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for no other reason, but because it was an act of obedience.
cThe Dr'j Scripture-evidence continued.
§. 15. V. To prove that the sacrifice of Christ was his perfect obedience and goodness, the Dr. proceeds to another topic. "The reason, says he, of his eminence and cc high distinction is assigned to the perfeccc tion and excellence of his moral charac"ter, Heb. i. 9. Thou hast loved righteousness, cc and hated iniquity, therefore God, even thy "God, hath anointed thee with the oil of glad"ness above thy fellows. Heb. v. 8, 9. Though "he were a son, yet learned he (yet he was M disciplined in) obedience by the things which "he suffered: and being thus made perfect, "he became the author of eternal salvation to "all them that obey him. Isai. liii. 5. The "chastisement, or discipline, of our peace, "which procured our happiness, was upon "him. ("TOio castigatio, eruditio.) And the
apostle, in another place, Phil. ii. 8, 9. "shews the true ground of our Lord's be"ing exalted, and made head over all "things, as our Redeemer; namely, be"cause he emptied himself, and took upon "him the form of a servant, that he might "serve mankind in their most important inct terest; and because in this way, in serving "us, he became obedient to death, even the
*c death "death of the cross, which was the highest "instance of obedience, love, and good-' "ness, he could possibly exhibit. For as "he himself justly observes, (John xv. 13. "Greater love hath no man than this, that a u man lay down his life for (to serve) his "friends. And upon this account it was, "that the Father loved, and highly exalted, "him, and blessed us with all the grace "of the gospel. Thus Christ, gave his life "a ransom, or atonement, for many. Or, "in other words, (Eph. v. 2.) Chrift hath "loved us, to such a degree, that he hath <c given himself for us, an offering and a "sacrifice to God, for a sweet smelling savour.
A K S W E R.
§. 16. Here we have an argument which consists of an antecedent and a consequent. The antecedent consists of several texts of scripture, which teach us, that Christ's obedience to God was very eminent, and greatly heightened by these sufferings which, in obedience to the will of God, he voluntarily and patiently endured, in the execution of his mediatorial office; and that this eminent obedience of Christ was the basis of that great reward which he received from the Father, or the reason for which God highly exalted him, by conferring universal
versal dominion upon him.—This, I think, is the amount of the whole antecedent in
the Dr's argument. The consequent of
this antecedent is expressed in the following words, *c And upon this account, (1. e. on "account of his eminent and perfect obe"dience,) the Father loved, and highly "exalted, him, and blessed us with all the "grace of the gospel." The first part of this consequent, though it is not an inference from the antecedent, yet it is contained in it; for, in the texts quoted, it is exprefly affirmed, that God loved and highly exalted Christ, because his obedience was so perfect and eminent. But this doth not come up to the Dr's purpose; for, because Christ's perfect obedience, being the ground and reason of his exaltation, and his perfect obedience or goodness, being the blood or sacrifice which he offered for sin, are two different things, these texts of scripture, which affirm the one, can be no proof of the truth of the other.—The other part of the Dr's consequent, is, that God (on account of Christ's eminent and perfect obedience,) "hath blessed us with all the "grace of the gospel." And this, indeed, comes up to his purpose; because the grant of the remission of sins is one part of the grace of the gospel: and I suppose, that this was the reason, by which the Dr. was induced to throw this into the consequent
of of his argument. However what entirely precludes him from all benefit from this part of his consequent, is, that it is a false and spurious inference from his antecedent; or, to speak more properly, is no inference at all from it. For, in the texts quoted, there is nothing affirmed, or even implied, suggested or hinted, that gives any countenance to, or ground for such an inference, as every body must fee, who will take the pains to read them over with attention.—The Dr. concludes his argument in the following words, " Thus Christ gave his life a ransom, or "atonement for many: or in other words, "(Eph. v. 2.) Christ hath loved us to such a "degree, that he hath given himself for us, an "offering and a sacrifice to God, for a sweet"smellingsavour-" Now, if, by Chrift'sgiving "his life a ransom for many, the Dr. means, that the life, which Christ gave as a ransom for them, was his perfect obedience and goodness; this is a point which he has still to prove; for the texts, which he has hitherto produced, neither affirm nor imply such a notion of the sacrifice which Christ offered. And for the text, which he here quotes from Eph. v. 2. it is against him; for it mentions nothing about Christ's offering up his perfect obedience and goodness, but speaks of his giving a very different thing, even himself, for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God, for a five et'smiling savour.
§. 17. VI. But the Dr. has something to say, which, he thinks, puts his notion of the sacrifice of Christ out of all doubt. He says, " And to put the matter out of all tc doubt, the apostle (Rom. v.) expressly "affirms, that the grace of God, and his "gift to a sinful world, ver. 15. even that "free gift which relates to justification not "only from the consequence of Adam's one "offence, but to the many offences which "men have committed, ver. 16. that grace "gift which has reference to our reigning "in eternal life, ver. 17. He affirms, I fay, "that this gift and grace is in, by, or "through, the grace of one man Jesus Christy ct [ev Xapifi it! Tb ivos aVGpaJTa, ver. 15.] "that is to fay, through his goodness, love, "and benevolence to mankind."
§. 18. What the Dr. here faith, St. Paul affirms; and, therefore, it must be true. But I cannot fee, what he can infer from it, in support of his notion of the sacrifice of Christ, as being the perfect obedience and goodness of his whole life. The gift of justification from the consequences of yfdam's one offence, and of our L own