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Encouraging prospects. a burdensome stone a for all people: all B. C. 518. 5 But he shall say, I am no prophet, I that burden themselves with it shall be
am an husbandman; for man taught me cut in pieces, though all the people of the
a Mat. 21. 44. to keep cattle from my youth..
b Eze. 38. 4. earth be gathered together against it.
6 And one shall say unto him, What are 4 In that day, saith the LORD, I will : Mat. 26. 31. these wounds in thine hands? Then he smite every horseb with astonishment,
shall answer, Those with which I was and his rider with madness; and I will
wounded in the house of my friends. open mine eyes upon the house of Ju
to me and 7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, dah, and will smite every horse of the to the in- and against the man that is my fellow, people with blindness.
habitants, saith the LORD of hosts : smited the shep5 And the governors of Judah shall say Joel 3. 16. herd, and the sheep shall be scattered; and I in their heart, B The inhabitants of Jeru- e Job 23. 10. will turn mine hand upon the little ones. salem shall be my strength in the LORD
1 Pe. 1. 6,7. 8 And it shall come to pass, that in of hosts their God.
yfallen, or, all the land, saith the LORD, two parts 6 In that day will I make the governors abject, therein shall be cut off, and die; but the of Judah like an hearth of fire among the
Mi. 7. 8.
third shall be left therein.
He. 11. 34. wood, and like a torch of fire in a sheaf;
9 And I will bring the third part through and they shall devour all the people round John17.21: the fire, and will refine them as silver is about, on the right hand and on the left : Mat. 23.37, refined, and will try them as golde is tried: and Jerusalem shall be inhabited again
38. they shall call on my name, and I will in her own place, even in Jerusalem.
i Is. 54. 17. hear them; I will say, It is my people; 7 The LORD also shall save the tents k Je. 31. 9. and they shall say, The LORD
is my God. , of ? . .
CHÅPTER XIV. of David, and the glory of the inhabitants » Ro. 8. 26. BEHOLD, the day of the Lord comof Jerusalem do not magnify themselves
n Mat. 24.30. eth, and thy spoil shall be divided in
John 19.34. against Judah.
Re. 1. 7.
the midst of thee. 8 In that day shall the LORD defend
o Ac. 2. 37.
2 For I will gather all nations against the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he p2 Ch.35.22.. Jerusalem to battle; and the city k shall that is y feebles among them at that day
25. be taken, and the houses rifled, and the shall be as David; and the house of Da- Sor, my. women ravished; and half of the city vid shall be as God, o as the angel of the families, shall go forth into captivity, and the reLORD before them.
families. sidue of the people shall not be cut off 9 And it shall come to pass in that mor, when from the city.
he shall day, that I will seek to destroyi all the
3 Then shall the LORD go forth, and
touch the nations that come against Jerusalem.
fight against those nations, as when he 10 And I will pour upon the house of
fought in the day of battle. David, and upon the inhabitants of Je
tains to the
4 And his feet shall stand in that day rusalem, the spirit of grace and of sup
upon the mount of Olives, which is before plications ; m
m and they shall look upon me separated Jerusalem on the east; and the mount of whom they have pierced, and they shall 92 Sa. 5. 14. Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof mourn” for him, as one mourneth for his Is. 29. 6. toward the east and toward the west, and only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, Am. 1.1. there shall be a very great valley: and half as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. 8 Jude 14, 15. of the mountain shall remove toward the 11 In that_day shall there be a great eor, Simeon, north, and half of it toward the south.
as LXX. mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of
5 And ye shall flee to the valley of 8the Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon.P
* That is, it
shall not be mountains; n for the valley of the moun12 And the land shall mourn, 5 every fa
tains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye mily, apart; the family of the house of some places shall flee, like as ye fled from before the David apart, and their wives apart; the and dark in earthquaker in the days of Uzziah, king family of the house of Nathane apart, other places of Judah; and the LORD my God shall and their wives apart;
oftheworld. come, and all the saints with thee. 13 The family of the house of Levi 1 precious. 6 And it shall come to pass in that day, apart, and their wives apart; the family u thickness. that "the light shall not be clear, nor of e Shimei apart, and their wives apart; t Pr. 9. 12. M dark : 14 All the families that remain, every vor, the day
7 But vit shall be one day, which shall family apart, and their wives apart.
shall be one. be known to the LORD, not day, nor CHAPTER XIII.
u He. 9. 14.
night: but it shall come to pass, that at In that day there shall be au fountain Re. 1.5. evening time it shall be light. opened to the house of David, and to the 7.13,14. 8 And it shall be in that day, that live inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin and for a separation ing waters shall go out from Jerusalem uncleanness.
half of them toward the p former sea, and 2 And it shall come to pass in that day, cleanness. half of them toward the hinder sea: in saith the LORD of hosts, that I will cut offo por, eastern, summer and in winter shall it be.
Joel 2. 20. the names of the idols out of the land, and
9 And the LORD shall be king over all they shall no more w be remembered; and • Ex. 23. 13. the earth: in that day shall there be one also I will cause the prophets and the un
Ps. 16. 4. LORD, and his name one.
w Is. 2. 18, 20. clean spirit* to pass out of the land.
10 All the land shall be turned as a 3 And it shall come to pass, that when
* Lu. 11. 20. plain, from Geba to Rimmon, south of any shall yet prophesy, then his father and cor, com
Jerusalem : and it shall be lifted up, and his mother that begat' him shall say unto
7 inhabited in her place, from Benjahim, Thou shalt not live for thou speakest
abide. min's gate unto the place of the first lies in the name of the LORD: and his father and his mother that begat him shalls Do. 13.6,9. gate, unto the corner gate, and from
the tower of Hananeel unto the king's thrust him through when he prophesieth.
a Mi. 3. 6, 7. winepresses. 4 And it shall come to pass in that
por, abide. 11 And men shall dwell in it, and there day, that the prophets shall be ashamed
shall be no more: utter destruction ; but every a one of his vision, when he hath
Jerusalem shall • be safely inhabited. prophesied; neither shall they wear aylie.
12 And this shall be the plague wherewith X rough garment to y deceive :
the LORD will smite all the people that
Mercies and Judgments.
Encouraging prospects. have fought against Jerusalem ; Their flesh B. C. 587. the feast of tabernacles.a shall consume away while they stand upon
17 And it shall be, that whoso will not their feet, and their eyes shall consume
a Le.23.33,&c come up of all the families of the earth un
Ne.8.14,&c. away in their holes, and their tongue shall
6 Is. 60. 12.
to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD consume away in their mouth.
c1 Sa. 14.15, of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain. 13 And it shall come to pass in that day,
18 And if the family of Egypt go not up, that a great tumulto from the LORD shall Bupon whom and come not, B that have noa rain, there be among them; and they shall lay hold there is not. shall be the plague wherewith the LORD every one on the hand of his neighbour, a De. 11. 10. will smite the heathen that come not up and e his hand shall rise up against the eEze. 38. 21. to keep the feast of tabernacles. hand of his neighbour.
19 This shall be the Ypunishment of Egypt, 14 And 8 Judah also shall fight Sat Je- & or, thou also, and the punishment of all nations that come rusalem; and the wealth of all the hea- O Judah. not up to keep the feast of tabernacles. then round about shall be gathered toge- Sor, against.
20 In that day shall there be upon the ther, gold, and silver, and apparel, in Eze. 39. 10, bells of the horses, HOLINESSO UNTO great abundance.
17. THE LORD; and the pots in the LORD's 15 And so shall be the plague of the nor, bridles. house shall be like the bowls before the horse, of the mule, of the camel, and of Is. 23. 18. altar. the ass, and of all the beasts that shall Is. 66. 23.
21 Yea, every pot in Jerusalem, and in
i Is. 4. 3. be in these tents, as this plague.
Judah, shall be holiness unto the LORD
35. 8. 16 And it shall come to pass, that every Joel 3. 17.
of hosts; and all they that sacrifice shall one that is left of all the nations which
Re, 21. 27.
come and take of them, and seethe therecame against Jerusalem, shall even go
22. 15. in: andi in that day there shall be po up from year to year to worship the k1C0.6.9..11. more the Canaanitek in the house? of the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep | 1 Ep.2.19..22.) LORD of hosts.
M A LA C H I.
B. C. 397. unto the going down of the same, my THE burden of the word of the LORD
name shall be great among the Gentiles; to Israel B by Malachi.
a Is. 60. 3, 5. and in every place incense shall be of2 I have loved & you, saith the LORD: B by the fered unto my name, and a pure offering: yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us?
for my name shall be great among the Was not Esau Jacob's brother? saith the 6Jno.4.21,23 heathen, saith the LORD of hosts. LORD: yet I loved Jacob, em
cRe. 8. 3. 12 But ye have profaned it, in that ye 3 And I hated Esau, and laido his a De. 7:7, 8. say, The table of the LORD is polluted; mountains and his heritage waste for
and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is
e Is. 66.19,20. the dragons of the wilderness.
sRo. 9. 13. 4 Whereas Edom saith, We are impover
13 Ye said also, Behold, what a weari. ished, but we will return and build the de
Eze. 35. 3,
ness is it! Y and ye have snuffed at it, saith solate places; thus saith the LORD of hosts,
the LORD of hosts: and ye brought that They shall build, but I will throw down; Ob. 10, &c. which was torn, and the lame, and the sick; and they shall call them, The border of
thus ye brought an offering: should I acwhereas
gor, wickedness, and, The people against whom
cept this of your hand ? saith the LORD. the LORD hath indignation for ever.
have blown 14 But cursed be the deceiver, which 5 And your eyes shall see, and ye
hath in his flock a male, and voweth, shall say, The LORD will be magnified sor, in whose and sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt from $ the border of Israel.
flock is. thing: for I am a great King, saith the 6 A son honoureth his father, and a Šfrom upon, LORD of hosts, and my name is dreadful servant his master: ifk then I be a father, or, upon.
among the heathen. where is mine honour? and if I be a mas- h Lu. 6. 36.
CHAPTER II. ter, where is my fear? saith the LORD of ich.3.7,8,13. AND now, O ye priests, this commandhosts unto you, O priests, that despise i De.28.16,&c ment is for you. my name. And ye say, Wherein i have nor, bring Ifi ye will not hear, and if ye will not we despised thy name?
unto. lay it to heart, to give glory unto my name, 7 Yė n offer polluted bread upon mine *1 Co. 10.21. saith the LORD of hosts, I will even send altar; and ye say, Wherein have we pol- ? Le.22.20..22 a curse upon you, and I will curse your luted' thee?' In that ye say, Thek table De. 15. 21. blessings ; yea, I have cursed them alof the LORD is contemptible.
ready, because ye do not lay it to heart. 8 And if lye offer the blind for sacrifice, Kor, reprove 3 Behold, I will * corrupt your seed, is it not evil and if ye offer the lame and a scatter. and spread dung upon your faces, even sick, is it not evil? offer it now unto thy go-mor, it shall the dung of your solemn feasts, and'r one vernor: will he be pleased with thee, or ac
shall take you away with it. cept thy person? saith the LORD of hosts.
4 And ye shall know that I have sent 9 And now, I pray, you, beseech v God v the face of this commandment unto you, that my that he will be gracious unto us: this
covenant might be with Levi, saith the hath been it by your means : will m he "from your
LORD of hosts. regard your persons ? saith the LORD
5 My covenant, was with him of life of hosts.
m Ro. 2. 11.
and peace; and I gave them to him for 10 Who is there even among you that
1 Pe. 1. 17. n Nu.25.12,13
the fear wherewith he feared me, and would shut the doors for nought?" nei- De.33.8..10. was afraid before my name. ther do ye kindle fire on mine altar for o 1 Co. 9. 13. 6 The law of truth was in his mouth, nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith p Je. 23. 22. and iniquity was not found in his lips : he the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept Is. 59. 19. walked with me in peace and equity, P and an offering at your hand.
"Le. 10. 11. did turn many away from iniquity. 11 For from the rising of the sun even
7 For" the priest's lips should keep
away to it.
The sins of the people.
Encouraging promises. knowledge, and they should seek the law B.O. 397. 6 For I am the LORD, I change not; at his mouth: for he is the messenger
therefore ye sons of Jacob are not conof the LORD of hosts.
a Ac. 16. 17. sumed. 8 But ye are departed out of the way;
2 Co. 5. 20.
7 Even from the days of your fathers
6 Ps.78.38,57. gec have caused many to B stumble at
La. 3. 22.
ye are gone away from mine ordinances, the law; ye have corruptedd the cove
and have not kept them. Return unto nant of Levi, saith the LORD of hosts.
46, me, and I will return unto you, saith the 9 Therefore have I also made you con
LORD of hosts. Buts ye said, Wherein temptible and base before all the people, Bor, fall in. shall we return? according as ye have not kept my ways, a Ne. 13. 29.
8 Will a man rob God? Yet ware we
have but have been partial in the law.
e Zec. 1. 3. robbed me. But yo say, Wherein 10 Havel we not all one father? hath not Mat. 23.27. robbed thee? In tithesh and offerings. one God created us? why do we deal treach- y accepted
9 Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye erously every man against his brother, ' faces, or, have robbed me, even this whole nation. by profaning the covenant of our fathers ?
10 Bring ye all the tithes into the storeii Judah hath dealt treacherously, and
house, that there may be meat in mine an abomination is committed in Israel
against. house, and prove me now herewith, saith
91 Co. 8. 6. and in Jerusalem; for Judah hath pro
the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you faned the holiness' of the LORD which he “Ne. 13. 10: the windows of heaven, and Spour you 8 loved, and hath married the daughter 8 or, ought out a blessing, that k there shall not be of a strange god.
room enough to receive it. 12 The LORD will cut off? the man that Ezr. 9.1, 2. 11 And I will rebuke the devourer for doeth this, n the master and the scholar, out Sempty out. your sakes, and he shall not destroy the of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that of- 42 Ch. 31.10. fruits of your ground; neither shall your fereth an offering unto the LORD of hosts.
vine cast her fruit before the time in the 13 And this have ye done again, covering nor, him that field, saith
the LORD of hosts. the altar of the LORD with tears, with weep
12 And all nations shall call you blessing, and with crying out, insomuch that him that
ed: for ye shall be a delightsome land, he regardeth not the offering any more, or answereth. saith the LORD of hosts. receiveth it with good will at your hand. e corrupt.
13 Your words have been stout against 14 Yet ye say, Wherefore ? Because the m Ps. 78. 34.. me, saith the LORD: yet ye say, What LORD hath been witness between thee and
37. have we spoken so much against thee? the wife of thy youth, against whom thou n Ps.73.11,12 14 Ye have said, It is vain to serve God; hast dealt treacherously: yet is she thy Zep. 1. 12. and what profit is it that we have kept his companion, and the wife of thy covenant. kobservation. « ordinance, and that we have walked
15 And did not he make one po Yet had o Mat.19.4,5. ^ mournfully before the LORD of hosts ? he the M residue of the spirit. And where- lain black.
15 And now we call the proud happy; yea, fore one? That he might scek a godly
they that work wickedness are set up; yea, seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against v seed of God.
they that tempte God are even delivered. lency.
16 Then they that feared the LORD the wife of his youth.
spaker often one to another; and the LORD
ir built. 16 For the LORD, the God of Israel, saith
hearkened, and heard it, and a bookt of
p1 Co. 7. 14. that he hateth putting away: for one co
remembrance was written before him for
9 Ps. 95. 9. vereth violence with his garment, saith the
them that feared the LORD, and that LORD of hosts : therefore take heed to your
thought upon his name.
faithfully. spirit, that ye deal not treacherously.
17 And they shall be mine,saith the 17 Ye have weariedo the LORD with Ep. 5. 19.
LORD of hosts, in that day when I make
: De, 24. 1. your words : yet ye say, Wherein have we
t Re. 20. 12.
up my • jewels; w and I will spare them, as a wearied him? When ye say, Every one that doeth evil is good in the sight of the or, if he hate man spareth his own son that serveth him.
18 Then shall yo return, and* discern LORD, and he delighteth in them; or,
between the righteous and the wicked; Where is the God of judgment?
Mat. 19. 8. between him that serveth God, and him CHAPTER III.
that serveth him not. BEHOLD, Iy will send my messenger; away.
CHAPTER IV. and he shall prepare the way before me: and "Tit. 2. 14. FOR, behold, the day: cometh, that shall
1 Pe. 2. 9. the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly
burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea,
v Is. 43. 24. comea to his temple, even the messenger
Am. 2. 13.
and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: of the covenant, whom ye delight in: be- por, speciai and the day that cometh shall burn them hold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall 2 But who may abide the day of his w Is. 62. 3. leave them neither root nor branch. coming? and who shall stand when he - Ps. 58. 11. 2 But unto youd that fear my name shall appeareth? for he is like a refiner’se fire, v Lu. 1. 76. the Sun of righteousness arise with healand like fullers' soap.
ing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, 3 And he shall sit as a refiner and pu- 32 Pe. 3. 10. and grow up as calves of the stall. rifier of silver; and he shall purify the Lu. 2. 27. 3 And ye shall tread down the wicked;
6 Mat. 3. 12. sons of Levi, and purge them as gold
for they shall be ashes under the soles of
c Mat. 25. 10. and silver, that they may offerk unto the Re. 6. 17.
your feet in the day that I shall do this, LORD an offering in righteousness.
d chap. 3. 16. saith the LORD of hosts. 4 Then shall the offering of Judah and e1C0.3.13..15 4 Remember ye the law of Moses my Jerusalem be pleasant unto the LORD, as in Lu. 1. 78. servant, which I commanded unto him the days of old, and as in x former years.
9 Ho.14.5..7. in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes 5 And I will come near to you to judg. 11 Pe. 2. 5. and judgments. ment; and I will be a swift witness against xor, ancient. 5 Behold, I will send you Elijahi the the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, i Mat. 11. 14. prophet before the coming of the great and against false swearers, and against
17.10..13. and dreadful day of the LORD: those that yoppress the hireling? in his * He. 13. 4. 6 And he shall turn the heart of the wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and yor, defraud. fathers to the children, and the heart of that turn aside the stranger from his right, Ja. 5. 4. the children to their fathers, lest I come and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
and smite the earth with a curse.
A SUMMARY VIEW
PRINCIPAL EVENTS OF THE PERIOD
FROM THE CLOSE OF THE
SACRED CANON OF THE OLD TESTAMENT,
TIMES OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.
ARTAXERXES LONGIMANUS, king of Persia, who in his age of twenty, succeeded to the throne of Macedon, twentieth year had commissioned Nehemiah to rebuild and caused himself to be appointed general of the the walls of Jerusalem, being dead, was succeeded, Grecian forces against the Persiang. With a com
after the short reigns of Xerxes the second paratively small army he crossed the HellesB.C. 423. and Sogdianus, by his son Darius Nothus. pont, and passed into Asia; and having B.C. 334.
In the eleventh year of this prince's reign defeated the immense army of Darius at the died Eliashib the high priest, after having filled the river Granicus, he speedily made himself master of all sacred office for thirty-four or forty years; and was Asia Minor. The next year Darius advanced to meet succeeded by his son Jehoiada, or Joiada, the father of him with an army of 600,000 men; but, near Issus, he that Manasseh whom Nehemiah forced to retire to was again utterly defeated by Alexander. The battle Samaria, on account of his attachment to his idolatrous of Issus was followed by the reduction of all Syria and wife. It is uncertain how long Nehemiah lived at Phænicia; and Alexander marched into Judea, to Jerusalem after his important reformations; but after punish the Jews for granting the Tyrians supplies of his death Judea seems to have been added to the pre- provisions, and refusing them to him, during the siege fecture of Syria, and became wholly subject to the of Tyre. While he was rapidly advancing to the
governor of that province. Darius Nothus metropolis, the high priest Jaddua, as well as the great B. C, 405,
was succeeded by Artaxerxes Mnemon; in body of the people, by sacrifices, oblations, and prayers,
the thirty-fourth year of whose reign, Jeshua humbly besought God to avert the threatened danger. being appointed by the Persian governor of Syria to It being communicated to Jaddua in a dream, that he supersede his brother Johanan, or Jonathan, who had should go and meet the conqueror in his pontifical succeeded his father Joiada in the high priesthood, robes, at the head of all the priests in their proper was slain by him in the inner court of the temple. habits, attended by a numerous body of the people For this atrocious act, the governor imposed a fine of dressed in white, he ordered the gates of the city to be fifty drachmas on every lamb that should be offered in thrown open, and marched in solemn procession to an sacrifice; the total amount of which has been calculated eminence called Sapha, which commanded a prospect at somewhat more than 17001. per annum. The pay- of the temple and of the whole city. As soon as the ment of this fine, however, continued only till the king approached the venerable pontiff, he was struck
death of Artaxerxes Mnemon, which hap- with profound awe at the spectacle, and hastening B.C. 359. pened seven years after. But the Jews were forward, saluted him with a religious veneration.
not long allowed to enjoy a state of peace While all stood amazed at this behaviour, Parmenio and prosperity, for Ochus, who succeeded Artaxerxes, asked the reason of such unexpected homage; to which having subdued the greater part of Phoenicia, with Alexander replied, that it was not offered to the priest, which Lesser Asia and Syria had revolted on his but to his God, in grateful acknowledgment for a vision accession to the throne, marched into Judea, took with which he had been favoured at Dio, in Macedonia; Jericho, and carried away a great number of captives; in which this very person, and in this very habit, part of whom he sent into Egypt, and settled the rest appeared to him, promising him the empire of Persia.
in Hyrcania, along the shores of the Caspian Having kindly embraced Jaddua, he entered Jerusalem, B.C. 341. Sea. After an interval of ten years, died and offered up sacrifices to God in the temple; where
Johanan the high priest, and was succeeded the high priest having shewn him the prophecies of by his son Jaddua. About three years after this event, Daniel, which predicted the overthrow of the Persian the Persian monarch was poisoned, and the late king's empire by a Grecian king, he went thence with greater youngest son, Arsaces, or Arses, was placed on the assurance of success, not doubting but he was the Persian throne; but, being also poisoned about three person meant in the prophecies. At his departure, he years afterwards, he was succeeded by the unfortunate granted the Jews the free exercise of their religion Darius Codomannus. He had not long ascended the and laws, and exemption from the payment of tribute throne, before the infamous Bagoas, finding he was every seventh year. Egypt having quickly submitted not one who would answer his purpose, resolved to to the conqueror, the following year he marched against remove him by the same means he had used to destroy Darius; and coming to a decisive battle at Arbela, he his two predecessors. But Darius, being apprised of routed his immense army of about 1,100,000 men; and his design, made him drink the poisonous draught Darius being forced to fly for his life, was soon after himself, and thereby became firmly settled in the assassinated by the treachery of Bessus. Having thus, kingdom, without farther difficulty.
according to the prophecies of Daniel, completely sub. · At this eventful period, Alexander the Great, at the verted the Persian empire, he rapidly extended his CONNECTION OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS. conquests from the Euphrates to the Indus, and from in battle; but Ptolemy, hearing that his brother the Caspian Sea to the Southern Ocean. About six Antiochus was preparing to join Seleucus against years afterwards, in the thirty-second year of his age, him, came to an agreement with Callinicus; and
and the twelfth of his reign, he died at peace was concluded between them for ten B.C. 323. Babylon, either in consequence of exces- years. The Jews at this time were subject to B.C. 243.
sive drinking, or from having been poisoned. Ptolemy, and Judea was taxed at the annual After the death of Alexander, his empire was tribute of twenty talents. Not long after, Antiochus divided among his four remaining generals. Cas- the Great, taking advantage of the accession of the sander had Macedonia and Greece; Lysimachus profligate prince Ptolemy Philopater, seized had Thrace, Bithynia, &c.; Seleucus Nicator had upon Cæle-Syria. In the following year, B.C. 218. Syria, Armenia, and other eastern countries; and Ptolemy forced Antiochus to retreat to Ptolemy Lagus had Egypt, Libya, &c. In the first
Antioch. Ptolemy then made a progress through partition of the empire, Palestine, with Cæle-Syria Syria; and coming to Jerusalem, he offered victims, and Phoenicia, had been given to Laomedon, one of and made many valuable presents to the temple. Alexander's generals; but having been deprived of But having been hindered from entering the Holy of the two latter by Ptolemy, the Jews, over whom Onias Holies by Simon the high priest, who had succeeded son of Jaddua was then high priest, refused to submit his father Onias II., Ptolemy departed to Egypt full to this new master, from their religious sense of the of rage against the Jews; where he deprived them of oath of allegiance which they had taken. In conse- the privileges they enjoyed, and acted with great quence of this, Ptolemy marched into Judea, took cruelty towards them. Ptolemy, having made peace
Jerusalem, and carried 100,000 of them cap- with Antiochus, died soon after, worn out by inB.C. 320. tive to Egypt; but there, considering their temperance and debauchery, and was suc
loyalty to their former conquerors, he used ceeded by his infant son Ptolemy Epiphanes. B.C. 204. them so kindly, even promoting them to places of trust Antiochus thinking this a favourable oppor
and power, that many followed them of their tunity, entered into a league with Philip, king of B.C. 314. own accord. About six years afterwards, Macedon, to divide the dominions of the king of Egypt
he was deprived of Judea, Cæle-Syria, and between them; and Antiochus having marched with Phænicia, by Antigonus; and having again made an immense army into Coele-Syria and Palestine, he himself master of these provinces, he immediately speedily subdued those provinces. Soon afterwards,
afterwards lost them by the defeat of Cilles, however, the Egyptians took advantage of Antiochus B. C. 312. one of his generals. They continued in the being engaged in war with Attalus, king of Pergamos,
possession of Antigonus till his defeat and and sent Scopas with an army into Palestine and death at the battle of Ipsus, by the confederated forces Cole-Syria ; where he was so successful, that he took
of Ptolemy, Cassander, Lysimachus, and several cities, reduced all Judea, and put a B.C. 301. Seleucus; after which they were assigned to garrison in Jerusalem. But the following B.C. 199.
Ptolemy, along with Egypt, Libya, and year Antiochus marched againstScopas, and Arabia. Some time after the recovery of Judea by soon rendered himself again master of all Cole-Syria Ptolemy, died Simon the Just, son of Onias, and high and Palestine. Among others, the Jews willingly
priest of the Jews, in the ninth year of his submitted to him; and rendered him such essential B.C. 292. pontificate; and was succeeded by his bro- services, that he gave orders that their city should be
ther Eleazar. He was distinguished for his repaired, and that those who had been dispersed should wisdom and virtues; and is said to have completed return and inhabit it; and, among other important the sacred canon of the Old Testament. Ptolemy favours, confirmed them in all the privileges which
Philadelphus having succeeded his father on had been granted by Alexander the Great. After this, B. C. 284. the throne of Egypt, the Jews found in him being intent on his war with the Romans, he married
as generous a protector as they had experi- his daughter Cleopatra to Ptolemy Epiphanes, and enced in Ptolemy Soter. During his reign was made the gave in dowry with her the provinces of Cele-Syria important translation of the Old Testament into Greek, and Palestine. But not long afterwards, Antiochus afterwards called the Septuagint version ; which event having attempted to seize upon Egypt, was totally has tended more to disseminate the knowledge, and defeated by the Romans, and condemned to confirm the authenticity of the sacred Scriptures, than pay 12,000 talents for defraying the expenses B. c. 188. any other which happened from the time of their of the war. Covered with shame, he retired completion to the commencement of the Christian æra. to Antioch; and being unable to raise the money Antiochus Theos having succeeded his father Antio- which he had stipulated to pay the Romans, he
chus Soter, son of Seleucus, on the throne of marched into his eastern provinces to collect tribute, B.C. 261. Syria, maintained a long and sanguinary and amass what treasure he could; and attempting to
war with Ptolemy Philadelphus, which they rob the rich temple at Elymais, he was asat last agreed to terminate by a treaty of marriage; in saulted and slain by the inhabitants of the B.C. 187. which it was stipulated, that Antiochus was to divorce country.
his wife Laodice, and marry Berenice, Antiochus was succeeded on the Syrian throne by B.C. 249. Ptolemy's daughter. But on the death of his son Seleucus Philopater, who was remarkable for
Philadelphus, about two years afterwards, little else than raising of taxes, to defray the tribute Antiochus put away Berenice, and recalled Laodice; which the Romans had exacted from his father. who, fearing another change, caused him to be poisoned, Being informed that great treasures were deposited in cut off Berenice, her son, and all her Egyptian attend- the temple, he sent to seize them; but, when on the ants, and placed her own son Callinicus on the throne. point of entering the sacred temple, the Syrians Ptolemy Euergetes, who had succeeded his father on were struck with awe, and desisted. Soon the throne of Egypt, in revenge for his sister's death, afterwards, Seleucus was destroyed, and B.C. 176. Blew Laodice, and subdued all Syria and Cilicia. Antiochus, his brother, having heard of Callinicus, two years afterwards, in attempting to his death, and the attempt of Heliodorus, his mur. recover his dominions from Ptolemy, was overthrown derer, to usurp the throne; and finding that there