew, with the greatest proper name was Giambattista Jesi, was magnificence, and its beauties were enborn at Pergola (hence his name, Pergo- thusiastically applauded. According to lesi), in the March, according to some in the universal opinion of the Italians, no 1707, according to others in 1704. . In one ever excelled him in musical expres1717, he entered the Conservatorio dei po- sion. Some call him the Dominichino, veri di Gesù Cristo at Naples, then under others even the Raphael, of music ; but the direction of Gaetano Grecco. This he is censured for repetitions, an abrupt great master initiated his pupil in all the style, and transpositions which injure the secrets of the art. At the age of fourteen text. Pergolesi inclines more to the soft years, Pergolesi had distinguished himself than to the powerful ; even his Stabat, by various compositions, in which melody according to the judgment of modern muwas sacrificed to artifices of counterpoint ; sicians, is somewhat weak. His manner but no sooner had he left the Conserva- is tinged with melancholy, originating, torio, and studied the vocal compositions perhaps, from his feeble state of health. of Vinci and Hasse, than he changed his Porto Rico, or PUERTO Rico, an island manner entirely. In his first opera, how- belonging to Spain, one of the Great Anever, only some ariette were well receive tilles (of which group it is the smallest ed; but prince Stigliano judged favorably and most easterly), lies between lat. 170 of Pergolesi's talents, and procured him 50 and 18° 32' N., and between lon. 65° employment (1730—34) at the Teatro 43 and 67° 10 W., having the Atlantic on nuovo. During this time, he also com- the north and the Caribbean sea on the posed La serva Padrona, for the theatre south. It is separated from Hayti, on San-Bartolomeo. But his genius was not the west, by a channel twenty-five leagues satisfied with ordinary subjects: he seized broad. One hundred and ten miles in an opportunity to make himself known at length, by thirty-six in breadth. PopulaRome by a more important composition, tion, 130,000, of which 25,000 are slaves. and wrote, in 1735, his Olimpiade, for the Until 1815, Porto Rico was an expense to theatre Tordinone. Yet this opera, though Spain; but since that time foreigners have of great merit, did not please much. been allowed to settle there; and it is now Pergolesi now returned to Naples, and in a very flourishing condition. It has a composed his Dirit and Laudate, the suc- fine climate, a fertile soil, and produces cess of which afforded a compensation coffee, sugar, tobacco, cotton, fruits. The for the former coldness of the public. exports of the year 1830 were estimated His health declined, and his friends in- at $2,500,000; imports at $2,000,000. The duced him to go to Torre del Greco, at sugar crop of 1831 was estimated at 45,000 the foot of mount Vesuvius, which is con- bogsheads, that of coffee at 125,000 quinsidered salutary for pulmonary patients. tals, Porto Rico, which was called by Here he composed his far-famed Stabat the natives (Arrowauks) Boriqua, was disMater dolorosa, his cantate Orfeo, and the covered by Columbus in 1493, and is said Salve, Regina, his last work. He died in to bave contained at that time 600,000 ja1739, at Puzzuoli, when his fame had habitants, who were soon exterminated by just begun to spread over Europe. The the Spaniards. theatres and the churches resounded with

CONTENTS. .

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

&

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Page. Percussion Locks
14 | Perseus

29 Pen.. 3 Percy (Thomas) 15 Persia

30 Penal Law (see Criminal Perdiccas.

History of Persia

31 Law)

“Pere Lachaise (see Lachaise) Persian Language, LiteraPenance. “Peregrinus Proteus

ture, and Ancient ReliPenates 4 Perennial .

gion.

35 Pencil “Perfectibility

“ Persian Æra (see Epoch) 39 Lead Pencils (see Plumba- Peri.

16

Gulf go) " Pericardium

Wheel (see HydrauPencil of Rays. “Pericarpium

lics, vol. vi. p. 506) “ Pendant.... «Pericles ..

« Persimon
or Pennant
« Périer (Casimir)

18 Persius
Pendulum ..
Perigee (see Apogee) 19 Personification

40 Penelope (see Ulysses) 5 Perihelion.

“ Perspective Penguin (see Pinguin). “Perillus (see Phalaris) “ Perspiration

42 Penitentiaries (see Prisons) “Perimeter

" Perth .

43 Penn (William). « Period

“ Perturbations Pennalism .. 8 Periodicals

21 Peru Pennant (Thomas). " Periosteum (see Bonc). 22 Perugia (province)

46 Pennsylvania (state) “ Peripatetic Philosophy.

(city). University (see Peripetia

23

Lake (see ThrasyPhiladelphia) 11 Periphery (see Circle)

mene) Penn Township,

“ Peripneumony (see Pneumo- Perugino Penny (see Sterling Money)

ny).

" Peruke (see Wig) Post (see Posts) “ Peripteral Temple (see Archi- Peruvian Bark (see Bark, PePennyroyal.

tecture, p. 311),

ruvian) Penobscot (river)

« Peristyle (sce Architecture, p. Pervigilia
Bay
341) ..

« Pestalozzi (John Henry)
Pensacola
“ Perizonius (James)
« Pesth, or Pest.

43 Pensioner. 12 Perjury

« Pestilence (see Plague, and Pentaglot (see Pentapla) " Perkin Warbeck (see War- Spasmodic Cholera). Pentameler

beck)

24 Pesium, or Pesto (see Pæs. Pentapla, Pentaglot “ Perkins (doctor Elisha)

tum) Pentaieuch (sce Hebrew Lan- Permutations (see Combina- Petal. guage, and Moses).

tions)

« Petalite Pentecost. “ Pernambuco

“ Petard Pentelic Marble (see Mar- Péron (François)

25 Petecchiæ (see Plague) ble).

" Pérouse, La (sec Lap'rouse) " Peler ! (emperor of Russia) . 49 Penthesilea (see Amazons) « Perpendicular.

II emperor of Russia). 55 Pentheus Perpetual Motion

III (emperor of RusPenumbra (see Eclipse) “ Perpetuity Peon “ Perpignan..

St., Church of (see Peony (see Pæony). “ Perrault (family of).

Rome).
Pepe (see Naples and Sicily, Perron, Anquetil du (see An- (the apostle)
Revolution of).
13 quetil du Perron, and Zen- the Hermit

56 Peplum (see Panathenæum). “ davesta)

26 Peterborough (the earl of). “ Pepper .. “ Perry, Oliver (see Appendix

Bishop of (see Pepperell (sir William)

to this vol.)

Marsh, Her Peppermint (see Mint) (see Pear)

bert) Pepys (Samuel) " Persecution of Christians

“ Peterero Pera ..

14 Persephone (see Proserpine). 28 Peters (Hugh) Perceval (Spencer) “ Persepolis

(Richard)

[ocr errors]

66

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

66

64

.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

CONTENTS.

66

.

[ocr errors]

115

vo!

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

117) Piles

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

66

66

[ocr errors]

66

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Pia

66

&

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Peter's, St. (river) 57 Philip II (king of France) · 78 Physics (see Natural Phi- Plast
Petersburg (town in Virginia)

IV of France (see losophy).
St. (capital
of
France).

“ Physiocratic or Agricultural
Russia)
VI of France (see System ...

Piatr
Peter's Pence.

59
France)
Physiognomy

116
Peterwardein

the Bold (see Burgun-
Physiography (see Mineralo-

Picha
Péthion, or Pétion de Ville-

dians);

gy, vol. viii. p. 509)
neuve (Jerome)
the Good (see Burgun- Physiology

Pilet
Potion (president of Hayti).. 60 dians).

Phytology

119 Pillai Petition

King

Pia Mater
of Right
61 Philippi

79 Piano.
Petitio Principii ,
Philippics
Piano-Forte

Pullo
Petit Jury (see Jury)
Philippines
Piarists.

Plot
Petit Treason (see Treason). “ Philippones

Piaster
Petrarca (Francesco)
“Philips (Ambrose)

6 Piazza
Petrel

63
(John)

Piazzi (Giuseppe)
Petrifactions (see Organic Philistines.

80 Pib-Corn, or Hornpipe
Remains)
64 Philo (a Jewish author)

Picard (Louis Benoii)
Petrobrusians (see Sects)

of Biblos

“ Picards (see Adamiles) Petroleum (see Bitumen)

of Byzantium

“ Picardy
Petronius (Titus)..
« Pbilocletes
" Piccini (Niccolò)

Pue Petty (see Lansdowne) « Philology

81 Piccolomini (family of this Petty Bag

Phonology

name). Peutinger Table

“ Philology (History of) 93 Picbegru (Charles) Pewter.. • Pbilomela 99 Pichincha (the Battle of)

123 Peyronnet (Pierre Dénis) Philopoemen

6 Pichler, or Pickler (family Peyrouse, La (see Lapérouse) 66 Philosopher's Stone (see Al

PS Pfeffel (Christian Frederic).

chemy)

100 Pick-Axe. (Gottlieb Conrad) “Philosophy, Intellectual (see Pickens (Andrew) Pfyfer (Louis). Appendix, end Pickering (Timothy)

P Phædon.

of this vol- Pickets. Phædra

ume)

" Pickle-Herring (see HarlePhædrus.

Natural, or Phys- quin).
Phafton

67
ics

Pico.
Phalanx

Peripatetic (see Pico della Mirandola (see Phalaris

Peripatetic Phi- Mirandola) Phalarope

losophy) 101 Picquet (see Piquet) Phamenophis (see Memnon). 68 Philtre

Picromel. Phanar (see Fanariots). “ Phipps (see Mulgrave). 102 Picrotoxia.

15 Phantasm (see Spectre) Phips (sir William)

Pictet (Marcus Augustus). Phantasmagoria (see Lantern) Phlebotomy.

Pictou Phantasos (see Morpheus) “ Phlegethon

103 Picts (see Scots) Phaon (see Sappho) " Phlegrean Fields

Picts' Wall. Pharaoh (see Egypt)

Phlogisticated Air (see Ni- Pictures, Living Pharisees

trogen)

Picturesque. Pharmacolite (see Lime, vol. Phlogiston

Picus vii. p. 558).

“ Phocas's Column (see Col- Piedmont Pharmacopoeia

umn).

Piedmontese Revolution. Pharmacy, Pharmaceutics 6 Phocion

Pieno. Pharo, a game (see Faro) 69 Phocis .

105 Piepowder Court

(see of Messina (see Faro Phænicia

Courts of England). of Messina)

70 Phoenix (Greek coin) 107 Pierian Pharos

(a bird)

Pierides
Pharsalia
« Phonetic .

Pierre (Jacques Bernardin
Phases
Phonology (see Philolo-

Henri de St.)
Pheasant
gy).

St. (island) Phelloplastics “ Phorcus, or Phorcys

Pierrot Pherecydes " Phosphorescence

108 Piété, Mont de (see LomPhidias of Athens 71 Phosphorus

109

bard-House) Philadelphia 72 Photius.

110 Pietism Philadelphists (see the end of Photometer

111 Pietola the article Boehme) 75 Phrat (see Euphrates)

Pietro di Cortona (see CorPhilæ “ Phrenology

tona).. Philanthropinism (see Schools) Phrygians

114 Pigafeita (Antonio) Philemon and Baucis . Phryne.

Pigalle (Jean Baptiste) of Athens.

Phryxus (see Argonauts, Pigeon. Philidor (Andrew)

Athamas, and Helle) 115 Pig Iron (sce Iron, vol. vi.
Philip (king of Macedon) 76 Phtha (see Hieroglyphics,

ISI
II (king of Spain).
p. 318)

Pig of Ballast
III of Spain' (see Phthiotis (see Thessaly)

Pig of Lead
Spain).

78 Phthisis (see Pulmonary Pigments
IV of Spain (see Consumption)

Pigmy (see Pygmy).
Spain)..

Physical Astronomy (see Pike (a fish)
V
of Spain (see

Astronomy)

(a weapon) Spain).

Geography.

Zebulon Montgomery)

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

189

66

46

66

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

66

66

[ocr errors]

46

64

66

66

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

(6

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

Pilasters (see Architecture, Pistachia Tree

156 Plessis .

186 vol. i. p. 338). 134 Pistoia .

Pleurisy.
Pilale (Pontius).
Pistol

Plica Polonica.
Pilatre de Rozier (see Aero- Pistole

Plinth (see Architecture, vol. nautics). Pitcairn's Island

i. p. 338)

183 Pilchard Pitch (see Pine)

Pliny (Caius Plinius SecunPiles (see Hemorrhoids)

(in music).

157

dus) Pilgrimages Pitcher Plant (see Nepen

(Caius Plinius Cæcilius Pillau. 135 thes)..

Secundus) Pillnitz.

Pitch Ore (see Uranium) Plotinus Pillory « Pitch-Pipe

Plough Monday Pillow

136 Pitchstone, Pearlstone,Pum- Plover Pilot Mountain (see Ararat) ice, and Obsidian

Plum
Pilpay, or Bilpai ...
Pith (see Medulla). 158 Plumbago.

190 Pimeline. Piu (Christopher)

Plumber's Solder (see BisPimento

William (see Chat- muth, vol. ii. p. 116) Pin

ham)..

Plum Island Pinang (see Prince of

(William).

Plunkett (lord)
Wales's Island)
Pittacus of Mitylene (see Plurality

191 Pinchbeck ..

Seven Wise Men)

160 Plus. Pinckney (Charles Cotes. Pittsburg

Plutarch
worth)
Pittsfield.

161 Pluto
(Thomas)
137 Piu

Plutus

192 Pindar, Peter (see Wolcot) 138 Pius II (see Piccolomini) Pluviose (see Calendar, vol. (a Greek poet). VI

ii. p. 403) Pindarees.

139

VII (Gregory Barna- Plymouth (town in England) “ Pindemonte (cavaliere Ip

has Chiaramonti) ... 162

(town in Massa: polito) VIH (Francis Xaviero

chusetts), 193 Pindus

Castiglione).

Colony of (see Pine “ Pizarro (Francisco)

New England) Pine-Apple 144 Pizzicato

163 Pneumatics. Pinel (Philip)

Place, La (see Laplace). Pneumony Pingre (Alexandre Gui) 145 Plagiarism (see Plagium)

194 Pinguin. Plagium

Pocahontas. Pinion

Pocock (Edward)

195 Pinite.. “ Plain Song

166 Pococke (Richard) Pink (a plant).

“. Plane, Inclined (see Mechan- Podagra.
(a vessel)
146 ics)

167 Podalirius (see Æsculapius) 196 Pinkerton (John).

Planetarium (see Orrery) Podolia. Pinkney (William). 1 Plane Tree

Pocile Pinkneya Pubescens,

Planets

“ Poelenburg (Cornelius) Georgia Bark 148 Planimetry

169 Poetics (see Poetry) Pinnace Planisphere.

Poet Laureate.
rint (see Measures).
Plant

Poetry
Pinto, Mendez (see Mendez- Plantagenet, Family of (see Poggio Bracciolini

198 Pinto):

Great Britain, History of) 174 Poictiers (see Poitiers) 199 Pinturicchio (Bernardino) Plaintain

Point (in music) Piombino

Tree

(in geometry) Piombo (Sebastiano del) Plaster of Paris (see Gyp

(in engraving) Pioneers 149 sum)

175 (in manufactures) Piozzi (Hester Lynch) Plastic

among sailors) Pip

Plata (Rio de la)

176 Blanc Pipe (in law)

(United Provinces of

Comfort (Old) (a wine measure)

the).

Pointer.
(a tube).
Platææ

178 Point of Sight (see Perspec.
Pipe-Clay (see Clay) 150 Plate Glass (see Glass) 179 tive)
Pipe (smoking)
Platina.

Poison
Piperine

Plato
181 Poitiers

201 Pipowders Court (see Courts, Platoff, or Platow

184

Diana of (see Diana vol. iii. p. 588) 151 Platonic Love (see Plato).

of Poitiers) Piquet ..

Platonists, New (see New Poitou, or Poictou . Piracy

Platonists). Piracy, Literary (see Copy- Plato's Republic (see Plato) “ Polacca, Alla (see Poloright, and Literary Prop- Platte, or La Plaite River

naise)
erty)
152 Plattsburg

Poland
Piræus (see Athens)
Platypus.

Constitution

202 Piranesi.

Plautus (Marcus Accius) 185 History
Pirithous.
Playfair (John)

Polish Language

208 Piron (Alexis) Plebeians

Polish Literature

209 Pirouette

153 Plebis-scita (see Civil Law) 186 Polar Bear (see Bear) 212 Pisa Pledge, or Pawn.

Expeditions (see Piscalaqua 154 Pleiades ...

North Polar ExpePisidia (see Natolia) 155 Pleonasm

ditions) Pisistralus.

Plesiosaurus (see Organic Polarity (sec Electricity, Piso. 156Remains)

and Magnetism).

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

CONTENTS.

66

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

66

[ocr errors]

66

66

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

66

[ocr errors]

66

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

66

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Polarization of Light 212 Ponta Delgada (see Mi- Porto Cabello, or Puerto Ca-
Pole (Reginald).
213 chael's, Si.)

244
bello

270
(in magnetism)
Pontchartrain

Rico (see Appendix,
-, or Polar Star
Ponte-Corvo (town)

end of this vol.)
Perch, or Rod (in sur-

Prince of, (see

Santo (see Madeira)"
veying)

Charles XIV) Ports Cinque (see Cinque
Pole-Axe
Pontifex

Ports).
Poles of the Ecliptic
Pontifical

Portsmouth (town in Eng.
Polemburg (see Poelenburg) Pontificalibus (see In Pontifi-

land)
Polenda, or Polenta

calibus)

245

(town in New
Police
214 Pontificate

Hampshire) . 271
Policinello (see Punchinello) 215 Pontine Marshes

Portugal
Policy of Insurance (see In- Ponton, or Pontoon

246

History of 274
surance)
“ Pontoppidan (Eric):

Portuguese Language and
Polignac (abbé)

Pontus (country of Asia Mi- Literature (prince de).

nor).

Portumnus Polis

216

(in mythology) 247 Poseidon (see Neptune) Polish History, Language

Euxinus

Posen, or Posnania
and Literature (see Poland) “ Pooh

Posidonius
Polish Legions..
Poolo

Posilippo (see Pausilippo)..
Politianus (Angelus) 217 Poor, Poora

Position (see Prosody)
Political Economy
Poor's Rate

Posse Comitatus
Institutions
224 Pootra

Posselt (Emest Louis)
Politics
225 Popayan.

Possessed Politz (Charles Henry Louis) 227 Pope (Alexander)

“ Post-Captain (see Captain). Poll-Tax (see Tax)

(head of the Roman Postern Pollux (see Castor)

church).

249 Posts .
(Julius)
Popish Plot!
256 Postulate

008 Polnitz (Charles Louis) Poplar..

257 Potash
Polo (Giles)
“ Popocatapetl
259 Potato

S02
(Marco)
Poppy

Potemkin (Gregory Alexan-
Polonaise
228 Population (Policy of)

drowitsch) Poltava

Porcelain

261 Pothier (Robert Joseph) Polyænus

Clay (see Clay) 262 Potocki (Polish family)
Polyandria
Porcia

Potomac
Polyarchy
Porcupine

Potosi
Polybius
« Pordenone
263 Pot-pourri

97 Polycarp

Potsdam
Polycletus of Sicyon Porphyry (in mineralogy) 264 Potter, de (see Netherlands,
Polycrates

(a philosopher) 265

in the Appendix at the end Polydectes (see Perseus) Porpoise

of the work). Polygamy “ Porpora (Nicold)

Potter (John) Polyglot. 230 Porsenna

(Robert). Polygnotus of Thasus 231 Porson (Richard)

266

(Paul) Polyhalite. Port (wine)

Potter's Clay (see Clay).. Polyhedron.

(a harbor)

267 Pottery Polyhistor

232
(larboard side)

Potwallopers (see Preston). 308
Polyhymnia, or Polymnia

or Port Hole

Poudre de Succession Polymignite

Port-au-Prince (see Port Ré- Pougens (Marie Charles JoPolynesia .

publicain)

seph de)

309 Polynices (see Eteocles, and Port Jackson (see New Poughkeepsie Thebes)

South Wales, and Poultices (see Cataplasms). Polyphemus

Sydney)

Pounce Polypi

Mahon (see Mahon)

Pound Polypus 233 Républicain

Poursuivant
Polytechnics

234
- Royal
268 Poussin (Nicholas)

S10
Polytechnic School

des Champs

(Gaspar) Polytheism

Portage

« Powder of Succession (see Polyxena 235 Portamento di Voce

Poudre de Succession)
Pombal (Sebastian Joseph Portcullis

Power (in arithmetic)
Carvalho)
Porte, Ottoman, or Sublime

(in law) Pomegranate

237
Porte

in mechanics)
Pomerania
Porter (sir Robert Ker)

Looms Pomfret (John)

238

(a malt liquor) 269 of a Glass Pomology

Portici (see Naples, and Her- Powers, Great (of Europe). Pompadour (Jeanne Antoi- culaneum)

Powhatan. neite Poisson) Portico...

Pownall (Thomas) Pompeii

Portiuncula (see Francis- Poyais. Pompey 239 cans)

Pozzo di Borgo (count)

312 Pompey's Pillar (see Column) 243 Portland (duke of

Pozzolana Pomponius Mela (see Mela)

town in Maine)

Pozzuoli. Ponce de Leon (Juan).

Stone

270 Prado (see Madrid) Pondicherry

Pradon (Jean Nicolas)
Pongo (see Ape).
Porto (see Oporto)

Pradt (Dominique Dufour
Poniatowski (family of).

Bello

de)..

229 Porosity

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »