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CHAP. XV. Contains Job's reply-prosecutes his arguments by taking a retrospective view of his past life
-explains with firmness and perspicuity his. motives to action; and refers his plea to his Maker, &c.
CHAP. XVI. @ontains Elihu's address to bis seniors, disap
proving Job's justifying himself,—blames them for their silence, and observes the impulse he laboured under to give his thoughts vent, &c.
tendering his advice,—and shews the folly
in vindication of the ways of God to man,
rash expressions while under the afflicting
censures in the controversy with him, and
PART OF THE
PREFACE TO THE BOOK OF JOB,
BY THOMAS SCOTT.
THE Poem presents to us the shades of an illustrious character; a great and good man, in the depth of . adversity, reduced to despair, and complaining loudly of the ways of God. His thrée most intimate friends, who came to condole with bim, very early insinuate their uncharitable suspicions : and afterwards openly accuse him of atrocious wickedness, as the cause of his afflictions. Accordingly they exhort him to repentance, which a wicked man needeth, as the only means of his restoration. By thus defending the honour of Providence at their friend's expense, they exasperate his distress, inflame bis passions, and hurry him into blameable excesses in the justification of bimself, and in expostulations with his Maker about the reasons of his sufferings. He is, however, by wiser management in the hands of Elihu, gradually recovered to a becoming temper; and at last acknowledgeth bis fault to the Almighty, in the full. est terms of contrition and self-abasement; with this complete confession the poem is closed, and the design accomplished. The moral of such a poem, formed on the plan of discoptent with the measures of Providence, and the issue of that discontent in submission to them, is too obvious to stand in want of explanation. The majesty and sublimity of this di
vine composition have been admired by writers of the first rank in genius, taste, and learning; as the lan. guage is very old Hebrew; and the manners of those of the earliest ages. One observes, that it particularly excels in conciseness, force, and fulness of expression, in masterly painting, both of the violent and tender passions, in moving representations of human life, great powers of description, and the simplicity of its theology and ethics. .
Chapter II. Sec. 1. last line, for “ Fortune," read Tortyre, and Sec. II. page 228, 3d line from top, for 6 stung," read strung. Chapter VI. page 241, 15th line from top, for 5 whom," read whose.
In thousands ; o'er his fertile pastures spread. ..
SEC. 2.-His Misfortunes. . . "Twas on the birth-day of his elder son,
The kindred met, the banquet was begun.--
. . SE0. 3.-His Resignation.