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METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, BY W. CARY, STRAND.

From April 27, to May 26, 1823, both inclusive. Fahrenheit's Therm.

Fahrenheit's Therm.

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2 Hol.
3216378 78$ $ 96 2987 201

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39 pm.20 17 pm.2017 pm. 132173|772 8 788 89 963 5$984 197 2474 40 pm. 17 20 pm. 17 20 pm. 14/2161773 1782 903 957 6999 20

1767

40 pm. 17 19 pm. 17 19 pm. 1521731783 $789 903 963 Ž99 20 2484 39 pm.18 16 pm. 18 16 pm. 16 178% $794 33904 966 99 771 34 pm. 14 10 pm. 16 11 pm. 17217 773 478 95$ 798 20

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South Sea Stock, 87, 88, 90, 88_, 89, 89, 894. RICHARDSON, GOODLUCK, and Co. 104, Corner of Bank-buildings, Cornhill.

20

JOHN NICHOLS AND SON, 25, PARLIAMENT STREET, WESTMINSTER.

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London Gazette

Gloucester 2-Hants Times New Times

Hereford---Hull 3 M. Chronicle - Post

Hunts--- Ipswich M. Herald--- Ledger

Kent 3-- Lancaster Brit.Press.M.Adver.

Leeds 3- Leicester 2 Courier-Globe--Star

Lichfield-Liverpool 6 Traveller-Sun--Brit.

Macclesfi.-Maidst. 2 Traveller---Statesm.

Manchester 7 StJames's&Gen. Eve.

Newcastle on Tynel Eug. Chronicle

Norfolk--Norwich 2 Com, Chronicle

N.Wales Northamp Packet--Even. Mail

Nottingham 2-Oxf. 2 London Chronicle

Oswestry Pottery Mercant. Chronicle

Plymouth 2--Preston Lit.Gaz-Lit.Chron.

Reading Rochester Museum-Lit. Reg.

Salisbury. Sheffield 3 Courier de Londres

Shrewsbury 2 El 14 Weekly Papers

Snerborne...Stafford 22 Sunday Papers

Stamford 2.Stockport Bath 4.-Berwick

Southampton Birmingham 2

Suff..Surrey...Sussex Blackburn-- Boston

Taunton...Tyne Brighton 3--Bristol 5

Wakefield. Warwick Bucks--- Bury 2

West Briton (Truro) Cambrian

Westeru (Exeter) Cambridge-Carlisle2

Westmoreland 2 El Carmarth. Chelmsf.

Weymouth Cheltenham-Chest.3

Whitehaven. Winds Colchester-Cornwall

Wolverhampton Coventry 2. Cumberl

Worcester 2..York 4 Derby-Devon

Man. 2...Jersey ? Devizes - Doncaster

Guernsey 2 Dorchest.-Durham 2

Scotland 31
Essex --Exeter 4

Ireland 56
CONTAINING
Original Communications.

Review of New Publications. MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.--Questions, &c..482 Nicolas's Life of William Davison............521 Improvement in Sailing of Ships suggested 483 Carey and Lea's Geography, &c. of America 524 Ou the Reduction of the National Debt....485 Downes's Letters from Mecklenburg.........527 Remarks on the Signs of the Times......... ...ib. Pilgrimage to the Land of Burns .............528 Notices of old Downes the Prompter ........487 Burgess on Greek Original of New Testament 529 “ Bibliotheca Gloucestrensis' ......488 Nichols's Progresses of Queen Elizabeth...531 Account of Belt Family, of Bossal, co. York 489 Dr. Robinson's History of Enfield ..........535 Annual Biography corrected.—Bp. Mansel 491 Memoirs of the Life of William Hayley.....538 Character of the Greeks in 1674...............ib. Polwhele on Marriage, 540.--Ghost Stories 541 COMPENDIUM OF COUNTYHISTORY-Somerset493 LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.--New Publications ib. Management of Charitable Institutions......497 Objects of the Royal Society of Literature..543 Remarks on Alderman Smith's Charities...500 ARTS AND SCIENCES

...546 Intercourse with Africa recommended .........ib. Select Poetry..

.549 Fly Leaves.--Shakspeare's Son-in-law......502

Historical Chronicle. Shenstonian Fly Leaf.—Prior's Poems ....

.....503 Proceedings in present Session of Parliament 551 Ancient Anecdotes, from Valerius Maximus.503 Foreign News, 556.--Domestic Occurrences 559 Queen Anne's Statue at St. Paul's............504 Promotions, &c.-Births and Marriages.....561 Materials for a History of Lancashire..... ..505 OBITUARY; with Memoirs of the Marquis Extracts respecting the Study of Heraldry..506 of Salisbury; Mr. William Playfair ; Don Families of Frampton and Nelson....... ...508 Juan Llorente; Gen. Robert Manners ; On Stonehenge, 509.-On false Criticism..511 Col. Thornton; Lieut.-Col. Wilford; JoOn the Mutability of National Grandeur...513 seph Nollekens, Esq. R. A.; Sir Ilay Monumental Inscriptions from Duloe........516 Campbell ; George Edwards, Esq. &c. &c. 563 Letter from James Morice to Lord Burleigh.517 Bill of Mortality.- Prices of Markets. ......575 Capt. Standish.-On Tithes, 519.-Easter Dues520 Meteorological Table Prices of Stocks ...576 Embellished with Views of Bossal House, Yorkshire ; FORTY HALL, Enfield;

and the Seat of the late Richard Gough, Esq. Enfield.

( 482 )

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

Saxon LITERATURE.-R. C. H. of Stour- residence called Dedburbury, is or was situhead observes, “It is somewhat singular, ated ? and very much to be lamented, that the lan

ADDENDA, guage of & people so intimately connected

P. 348. It may not be unworthy of nowith us, should be so little known and cul

tice, that the 3d Aldus has annexed a list of tivated, either at our Universities, or by in

the productions of his press up to the date dividuals of our nation at large. Many of in a sheet annexed to some copies of his our antient grants, deeds, &c. are written folio edit. of Cicero's works. It is believed in the Anglo-Saxon language, and amongst that this sheet is rare. If a copy of it is them are some most interesting to the To- desired, a hint may be given to the gentlepographer, which, from want of a transla

man through whose hands in England this tion into Latin or English, are become in a letter may be traced by the post-mark. A manner useless. In my own county, three

copy exists in his library. are still in existence, i. e. the Chartulary or P. 372. Lord Ashburton is said to have Registrum of the Abbey of Wilton, and

been a literary man, and a communicator to those of Malmsbury and Edington. There the Edinburgh Review. is also a most beautiful one of the Abbey of P. 375. Sir Mark Sykes was third BaroShaftesbury, &c. &c.-Should any of your net, and grandson of Rev. Sir Mark, first readers be able to assist me in procuring a Bart. Lady Sykes's brother and her father person sufficiently versed in the Anglo- bear and bore the name of Egerton, unless Saxon language as to translate it, I should

they have very lately resumed the name of feel myself highly gratified, being at present Tatton. The estate and seat of Tatton came engaged in the History of the Abbey of from the Egertons. The name of the seat Wilton, and having procured a copy of the of the family of Tatton is Withenshaw.original Chartulary in the British Museum.”

The Hon. Thomas Egerton, 3d son of John, Handel says, “I perfectly agree with 2d Earl of Bridgewater, was portioned by your Correspondent, p. 397, on the very ne- his father with the estate of Tatton, and cessary improvement of our Psalmody, and died 1685, and was buried in the Bridgewamost ardently wish the same was re-esta- ter vault at Little Gaddesden, co. Herts. His blished in our Churches, both in town and grandson, Samuel Egerton, esq. M.P. for country. I heard that part of the Service Cheshire, died 1780, 8. p: He was nephew most admirably performed at Ripon in York- to Wm. Egerton, LL.D. Prebendary of Canshire, and Peterborough Minster, Northamp- terbury, and Rector of Penshurst, Kent, tonshire. The congregation was full to the

&c. who died 1738. extreme; at the former place, great part of

P. 383. Lord Caulfield was a young man the persons attending were obliged to stand of most frank, unaffected, fascinating manthe whole time for want of room. I reside ners, great liveliness, and very good abiliin one of the parishes adjoining the Metro- ties. He is a great loss. polis, and never was sacred music in the pa

ERRATA. rish Church (St. George the Martyr, Queen P. 208. b. I. 3. dele is.-P. 284. a. I. 35, Square) worse performed; from having lost read Stransham.-P. 316.' a. I. 16, for the, one of the finest singers and performers up- read ten.-P. 478. b. I. 14, read Burnaby; on the orgau, we have degenerated into 1. 42, for M. P. read M.D. - P. 509. a. the worst of compositions, if I may be al- 1. 24. The number of stones at Stonehenge lowed so to termit. The voluntary per- is ninety-four, not ninety-two. formed before the commencement of the Church Service, would well suit, and often *** In our SUPPLEMENTARY NUMBER, puts me in mind of, · Hogarth's Sleepy Con- published on the 1st of August, will be gregation'."

given several interesting articles ; particuÅ Constant READER solicits informa- larly Descriptions, accompanied by Engrartion respecting Gulielmus de Ocham, who, ings, of the Gateway of Lullingstone Castle, he believes, belonged to the order of the Kent; Free School at Stamford; and an Cordeliers, and was an excellent scholastis ancient Painting in Enfield Church. Also divine: he acquired the appellation of the Remarks on the Curfew Bell; Mrs. Lenoir's invincible Doctor, and died about the year Works ; Scarabæus Vernalis; Compendium 1347. He was the author of a work, en- of County History; Cruelty to Animals; titled “Sententiarum Libri quatuor," pub- New Entrance to the House of Lords; Edlished at Lyons, in folio, pp. 900.

monton Fair; Col. Macdonald on the ChaA CORRESPONDENT (who makes this in- racter of Buonaparte; Cottou's Fishing quiry, with reference to an occurrence in House, &c. &c. Reviews of Vaux's Relathe latter part of the sixteenth century) will tive Taxation; Count Soligny's Letters on be much obliged to any of our readers England; Dorset's Montezuma; Memoirs who will inform him in what part of the of Francis Barnett, &c. With Title, Lacouuty of Oxford, or its vicinity, a place or dexes, &c. &c.

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

JUNE, 1823.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

IMPROVEMENT IN THE SAILING OF SHIPS SUGGESTED. Mr. URBAN,

Summerland Place, actuating mankind, under even the

Exeter, June 7. best view that all past experience can IT T is a general duty, in a work of enable us to take of human nature.

permanence and repute, such as Many projects of importance, floating yours, to state briefly whatever may uselessly in oral intercourse, in obscure have a tendency now or hereafter to situations, would be imparted in accuadvance the interests of either moral rate detail, with an encouraging ceror physical science. No improvement tainty of due attention and impartial in mechanical science can be deemed decision. Though many proposed imvalid or conclusive by mere reasoning, provements might not, on a more close however apparently convincing: Ma- examination, and under further expethematical demonstration, of which rea- riments, be found adequate to original soning is but the means, or actual ex- expectations ; still, in a multiplicity of periment, which is the highest test of instances, vast advantages to the pubphysical truth, can alone establish the lic must be a certain result. This is validity of any projected improvement so manifestly obvious, as to require no productive of public utility. Men further cominent. composing our various establishments As an instance of such communicafor carrying on the Government of the tions as might be made, let me state country, though possessing the usual one which more able persons may obshare of information and knowledge, ject to, or recommend as worthy of may not be precisely the description of further experiment, carried into actual people best qualified to decide on the effect; because many causes may commerits or demerits of scientific sugges- bine to render a practical result diftions; and their time is otherwise ferent from that yielded by models, fully occupied by professional and where exact similarity of action candaily details of the business of their not be precisely obtained. In such departments. Under such circum- trials, a strong approximation to a stances, a communication of what clear conclusion is the utmost that may be supposed serviceable ideas, can be reasonably expected. through the medium of Periodical Having been five years of my life Publications of extensive circulation, engaged in extensive marine surveys may be best calculated to lead 'ulti- and voyages, it frequently occurred to mately to desirable purposes of real me that the movement of a ship in the public benefit. Fully convinced, from water might be accelerated by an addimuch experience, of the justness of tional fore-and-uft application of power. these suppositions, I have invariably. I conjectured, that if a strong stay ran in my works urged the necessity of from each mast-head (I mean the having a naval and military BOARD OF lower masts) down to the keelson, and Tactics, consisting each of a few that if the requisite tightness were highly scientific characters, to whom given to them, a considerable degree moderate salaries would be granted, of moving impulse might arise, from as a fair remuneration for their valua- a forcible drag on the keelson thus ble labours, and to secure a decision effected. Of course these stays would uninfluenced by motives too frequently cross the present stays, one of whose

uses

484 Improvement in the Sailing of Ships suggested. (June, uses is to prevent the masts from fall- a little less than an ounce and a quar. ing towards the stern, in the pitching ter put into the scale caused the model motion. The two additional stays to move with rather more velocity than would run one from the top of the in the other instances. fore-mast to the bottom of the main

Experiment 5. mast; and the other, from the top of In the state of things in the last exthe main-mast to the stepping of the periment, the scale and string were mizzen-mast. In the model used in lowered to just the height of half of the experiment, the stay had nearly the mast, in which case it required an this angle of inclination. A string ounce and a half in the scale to give was attached to the top of the main motion to the model. mast, and it ran horizontally to a pully It would appear, by comparing exat some distance from the model. At periments 1 and 2, that the action of the extremity of the string, a small the shrowds adds one-fourth part to scale was tied. The model moved on the velocity of the ship; or, in other four wheels, readily representing the words, that it would require a fourth resistance of the water, while small part more of wind to give the addiweights put into the scale set the mo- tional velocity arising from the action del in motion, similarly to what would of the shrowds. be produced by a direct pressure of It would appear from experiments 2 wind on sails. "Things. being thus si- and 3, that the additional stays protuated on a smooth table, the follow- posed to be fixed as described, have ing experiments were made. It may fully as much effect singly without the be necessary to remark to the lands- shrowds, as the shrowds without the man, that shrowds are subservient to

stay. two purposes. They, with backstays, By comparing experiments 3 and 4, prevent the masts from falling over it would seem that the proposed stays the sides; and as they are fixed abaft add at least a quarter part to the veloa plane passing through the mast, at city of the ship without their applicaright angles to the ship, they occasion tion. a forward drag, which in sailing urges The last experiment shows that the on, or propels the ship in her course. top of the fore and main-mast is the The additional stays suggested, are in- most advantageous point for the upper tended to act similarly, and that too, end of the new stays; and the stay with a more direct pressure or pull in running to the heel of the mizzenthe sailing direction.

mast, may be carried further aft, in Experiment 1.

order to be more conveniently situThe four shrowds on each side of ated, than under a more acute angle. the mast were made quite loose; and As the apparatus made use of was two ounces put into the scale caused not so delicate as could have been this single - masted model to move wished, it is not pretended that the along the table at a slow but uniform result of these experiments are so conrate.

clusive as to be absolutely relied on: Experiment 2.

but still quite enough of effect is eviThe shrowds were made tight, by dent to justify a trial of these velocitymeans of screws, to which they were stays actually on board of a ship under fastened; and it appeared that an ounce sail. In such case great care must be and a half put into the scale caused the used that the ship is under nearly simodel to move forward.

milar circumstances of wind, current, Experiment 3.

tide, and quantity of sail, with and The shrowds were quite loosened, without the stays. The most eligible and the new fore-and-aft stay was ren- mode will be to tighten the stays, dered quite tight, by means of the screw when she is actually under weigh, her to which it was fastened in the keelson; previous rate of going having been well in which case the model moved along ascertained. This may easily be done with an ounce and a half in the scale, by diverting a strong purchase from and with more velocity than in expe- the capstan to the lower extremity of riment 2, where the shrowds without the stay, where it is attached to the the stay were used.

keelson, through a massive ring or eyeExperiment 4.

bolt. By this means, the requisite The shrowds and stay were both sudden strain may be thrown on the strained tight, when it was found that new stay, previously in a loose state.

An

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