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The apostle describeth the CHAP. II. corruption of the Gentiles.

19 Because that which may toward another; men with men be known of God, is manifest working that which is unseemly, in them; for God hath shewed and receiving in themselves it unto them.

that recompense of their error 20 For the invisible things of which was meet. him from the creation of the 28 And even as they did not world are clearly seen, being like to retain God in their knowunderstood by the things that ledge, God gave them over to are made, even his eternal power a reprobate mind, to do those and Godhead; so that they are things which are not convenient: without excuse :

29 Being filled with all un21 Because that when they righteousness, fornication, wickknew God, they glorified him edness, covetousness, maliciousnot as God, neither were thank- ness; full of envy, murder, deful, but became vain in their bate, deceit, malignity; whisimaginations, and their foolish perers, heart was darkened.

30 Backbiters, haters of God, 22 Professing themselves to despiteful, proud, boasters, inbe wise, they became fools; ventors of evil things, disobe23 And changed

the glory of dient to parents, the incorruptible God into an 31 Without understanding, image made like to corruptible covenant-breakers, without naman, and to birds, and four- tural affection, implacable, unfooted beasts, and creeping merciful : things.

32 Who, knowing the judg24 Wherefore God also gave ment of God, that they which them up to uncleanness, through commit such things are worthy the lusts of their own hearts, to of death ; not only do the same, dishonour their own bodies be- but have pleasure in them that tween themselves :

do them. 25 Who changed the truth of

CHAP. II. God into a lie, and worshipped Who are justified. and served the creature more THEREFORE thou art in

THE than the Creator, who is blessed excusable, O man, whosofor ever. Amen.

ever thou art, that judgest: for 26 For this cause God gave wherein thou judgest another, them up unto vile affections. thou condemnest thyself; for For even their women did thou that judgest, doest the change the natural use into that same things. which is against nature :

2 But we are sure that the 27 And likewise also the men, judgment of God is according leaving the natural use of the to truth, against them which woman, burned in their lust one commit such things.

God's impartial judgment.

ROMANS, Doers of the law justifiea'. 3 And thinkest thou this, 0 14 For when the Gentiles, man, that judgest them which which have not the law, do by do such things, and doest the nature the things contained in same, that thou shalt escape the law, these having not the the judgment of God? law, are a law unto them

4 Or despisest thou the riches selves. of his goodness, and forbearance, 15 Which shew the work of and long-suffering; not knowing the law written in their hearts, that the goodness of God lead their conscience also bearing eth thee to repentance ? witness, and their thoughts the

5 But after thy hardness and mean while accusing, or else impenitent heart, treasurest up excusing one another ;) unto thyself wrath against the 16 In the day when God shall day of wrath, and revelation of judge the secrets of men by the righteous judgment of God; Jesus Christ, according to my

6 Who will render to every gospel. man according to his deeds : 17 Behold, thou art called a

7 To them who by patient Jew, and restest in the law, and continuance in well-doing, seek makest thy boast of God, for glory, and honour, and im- 18 And knowest his will, and mortality; eternal life :

approvest the things that are 8 But unto them that are more excellent, being instructed contentious, and do not obey the out of the law, truth, but obey unrighteousness; 19 And art confident the indignation and wrath, thou thyself art a guide of the

9 Tribulation and anguish, blind, a light of them which are upon every soul of man that in darkness, doeth evil; of the Jew first, and 20 An instructor of the foolalso of the Gentile ;

ish, a teacher of babes, which 10 But glory, honour, and hast thė form of knowledge, and peace, to every man that work of the truth in the law : eth good; to the Jew first, and 21 Thou therefore which also to the Gentile;

teachest another, teachest thou 11 For there is no respect of not thyself? thou that preachest, persons with God.

a man should not steal, dost 12 For as many as have thou steal ? sinned without law, shall also 22 Thou that sayest, a man perish without law: and as should not commit adultery, many as have sinned in the law, dost thou commit adultery? shall be judged by the law, thou that abhorrest idols, dost

13 (For not the hearers of the thou commit sacrilege? law are just before God, but the 23 Thou that makest thy doers of the law shall be justified. boast of the law, through break

The Jews' prerogative.


All are sinners. ing the law dishonourest thou true, but every man a liar; as God ?

it is written, That thou mightest 24 For the name of God is be justified in thy sayings, and blasphemed among the Gentiles, mightest overcome when thou through you, as it is written.

art judged. 25 For circumcision verily 5 But if our unrighteousness profiteth, if thou keep the law ; commend the righteousness of but if thou be a breaker of the God, what shall we say? Is law, thy circumcision is made God unrighteous who taketh uncircumcision.

vengeance? (I speak as a man,)* 26 Therefore, if the uncir- 6 God forbid : for then how cumcision keep the righteous- shall God judge the world? ness of the law, shall not his 7 For if the truth of God uncircumcision be counted for hath more abounded through circumcision ?

my lie unto his glory; why yet 27 And shall not uncircum- am I also judged as a sinner? cision which is by nature, if it 8 And not rather (as we be fulfil the law, judge thee, who slanderously reported, and as by the letter and circumcision some affirm that we say) Let us dost transgress the law ? do evil, that good may come ?

28 For he is not a Jew, which whose damnation is just. is one outwardly; neither is that 9 What then? are we better circumcision, which is outward than they ? No, in no wise : for in the flesh:

we have before proved both 29 But he is a Jew which is Jews and Gentiles, that they one inwardly; and circumcision are all under sin; is that of the heart, in the spirit, 10 As it is written, There is and not in the letter; whose none righteous, no, not one: praise is not of men, but of 11 There is none that unGod.

derstandeth, there is none that CHAP. III.

seeketh after God. None justified by the law. 12 They are all gone out HAT advantage then of the way, they are together

hath the Jew? or what become unprofitable: there is profit is there of circumcision ? none that doeth good, no, not

2 Much every way: chiefly, one. because that unto them were

13 Their throat is an open committed the oracles of God. sepulchre; with their tongues

3 For what if some did not they have used deceit ; the believe ? shall their unbelief poison of asps is under their make the faith of God without lips : effect?

14 Whose mouth is full of .. 4 God forbid : yea, let God be cursing and bitterness.


Jews as well as Gentiles


are all under sin. 15 Their feet are swift to shed 27 Where is boasting then? blood.

It is excluded. By what law? 16 Destruction and misery of works ? Nay; but by the law are in their ways:

of faith. 17 And the way of peace

28 Therefore we conclude, have they not known.

that a man is justified by faith 18 There is no fear of God without the deeds of the law. before their eyes.

29 Is he the God of the Jews 19 Now we know that what only? is he not also of the things soever the law saith, it Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles saith to them who are under the also : law: that every mouth may be 30 Seeing it is one God which stopped, and all the world may shall justify the circumcision become guilty before God. by faith, and uncircumcision

20 Therefore by the deeds through faith. of the law, there shall no flesh 31 Do we then make void the be justified in his sight : for by law through faith? God forbid : the law is the knowledge of sin. yea, we establish the law. 21 But now the righteousness

CHAP. IV. of God without the law is mani- Righteousness imputed by faith. fested, being witnessed by the THAT shall we then say law and the prophets ;

that Abraham our father, 22 Even the righteousness of as pertaining to the flesh, hath God, which is by faith of Jesus found ? Christ unto all, and upon all 2 For if Abraham were justithem that believe; for there is fied by works, he hath whereof no difference:

to glory, but not before God. 23 For all have sinned, and 3 For what saith the scripcome short of the glory of ture? Abraham believed God,

and it was counted unto him 24 Being justified freely by for righteousness. his grace, through the redemp- 4 Now to him that worketh, tion that is in Christ Jesus: is the reward not reckoned of

25 Whom God hath set forth grace, but of debt. to be a propitiation, through faith 5 But to him that worketh in his blood, to declare his not, but believeth on him that righteousness for the remission justifieth the ungodly, his faith of sins that are past, through is counted for righteousness. the forbearance of God;

6 Even as David also de26 To declare, I say, at this scribeth the blessedness of the time his righteousness: that he man unto whom God imputeth might be just, and the justifier righteousness without works, of him which believeth in Jesus. 7 Saying, Blessed are they

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Abraham's faith imputed

CHAP. IV. to him for righteousness. whose iniquities are forgiven, wrath: for where no law is, and whose sins are covered. there is no transgression.

8 Blessed is the man to 16 Therefore it is of faith, whom the Lord will not impute that it might be by grace; to the sin.

end the promise might be sure 9 Cometh this blessedness to all the seed: not to that only then upon the circumcision on- which is of the law, but to that ly, or upon the uncircumcision also which is of the faith of also ? For we say that faith Abraham, who is the father of was reckoned to Abraham for us all, righteousness.

17 (As it is written, I have 10 How was it then reckon- made thee a father of many ed? when he was in circumci- nations) before him whom he sion, or in uncircumcision ? Not believed, even God, who quickin circumcision, but in uncir-eneth the dead, and calleth cumcision.

those things which be not, as 11 And he received the sign though they were. of circumcision, a seal of the 18 Who against hope believed righteousness of the faith which in hope, that he might become he had yet being uncircumcised : the father of many nations ; that he might be the father of according to that which was all them that believe, though spoken, So shall thy seed be. they be not circumcised, that 19 And being not weak in righteousness might be imputed faith, he considered not his own unto them also;

body now dead, when he was 12 And the father of circum- about a hundred years old, cision to them who are not of neither yet the deadness of Sathe circumcision only, but who rah's worab. also walk in the steps of that 20 He staggered not at the faith of our father Abraham, promise of God through unbewhich he had being yet uncircum- lief; but was strong in faith, cised.

giving glory to God; 13 For the promise that he 21 And being fully persuaded, should be the heir of the world that what he had promised, he was not to Abraham, or to his was able also to perform. seed, through the law, but 22 And therefore it was through the righteousness of imputed to him for righteousfaith.

14 For if they which are of 23 Now, it was not written the law be heirs, faith is made for his sake alone, that it was void, and the promise made of imputed to him ; none effect.

24 But for us also, to whom it 15 Because the law worketh shall be imputed, if we believe


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