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Creeds, and Liturgies of the church--this exemplified in the

Apostles, and Nicene Creeds—in the Lord's Prayer--the Li-

tany—and Eucharistic Service-two objections considered-
and this branch of the subject concluded by two apposite quo-
tations from Dr. Waterland.

222_238

.

LETTER XXII.

Creation and Fall of Man-his fall productive of that hereditary

guilt which is called Original Sin--this doctrine combated
by Pelagius, and his followers-defended by Augustine and
others-sin stands in need of forgiveness-justice requires

atonement-this the subject of a divine covenant, not with,

but for man-the benefits of it alluded to by the Greeks and

Romans--Purification, its grand original object.

239-249

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-and that they who fall from grace can never be restored,
" but must inevitably perish"-what is meant by the “ sin a-

gainst the Holy Ghost"'-church discipline necessary-how

to be exercised in excommunication.

335-342

LETTER XXXII.

JUSTIFICATION by faith, the true christian doctrine-no contra-

riety between St Paul and St. James on this subject-the terms

connected with it ought to be rightly defined" justification,

faith,” and “works”-each of these examined, and the whole

pointing out the sense in which justification by faith is to be

understood-by faith, not as the cause of justification-but

as the instrument whereby that blessing is extended to christi-

ans, through the righteousness of their Redeemer.

352-366

LETTER XXXIII.

The impossibility of keeping God's commandments—the language

of many—and received by some as an article of faith-yet not

warranted by scripture-nor conducive to edification thro'

the strengthening grace of Christ, all things may be done

which are required of christians—that grace however not ir-

resistible-lest christians should be thereby led into security. 366-378

LETTER XXXIV.

Predestination, a doctrine neither clear in itself, nor comfor-
table to man-

-was little known in the primitive church, till
espoused by Augustine-the Romanists divided about it, while
the Pope has either not cared, or not dared to determine on
which side the truth lies--Calvin, and his followers, have car-
ried this doctrine to its greatest height of election and repro-
bation—while the Church of England has cautiously kept to
the general tenor of scriplure, and says not a word of reprobu-

A

BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR

OF

THE AUTHOR.

THE life and studies of a country clergyman, particularly in a retired situation, will seldom furnish materials for a publication suited to what is called the “ literary taste" of the times. Yet it is not always among the great and wealthy, in the palace or populous city, that genius and merit are to be found. The most respectable characters are often discovered to be those, who least attract the notice of mankind ; although to render the lives of such men interesting to a fastidious public, would require the extensive talents of a Johnson, or the minute fidelity of a Boswell. It is therefore with considerable diffidence that the writer of the present memoir is induced to lay before the public an account of the life, character, studies, correspondence, writings, and modes of thinking, of a man who spent a long and laborious life in the pastoral charge of a numerous congregation, in a remote pa

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