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ring the reader to the title page, I publith my discourse on Rom. xi, 5, 6, as a guarded fermon, delivered in my church on Sunday April the 18th, &c. 1773, exactly eleven + years after I had preached upon the fame text a fermon ufeful upon the whole, but in some places unguarded, and deficient with refpect to the variety of arguments and motives, by which the capital doétrines of free grace and gofpel obedience ought to be enforced.

Ff. With regard to the SCRIPTURAE Essay upon the rewardablenefs, or evangelical worthiness of works, I fhall just observe, that it attacks the grand mistake of the Solifidians, countenanced by three or four words of my old fermon. I pour a flood of foriptures upon it; and after receiving the fire of my objector, I return it in a variety of scriptural and rational answers, about the folidity of which the public must decide.

IV. The ESSAY ON TRUTH will, I hope, reconcile judicious moralifts to the doctrine of falvation by faith, and corfiderate folifidians to the doctrine of salvation by the works of faith ; reafon and scripture concurring to show the contant dependance of works upon faith; and the wonderful agreement of the doctrine of present salvation by TRUE faith, with the doctrine of eternal falvation by GOOD works.

I hope, that I do not diffent, in my obfervacions upon faith, either from our Church, or approved gofpel-ministers. In their highest definitions of that grace, they confider it only according to the fulnefs of the christian difpenfation; but my fabject has obliged me to consider ic also according to the difpenfations of John the Baptist, Moses, and Noah. Believers, under these inferior dispensations, have not always assurance ; nor is the affurance they sometimes have so bright as that of adult christians, Mat. xi. 1 1. But undoubted. ly assurance is inseparably connected with the faith of the christian difpenfation, which was not fully opened,


† My old sermon was preached on Sunday April 18, 1762, and not

- 2764, as Mr. H. thro' some mistake informs the public.

till Christ opened his glorious baptism on the day of pentecost, and till his spiritual kingdom was set up with power in the heart of his people. No body therefore can truly believe, according to this dispensation, without being immediately conscious both of the forgiveness of fins, and of peace and joy in the Holy Ghoft. This is a most important truth, derided indeed by fallen churchmen, and denied by Laodicean Dislenters; but of late years gloriously revived by Mr. Wesley and the ministers connected with him: - A truth this, which cannot be too strongly, and yet too warily infifted upon in our lukewarm and speculative age : And as I would not obscure it for the world, I particularly intreat the reader to mind the last erraium ; without omitting the last but one, which guards the doctrine of initial salvation by absolute free graçe..

I do not desire to provoke my able Opponents, but I must own, I Thould be glad to reap the benefit of my Checks, either by finding an increase of religious fobriety and mutual forbearance among those, who make a peculiar profession of faith in Chrift; or by seeing, my mistakes [ if I am miftaken ) brought to light, that I might no longer recommend them as gospel-truths. With this view only, I humbly intreat my brethren and fathers in the church, to point out by scripture or argument the doctrinal errors, that may have crept into the Equal Check. But if, upon close examination, they should find, that it holds forth the two gospel-axioms in due conjunction, and marks out the evangelical mean with strict impartiality; I hope, the moderate and judicious, in the Calvinistic and anti-Calvinistic party, will so far unite upon this plan, , as to keep on terms of reciprocal toleration, and brotherly kindness together ; rising with redoubled indignation, not one against another, but againit those peits of the religious world, prejudice and bigotry, the genuine parents of implacable fanaticism, and bloody persecution. Madeley, May 21, 1774.


C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.


T The guarded Discourse



1 2

The Scriptural Essay

The Epifle to Lady Huntingdon
The Essay on Truth

* * * * *
Believe and obey, the sum of the gospel
Primary and secondary causes of final fal- 108

p. 5.-63, Note 119
The doctrine of the antinomians, phari-

sees, and Gallios
Bible-believers properly join faith and
works, in doctrine and practice

The idle works of superstition prevailed,

before the reformation
Luther restored the doctrine of faith to its
inadvertently introdaced, and then

opposed antinomianism
Calvin, and the synod of Dort, added to
his mistake

The Remonftrants and Quakers bore their
teftimony against antinomianism

15 The antinomian and pharisaic spirit run

16 The mischief done by pharisailm

-by antinomianism 18
How antinomianism opposes practical

Good is done only by the pure gospel
High Calvinism runs into Fatalism

Even pious Papists are deluded into anti-
nomian dotages

25 What engaged the author to gu his


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The author's teftimony against the pha

risaic doctrine of the proper merit of

The perniciousness of that doctrine
Ten arguments againt it
Why we are to do good works
Believers afcribe their salvation to Christ's

Chrift afcribes it to their works of faith
How difficult it is to do justice to faith

and works

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How heaven can be the reward of the

works of faith ; and yet the gift of God 93

thro' Chrift An enumeration of the works, to which 1

the Seriptores annex the croryn of life Bad works are the cause of damnation

100 Some believers, who négled the works of

faith, die by bad works
The absurd manner, in which the Solifi.

dians set aside the scriptures, which af.
sert that heaven is the reward of good 7104

works, and hell the wages of fin
The frivolousness and mischief of the dif-

tinction between our FULL title to, and 105 our meetness for glory The full effect of the primary causes of our ( 108

falvation, depends upon secondary causes ) 119 Our opponents themselves allow a secon

109 The Scripture-doctrine of free will

113 In what sense the obedience of faith does,2 81

and does not make us to differ A scriptural account of distinguishing grace 118


of free grace


Free grace fufpends many other blefings } 119


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