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in a short time, forty individuals much gratified as at Birmingham. had applied to him as a guide to I viewed a number of the warethe place. I saw, however, the lit- houses and work-shops. In the lattle school-house in which he and ter, you are filled with wonder at Garrick received the rudiments of beholding many of the operations; their education. The author of for instance, a rough piece of iron Sandford and Merton, a book which or steel gradually assuming shape, gave my youthful hours much de- symmetry, and beauty, as it passes light, was also a native of this from the hands of one workman to place; and Dr. Darwin lived and another. I need not say that the wrote most of his works here. I machinery by which these results should, in gallantry, name Miss are produced is highly ingenious; Seward also; but I do not think she in many instances, so exact are its ought to be placed in such good operations, that it seems endowed company. Litchfield is quite a com- with life and thought. Many of mon looking town; there is, how- the articles manufactured here are ever, a cathedral here, which, it is exceedingly cheap-it is said that said, is among the finest specimens common buttons have been “really of Gothick architecture in England gilt with gold, for three pence half -it has two tall stone spires. penny a gross." The low price of

The next place is Birmingham, pins, which pass through so many the great toy-shop of the world. hands before they are finished, is As we approached, the sooty ap- another example;-a boy twelve pearance of the buildings, the dense years old will spin 7,200 pin heads volumes of smoke rising up from in a minute, and the rest of the numberless furnaces—the noise of operation is rendered equally expehammers, and the rattle of ma- ditious. Mr. Thompson's show chinery-all proclaimed it the em

are exceedingly spacious, porium of arts and manufactures. and well arranged; they contain a The whole country round seems to vast variety of articles, both for orbe the abode of the Cyclops fami- nament and use, made of gold, silly, for it smokes and fumes in every ver, iron, and some other metals direction. Though on a much and alloys. That which pleased larger scale, it forcibly reminded me most, was an exact copy, in me of my first entrance into Pitts- bronze, of the famous Warwick burg, in the United States. Watt vase, dug from the ruins of Hercuand Bolton, by means of the steam laneum; it is seven feet in diameengine, have done for Birmingham, ter, and all the carving upon itwhat Sir Richard Arkwright, with its festoons, grapes and heads-are his spinning apparatus, &c. has ef- finished in the highest style of fected for Manchester. About a beauty and perfection—The guide mile or two from the town, I no- told me it was more than a year in ticed, at some distance from the making. There is a gallery round road, a fine mansion, in the midst the room in which the vase stands, of a beautiful park. This is the re- for the purpose of enabling you to sidence, I was informed, of Mr. examine its interior. Mr. ThompWatt, son of the great engineer. son has also executed a colossal It is also the Bracebridge Hall of Ir- statue of some King or Duke, I forving; and the place which suggest- get which; in workmanship, I think

; ed to him many of the fine pictures it even superior to the Warwick which he has sketched in that de

At the παντεκναθηκα, which is the A person who is fond of examin- name applied by Mr. Jones to his ing machinery, and the thousand rooms, I saw many splendid and useful and fantastick articles which useful articles, and many more it produces, can no where be so gaudy toys. Among the medals



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which are here made in great num- The coach stopped for some miber and perfection, I noticed one nutes at Stratford, a lovely town og in honour of Watt-his head in the river Avon. Here, you know, fine relief. I tried to purchase Shakspeare was born, and a handit, but Mr. Jones told me it was some monument is erected to his the only one struck; the die be- memory in the church, which stands ing then destroyed by the son of just at the skirts of the town, sur Mr. Watt, who was of opinion that rounded with trees, and occupying the face did not sufficiently resem. a most beautiful site. Irving, in his ble his father, though the most ce- Sketch Book, or Tales, I do not lebrated artist had been for a long recollect which, has given us a time at work upon it. I purchased beautiful description of the spot some small glass vessels, beauti. I inquired for the house in which fully coloured with metallick ox- the great dramatist was born. My ides, so as to resemble the ame- guide, pointing to a cluster of old thyst, the ruby, and the topaz. buildings, said there is the spot;

I was desirous of visiting the ce- but which house will you visii, for lebrated manufacturing establish there are two that seem to have ment founded at Soho, by Boulton equal claims to the honour. I and Watt; but I understood that therefore gave up the enterprise, admittance into the work-shops is and reserved my enthusiasm and denied to every one, without dis- rhapsodies for less equivocal occatinction. The crowds which con- sions. The country around Stratstantly visited this place so much ford is, I think, upon the whole, interrupted the workmen, that this more beautiful and luxuriant than measure was necessarily adopted. any through which I have yet pass

You recollect that in 1791, the ed. The stream called the Stour, mob here destroyed Dr. Priestley's which runs every where through house, for the part which he took the grass, adds much to the scenein the French revolution. As one ry. A fine rail-road is near the of the noticeable things, I saw the stage route for several miles, and a place where it stood. Outrages of number of wagons, heavily laden, this kind are not to be justified; but were passing continually over it. I.never believed that the Doctor After Stratford comes Woodstock, was forced to abandon England for a small town, well known for the our own happy country, on account excellent gloves manufactured in it. of the political sentiments which he Here I left the coach and remained at this time published.

for several hours to examine BienIt happened to be the last day of heim, the famous seat of the more the fair when I arrived at Birming famous John, Duke of Marlborough. ham, so that the town was filled

(To be continued.) with the drunken and the dissolute. The same kind of shows that are exhibited at horse races are always to be seen at the fairs; their immoral tendency I have already noticed.

June 3.-I left Birmingham today for Oxford. There was no one

(Continued from page 357.) in the coach with me but a well The subject claims to be noticed dressed woman, who informed me in a political point of view. . she had travelled alone a long dis- We might call the attention of tance to see her husband, who was the politician to the waste of capiabout embarking for Canada. Ital. Thirty millions of dollars anthen mentioned that I had just come nually squandered on intempefrom America. Did you travel all rance, are as really lost to the nathe way by land ? was her inquiry. tion as though they had been "cast




ato the depths of the sea." Some, version of wholesome nutriment am aware, are of opinion, that the into a liquid "fire, which burns to onsumption of ardent spirits pro- the lowest hell!" notes industry, by furnishing em- There is another evil, more strict. loyment to those who are engaged ly political, arising from the use of o distilling and vending the arii. ardent spirits. This article male. Were this representation true, nages, or rather mismanages, our t would only prove that employs popular elections. That candidate nent is furnished to a comparative- is the most likely to win the day, y small class of the community, at who has made a liberal distribution the expense of a much more nume- of the poison. He will receive the rous class, who by the means of ar- votes of his partisans, and the dent spirits, become idle and vi- hearty support of the whole fratercious. But the representation it- nity of drunkards. Hopeful conself is erroneous, or at least defec- stituents, and meet representatives ! tive. The drunkard in order to "fit body for fit head!" It must gratify his appetite, will deprive be evident that if this disgraceful himself and family of many of the practice become general (and it alcomforts, and even of the necessa- ready prevails to an alarming exries of life. Let us suppose that tent) the most virtuous and conthe money wasted by him on the scientious candidate will be the article of ardent spirits, were con- least likely to succeed in his elecsumed in the purchase of comforta- tion, because he will not have reble apparel for himself and family, course to such a mode of ensuring or in household accommodations which would contribute to health We are apt to imagine that our and enjoyment. Is it not manifest political privileges rest on too solid that he would do more to promote à basis to be ever shaken. But naindustry than he now does. While tions who once had as much pride benefiting himself and family, he and power as we now possess, are would furnish employment to an at present “known only in song: additional number of tradesmen, Drunken Babylon was surrounded and these in turn would furnish a by a wall 350 feet in height, and 90 market for the produce of the hus. feet in breadth ; and yet the very bandman, which cannot be other site she occupied is now unknowo! wise disposed of at present, than by The salutary exercise of our elecconverting it iņto poison. How tive franchise is the sheet anchor contracted are that mau's potions of our republick. If this continue of political economy, who would dis- unimpaired, the political vessel will possess the industrious tradesman, ride in triumph amid the fiercest to make room for the unserviceable hurricane; but if this safeguard be distiller and conscience-lacking once removed, our barque will be dram vender! The drunkard and dashed upon the rock of despotism, his family must be half fed, half or stranded on the shoals of anclad, half shod, half housed, to the archy.

. injury of the manufacturer, the We have an illustration in the shoemaker, the tailor, the carpen- evil already alluded to, of the inefter, in order that he may husband ficacy of salutary laws, where there his resources for the support of the is not virtue and intelligence in the distiller! Is any man wicked enough coinmunity to support those laws. to imagine, that a Being of infinite There is an express statute in this wisdom and power and goodness, commonwealth, against any attempt has so misımanaged in the organiza- to influence a man's vote by the tion of the world, that it cannot be

means of ardent spirits! The most properly conducted but by the con- wholesome regulations may easily VOL. VI I.-- Ch. Adv.

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be superseded, or evaded, or set at of Pennsylvania. “To the use of defiance. And if the use of ardent ardent spirits may be attributed, it spirits gives peculiar facilities to un- is believed, more than half the principled demagogues, for mount- crimes which - swell our dockets ing to posts of honour and profit, it In general, there is little difficulty is certainly a great political evil- in tracing them directly, or indiIt is a worm at the root of the tree rectly, to that source. The bas of liberty, not the less dangerous who indulges himself in their use because it operates unseen.

knows not when to stop. Each sucThe moral attendants on intem- cessive draught must be stronger perance will close the catalogue of than, the last, or it is vapid to big evils. By making this a distinct taste. He soon loses the confidence head, I do not mean that the do- of bis fellow men. His business mestic and political evils already ad- fails, his friends forsake him, he verted to, are not immoral in their becomes poor and wretched; bis nature: or that what exerts a de family suffer, he loses all self-remoralizing influence is not a politi- spect and associates with the most cal evil. But the evils, though abandoned, ready for the worst of blended together, like the colours crimes. The downhill path from of the rainbow, may be separated, intemperance to crime is steep and at least in imagination; and if slippery. Few can stand and fewer viewed apart, may make a deeper still return.”—Judge Cranch's impression on the mind. If we charge to a grand jury of the Diswould "a true verdict give," as to the trict of Columbia, inquiring for the

2 demoralizing influence of the use of United States, delivered at a late ardent spirits, we must recur to the session in Washington. testimony of those who have had the In the city of New York, during best opportunity of witnessing this the week ending on the 23d of influence: we must inquire of those May, 1829, seventy-two indictments who have the supervision of morals, took place for crimes committed by and search the faithful record of persons intoxicated. The number crime.

of indictments before the Mayor's Chancellor Walworth, of the Court of Philadelphia, during the state of New York, witnesseth, that week ending on the 15th of Novem. three-fourths of all the crimes which ber, 1828, was forty-five : and have fallen under his judicial no. twenty-four of these were for tice, have been owing to intempe- crimes committed under the influ

“ If the murders and man- ence of intoxication. During the slaughters, burglaries and robberies, week next ensuing, there were riots and tumults, adulteries and forty-three indictments, and nineother enormities were divided into teen of these were for crimes com. five parts, four have been the re- mitted by drunken persons. A sult of excessive drinking."- Judge thorough examination of the reHale. "I declare in this publick cords of our cities and counties, manner, and with the most solemn would probably present a like perregard to truth, that I do not re- manent result; from which it may collect an instance, since my being be fairly inferred, that about one concerned in the administration of half of all the crimes cognizable justice, of a single person being put before our tribunals of justice, are on his trial for manslaughter, which owing to the use of ardent spirits. did not originate in drunkenness; Intemperance leads to idleness, and but few instances of trials for gaming, lying, and profligacy-the murder, which did not spring from most solemn provaises are disre. the same unhallowed 'cause."— garded, the most important duties Judge Rush's charge to a grand jury, are neglected-Every generous


eling becomes benumbed, besot. good in a year; a drunken tradesed and frozen. The drunkard is man will subject you to as many

last inaccessible to every salu- disappointments in a year, as may ary influence, whether from things make you bankrupt both in paemporal or things eternal. He tience and property. This is the rows deaf to reason, to religion, to man “ who injures nobody but himntreaty, to remonstrance; he re- self:” The injuries he does are not ards not the tears and groans of a intentional. But if such be his uninender and once beloved wife, nor tentional crimes, then “ from those he cries of his helpless and famish- that are intentional !d babes: and dies at last unre- The feelings of horror we would retted, and totally estranged from naturally have on witnessing a case that “holiness, without which no of drunkenness, have become in a man can see the Lord.”

great measure torpid from the freThe drunkard is frequently guilty quency of the occurrence. Did we of what may be called professional see but one drunkard in an age, he crimes, or delinquencies, which are would be accounted a monster in sometimes of a very aggravated the moral world, like Cerberus, or nature, and exceedingly injurious to Alecto, or Polyphemus, in the world others. Let us instance the case of of fable. How apt the description a drunken physician, a class of men of the Mantuan bardamong whom this vice is peculiar- Monstrum, horrendum, informe, ingens, ly inexcusable, and yet alarmingly cui lumen ademptum! prevalent. “He forgets his professional engagements, and disap

The future prospects of the points his patients—to their great drunkard are of too awful a nature

irritation, if not actual injury. In to be alluded to, except in the lanstead of acknowledging the truth, guage of inspiration. Those only he is tempted to offer unfounded are declared to be hopeful candiexcuses, and thus contracts a habit dates for heaven who “ live soberly, of falsehood. But all this is a trifle, righteously and godly in this precompared with other delinquencies. sent evil world.” . The works of He does not recollect, from one visit the flesh are manifest, which are to another, the symptoms and treat- these, adultery, fornication, unment of his patients; and therefore cleanness, lasciviousness, idolatry, can prosecute no systematick or ra

witchcraft, hatred, variance, wrath, tional method of cure. He observes strife, seditions, heresies, envyings, clumsily, scrutinizes no deeper

murders, drunkenness, revellings, than the surface, forms hasty con- and such like; of the which I tell you clusions, and prescribes at randoin. before, as I have told you in time Like a blind Cyclops, he inflicts past, that they which do such things heavy blows, but knows not whe- shall not inherit the kingdom of ther they fall on the disease or the God.”—Gal. v. 19—21. patient.--Drake. It is impossible to conceive the incalculable injuries the intemperate man may inflict on others by delinquencies of this sort. A drunken lawyer way beggar bis client; a drunken mer- [From the Christian Observer.] chant may ruin his creditor who A correspondent in your last depended on a prompt payment; a

Number mentions his reasons for drunken physician may kill his pa- going to church early, and wishes to tient; a drunken teacher will 'do know whether any of your children more injury in a day can give better reasons for going than his instructions will do them late. As I, sir, am one of those who



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