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Mosuic lara, etc.

LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites among whom I dwell: 4 But thou shalt go unto my country, and to my kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac. 10 And the servant took ten camels, of the camels of his master, and departed ; (for all the goods of his master were in his hand,) and he arose, and went to Mesopotamia, unto the city of Nahor.

Job 31: 13 If I did despise the cause of my man-servant or of my maid-servant, when they contended with me; 14 What then shall I do when God riseth up? and when he visiteth, what shall I answer him?

677. Llebrew laws and usages on procuring, holding, und releasing servants. 1. Voluntary serrants, and serrice for life, or for a term, and laws of release.

Ex. 21: 5 If the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free: 6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges : he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door-post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl ; and he shall serve him for ever.

Lev. 25: 47 If a sojourner or a stranger wax rich by thee, and thy brother that dwelleth by him wax poor, and sell himself unto the stranger or sojourner by thee, or to the stock of the stranger's family: 48 After that he is sold he may be redeemed again ; one of his brethren may redeem him: 49 Either his uncle, or his uncle's son may redeem him, or any that is nigh of kin unto him of his family may redeem him; or if he be able, he may redeem himself. 50 And he shall reckon with him that bought him, from the year that he was sold to him, unto the year of jubilee: and the price of his sale shall be according into the number of years, according to the time of an hired snrvant shall it be with him. 51 If there be yet many years behind, according unto them he shall give again the price of his redemption out of the money that he was bought for. 52 And if there remain but few years unto the year of jubilee, then he shall count with him, and according unto his years shall he give him again the price of his redemption. 53 And as a yearly hired servant shall he be with him : and the other shall not rule with rigor over him in thy sight. 54 And if he be not redeemed in these years, then he shall go out in the year of jubilee, both he, and his children with him.

Dt. 15: 16 It shall be, if he say unto thee, I will not go away from thee; because he loveth thee and thine house, be. cause he is well with thee; 17 Then thou shalt take an awl and thrust it through his ear unto the door, and he shall be

Persons sold for debt, etc.

thy servant for ever. And also unto thy maid-servant thoo bhalt do likewise.

2. Hebrews and their children, sometimes sold for dett - laps of rekase, of retard,

etc.

Ex. 21: 2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. 3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him. 4 If his master have given him a wife, and she hare borne him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself.

Lev. 25: 39 If thy brotlier that dwelleth by thee be waxen poor, and be sold unto thee; tbou shalt not compel him to serve as a bond-servant : 40 But as an hired servant, and as a sojourner he shall be with thee, and shall serve thee unto the year of jubilee: 41 And then shall he depart from thee, both he and his children with him, and shall return unto his own family, and unto the possession of his fathers shall he return. 42 For they are my servants which I brought forth out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as bond-men. 43 Thou shalt not rule over him with rigor, but shalt fear thy God.

Dt. 15: 12 If thy brother, an IIebrew man, or an Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh

year

thou shalt let him go free from thee. 13 And when thou sendest him out free from thee, thou shalt not let him go away empty: 14 Thou shalt furnish him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy floor, and out of thy wine-press : of that wherewith the Lord thy God hath blessed thee thou shalt give unto him. 15 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bond-man in the land of Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing to-day. 18 It shall not seem hard unto thee, when thou sendest him away free from thee: for he hath been worth a double hired servant to thee, in serving thee six years: and the Lord thy God shall bless thee in all that thou doest.

2 K. 4: 1 There cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets unto Elisha, saying, Thy servant my husband is dead; and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the LORD: and the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bond-men.

Neh. 5: 2 There were that said, We, our sons, and our daughters, are many: therefore we take up corn for them, that we may eat, and live. 5 Our flesh is as the flesh of our brethu en, our children as their children: and lo, we bring into

Permanent servants -- Maiming servants -- Oppressing servants.

hondage our sons and our daughters to be servants, and some of our daughters are brought into bondage already: neither is it in our power to redeem them ; for ot! er men have our lands and vineyards. 3. Permanent servants were of the heather, or of strangers, and not llebreus

Lev. 25: 44 Both thy bond-men, and thy bond-maids, which thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall ye buy bond-men and bond-maids. 45 Moreover, of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them shall ye buy, and of their families that are with you, which they begat in your land : and they shall be your possession. 46 And ye shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit them for a possession, they shall be your bond-men for ever: but over your brethren the children of Israel, ye shall not rule one over another with rigor. 678. Mosaic penalty for maiming servanis.

Ex. 21: 20 If a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished. 21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: for he is his money. 26 And, if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake. 27 And if he smite out his man-servant's tooth, or his maid-servant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake. 679. Justice and kindness to servants enjoined oppression forbidden.

Dt. 23: 15 Thou shalt not deliver unto his master the servant which has escaped from his master unto thee: 16 He shall dwell with thee, even among you in that place which he shall choose in one of thy gates where it liketh him best: thou shalt not oppress him. 24: 14 Thou shalt not oppress a hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that are in thy land within thy gates : 15 At his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it, for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin untu thee.

Jur. 22: 13 Wo unto him that buildeth his house by un. righteousness, and his chambers by wrong; that usetli his neighbor's service without wages, and giveth him not for his work.

Col. 4: 1 Masters, give unto your servants that which is just and coual. knowing that ye also bwe a Master in heaven.

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Apostolic precepts.

1 Tim. 5: 18 The scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The laborer is worthy of his reward. (Ezk. 16: 49.] [See 490, 636, 687.]

680. Apostolic precepts respecting the duties of masters and sercunts.

Ep. 6: 5 Servants, be obedient to them that are your mas. ters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ; 6 Not with eye-service, as men-pleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart; 7 With good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men: 8 Kowing that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same shall he receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free. 9 And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of per sons with him.

Col. 3: 22 Servants, obey in all things your masters according to the flesh; not with eye-service, as men-pleasers; but in singleness of heart, fearing God: 23 And whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men ; 24 Knowing that of the Lord ye shall receive the reward of the inheritance : for ye serve the Lord Christ.

1 Tim. 6: 1 Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honor, that the name of God and his doctrine be not blasphemed. 2 And they that have believing masters, let them not despise them, because they are brethren; but rather do them service, because they are faithful and beloved, partakers of the benefit. These things teach and exhort. 3. If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness, 4 He is proud, knowing nothing.

Tit. 2: 9 Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things, not answering again ; 10 Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

1 Pet. 2: 18 Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. 19 For this is thank-worthy, if a man for conscience toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully. 20 For what glory is it, if, when ye be buffeted for your faults, ye shall take it patiently? but if, when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye take it patiently, this is acceptable with God.

Ancient traffic in slaves - Penalties for man-stealing,

681. Ancient merchandise in "slaves and the souls of men."

Ezk. 27: 13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brany in thy market.

Joel 3: 3 They hare cast lots for my people; and have given a boy for an harlot, and sold a girl for wine, that they might drink. 6 The children also of Judah and the children of Jerusalem have ye sold unto the Grecians, that ye might remove them far from their border.

Rev. 18: 2 Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird. 11 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more: 12 The merchandise of goid, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble, 13 And cinnamon, and odors, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, [Gr. bodies,] and souls of men. [See 488, 636.]

68.2. Penalties for man-stealing, and infringing human liberty, in procuring and bolding servants.

Ex. 21: 16 He that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

Di. 24: 7 If a man be found stealing any of his brethren of the children of Israel, and maketh merchandise of him, or selleth him; then that thief shall die; and thou shalt put evil away from among you.

Jer. 5: 26 Among my people are found wicked men: they lay wait, as he that setteth snares; they set a trap, they catch

- 34: 17 Thus saith the LORD; Ye have not hearkened unto me, in proclaiming liberty, every one to his brother, and every man to his neighbor: behold, I proclaim a liberty for you, saith the LORD, to the sword, to the pestilence, and to the famiue; and I will make you to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth.

1 Tim. 1: 9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers, and murderers of mothers, for manslayers, 10 For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind,

men.

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