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receive the address which you have done me the honour to present to me, on the subject of the education of the poor in this country, and I beg to offer you my cordial thanks for the expression of your approval of the part which I have taken in reference to this important question. When I consider the high station and influence of those whose names are subscribed to this addressthe deference and attention which are due to any declaration of their sentimen's upon matters connected with the welfare of the Irish communitywhen, moreover, I am encouraged by the assurance which they have given me of their readiness to support me in my efforts to procure aid from Parliament towards the maintenance of scriptural education, I should appear to be wanting in that respect which I feel towards them, and in devotion to the sacred cause in which they manifest so deep an interest, if I were not to take the earliest opportunity in my power of complying with the request which they have made, that I would again bring under the view of her Majesty's government the fair and reasonable claims of the scriptural schools in Ireland to receive a portion of the funds so freely granted for the advancement of national education.

"I have the honour to be, my lords and gentlemen, your faithful and humble servant,

“John G. Armagh." In addition to the foregoing unmistakeable symptoms of the temper of the Protestant mind upon the question of education, I subjoin the address of the clergy of the diocese of Kilmore to his Grace the Primate :

“May it please your Grace,-We, the undersigned clergy of the diocese of Kilmore, desire to record our gratitude for that seasonable declaration upon the important topic of popular education which has recently been published by your Grace and a majority of our bishops.

"We should always endeavour, for conscience' sake, to yield cheerfully to the powers that be the fullest measure of obedience consistent with our duty to God; it has therefore been with much pain and sorrow of heart' that we have hitherto felt constrained to decline any co-operation with the government in carrying out that new system of instruction which has been devised for the lower classes in this country.

“ The reasons by which we have been led to adopt this line of conduct are clearly and forcibly put forward in the document which has lately emanated from episcopal authority ; on a calm review of them, they still appear to us to be solid and satisfactory, and such as ought to prevail with faithful ministers of the church of Christ.

“We have to contend with many difficulties in endeavouring to uphold in our parishes such a system of education as we can conscientiously approve, but we are well assured that the difficulties to which we refer will not be obviated by compromising the principles of the established church; they must be overcome by a steady perseverance in the path of duty, and believing, as we trust' we do believe, that "in quietness and confidence shall be our strength.

“Through the unequal contest which we have been called on to maintaio, we have been cheered by the same hope to which your Grace and the majority of our bishops have given expression, in that declaration of your sentiments which has recently been published. We feel confident that the inherent jastice of our cause, the moderation of our demand, and the liberal spirit in which our schools are conducted, will ultimately obtain for our church education system a more candid and dispassionate consideration than it has yet received ; and we are unwilling to relinquish the reasonable expectation so long entertained by us, that some measure may be devised by the wisdom of parliament which will place the clergy of the church established in this country upon a footing similar to that maintained relatively to national education by our English brethren. Our expectation is fortified by the consideration that we do but seek to obtain for ourselves the same privileges which have already been conceded to Protestant dissenters throughout the realm, and to the clergy of the Roman communion in Ireland.

"Our church schools in this diocese have afforded gratuitous instruction to many thousand children of all religious denominations, with much acceptance, and without offence. We ourselves are now making every exertion to support them from our diminished incomes, we are bestowing upon them our time, thought, and labour; they have been productive of much benefit to our parishiioners of all creeds. If our limited resources be considered, our schools will not suffer by comparison, in point of efficiency, with any others in the united kingdom ; we therefore conceive that we possess strong and just claims upon the government of the country; and those claims, we are persuaded, will not be ultimately disregarded by our rulers.

"We desire to express the grateful and affectionate feeling with which we regard your Grace's continual watchfulness over the interests of the church, Four unwearied exertion in the cause of sound scriptural education, and your munificent patronage of our Church Education Society.

"We gladly take this opportunity to assure you, that we rely with undiminished confidence upon your Grace's wisdom and guidance in the present critical position of our church, and we willingly accept the admonition of our spiritual fathers, that we be not weary in well-doing, for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.""


BUILDING, AND REPAIRING OF CHURCHES AND CHAPELS. The committee of this institution assembled for the third time since vacation on Monday, the 20th of January last, at their chambers in St. Martin's-place, Trafalgar-square, for the dispatch of business. Amongst those present were the Bishop of London, in the chair; the Bishop of Hereford ; Sir. R. H. Inglis, Bart., M.P.; the Revs. H. H. Norris, C. B. Dalton, J. Jennings ; Messrs. Cocks, N. Connop, A. Powell, &c.

After the various other matters of business had been brought forward and disposed of, the committee proceeded to examine into the grounds of the applications selected for their consideration by the sub-committee, from among the cases recently laid before the society; and finally grants were voted in aid of the erection of new churches : for the district of Wyke, in the parish of Birstal, near Halifax; North Rode, near Congleton ; Salford, near Manchester ; Eastend, Finchley, Middlesex ; Byley, near Middleton, Cheshire; St. James's, Congleton; and Nent Head, near Penrith, Cumberland. It is expected that five of these districts will be endowed from the funds recently placed at the disposal of the ecclesiastical commissioners, but all of them are destitute of the means of attending on Divine worship, being situated at distances of from a mile and a half to two miles from the nearest churches, and still remote from their parish churches, the inhabitants being for the greater part poor operatives or agricultural labourers, some of the places being without any resident gentry. Yet in all of them it is pleasing to report that the most praiseworthy exertions have been made to raise funds for the erection of the intended churches. It is also worthy of remark, that North Rode is one of thirty-two townships in the parish of Prestbury, nearly one-half of which are unprovided with churches; and it is nine miles from the parish church. Byley and four neighbouring townships are to be formed into a district which is situated in the centre of a tract of country nine miles in length, and seven in breadth, in which at present there is not one church. Neat Head is situated

five miles from its parish church, which is the nearest to it, and the whole parish (Alston), the area of which is seventy square miles, contains a mining population of more than 6000 persons, with two churches capable of accommodating about 850 persons.

In addition to the above votes in aid of the erection of new churches, assistance was also granted towards the rebuilding and enlargement of the parish churches of Hollinwood, near Manchester ; Loughton, Essex ; Renwick, near Penrith ; and Woodford, near Salisbury: also towards enlarging the church at Tilshead, near Devizes ; Corby, near Rockingham; Llanelly, Carmarthenshire ; and Jevington, near East Bourne.

It appears from the statistical papers connected with these applications, that the whole population of the fifteen parishes to which the Society have just extended their aid is 497,554 persons, above 80,000 of whom are now provided with the means of attending Divine worship, including free accommodation for nearly 23,000 persons, and in addition upwards of 4000 persons will be speedily enabled to join in the service of our holy and apostolical church by the completion of the works contemplated by the parties who have applied for assistance; nearly the whole of them-namely, 3795—will enjoy that privilege free of cost, a fact that affords additional evidence of the growing desire to provide for the spiritual welfare of the poorer members of the church. In four of the new churches no portion of the seats will be rented, or in any other way appropriated.

When the above business had been completed, the treasurer reported, that since the last meeting a legacy of 2000l. sterling, free of duty, had been bequeathed to the Society by the late Robert Foster, Esq., and he also stated that he had received a donation of 2001. from S. J. Loyd, Esq., which, with other contributions, including offertory collections, and remittances from church funds from Allhallows Staining, Windsor and Eton, Norham, Old Basing, Bishop Auckland, Bury St. Edmund's, St. Mervan, Witham, Broadwinsor, Thurlestone, &c., will fortunately enable the Society to meet the grants now voted, but will not leave a balance in hand of more than about 16001.

A MEETING was held on Monday, 17th February, at their chambers, in St. Martin's-place Trafalgar-square, for the dispatch of business. The Lord Bishop of London was called to the chair, and there also were present the Lords Bishops of Llandaff, Hereford, Chichester, and Lichfield ; Sir R. Inglis, Bart., M.P., the Very Rev. the Dean of Chichester, and Revs. Dr. Spry, J. Jennings, H. H. Norris, C. B. Dalton; Messrs. J. S. Salt, F. H. Dickinson, M.P., Newell Connop, H. J. Barchard, J. Cocks, A. Powell, Esq. &c. After a great variety of business had been transacted, the committee proceeded to examine the numerous cases to which their attention had been directed by the select committee; and, after much investigation, grants were voted towards building two new churches-viz. at Seer Green, near Slough, and at Sandown, in the Isle of Wight; and towards rebuilding, with enlargement, several churches in various parts of the country. The treasurer reported that, during the last week he had received a donation from Miss Cottrell of 1001, and three anonymous donations-one of 2001. and the other two of 251. each. And furthermore," that the grants voted at this meeting had exhausted the society's disposable balance." The extent of this society's exertions at the present time was elucidated by the fact stated, namely, that claims have been allowed by the board, during the last four months, for grants to the amount of 14,9141., voted in aid of the erection of thirty new churches, or for the rebuilding or enlargement of thirty-five existing churches; and the benefits arising from the society's exertions will be perceived, when it is stated that, by these means 22,576 additional sittings have been provided for public worship ; and of this number nearly four-fifths are free and unappropriated for ever.



(From the Morning Papers.) OXFORD, FEBRUARY 13TH.-The members of the University poured into Oxford this morning in vast numbers, as the hour approached for the meeting of convocation. A great proportion of those who arrived were men distinguished in public life, and who came up purposely to be present at the convocation. The hour at which the convocation was to meet had been fixed for one o'clock, and soon after that time the theatre was filled. It is calculated that there were not less than between 1200 and 1300 members of the University present, although not more than about 1100 voted.

Shortly after one o'clock, the Vice-Chancellor, preceded by the bedels and other officers, and followed by the heads of the University, entered the theatre, and proceeded to his seat. Mr. Ward had previously ascended the "English" rostrum (on the left-hand side of the theatre), from which he was to deliver his defence. Among the distinguished persons who either had seats or stood on the floor in the body of the theatre, were the Earl of Romney, Lord Faversham, the Earl of Eldon, Lord Kenyon, Lord Sandon, Lord Ashley, the Bishop of Llandaff, the Bishop of Chichester, Sir Thomas Ackland, the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, Archdeacon Manning, the Rev. Dr. Hook, the Rev. Dr. Moberly, the Rev. Dr. Tait, the Rev. Dr. Saunders, the Rev. Dr. Hume Spry, Sir W. Heathcote, Sir John Mordaunt, Dr. Phillimore, Dr. Mereweather (the Dean of Hereford), Dr. Pusey, Dr. Buckland, Professor Jenkins, the Rev. R. Montgomery, Mr. Mackinnon, M.P., Mr. M'Mullen, Rev. Dr. Jepkyns, Master of Balliol; Rev. Dr. Ingram, President of Trinity, Rev. Dr. Fox, Provost of Queen's; Rev. Dr. Hawkins, Provost of Oriel ; Very Rev. Dr. Gaisford, Dean of Christ Church; Rev. Dr. Cramer, Dean of Carlisle ; Rev. Dr. Hampden; Rev. Dr. Radford, Rector of Lincoln College ; Rev. Dr. Plumptre, Master of University ; Rev. Dr. Jelf, Canon of Christ Church ; Rev. Dr. Norris, Principal of Corpus Christi College ; Rev. Dr. Thompson, Principal of Edmund Hall; Dr. Macbride, President of Magdalen Hall; Dr. Marsham, Warden of Merton College; Rev. Dr. Bliss, Registrar of the University ; Rev. H. P. Guillemard, M.A., Fellow of Trinity College, Senior Proctor; Rev. R. W. Church, M.A., Fellow of Oriel College, Junior Proctor ; Dr. Daubeny, Fellow of Magdalen, Professor of Chemistry, &c. ; Dr. Ogle, Trinity, Clinical Professor; Rev. Dr. Faussett, Margaret Professor of Divinity ; Rev. Dr. Ellerton, Senior Fellow of Magdalen ; Rev. Dr. Bandinel, Bodley's Librarian; Rev. Dr. Ogilvie, Professor of Pastoral Theology ; Rev. Dr. Penfold, Mr. Henley, M.P., Mr. Maclean, M.P.

The Rev. Mr. Oakeley, of Balliol, Minister of St. Margaret's Chapel, London, was in the rostrum with Mr. Ward.

After some preliminary business had been disposed of, the Vice-Chancellor opened the proceedings by stating the object for which the convocation was held, and Dr. Bliss read the passages of Mr. Ward's book upon which the first proposition to be submitted to convocation depended.

The following are the passages read by Dr. Bliss, and of which the first proposition to be submitted to convocation embodied a condemnation :

P. 45 (note).-"I know of no single movement in the church, except Arianism in the fourth century, which seems to me so wholly destitute of all claims on our sympathy and regard as the English Reformation."

P. 473.-"For my own part, I think it would not be right to conceal, indeed, I am anxious openly to express, my own most firm and undoubting conviction, that were we as a church to pursue such a line of conduct as has been here sketched, in proportion as we did so, we should be taught from above to discern and appreciate the plain marks of divine wisdom and authority in the Roman church, to repent in sorrow and bitterness of heart our great sin in deserting her communion, and to sue humbly at her feet for pardon and restoration."

P. 68.—"That the phrase teaching of the Prayer Book,' conveys a definite and important meaning, I do not deny ; considering that it is mainly a selection from the breviary, it is not surprising that the Prayer Book should, on the whole, breathe an uniform, most edifying, deeply orthodox spirit-a spirit which corresponds to one particular body of doctrine, and pot to its contradictory. Again, that the phrase teaching of the Articles' conveys a definite meaning, I cannot deny ; for (excepting the five first, which belong to the old theology) they also breathe an uniform intelligible spirit. But then these respective spirits are not different merely, but absolutely contradictory; as well could a student in the heathen schools have imbibed at once the Stoic and the Epicurean philosophies, as could a humble member of our church at the present time learn his creed both from Praver Book and Articles. This I set out at length in two pamphlets with an appendix, which I published three years ago ; and it cannot, therefore, be necessary to go again over the same ground, though something must be added, occasionally in notes, and more methodically in a future chapter. The manner in which the dry wording of the articles can be divorced from their natural spirit, and accepted by an orthodox believer ; how their prima facie meaning is evaded, and the artifice of their inventors thrown back in recoil on themselves; this and the arguments which prove the honesty of this, have now been for some time before the public.”

P. 100 (note).-" In my pamphlets, three years since, I distinctly charged the reformers with fully tolerating the absence from the Articles of any real anti-Roman determination, so only they were allowed to preserve an apparent one -a charge which I here beg as distinctly to repeat."

P. 479.—“Our Twelfth Article is as plain as words can make it on the • Evangelical' side (observe in particular the word 'necessarily') ; of course, I think its natural meaning may be explained away, for I subscribe it myself in a non-natural sense."

P. 565.—“We find, oh most joyful, most wonderful, most unexpected sight! we find the whole cycle of Roman doctrine gradually possessing numbers of English churchmen.”

P. 567.-" Three years bave passed since I said plainly, that in subscribing the Articles, I renounce no one Roman doctrine."

The Vice-Chancellor, having read the proposition in English, addressed Mr. Ward in Latin, and asked him whether he had anything to say as to the mode in which he wished to deliver his speech?

Mr.Ward urged in reply that he had received permission to speak in English, which the Vice-Chancellor confirmed,

Mr. Ward then rose, and spoke as follows:

Mr. Vice-Chancellor,-I am bound at once to state, that I shall conclude what I have to say by delivering in to you a formal protest against the legality of this whole proposal. I deny that this venerable house has any power, with the present object in view, to decide on the question, whether or not my opinions be consistent with the Thirty-nine articles; much more I deny that it has any power to deprive me of my degrees. Still, I cannot shut my eyes to the fact, that should these proposals be unfortunately adopted, they may produce considerable effect-I do not say on my own personal credit, but, what is incomparably more important, on the general well-being of our church-nay, you must excuse me if I add, on the credit and good name of this university. [Here some very marked demonstrations of applause were made in the theatre, commencing, as far as could be understood, in the semicircle, filled with heads of houses, doctors, &c., and spreading partially round the area on which the greater number of the members were standing. Mr.

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