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12. The character of Cimon. 13. Give the history of Platæa. 14. In what year of the Peloponnesian War was the battle of Amphipolis ? What were its consequences ? Who was the victor? Where was Amphipolis ?

XVII.

1. Themistocles, Pericles, Thrasybulus. What, in brief, did these men severally do for Athens, and when ? 2. Give the situation of Marathon, Thermopylæ, Salamis, Sphacteria, Syracuse, Ægos-potami, Leuctra, Arbela; and tell who won and who lost there. 3. Give the position of the cities (or some of them) to which St. Paul's Epistles were directly sent. 4. With what seas are the mountains of Switzerland connected by rivers ? 5. Which of the United States lie in the basin of the Mississippi River ? 6. Name and place three of the highest mountains in the world. Knowing the height of a mountain in feet, with what divisor will you reduce the height to miles ? 7. The sculptor Pheidias (Phidias). 8. The first meeting of the Peloponnesian Confederacy at Sparta (B. C. 432) just before the great war. 9. The Roman Comitia. 10. Julius Caesar in Spain.

XVIII. 1. Bound the basin of the Po, of the Mississippi, of the St. Lawrence. 2. Name the chief rivers of Ancient Gaul and Modern France. Is France larger or smaller than Transalpine Gaul ? What are the two principal rivers that rise in the Alps ? Where is Mont Blanc ? 3. Where is the source of the Danube ? of the Volga ? of the Ganges ? of the Amazon? 4. Describe the route of the Ten Thousand, or lay it down on a map. 5. Leonidas, Pausanias, Lysander. 6. Pharsalia, Philippi, Actium: geographically and historically. 7. Supply the two names left blank in the following passage from the Oration for the Manilian Law: “Non dicam duas urbes potentissimas, Carthaginem et Numantiam ab eodem

esse deletas; non commemorabo nuper ita vobis patribusque esse visum, ut in uno spes imperii poneretur, ut idem cum Jugurtha, idem cum Cimbris, idem cum Teutonis bellum administraret." Who was Jugurtha ? Where was Numantia ? 8. Compare Athens with Sparta. 9. Pericles: the man and his policy.

XIX.

1. From Cæsar: “Gallos ab Aquitanis Garumna flumen, a Belgis Matrona et Sequana dividit." "Aquitania a Garumna flumine ad Pyrenæos montes et eam partem Oceani, quæ est ad Hispaniam, pertinet.” Translate these passages. Bound Aquitania, describing geographical positions (where names are in italics), and giving modern names. (You may, if you choose, substitute a map for the description.) 2. From Cæsar: “ Undique loci natura Helvetii continentur; una ex parte flumine Rheno, qui agrum Helvetium a Germanis dividit; altera ex parte monte Jura altissimo, qui est inter Sequanos et Helvetios : tertia lacu Lemanno et flumine Rhodano qui Provinciam nostram ab Helvetiis dividit.” Deal with this as with the preceding. 3. From Virgil:

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(1) “Quin Decios Drusosque procul, sævumque securi

Adspice Torquatum, et referentem signa Camillum :"
(2) “Quis te, magne Cato, tacitum, aut te, Cosse, relinquat?

Quis Gracchi genus, aut geminos, duo fulmina belli,
Scipiadas, cladem Libyæ ? "

Translate and explain. 4. Cicero enumerates the wars in which Pompeius had distinguished himself; among them, bellum “ Hispaniense,” bellum “servile," bellum “navale."

Explain. 5. The expedition of the younger Cyrus against Persia, and that of Alexander: compare them. 6. Describe Athens. 7. Name in proper order the chief events of the Peloponnesian War, giving the geographical positions.

XX. 1. Where were Corinth, Thebes, Ephesus, Tarentum, Massilia, Saguntum ? Where were the Pyrenæi Montes ? What sea on the east of Græcia ? What large islands near Italia ? What large gulf in the south of Italia ? Name the chief rivers of Hispania.

2. Cicero enumerates the wars in which Pompeius had distinguished himself; among them bellum Hispaniense,” bellum “servile," bellum “navale." Explain. 3. Three important battles in Grecian history;

name the victorious and the vanquished party, and show the importance of the battles. 4. The expedition of Cyrus the Younger against Persia. 5. The siege of Syracuse. 6. The Athenian power at the beginning, and at the end, of the Peloponnesian War. How long did the war last? 7. The first secession of the Plebs : date, cause, and result. 8. The important battles of the Second Punic War; the commanders and victors in each. 9. The Gracchi, and their attempts at reform.

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XXI.

1. From Cæsar: "Extremum oppidum Allobrogum est proximumque Helvetiorum finibus, Geneva.” “A lacu Lemanno, qui in flumen Rhodanum influit, ad montem Juram fossam perduxit.” “Flumen est Arar, quod per fines

, Æduorum et Sequanorum in Rhodanum influit, incredibili lenitate, ita ut oculis, in utram partem fluat, judicari non possit.” Translate these passages. Describe the geographical

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situation of the places, etc., italicized, and give the modern names. What important town is at the junction of what were the Rhodanus and the Arar ? 2. From Cicero:

Pompeius nondum tempestivo ad navigandum mari Siciliam adiit, Africam exploravit; inde Sardiniam cum classe venit. Inde cum se in Italiam recepisset, duabus Hispanics et Gallia Cisalpina præsidiis ac navibus confirmata, missis item in oram Illyrici Maris et in Achaiam omnemque Græciam navibus, Italiæ duo maria maximis classibus firmissimisque præsidiis adornavit : ipse autem, ut a Brundisio profectus est, undequinquagesimo die totam ad imperium populi Romani Ciliciam adjunxit.” Give a translation and a geographical description. 3. Where were Argos, Sparta, Salamis, Mt. Olympus, Mt. Ida, Sardis ? What gulfs are separated by the Isthmus of Corinth? Name the chief rivers of Gallia, giving both ancient and modern names. 4. Marathon, Thermopylæ, Platæa, — geographically and historically. 5. Athens in the time of Pericles. 6. The Sicilian expedition. 7. Epaminondas, and the supremacy of Thebes.

8. Themistocles and Aristides. 9. Philip of Macedon, and the battle of Chæronea.

XXII.

1. “Sit Scipio ille clarus, cujus consilio atque virtute Hannibal in Africam redire atque Italia decedere coactus est; ornetur alter eximia laude Africanus, qui duas urbes huic imperio infestissimas, Carthaginem Numantiamque, delevit; habeatur vir egregius Paulus ille, cujus currum ex potentissimus quondam et nobilissimus Perses honestavit; sit æterna gloria Marius, qui bis Italiam obsidione et metu servitutis liberavit; anteponatur omnibus Pompeius, cujus res gestæ atque virtutes iisdem quibus solis cursus regionibus ac terminis continentur." Explain this passage

from Cicero by brief notes, without writing a translation of it. 2. From what places, etc., did the Bosporani, the Cyziceni, the Cretenses, the Rhodii, mentioned by Cicero, respectively derive their names ? Where were those places? Where were Brundisium, Caieta, Cilicia? 3. Give the divisions of the Peloponnesus, with their relative position, and name a place in each. Connect historically Mantinea with Leuctra in Boeotia. 4. What, and where, were the chief settlements made outside of Greece by Greeks? Describe the great Sicilian expedition. 5. Point out and describe the main causes of the growth and decline of the Athenian power. 6: What were the relations at different times between the Persian kings and the Greeks?

XXIII.

1. Give a brief account of Cæsar's campaign against the Helvetii. Fix the position of the following: Lacus Lemanus, the Rhodanus, the Allobroges, the Arar, Geneva. What part did the Allobroges play in the Catilinarian conspiracy? 2. “Inde cum se in Italiam [Pompeius] recepisset, duabus Hispaniis et Gallia Cisalpina præsidiis ac navibus confirmata, missis item in oram Illyrici Maris et in Achaiam omnemque Græciam navibus, Italiæ duo maria maximis classibus firmissimisque præsidiis adornavit; ipse autem, ut a Brundisio profectus est, undequinquagesimo die totam ad imperium populi Romani Ciliciam adjunxit.” Fix the position of the italicized provinces, towns, etc., without translating the passage. 3. Corinth, Philippi,

Antioch, Sardis, Ephesus, Smyrna, — where situated ? 4. Name the chief battles in which Greeks and Persians were engaged between 500 and 300 B. C. Fix the positions, give the dates, and show the importance of the several battles. 5. Name some of the chief islands belonging to

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