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servant, N. Priest, may be united in fellowship to the congregation of the just, in eternal bliss. Through.

FOR A MAN DEPARTED. COLL. Inclina, Domine. Incline, O Lord, thy ear to our prayers, by which we humbly beseech thy mercy, that thou wouldst place the soul of thy servant, N. whom thou hast taken out of this world, in the region of light and peace; and make him a companion of thy saints. Through.

SECRET. Grant us, we beseech thee, O Lord, that this oblation may be profitable to the soul of thy servant N., by immolating which, thou hast vouchsafed to remit the sins of the world. Through.

P. COMM. Absolve, quæsumus. Absolve, we beseech thee, O Lord, the soul of thy servant N. from every chain of sin, that rising again in the glory of the resurrection, he may enjoy a new life amongst thy saints and elect. Through.

FOR A WOMAN DEPARTED. COLL. Quæsumus, Domine. Have mercy, we beseech thee, O Lord, through thy goodness, on the soul of thy servant N. and having freed her from the corruption of this mortal life, grant her a share in eternal salvation. Through.

SECRET. May these sacrifices, we beseech thee, O Lord, deliver the soul of thy servant N. from all her sins, without which none was ever wholly free from guilt, that by these pious offices of reconciliation she may obtain perpetual mercy. Through.

P. COMM. · Inveniat, quæsumus. Grant, we beseech thee, O Lord, that the soul of thy servant N. having received the sacrament of perpetual mercy, may enjoy eternal light. Through,

FOR A DECEASED FATHER OR MOTHER. Deus qui nos. O God, who hast commanded us to honour our father and mother: mercifully show pity to the soul of my father (or my mother), and forgive his (her or their) sins; and grant that I may see him (her or them in the joys of eternal life. Through.

SECRET. Receive, O Lord, the sacrifice I offer for the soul of my father (or of my mother): grant him (or them) eternal joys in the land of the living: and associate me with him (her or them) in the bliss of thy saints. Through.

P. COMM. May the participation of these heavenly mysteries, O Lord, I beseech thee, obtain rest and light for the soul of my father (or of my mother:) and may thy grace crown me with him (her or them) for ever. Through.

The proper of Saints.

As the primitive Christians were accustomed to meet every year on the anniversary of the Martyrs, in the churches or chapels usually erected to their memory in the same place where the whole, or some sacred remains of their bodies had been buried, and as their tombs served for an altar, so it has ever since been the custom to put the relics of some saint in or beneath altar stones. The Mass was not offered to the MARTYR, but to the God or MARTYRS, to whom alone sacrifice is due, to thank him as well for the strength and courage wherewith he had animated them, as for that state of bliss to which he has admitted them. Such was the origin of the festivals of the saints.


Introit. Matt, iv. THE Lord saw near the sea of Galilee two I brethren, Peter and Andrew, and he called

them, saying: Come ye after me, and I will make you fishers of men. Ps. xviii. The heavens show forth the glory of God; and the firmament declareth the work of his hands. V. Glory. .

COLL. We beseech thee, O almighty God, that thy blessed apostle Andrew, whose festival we are preparing to celebrate, may implore thy assistance in our behalf, that being discharged from the guilt of our crimes, we may likewise be freed from all dangers. Through.

COLL. Of St. Saturninus. O God, by whose favour we celebrate the glory of blessed Saturninus, thy martyr; grant that we may be assisted by his merits. Through. 'LESSON, as on the Vigil of an apostle, page 496.

GRAD. Ps. cxxxviii. Thy friends, o God, are made exceedingly honourable: their principality is exceedingly strengthened. v. I will number them, and they shall be multiplied above the sands.

GOSPEL. John i. 35. 51. At that time: John stood, and two of his disciples; and beholding Jesus walking, he saith: Behold the Lamb of God. And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. And Jesus turning, and seeing them following him, saith to them: What seek you? Who said to him: Rabbi (which is to say, being interpreted, Master), where dwellest thou? He saith to them: Come and see. They came, and saw where he abode, and they stayed with him that day: now it was about the tenth hour. And Andrew the brother of Simon Peter was one of the two who had heard of John, and followed him. He findeth first his brother Simon, and saith to him: We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the CHRIST. And he brought him to Jesus. And Jesus looking upon him, said: Thou art Simon, the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is, interpreted, Peter. On the following

day he would go forth into Galilee, and he findeth Philip. And Jesus said to him: Follow me. Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith to him: We have found him of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets did write, Jesus the son of Joseph of Nazareth. And Nathanael saith to him: Can any thing of good come from Nazareth? Philip saith to him: Come and see. Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and he saith to him: Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no guile. Nathanael saith to him: Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said to him: Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig-tree I saw thee. Nathanael answered him, and said: Rabbi, thou art the Son of God, thou art the King of Israel. Jesus answered, and said unto him: Because I said unto thee, I saw thee under the fig-tree, thou believest: greater things than these shalt thou see. And he saith to him: Amen, amen I say to you, you shall see the heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man.

OFFERT. Thou hast crowned, page 497

SECRET. We offer thee, O Lord, "the gifts to be consecrated, whereby we, celebrating the festival of blessed Andrew the apostle, beseech thee, that our minds may also be purified. Through.

SECRET. Of St. SATURNINUS. Sanctify, o Lord, the offerings we have consecrated to thee, and being appeased thereby, mercifully look down upon us, by the intercession of blessed Saturninus, thy martyr. Through.

COMM. Andrew saith to Simon his brother: We have found the Messias, who is called Christ: and he brought him to Jesus.

P. COMM. Having received, O Lord, thy holy sacrament, we beseech thee that, by the intercession of blessed Andrew thy Apostle, what we perform in memory of his venerable passion, may be a remedy to us.

P. COMM. Of St. SATURNINUS. May the receiving of this thy sacrament, O Lord, we beseech thee, sanctify us: and by the intercession of thy saints, make us acceptable to thee.

XXX. St. ANDREW, ap.

Introit. Mihi autem. mo me thy friends, O God, are made exceedingly

1 honourable : their principality is exceedingly strengthened. Ps. Lord, thou hast proved me and known me: thou hast known my sitting down and my rising up. V. Glory.

COLL. We humbly beseech thy divine majesty, O Lord, that as the blessed apostle Andrew was a teacher and pastor of thy Church, so he may be with thee our perpetual intercessor. Through.

EPISTLE. Rom. x. 10. 18. Brethren: With the heart we believe unto justice: but, with the mouth, confession is made unto salvation. For the scripture saith : Whosoever believeth in him shall not be confounded. For there is no distinction of the Jew and the Greek: for the same is Lord over all, rich unto all that call upon him. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord, shall be saved. How then shall they call on him, in whom they have not believed? Or how shall they believe him, of whom they have not heard! And how shall they hear, without a preacher? And how shall they preach, unless they be sent? as it is written: How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, of them that bring glad tidings of good things! But all do not obey the gospel. For Isaias saith: Lord, who hath believed our report? Faith then cometh by hearing,

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