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20 sanctified through the truth. -Neither pray I for these alone;

but for them also which shall believe on me through their word: 21 that they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world

may

believe 22 that thou hast sent me. And the glory which thou gavest me, I 23 have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one; I

in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one;

and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast 24 loved them as thou hast loved me. Father, I will that they also

whom thou hast given me be with me where I am; that they may

behold my glory which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me 25 before the foundation of the world. O righteous Father, the

office, and to save mankind by his terpretation of ver. 5 here meets with instructions, death, and resurrection. confirmation. The glory which God

- Sanctified through the truth. The had given his Son — given him in margin reads, truly sanctified. But his counsels before the world was Kenrick paraphrases the whole verse his Son was about to give to his disthus: “I have prepared myself for ciples, viz. the glorious office of prothe service of God in undertaking claiming the good news of salvation the office of a divine messenger, for to those who sat in darkness and the their sakes, that I might qualify them, shadow of death. - That they may be by the communication of the truth, one, &c. The frequency with which for the same service in preaching the Jesus repeats the leading ideas in gospel to the world."

his last discourse and prayer, forms 20. The mind of Jesus now rises one of its most interesting features, above the little circle of his apostles, and shows, as by a glance, his deep and embraces in its generosity and earnestness of feeling. love the horizon of the whole world. 24. I will, i. e. I desire. — Be with · He pours out fervent and affection- me. In reference to the blessedness

ate supplications for his followers in of a future state. — My glory. The every age and nation. Such a prayer distinction and happiness with which is in itself a perfect demonstration of God would crown his Son and Mesthe truth of his religion. Through senger.- Lovedst me before the fountheir word. Or, preaching and doc dation of the world. See note on trines.

ver. 5. What was the nature of this 21. The union of his disciples with love, is explained in ver. 26, where one another, and with himself and the same love was to be in his disciGod, was of the same nature as the ples. Throughout his prayer, Jesus union of the Father with the Son, institutes a species of equality beand the Son with the Father; i. e. by tween himself and his disciples, in harmony of design, not identity of relation to glory, ver. 5, 22; love, person. — That the world may believe. ver. 24, 26; and union with the FaOne important effect of this love ther, ver. 11, 21, 22, 23. Our Lord among the disciples of Jesus, would

uses the strongest language to fortibe to convince mankind of the di- fy the minds of his followers against vine origin of Christianity.

the trials, which were soon to burst 22, 23. The glory, &c. The in- upon them, like an overwhelming

world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me. And I have declared unto 26 them thy name, and will declare it: that the love wherewith thou hast loved me, may be in them, and I in them.

CHAPTER XVIII.

The Seizure and Trial of Jesus. WHEN Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the

sea.

He strives to make them feel this divine strain breathes love and how close was his own union with union, and sweetly closes the purest the Father, and their union

with him production of any spirit that has ever and with the Father. “God from tabernacled in the flesh. The world, eternity regarded him with love; even the Christian church, has not yet and they were like objects of God's advanced far enough to sympathize love. Ver. 23. They were hereafter with and appreciate this prayer of to behold in heaven the consum- Jesus. They are better prepared to mate glory of him who, before the admire his Sermon on the Mount, and close of another day, was to be ex- understand his moral precepts, and the posed to the mockery of the Roman generous and benevolent actions of soldiers, to suffer the outrages of an his life, than to catch in a loving ear infuriated mob, and to expire by a this music of his dying voice, as it death as ignominious as it was rises and swells with the ecstasy of cruel.”

gratitude and hope, trembles with 25, 26. Hath not known thee, i. e. anxiety for his little flock in the in thy true character. The same midst of an angry world, and sinks might be said, comparatively, of away in a joyful cadence of eternal every age. Ignorance of God lies glory, love, and blessedness; in at the foundation of the sin and which hover images of peace and wretchedness of mankind. By mak- union between himself, his disciples, ing him known, or, as it is here ex and his Father, in the everlasting pressed, by declaring his name, Je- home of heaven. sus has set in operation a thousand influences to reform and bless our

CHAPTER XVIII. He has opened our eyes to Most of this chapter is parallel the mighty Sun, which is at the with parts of Mat. xxvi., Mark xiv., centre of our moral system, around and Luke xxii., where full explanawhich all move, which binds all tions are given. together, and all to itself, and which 1. He went forth. It is not stated sends out light and heat to cheer, where he was when he discoursed warm, and bless, the whole surround- and prayed with his disciples; while ing universe. — Will declare it. He some conjecture that he was still would yet farther reveal God to in the supper-room, or an adjoining them at his death, in his resurrec- apartment; others suppose that he tion and its succeeding events, and had already gone out of the city by the descent of the Holy Spirit. with the eleven, and was in the

And I in them. The last note of garden. Chap. xiv. 31. — Cedron, or,

race.

2 which he entered, and his disciples. And Judas also, which be

trayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither 3 with his disciples. Judas then, having received a band of men

and officers from the chief-priests and Pharisees, cometh thither 4 with lanterns, and torches, and weapons. Jesus therefore,

knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and 5 said unto them, Whom seek ye? They answered him, Jesus of

Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, 6 which betrayed him, stood with them. As soon then as he had

said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the 7 ground. Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they 8 said, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus answered, I have told you that I am 9 he. If therefore ye seek me, let these go

their way: that the saying might be fulfilled which he spake, Of them which thou gavest

Kedron, or, Kidron, 2 Sam. xv. 23; to meet them. He encountered his 2 Kings xxiii. 6,12; derived from a enemies with the frankness of an Hebrew word, meaning turbid ; per- innocent man, with the resigned dishaps from the filth of the city, that position of one who sought not his flowed into it. It is also called the own will, but the will of God. valley of Jehoshaphat, and runs 6. They went backward, and fell to south-easterly into the Dead Sea. the ground. It is a question not eaNo water flows in it, and probably sily settled how, and why, this took never did, except in the rainy sea- place. Those who suppose that a son, and not constantly, even then, miracle was wrought to prostrate according to the testimony of resi- the hostile force upon the ground, dents. See Robinson's Travels. hold that it was done to show that Garden. Called in Matthew the Jesus voluntarily surrendered himgarden of Gethsemane. It was at self, when he might have miracuthis point of time that the Agony of lously resisted and escaped; or to Jesus, as it is termed, occurred. give his disciples time to flee. , But Entered. Or, was accustomed to go. on the other hand, it is easier and

3, 4. Band. Robinson regards it as better to interpret the passage, by an informal company from the guards viewing the company as smitten by of the temple, consisting of Levites, a momentary terror, and abashed at not the Roman cohort. It is evident the presence of one whom they had that resistance was apprehended. reason to think, could in an instant Lanterns and torches. Though it destroy them by a word. They were was now full moon, these were re- awed, too, by the sublime moral force quisite to identify their prisoner of Jesus, which they had felt before. among the trees and shrubbery of Chap. vii. 46. the garden. Knowing all things 8, 9. Let these go their way. He that should come upon him. The wishes to have his disciples exemptdistinct foreknowledge of his trials ed from his own fate, that they by Jesus, impresses us with a new might be the future preachers of his sense of the calm, deep fortitude of religion to the world.

The saying: his spirit in holding himself ready Chap. xvii. 12. These are the words

ear.

me, have I lost none. Then Simon Peter, having a sword, 10 drew it, and smote the high-priest's servant, and cut off his right

The servant's name was Malchus. Then said Jesus unto 11 Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the

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which

my

Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?

Then the band, and the captain, and officers of the Jews took 12 Jesus, and bound him, and led him away to Annas first, (for he 13 was father-in-law to Caiaphas, which was the high-priest that same year.) Now Caiaphas was he which gave counsel to the 14 Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people. - And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another 15 disciple. That disciple was known unto the high-priest, and went in with Jesus, into the palace of the high-priest. But Peter 16 stood at the door without. Then went out that other disciple which was known unto the high-priest, and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter. Then saith the damsel 17 that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? He saith, I am not. And the servants and officers 18

of the evangelist, who often throws 11, 14. The cup. Meaning his in remarks, either to add clearness sufferings. Mat. xxvi. 39. The oband strength to the narrative, or to ject of taking him to Annas first was prevent misconceptions. He quotes to satisfy his curiosity, or secure his a former declaration of Jesus as ap- influence, which was great, for be plicable to the present case, not as had been high-priest himself a long being a prophecy now fulfilled. time; five of his sons had filled the

10. Having a sword. Luke xxii. office, and it was now held by Caia38. The blow was aimed at the phas, his son-in-law. Gave counsel head, and probably designed to be to the Jews. Chap. xi. 50. Since he fatal. - Malchus. John mentions his had already expressed a decided name, because no danger could ac- opinion on the case, he was unfit to crue to any one from doing it, at the act as judge. late period he wrote his Gospel, and 15, 16. Another disciple. Probably he was acquainted with the house- John; hence the particularity of the hold of the high-priest. Ver. 16. Says narrative in this place, for it is given an old writer, “I love and honor by an eye-witness. --- Known unto the thy zeal, O blessed disciple. Thou high-priest. There is no considerable couldest not endure the wrong done improbability in John, though a Galto thy divine Master. Had thy life ilean, becoming acquainted with the been dearer to thee than his safety, high-priest, by some of the thousand thou wouldest not have drawn thy contingencies of human life, espesword upon a whole troop. But cially as the Jews resorted thrice angood intentions will not give a sanc- nually to the holy city. tion to intemperate rashness. He 17. He saith, I am not. Peter was whom we serve can at once accept ready to defend his Master at the our meaning, and censure our act.” risk of his life, but his feelings nat

stood there, who had made a fire of coals, (for it was cold,) and

they warmed themselves : and Peter stood with them, and warmed 19 himself. The high-priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, 20 and of his doctrine. Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the

world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whith

er the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing. 21 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have

man.

urally underwent a great change, was necessary to be free. As usual, when he saw him led away an unre- without reflection, he yielded to the sisting prisoner. In the words of impulse of the moment and circumCellerier, “there were no more con- stances, and said, • I know not the tests and victories, no miracles to confound the enemies of the Messi 18. A fire of coals, for it was ah. Instead of those beautiful im- cold. Probably it was a brasier of ages, which quickened his blood, burning charcoal that was placed in and doubled his ardor, he discovered, the open hall; since the night air in in the obscurity of his thoughts, Judea, at this season of the year, was chains, a tribunal, furious and tri- chilly, especially to those who had umphant judges, opprobrium and been exposed to it for some time, as death. He follows, not with glory, had the servants and officers. hope, and courage, but at a distance, 19, 20. Of his disciples, and of his accompanied by John alone, in dark- doctrine. As observed by an eminess. It is through favor, and by nent lawyer and statesman, “instead stealth, that he is admitted into the of interrogating Jesus respecting posenclosure of the palace. This is not itive acts done, with their circumall. The obscurity of night, the stances, and respecting facts personal light of flambeaux and fires, the to himself, Caiaphas interrogates him door-keepers, the priests who arrive respecting general facts, respecting in order, the brutal boastings of sub- his disciples, (whom would have alterns, eager to take part in the pas- been much more simple to have calledi sions of their masters, each moment, as witnesses,) and respecting his doceach object, each word, more and trine, which was a mere abstraction, more troubles and terrifies this hasty so long as no external acts were the being, who had no control over his consequence of it.” But though the first impressions and his imagination. questions were inappropriate, our The sword which had wounded Mal- Lord replied to them with a dignity chus, hung still bloody at his side. becoming his high office and charAn unknown voice struck upon his acter. The world knew what he ear, harshly demanding, Were you taught, for he had preached to multinot also with this man?' If it had tudes in the most public places, and been an authoritative question, be- if the high-priest wished to know fore the assembled Sanhedrim, that what was the nature of his doctrine, he was called upon to answer, the let him call in witnesses, for they had solemnity of the appeal would have received impressions they would not aroused his conscience, and support- soon forget. And in secret have I ed him in escaping from the abyss. said nothing, i. e. nothing contrary But it was a servant, an impertinent to what I have said in public. Why and babbling woman, from whom it askest thou me? It was contrary to

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VOL. II.

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