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Give an example. 8. Give examples containing the correct use of the Genitive Absolute and of the Accusative Absolute. When is the latter regularly used ? 9. Translate into Greek : If these had been good men, they would not have suffered (Táoxw), and explain the construction used. 10. What is a trochee, a spondee, an iambus, and an anapæst ? What is cæsura in verse, and where does this generally occur in the heroic hexameter ? 11. How are object clauses with onws after verbs like okonéw distinguished, in construction and in meaning, from final clauses ? Give an example of each. When do final clauses admit the Indicative? 12. Distinguish the Infinitive in Indirect Discourse from its use in other constructions. Show, by an example, how the Imperfect is expressed in the Infinitive. two meanings can ěmn TOūTO åv toņoal have ? Explain the principle in each case. 13. What is the difference between an Jambic Dipody and an Iambic Dimeter? What substitutions for the lambus are allowed in an Iambic Dipody ? what for the Trochee in a Trochaic Dipody? Explain an Anapæstic System. LATIN COMPOSITION.

I.

1. Demaratus, the father of King Tarquin," fled from Corinth to Tarquinii.

1. Tarquinius. 2. Fugio, fugere.

2. I do not think that immortality is to be despised 3 by a mortal.4

1. Arbitror, arbitrari. 2. Immortalitas. 3. Contemno, contemnere. 4. Mortalis, -e.

3. Theophrastus is said to have accused 2 Nature, because 3 she had given a long life to crows,4 and so 5 short 6 a life to men.

1. Dico, dicere. 2. Accuso, accusare. 3. Quod. 4. Carnix. 5. Tam. 6. Exiguus.

4. Ignorance 1 of future 2 evils 3 is more useful 4 than knowledge 5 [of them).

1. Ignoratio. 2. Futurus. 3. Malum. 4. Utilis. 5. Scientia. 6. Omit.

5. Do you not know 1 what a sort of men you charge 3 with crime ? 4

1. Intelligo. 2. What sort of=qualis. 3. Arguo, arguere. 4. Scelus.

6. If death 1 were feared,? Brutus would not have fallen 3 in battle,4 and the Decii would not have exposed 5 themselves to the weapons 6 of the enemy.

1. Mors. 2. Timeo, timere. 3. Concido, concidere. 4. Proelium. 5. Objicio, objicere. 6. Telum.

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II.

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1. Pompey was the first Roman who subdued 1 the Jews.? By right 3 of conquest 4 he entered 5 their Temple.

1. Devinco, -ere. 2. Judocus. 3. Jus. 4. Victoria. 5. Intro, -are.

2. They say that Timotheus, a distinguished a man at Athens, when 4 he had dined 5 at 6 Plato's? and had been greatly 8 gratified with the entertainment,10 and had seen him the-next-day, 11 said : 12 « Your dinners 13 are pleasant 14

not only at-the-time,15 but also the-day-after.” 16

1. Fero, ferre. 2. Clarus. 3. Athence, -arum. 4. Cum. 5. Cano, -are. 6. Apud. 7. Plato, -onis. 8. Admodum. 9. Delecto, -are. 10. Convivium. 11. Postridie. 12. Dico. 13. Cæna. 14. Jucundus. 15. In præsentia. 16. Postero die.

3. Verres also 1 ordered 2 the silver 3 tables 4 to be carriedayay 5 from all the shrines.7 1. Idem. 2. Jubeo, -ere. 3. Argenteus, -a, -um. 4. Mensa,

, 5. Aufero. 6. De. 7. Delubrum.

III.

1. The next 1 day he calls 2 the leaders of the forces together, and tells 4 them that no city is more hostile 5 to the Greeks than the royal 6 (city) of the old kings. 1. Posterus. 2. Convocare=call together.

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3. Copice. 4. Docere. 5. Infestus. 6. Regius.

2. If we grant 1 that the gods exist, and that the universe ? is ruled 4 by their mind, I do not see why 5 I should 6 say there is no divination.7 1. Concedo. 2. Esse. 3. Mundus. 4. Regere.

5. Cur. 6. I say there is no=nego esse. 7. Divinatio.

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3. There is not 1 one of you who has not often heard 3 how 4 Syracuse 5 was taken by Marcellus.

1. Not one=nemo. 2. Sæpe. 3. Audire. 4. Quemadmodum. 5. Syracusce.

4. Demaratus, the father of our King Tarquin, fled 1 from Corinth, because 3 he could not bear 4 the tyrant 5 Cypselus, to Tarquinii, and there 6 established 7 his fortunes.8 1. Fugere. 2. Corinthus. 3. Quod. 4. Ferre.

5. Turannus.

6. Ibi. 7. Constituere. 8. Fortuna.

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IV.

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1. They say that the death of his son was 2 announced to Anaxagoras (as he was 3] discoursing 4 among 5 his friends 6 on the nature of things, and that no 8 answer was given by him except 8 that he begoto him mortal. A glorious 10 speech 11 in 12 truth, and worthy 13 of being uttered 14 by so great a man.

1. Tradere. 2. Nuntiare. 3. Omit. 4. Disserere. 5. Inter. 6. Familiaris. 7. De. 8. Literally, nothing else (nihil aliud) was answered (respondere) except (nisi). 9. Gignere. 10. Præclarus. 11. Vox. 12. Vero. 13. Dignus.

14. Emittere. 2. How much wiser 1 Xenophon [acted], who, when he was engaged-in-sacred-rights, and heard that his elder 4 son had fallen 5 in battle,6 merely 7 laid-down 8 the garlando from 10 his head : but 11 when he heard that he had fallen fighting 12 bravely,13 he put 14 the garland on his head again.15

1. Sapienter. 2. Omit. 3. Sacra peragere. 4. Major natu. 5. Cadere. 6. Præliurn. 7. Tantum. 8. Deponere. 9. Corona. 10. E. 11. Vero. 12. Pugnare. 13. Fortiter. 14. Put on imponere with dative. 15. Rursus.

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1. There is need 1 of magistrates, without 3 whose wisdom 4 and care 5 the state 6 cannot 7 exist.8

1. Opus. 2. Magistratus. 3. Sine. 4. Prudentia. 5. Diligentia. 6. Civitas. 7. With

7. With posse. 8. Esse. 2. Do you see 1 how the furies 3 harass 4 the impious,

1 and never 6 suffer them to-stand-still ? 8 1. Video. 2. Ut. 3. Furia.

4. Agito. 5. Impius. 6. With unquam. 7. Patior. 8. Consisto.

3. Since1 solitude 2 and a life 3 without friends 4 is full 5 of snares 6 and fear, reason 8 admonishes O us to contract 10 6

8 friendships. 11

1. Cum. 2. Solitudo. 3. Vita. 4. Amicus. 5. Plenus. 6. Insidioe. 7. Metus. 8. Ratio. 9. Moneo. 10. Comparo. 11. Amicitia.

4. We favor1 thee; we wish 2 thee to enjoy 8 thy virtue.

1. Faveo. 2. Cupio. 3. Fruor. 4. Virtus.

5. Lucilius used 1 to say that he wished those things which he wrote 4 to be read 6 neither by the very unlearned 6

very learned. 1. Soleo. 2. Dico. 3. Volo. 4. Scribo.

5. Lego. 6. Indoctus.

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6. The decemvirate and his colleagues a had completely 3 changed 4 Fabius, -a man formerly s excellent 6 both in

6 peace and in war.8

1. Decemviratus. 2. Collega. 3. Plane. 4. Muto. 5. Olim. 6. Egregius. 7. With domus. 8. Militia.

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