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1823.) Foreign News.
75 ings on society, as long as the fermentation A Madrid Journal of the 13th contains is kept up which, in more than one country, the subjoined correspondence between the inflames people's minds, by the perfidious Ministers of Prussia, Russia, and Austria, arts of persuasion, and the criminal efforts and the Spanish Minister for Foreign Afof a faction which aims only at revolution fairs, on the occasion of the former deand destruction : so long as the heads and manding passports for their departure from instrumeuts of this faction (whether they Spain. Our confined limits prevent us from openly take the field against thrones and inserting the Notes of the Ambassadors of existing institutions, or whether they brood these respective Powers ; but we copy veron their hostile plans in the dark, prepare batim the spirited Answers of the Spanish plots, and poison public opinion) shall not Minister, Evaristo San Miguel, dated Jan. cease to torment the nations with discou- fl. They are short and pithy. raging and lying representations of the pre- Answer to the Note addressed by the Pruissent, and fictitious apprehensions of the sian Minister.---"I have received the Note future. The wisest measures of the Govern- which your Excellency transmitted to me ments cannot prosper, the best-meant plans under the date of the 10th, and, contenting of improvement cannot succeed, confidence myself with stating in reply, that the wishes cannot return, till those promoters of the of the Government of his most Catholic most odious purposes shall have sunk into Majesty for the happiness of the Prussian utter impotency; and the Monarchs will States are not less ardent than those inaninot believe that they have accomplished fested by his Majesty the King of Prussia their great work, till they shall have de- towards Spain, I transmit to your Excelprived them of the arms with which they lency, by Royal order, the passports for may threaten the repose of the world.” which
have applied.” The Madrid Papers, to the 7th of Janu- Answer to the Russian Nole.-"I have ary, are in the highest degree interesting. received the Note which your Excellency The French Ultimatum, as it has been (we transmitted to me yesterday the 10th insuspect somewhat hastily) called, was pre- stant, and, limiting myself, for my sole sented to the Spanish Minister on the 5th ; reply, to stating that you have shamefully and the notes of the Austrian, Russian, and abused (perhaps through ignorance) the Prussian Courts, were delivered on the fol- law of nations, which is always respectlowing day. Having received these im- able in the eyes of the Spanish Government, portant documents, the Spanish Minister I transmit, by order of his Majesty, the laid them before a body, consisting, as it is passports you desire, hoping that your
Exsaid, of all the heads of parties in the Cor- cellency will be pleased to leave this capital tes, and, though not exercising any definite with as little delay as possible.” functions, designated as a Council of State. Answer to the Austrian Note. I have An adjournment for 48 hours was agreed to, received the Note which your Excellency in order to give the character of perfect was pleased to remit to me, dated yesterday, deliberation to the decision at which that the 10th, and having now only to say,
that assembly should arrive. At the meeting of the Government of his Catholic Majesty is the 9th, the unanimous determination of indifferent whether it maintains relations or the Representatives to resist the demands of not with the Court of Vienna, I send you, the Holy Alliance was plainly indicated; and loy Royal order, the passports which you on the following day the Ministers of Aus- have required.” tria, Russia, and Prussia, demanded their In the sitting of the 12th, the Deputapassports. The utmost concord appears to tion of the Cortes proceeded from that ashave prevailed in the Cortes; Arguelles, sembly to wait on his Majesty with the mesthe leader of the moderate party, declared sage agreed to on the ilth instaut. On himself ready to go all lengths in vindicating their return, General Riego, who was the the independence of his country; and the sin- President of the Deputation, stated that his cerity of the orator's patriotism was promptly Majesty had received the message with the acknowledged by the democratic leader, Ga- greatest pleasure and satisfaction. A moliano, who moved that his rival should be tion which had been made by Senor Muplaced on the Committee of Diplomacy ap- narriz, calling upon the Government to pointed to advise the Crown with respect to publish to all Europe, as speedily as possithe answer to be returned to the Allied ble, the motives of its conduct, was read, Powers.—The decision unanimously adopted and the mover made a short speech in supby Congress, upon the proposition of Ar- port of it. The Secretary of State rose, guelles, is about to set in motion a force of and said, that the Government had already 90,000 very good troops. This force is to declared to the Charge d'Aftaires of Vienna, be added to the 90,000 active militia and Berlin, and Petersburgh, that it would exother corps.-On the evening of the 9th, plain its sentiments and principles to all the answers (or, as it seems, with respect to Europe. The Government would fulfil its three of the notes, the resolution to give no promise, and he would say more – it was answer) obtained the approbation of the now employed in executing it. Senor MuCortes.
narriz then withdrew his inotion.
76 Foreign News.
[Jan. The rumour of war in Spain has given Citizen Poci ascended the tribune, and his rise to some animated debates in the Landa- chief object was to recommend the people to burian Society. At Madrid, in one of their revive the song called “ Tragala” (or swalrecent sittings, Citizen Floran thus addressed low it), which was prohibited in Madrid duthe Assembly :
ring the late Ministry. This recommenda“ Citizens! the rumour, which I shall tion had such an effect that, before he came never believe the clamour that France has down from the tribune, the assembly joined resolved to make war on us, is the subject him in singing the song. of every conversation. France, divided by A letter
from Bayonne, dated Jan. 5, says : numberless parties, none of which is dis- “ Since the Descamisados think that France posed to support a throne that has blasted will not go to war with Spain, they, in the the glories of so many years; France, which Landaburian meetings, indulge in the most has not forgotten its triumphs and its mis- insolent and scandalous declamations against fortunes; this France it is which we hear the Congress of the Holy Alliance. In order has determined to declare war against us.- to ridicule the Allied Sovereigns, they have (I am glad of it, exclaimed a voice in the caused to be stamped a caricature of the most crowd, and the words were applauded with outrageous description, and which is publicly singular enthusiasm.) My soul overflows exhibited in all the shops of Madrid." with joy when I witness this noble enthusi- Spanish Mails.-The Spanish Govern
Your voices answer, in a manner wor- ment has acceded to the proposition for esthy of you, to those rumours, propagated tablishing a mail-coach from Madrid to Coperhaps by the very men who are about to runna, to be connected with a series of be buried in the ruins which they are endea- steam-packets, to sail from that port for vouring to prepare for us.
Falmouth, according to the suggestions « Citizens ! war is inevitable, and if France made by Sir John Doyle. By this means does not declare it, we shall ! (Shouts of the letters from Madrid, which are reguapplause !) Base wretches! souls of women, larly, when the mails come through France, under the garb of men! Hide your hearts fourteen days on the road, will now arrive in for shame !—The answer of the Spanish eight days; it being engaged by the parties people proclaims to France, that millions of who contract for the conveyance of the letmen are determined to sustain their liberties; ters, that the voyage from Falmouth to Coand if Europe should come and take part in runna shall not occupy more than four days, the struggle, it would only be the shout of the remaining time being divided between union amongst all the people, and then those the land journey from Madrid to Corunna, monsters would see themselves hurled from and that from Falmouth to London. This the seats of power which they so unworthily new arrangement has given the greatest saoccupy, into the abyss which they deserve.
tisfaction to the merchants corresponding The Spaniards, ever brave, will not be with Spain, who will now receive their rechecked in their career by your threats. mittances, in all cases, six days earlier than You will see old men expire cheerfully in the usual, and with much greater certainty than combat, while the young men are preparing before, escapiug the double danger of interto avenge them-you will see women resist ruptions on the Spanish frontier, and of inthe efforts of the barbarous invaders. Let spections by the agents of the French postFrance, then, come on let the world come office. The parties contracting with the on—you will see them fly back in terror! Spanish Government are said to be men of If the thrones involve themselves in this mad long experience in the management of steamand unjust war, they may hear the first can- packets from Edinburgh to London, and non, but the authors of this invasion shall therefore fully able to estimate how far the never hear the last one.'
performance of the voyage by sea may be reHe was followed by Citizen Morales, who duced to certainty. spoke in the following terms :~" My heart A wild woman was lately found in Spain, beats with joy when I observe the enthu- in the Sierra de Montero, a desolate and rude siasm of this heroic people. Would to God range of mountains in the south. She had that this war should be declared! All France been seen occasionally by the goat-herds as is our friend and ally, and wishes for nothing they wandered through the mountains. The more anxiously than to come to the banks of tale at length reached Cordova, and the authe Manzamares (the river that runs near thorities sent officers in pursuit of her. They Madrid) to assist us. Our stupid enemies succeeded in apprehending her, and she is seem not to have yet discovered that this now in one of the public hospitals in that war will cause the ruin of many thrones. city. She is not altogether destitute of un
“ It appears that the French government derstanding, nor ignorant of language, as she have forgotten the unburied bones of French- can say a few words, such as pepa (papa), men which cover our plains ; that they have gato (a cat), campo (the country), and some forgotten the fierceness of the Spanish lions :
few others. When she was asked if she let them come to us again, and they shall would like to return to the country, she receive fresh proofs of our courage.--(Ap- nodded her head in the affirmative. She eats plause.)"
whatever is given to her, but prefers un
1523.) Foreign News.
77 cooked meats and vegetables. In the be- 15,000 men. But it appears that the Greeks ginning, cooked victuals did not agree with took revenge on the enemy in his retreat. her, and made her sick; she eats with an A letter from an officer in the squadron extraordinary appetite ; her clothes appear acting in the Mediterranean says that the as if they were placed on a stick; her arms cause of the Turks in the Morea is very unwere tied because she was ever tearing her favourable, all their troops being in the city shoes, in spite of every care that was taken of Corinth, about ninety miles distant from to prevent her. Sometimes she has thrown us, surrounded by the Greeks, and in the off all her garments, and run out quite na- greatest distress for provisions, of which ked. She has been found, after an interval the Greeks have an abundant supply. Acts of two days, coiled up in a place full of of the greatest cruelty are constantly pracmire ; and at another time she has been dis- tised. Not long since four Greeks had each covered in the dunghill of the stable. She a stake driven through his body; they linis about sixteen years old, of a short stature, gered four days! For this, as many Turks a deep brown colour, protruding lips, and so were instantly served the same. Corinth is rough as almost in appearance to resemble a surrounded by dead bodies, in every state of wolf. She sleeps by day as well as by night, putrefaction, from the one that féll yesterwithout any regularity, and generally coiled day to the first at the commencement of the up. Sometimes her sleep has continued for warfare. twenty-eight hours successively, either in Constantinople, Dec. 10.-- The Capitan bed or on the ground, with or without co- Pacha bad much difficulty in escaping from vering. She keeps her eyes mostly closed, Tenedos. He was the first to cry out, sauve. and when she is alone she cries for three qui peut! A vessel of the line, having on hours together, and the next three hours board the staff, the money for the payment she laughs. The Duke de Riva, the Con- of the fleet, and a division of troops, blew stitutional Alcalde of Cordova, has taken a up. From the time this occurred the Greeks great deal of trouble to find out the origin have been masters of the Archipelago. of this female ; but it has baffled all his in- It appears that the Turks are not yet saquiries, and he has given them up in de- tisfied with the sufferings of the poor Sciots. spair. It is supposed she belongs to parents Trusting to the promises held out to them, not less wild than herself, who are still un- and impelled no doubt by their necessities, discovered in the mountains.
some of the fugitives who escaped the masPORTUGAL
sacre returned to their homes, where they In the sitting of the Cortes, at Lisbon, have fallen the victims to a second outrage. on the 31st December, the reply of the Bri- AMERICA, WEST INDIES, &c. tish Government to a demand made by that
The Message of the America President, of Portugal, as to the views entertained by
on opening the Congress, represented the our Government with respect to the present finances of the United States to be in the state of Europe, was read by the Minister
most flourishing condition: after defraying for Foreign Affairs. The British note briefly all expences, 3,000,000 dollars will remain and frankly professed that our Government, in the Treasury: and the whole receipts for not assuming the right to interfere in the the year are estimated at only 23,000,000. internal concerns of an independent nation, The manufactures are stated to be recoverdid not feel that any change of constitution ing from their depression after the peace; in a friendly state could affect the relations
and the military and naval forces of the Repreviously existing between Great Britain public are represented to be in the best and that state ; and that therefore“ Eng- state, and efficient for their purposes. land will feel herself obliged to lend to this
A Letter, dated Caraccas, Oct. 24, says : kingdom all the succour of which it may stand in need, as often as its independence Chili, and Buenos Ayres, will have a most
“The treaty between Colombia, Peru, may be menaced by any other Power, in any important effect in Europe. Affairs in this manner whatever." This announcement was made and received with an exultation which quarter are assuming a better aspect; in a will probably find an echo in England.
few months, with energy, the war may be
terminated.”—Letters dated the 22d of OcGREECE AND TURKEY.
tober state, that for the last day or two a Accounts are received from Constantinople very heavy firing had been heard in the dito the 11th December, and intelligence rection of the two armies—that of Portugal from Smyrna to the 2d January. The latter and that of Brazil. It was concluded, therestates that the corps of 7,000 Turks, which fore, that an engagement had taken place, had advanced from Larissa to Salonica, with and the utmost alarm prevailed in consethe intention of proceeding across the Gulf quence in Bahia, and the inhabitants were of Corinth, has been obliged to retreat, shipping all their valuables on board the having first committed one of those atroci- vessels in the harbour. His Majesty's ship ties by which this implacable contest is dis- Creole was lying there, and the British intinguished. They set fire to the town as habitants had put their treasures on board, soon as they saw themselves menaced by a under the protection of the captain. superior force of the Greeks, computed at
( 78 )
INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS
every quarter. The average of 1820 and PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. 1821 was 22,461,592 lbs.; that of 1822
exceeds 23,000,000 lbs. Of Sugar, imAccording to various accounts, the internal trade of the country is very satisfactory. the import in 1821 by 200,000l. In To
ported in 1822, the value exceeded that of The Cotton Wool wrought up in our manufacturing districts in 1822 appears to be
bacco, Snuff Beer, Candles, Soap, and more by one-fifth than in 1821. The Cot- Spirits, the improvement has been
progreston Spinning Trade was never more brisk
sive every quarter. But perhaps the most than it is at present
. The Preston Chro- gratifying, and certainly one of the most nicle says, in this town a new factory began rity of the lower classes of the people, is
surprising proofs of the increasing prospeoperations about a month ago; the larger the fact, that on the 5th of January, 1822, one, which was blown down, will be re-built with all expedition, and another is likely to
there was standing, in the name of the Combe shortly commenced. There are also two
missioners, on account of the Saving Banks
of England only, the prodigious sum of large factories now filling with machinery at
Five Millions Eight Hundred and Seventythe town of Bury, in this county. The
seven Thousand Pounds, accumulated within system of weaving by machinery, in the manufacture of strong calicoes, is gaining
the short period of four years. ground fast, and when brought into full
The inhabitants of the flourishing town play must create an immense deinand for
of Bolton have come to a determination to the coarser kind of yarns.”
erect a Town-hall; offices for the transacThe prodigious importance of the Cotton tion of public business; places for the imtrade at Liverpool, may be estimated by the prisonment of offenders ; and a house for following statement :
the residence of the deputy constable. The Import in 1822. Bags.
site of ground selected for the purpose is in From the United States . ........
St. George's-street. From Brazil and Lisbon ............. 136,167
The improvements which have taken From the British Colonies on the
place in Southampton during the last twelve Spanish Main, West Indies, &c. 14,296 months are surprising. One hundred houses From the East Iudies....
have been built, and most of them occupied ; From other Parts..........
all the line of the canal, from Hanover
buildings, has been taken in, and converted Total............453,945
into gardens, houses, or for mercantile purForming an increase over 1821 of above poses-trees have been planted, to give the 40,000 bags, and being nearly seven times
environs an agreeable shade in summer, and the collective importation of all the other
we anticipate farther improvements. The ports of Great Britain, including the me- new lights on the Chamberlayne Pillar are tropolis. The weekly demand, for home now conspicuous at a great distance, and it consumption only, for the whole country, is is in contemplation to add another light, to now estimated at 10,600 bags, of which make it a more distinguished object. that of Liverpool reaches to 9,000 bags !
Petersfield, which, if it has not been The quantity of Woollen Cloth manufac- going to decay, has experienced no improvetured last year exceeds that of any preced
ment for some time past, is now, we are ing year. Of raw Silk, the average annual happy to say, once more rearing its head, consumption for the last three years has by the removing of nuisances, the repairing been 2,100,000 lbs. weight; whereas in of houses, and the building of new ones; 1812 the consumption of the French Silk and it is confidently anticipated that, when manufactures was only 987,000 lbs. The the bridge and causeway between Havant export of Linen from Ireland in 1822 was and Hayling Island are finished, Petersfield of the value of 3,041,0191. being nearly will once more become a flourishing town. 1,000,000l. more than in 1820. In Hard- It was formerly a very considerable manuwure and Cutlery we are above the danger facturing place for woollen cloths, at which of rivalry; and though the cessation of the upwards of one thousand persons were emwar-demand for Iron has greatly reduced ployed. It is expected that Hayling Island the price of the latter article, the export of will prove a great source of attraction to it is increasing. If we advert to the con
fashionable company in the ensuing season, suinption of articles of necessity and com- and great preparations are making for their fort
among the people, we shall find a result reception. equally satisfactory Of Malt, it is believed As an instance of the improvement in the that nearly 30,000,000 bushels were used trade of Sheffield, the diminished assesslast year. Tea, the great luxury of the ma- ments in support of the parochial poor, for nufacturing population, increases almost the year 1820, amounted to 37,4671.75.8td.
79 while that for the year just closed was only
FONTHILL Abbey. - Mr. Farquhar has 20,1411. 2s.
been residing at the Abbey ever since OctoAgricultural Distress.—No less than six- ber, and has at length finally arranged as to teen counties have sent requisitions to their the portion of the furniture and books he respective Sheriffs, to appoint county meet- intends to retain, and the other portion he ings to consider the causes and remedies of has conceded to Mr. Beckford, either agreeagricultural distress.
ably to the original contract or in conseJan. 3.-A meeting was held at Norwich, quence of subsequent purchase by Mr. Beckwhich was convened, professedly, “ for the
ford. Several of the cabinet pictures which purpose of taking into consideration the pre- were in the Catalogue last year are included sent state of agricultural distress, and the in the re-purchase. Much time and very best means of relieving it." A series of re- serious contention has arisen in the division solutions, of sufficient strength of tone, and of the books and prints. One third of each of a decidedly anti-ministerial temper, were
Mr. Beckford retains. This gentleman's proposed by Mr. Thurtell, and seconded by umpire was Mr. Clarke, bookseller, BondMr. Coke, of Holkham ; but they were street, assisted by Chevalier Franchi, Mr. promptly put aside, and a petition proposed Beckford's secretary. Mr. Farquharemby Mr. Cobbett, recommending, in plain ployed Mr. Lawford, bookseller in Savilleterms, the overthrow of the Legislature, and passage, as his agent. Mr. Beckford is himthe spoliation of the Church, was adopted self at Bath, and has not been at the Abbey with rapturous acclamation.
these four months. Mr. Farquhar has reJan. 17.--A meeting was held at Here- solved to bring the whole of the furniture to . ford, to take into consideration the distresses sale in August next, previous to which the of agriculturists. Lord Somers presided Abbey and effects will be shown by tickets as Lord Lieutenant. Three petitions were as before, but upon a more extended scale offered to the meeting; the first by Mr.
and with far less reserve. Eight or ten rooms Patteshall was merely practical, and wholly at the Abbey, which were occupied as the abstracted from political considerations ; the private apartments of Mr. Beckford, and second was what might be called a Whig which are fitted up with superb and costly petition; it was proposed by Mr. Charlton. furniture, and the most rare and valuable The third was Mr. Cobbett's Norfolk peti- books and prints, were not shewn to the tion. It was moved by its author in person; publiek. The whole suite, however, will be he was heard with more patience, but he open in the spring, and there will be no respoke with less success, than at Norwich, serve on any article whatever. The purchase and his petition was rejected with unequivo- money is not yet paid, in consequence of the cal expressions of contempt. Mr. Patteshall delay which has unavoidably arisen in perwithdrew his petition, and Mr. Charlton's fecting the title, which, of course, includes was carried without opposition.
the houses and lands in Hindon and the Jan. 21.-A meeting of the inhabitants neighbourhood, together with a moiety of of the county of Somerset was held in the the representation of the Borough. Chevatown of Wells, to take into consideration lier Franchi still retains possession. The the propriety of petitioning Parliament on books and prints are not to be sold at present. the subject of agricultural distress. Sir Thomas Lethbridge, Mr. Dickinson, and a THEATRICAL REGISTER. number of persons of consideration were
New Pieces. present. Mr. Hunt, who had previously ad
DRURY LANE THEATRE. dressed a letter to the inhabitants of the Jan. 4. A new two-act Comedy was incounty, proposed a series of resolutions em- troduced under the title of Simpson and Co. bracing Parliamentary Reform, but the She- It is one of the most amusing and best drawn riff, considering that the object of the meet- comic sketches that has been produced for ing was not for Reform, refused to put them. some time—a real broad Comedy in miniature. Upon an understanding that the High She- Jan. 14. A new Drama, in three acts, riff would call a meeting for Reform on the under the title Augusta, or the Blind Girl. Tuesday following, Mr. Hunt abandoned that It is evidently of foreign extraction. The subject, and his other resolutions were car- story is romantic, and yet does not belong to ried. The High Sheriff, however, refused the class of melo-drama. The piece was not to sign them on behalf of the meeting. very favourably received, as it was too defi
Jan. 22.-A meeting on the subject of cient in incident. parliameutary reform was held at York. The speakers were Lord Milton and Mr. Petre,
King's TheatRE. who declared themselves recent converts to Jan. 14. This theatre was opened for the the principles of reform ; Mr. W. Fawkes, season, on Saturday the 11th inst.; and who proposed the resolutions; and Mr. this evening a ballet, called L'Offrande aur Stuart Wortley, who opposed the professed Graces, was produced for the first time. object of the meeting. Mr. Fawkes's reso- The grouping of the corps de ballet reflected lutions, and a petition grounded on them, considerable credit on the new ballet-master, were carried.
M. St. Aumer.