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written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.

CHAPTER XXI. Jesus again appears to his Disciples at the Sea of Galilee, and eats and converses

with them. AFTER these things Jesus showed himself again to the disciples at the Sea of Tiberias: and on this wise showed he himself. 2 There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus,

and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and 3 two other of his disciples. Simon Peter saith unto them, I

fishing. They say unto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they

go a

ing its truth and reality. - That JeSus is the Christ, the Son of God.

CHAPTER XXI. The evangelist wrote his Gospel to The narrative contained in this prove, by his miraculous evidences chapter, is not found in either of the and divine instructions, that Jesus other Gospels. Grotius regarded it was the Messiah, expected by the as an addition by the church of Jews, and the Son of God, not God, Ephesus, to which opinion Le Clerc, or God the Son. He kept this object Hammond, and Priestley were also distinctly in view throughout, as will inclined. Hence, ver. 30, 31, of the be seen by turning back to the nar- last chapter were considered as the ratives and discourses he has re- appropriate close of the book. But corded. See chap. i. 29, 41, 49, iii. all the authorities are in support of 17, 34, iv. 26, 29, 42, v. 19, vi. 69, the genuineness of this chapter, and and many others. That believing the internal evidences, arising from ye might have life through his name, the style and sentiments, are perfecti. e. through or by him. This con- ly satisfactory, unless it be in the stitutes the second grand division of last part of ver. 24 and ver. 25, where the apostle's object in writing his the use of the first person plural, and Gospel. It was a practical aim. It other peculiarities, as certain words was to establish that faith in Christ, not elsewhere used by John, indicate, which is the great spring of the true according to Clarke, Norton, and life of the soul; the foundation and others, that the passage is an editocondition of all true, natural, and con- rial note, early introduced at Ephestant growth in holiness and love. sus, and found in all the copies. May this noble end be promoted and 2. Nathanael. John uniformly attained by us in reading and study- gives this name to him, who is ing the precious narrative of our supposed to be elsewhere the same Lord's life, instructions, death, and as Bartholomew. Chap. i. 45 - 49. resurrection; otherwise our “ money 3. That night. The night is menis spent for that which is not bread, tioned by ancient writers, as the best and our labor for that which satisfieth time to catch some kinds of fishes. not."

The apostles had gone to Galilee,


caught nothing. But when the morning was now come, Jesus 4 stood on the shore; but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus. Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat? They 5 answered him, No. And he said unto them, Cast the net on the 6 right side of the ship, and ye shall find. They cast therefore, and now they were not able to draw it for the multitude of fishes. Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved saith unto Peter, It is 7 the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his fisher's coat unto him, (for he was naked,) and did cast himself into the sea. And the other disciples came in a little 8 ship (for they were not far from land, but as it were two hundred cubits) dragging the net with fishes. As soon then as 9 they were come to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid thereon, and bread. Jesus saith unto them, Bring of the 10 fish which ye have now caught. Simon Peter went up, and 11 and resumed their ordinary employ- his fisher's coat, i. e. an overcoat, ments, as if they looked for no far worn in the cold and exposure of ther labors in the cause of their Mas- fishing. Peter's first act seems to ter; though they had followed his be one of respect, mingled with ardirection and returned from Jeru- dent love for his Master. salem, and might hope to see him ranges his dress with propriety, and again as he promised." Mark xvi. 7. then plunges into the sea to swim or

4, 5. Knew not, &c. Either be- wade to the shore, impatient of the cause their distance from the shore, slow motion of the boat. — For he or the dusk of the morning, or a dif- was naked, i. e. not literally, but ferent dress, prevented their recog- comparatively, being destitute of nizing him. - Children. Literally, all clothing except the close inner in the Greek, little children, which, in tunic. our idiom, would be expressed by my 8, 9. A little ship. Or, fishing-boat. children, signifying endearment. Two hundred cubits. About twenMeat, i. e. food in general.

ty rods.

A fire of coals fish 6,7. Not able to draw it for the bread. It may be inferred from ver. multitude of fishes. The power of 5, that these did not belong to the working miracles was still continued apostles, bụt were provided by Jeto Jesus. “ Heaven honors him with sus; whether miraculously or not, is fresh testimonials of its regards, to not stated. Harmer cites instances prove that he stands as high in its of the orientals' taking their repasts, favor now as before his death, and to as opportunity and pleasure dictated, remove all doubts about the identity on the sea-shore. of his person.” — It is the Lord. The 11. Simon Peter went up. The thought that it was Jesus, first oc- expression is indefinite. Whether curred to the affectionate John. A Peter went ashore, or reascended the similar miracle had been wrought by boat, to assist in drawing the net to our Lord at the commencement of land, is not determined by the lanhis ministry. Luke v. 6, 7. — Girt guage.

The former seems more

He ar

drew the net to land full of great fishes, a hundred and fifty and

three: and for all there were so many, yet was not the net 12 broken. Jesus saith unto them, Come and dine. And none

of the disciples durst ask him, Who art thou ? knowing that it 13 was the Lord. Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth 14 them, and fish likewise. This is now the third time that Jesus

showed himself to his disciples, after that he was risen from the

dead. 15 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon

son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto probable, though Cellerier intimates Peter, Luke xxiv. 34, 1 Cor. xv. 5; the latter. - Great fishes. Fishes (5.) by the ten disciples, John xx. 19, weighing thirty pounds have been 24; (6.) by the eleven, John xx. 26; found in this lake, in modern times. (7.), by the seven disciples, mentioned A hundred and fifty and three. The in this passage, ver. 2; (8.) by the specification of the exact number, eleven on a mountain in Galilee, marks the writer as an eye-witness. Mat. xxviii. 16; (9.) by more than

12. Dine. Take food. As it was five hundred disciples at once, probearly in the morning, ver. 4, the ably in Galilee. i Cor. xv. 6; (10.) more proper, though familiar, word by James, 1 Cor. xv. 7; (11.) by all would be breakfast. Durst ask him. the apostles at the time of his ascenBetter, ventured. They were natu- sion, Mark xvi. 19, 20, Luke xxiv. rally awed at seeing one before them, 50 - 53, Acts i. 3-11, 1 Cor. xv. 7. who had arisen from the dead, and It should be observed, however, that therefore hesitated to speak to him the 8th and 9th may be the same ocwith their previous freedom and fa- casion; also, the 5th or 6th, and the miliarity.

10th, though probably not. Christ 13. Jesus then cometh, and taketh appeared, likewise, after his ascenbread, &c. He approached them, and sion to Paul, 1 Cor. xv. 8, and, as helped them to the refreshments as some suppose, to Stephen. Acts vii. of old, and no doubt partook himself. 55, 56. These numerous instances, He did this to “prove the reality of taken in connexion with the number his body, give them leisure to survey of persons, the circumstances and him attentively, and he proceeded to places, furnish the strongest possiinstruct them when their awe was ble evidence of the reality of the resabated.”

urrection. 14. The third time. Referring to 15. Dined. Or, eaten. Simon the number of times related in this son of Jonas. We not unfrequently Gospel at which Jesus had appeared pronounce the whole name, even of to the apostles. Chap. xx. 19, 26. a familiar friend, if we wish to adThe whole number of appearances, dress him with a strong emphasis. – as we learn by comparing all the ac- Lovest thou me more than these, i. e. the counts together, was eleven. (1.) Our other disciples, to whom our Lord Lord was seen by Mary Magdalene, probably pointed. For Peter had Mark xvi. 9, John xx. 15, 16; (2.) by before made the loudest professions the other women, Mat. xxviii. 9; (3.) of constancy. Mat. xxvi. 33, 35. It by the two disciples, on their way to has not escaped the notice of the Emmaus, Luke xxiv. 13-31; (4.) by critics, that, through this dialogue,

him, Yea, Lord: thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. He saith to him again the second time, 16 Simon son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord: thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep. He saith unto him the third time, Simon son of Jonas, 17 Jovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep. Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When 18 thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst whither thou

Jesus is represented as using one parent; and no work on earth is more Greek verb meaning to love, and in harmony with the spirit of him, Peter another, meaning the same, who took little children in his arms, though the reason of it is not known. and laid his hands upon them, and

Thou knowest, &c. Peter mod- blessed them. estly professes his own love, without 16. Feed. This word in Greek is now comparing himself with others. not the same as that used in the last He humbly appeals also to his Mas- verse. It means not only to feed, but ter's knowledge, rather than to his to tend. The figure of the text was own assured convictions; for he had perhaps suggested by a flock feeding learned, by bitter experience, to trust in sight of our Lord and his apostles himself less, and Jesus more. How under the care of a shepherd. exquisitely true to nature is this 17. The third time. In reference, whole scene! How constantly is as we naturally suppose, to the three the past in reality referred to, consti- denials. Jesus would, by this contuting, as it does, the basis of the versation, at once humble and enconversation! yet not one word is courage Peter; assure him of his whispered of the events of the be- full forgiveness and renewed confitrayal, desertion, and denial. Feed dence, and teach him greater cirmy lambs, i. e. act the shepherd to cumspection hereafter, and faith in the humblest and weakest of my fol- his Master, while he also gave him lowers. This was said to encourage an opportunity to express his affecthe penitent apostle to take part in tion. Knowest all things. A genthe ministry of Christ, and to inti- eral term, to be limited by the nature mate that the chief shepherd would of the circumstances under which it intrust the lambs and sheep to his was spoken. Mark xiii. 32. The care without hesitation, though he apostle, in his grief at being sushad so recently denied him. Instead pected, used the strongest language, of any precedence being here as- not, we may observe, to describe his cribed to Peter, as the Papists con own love and fidelity, - for that was tend, the whole scene conveys the the rock on which he split before, simple idea of the restoration of the but his Lord's knowledge of his denoble, but frail, apostle to the rank votedness. which he before held, and which the 18. Girdedst. A figure, taken, probothers had not forfeited by denying ably, from the occurrence in ver. 7. their Master. To feed the lambs of The sense of the passage is, that in Christ is the holy office of the Sab- the activity of his youth and manbath school teacher, as well as the hood, he would be free to go whither

wouldest : but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth

thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee whither 19 thou wouldest not. This spake he, signifying by what death he

should glorify God. And when he had spoken this, he saith unto 20 him, Follow me. Then Peter, turning about, seeth the dis

ciple whom Jesus loved, following; (which also leaned on his

breast at supper, and said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth 21 thee?) Peter, seeing him, saith to Jesus, Lord, and what shall 22 this man do? Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I 23 come, what is that to thee? Follow thou me. Then went this

he pleased; but in his old age his ter a few steps, to teach him that he liberty would be taken away from must also submit to the same lot of him, and he would fall a martyr in persecution and death. He must his apostolic office. - Stretch forth take up his cross and follow his thy hands - carry thee, &c. Prophet- crucified Lord. Or, the sense may ic intimations of his death by vio- be, follow, i. e. be obedient to me, not lence; referring, perhaps, to the Ro- meaning, follow me, literally. The man method of confining the hands former view, however, is preferable. of a prisoner, and conducting him 20, 21. The disciple whom Jesus against his will to the place of cru- loved, following. John also followed cifixion. - Another. For others. In Jesus and Peter, as they took a cirthe Scriptures, the singular is often cuit of probably a few steps. — Lord, used for the plural, and the plural and what shall this man do? Or, for the singular.

“ But this man, what shall be to 19. Signifying by what death. The him?” He apparently wished to know apostle explains the words of Jesus, what would be the lot of John. We as descriptive of the violent death discover here a little of the old man" of Peter; which had occurred, as is still clinging to Peter, new creature conjectured, before John wrote his as in many respects he had become. Gospel, and which, therefore, shed 22. Tarry till I come, i. e. survive light on the prophecy. He is said to till the destruction of Jerusalem, have been crucified at Rome, in the which is signified in many places in reign of Nero, about 64 or 65 A. D. Scripture by the phrase the coming of with his head downwards ; taking Christ. John did live for many years this humble and painful posture out after that event, and died the latest of respect to his Master, as if it were of the twelve, and, unlike them, a too great an honor to be crucified as natural death, in a full old age. he was, with the body erect. What Follow thou me. Jesus represses his 'a wonderful contrast between the idle curiosity, and bids him be faithPeter of that day and the Peter of ful to him, whatever might be the our Lord's earlier ministry! “So, conduct or fortune of others. It is with his head in the dust, he closed our duty to follow Christ, whether his labors, his failings, his victories, other men obey or disobey him. his sufferings, and his life.” — Glo 23. We see how liable they were rify God. A phrase to express mar to misunderstand our Lord's instructyrdom. — Follow me. As if by an tions. — That disciple should not die. emblematic act of following his Mas- Perhaps this expression arose from

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