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(Exod. xxx. 1—10.) As the children of Israel were journeying through the wilderness, in their route from Egypt to Canaan, their leader, Moses, was called up into the Mount Sinai, to receive the law by which they were to be governed, from the lips of the Almighty. He ascended it in the midst of thunderings and lightnings, and a thick cloud, which veiled the Holy One of Israel and his prophet from the gaze of the assembled and awe-stricken multitude.

Among the ceremonial statutes ordained on this occasion, none were more important than that connected with the altar of incense, and which reads thus :-“ And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon : of shittim-wood shalt thou make it. A cubit shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; four-square shall it be: and two cubits shall be the height thereof: the horns thereof shall be of the same. And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt make unto it a crown of gold round about. And two golden rings shalt thou make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt thou make it; and they shall be for places for the staves to bear it withal. And thou shalt make the staves of shittim-wood, and overlay them with gold. And thou shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy-seat that is over the testimony, where I will meet with thee. And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it. And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the Lord throughout your generations. Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meatoffering; neither shall ye pour drink-offering thereon. And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin-offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the Lord.”

The high-priest was an important personage among the Hebrews.

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in of Egyptian undled shovel-like In using them, the xtending the bowl, or · altar, till the incense it ing it on the fire, “ burnt ny different proceeding to the .l,” by the air-swung scent-pots i properly understood, it throws S of Scripture, which are otherwise

igned chiefly from what we believe to ii on the arch of Titus, assisted by the de· Sacred penman, which, being so minute, can 1. It was very small, being little more than half i it was higher in proportion than the other altars, high as it was broad. It had “ horns," with an in, or “ crown," and it also had rings with staves, by is carried about from place to place. Concerning the iered “ top," there are different opinions. The Septuai Vulgate make it " a grate," while others suppose it was il containing fire upon the altar. Perhaps those are correct conclude, that, as the Hebrew word from whence it is derived * It is a curious fact, that the sculptures recently discovered in Yutacan, Cenral America, display the same form of censer.

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