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hence he asserts, that the navigation up those rivers becomes every day more difficult, and will, at one time or other, be totally obstructed. The same may be remarked with regard to the Wolga, which has, at present, seventy openings into the Caspian sea---of the Danube, which has seven into the Euxine. We have had an instance of the formation of a new island, not very long since, at the mouth of the Humber, in England.---« It is vet within the memory of man, says the relator, since it began to raise its head above the ocean. It began its appearance at low water, for the space of a few hours, and was buried again till the next tide's retreat. Thus successively it lived and died, until the year 1666, when it began to maintain its ground against the insult of the waves, and then first invited the aid of human industry. A bank was thrown about its rising grounds; and being thus defended from the incurfions of the sea, it became firm and solid, and in a íbort time afforded good pasturage for cattle. It is about nine miles in circumference, and it is worth, to the proprietor, about 800l. per annum.” It would be endless to mention all the islands that have been thus formed, and the advantages that have been derived from them. However, it is frequently found, that new islands thus formed, may often be considered as only turning the rivers from their former beds; so that in proportion as land is gained at one part, it is loft by the overflowing of fome other.
Little, therefore, is gained by such accessions. Nor is there much more by the new islands, which are sometimes formed from the spoils of the continent. Mariners ailure us, that there are sometimes whole plains wrested from the main lands by floods and tempests. There being carried out to lea, with all their trees and animals upon them, are frequently leen Roating on the ocean, and exhibiting a surprising appearance of rural tranquulicy in the midst of danger. The greatest part, however, having the earth at their roots at length washed away, are. dispersed, and their animals drowned; but now and then some are found to brave the fury of the ocean, till, being stuck either among rocks or fands, they again take firm footing, and become permanent islands.
As different causes have thus concurred to produce new isands, so we have accounts of others that the same caules have contributed to destroy. We have already seen the power of earthquakes exei ted in finking whole cities, and leaving lakes in their room. There have been islands and regions also that have shared the same fate, and have funk with their inha
bitants, never more to be heard of. This Pausanias tells us of an island, called Chryses, that was funk near Lemnos. Pliny mentions several--among others the island of Cea, for thirty miles, having been washed away, with several thousands of its inhabitants, But of all the noted devastations of this kind, the total submersion of the island of Atlantis, as mentioned by Plato, has been most the subject of speculation. Mankind in general now consider the whole of his account as an ingenious fable; but fuch of our readers who will consult Catcott on the Deluge, may perhaps think it no fable, especially if, as Mr. Catcott supposes, there is some proof of the existencelof such a country, and also of its destruction by an earthquake, in the writings of Moses.'
« About 9000 years are pasied, says Plato, since the island of Atlantis was in being. The priests of Egypt were well acquainted with it; and the first heroes of Athens gained much glory in their wars with the inhabitants. This island was as large as Asia Minor and Syria united, and was situated beyond the pillars of Hercules, in the Atlantic ocean. The beauty of the buildings, and the fertility of the soil, were far beyond any thing a modern imagination can conceive; gold and ivory were every where common, and the fruits of the earth offered themselves without cultivation. The arts and the courage of the inhabitants were not inferior to the happiness of their fitu.. ation; and they were frequently known to make conquests, and over-run the continent of Europe and Asia.” The imagination of the poetical philosopher, riots in the description of the natural and acquired advantages which they long enjoyed in this. charming region. “ If, says he, we compare that country to our own, ours will appear a mere wasted skeleton, when opposed to it. Their mountains, to the very tops, were cloathed with fertility, and poured down rivers to enrich the plains below.”
However, all these beauties and benefits were destroyed in one day by an earthquake, finking the earth, and the sea overwhelming it.
Mr. Catcott and some other learned men, think that the numerous islands in the Atlantic Ocean are the remains of that country, and that Plato's account, though founded in truth, is mixed with some fable, particularly in the date which he uses. See Catcott on the Deluge, p. 84
(To be continued.)
JONATHAN THE JEW. '
(Continued from p. 111.) 6 I FOUND then that the power which operated in the re
I surrection of Jesus, excelled, not only in strength, but also in majesty and perfection of character, all that was called God among men. So I perceived no small propriety in the faying of Jesus, o righteous Father, the world hath not known thee. I concluded then that this power is the only true God; for that which is greatest must be God. Thus am I called off from every idol, however highly dignified, whether the work of men's hands or of their imaginations, to adore him who is higher than the highet. I frankly acknowledge, then, that my religion, or my hope toward God, is not founded on argument, . nor on the wildern of men, but on the power of God;-not any deductions from any principles I had hitherto known, but on authority interpofed in a manner quite unexpected, bafiling, confounding, and repelling all my reasonings; and if I may be allowed the expression, forcing upon me a new set of principles, by the most convincing and satisfactory, as well as irresistible evidence;- not on any reasonings à priori, but on a plain matter of fact, establishev by in pregnable evidence ;--- not on any effort exerted, or any motion telt in my breast, but on that motion of divine power, which burst the bands of death when Jesus role ;---nct on any operation which men call myli. cal to avoid saying inintelligible, but on the fimplest and most striking operation that can affect the human mind, even the presenting alive again a man who was dead ;---not on feeling any change on my heart to the better, or the remotest good inclination of my will, but on that fact which, fore against my will, forced upon me the most shocking view of my guilt, and proved me to be an enemy to heaven in that respect wherein I thought to have approved and valued myself to my last hour; -.-not on an; work of power ailifting me to feel, will, or do any thing in order to peace wiih God, but on a work of power, proving to demonftraticii, that every thing needsul thereto is alreacy completely finished ;.--to say all in one word, not on any difierence betwixt me ard others, or any token tor good about me whatsoever, but on the token or proof of divine good will expressed in the resurrection of Jesus towards the whole creation, without regard to any difference by which one man', can diftinguish himlelf from another. This fact, firm as a rock, embolders me to pay an equal regard to philofophical,
guesses and to enthusiastical fancies. If any one, then, should ask me a reason of the hope that is in me, I have only one word to say, The resurrektion of Jefus : take away this from me, and I am miserable indeed. Let this stand true, and nothing thall ever make me despair. This fact and its import, or the character of God thence arising, inutually confirm and ascertain each other. This character could never have been drawn to our view but from some divine work: no work but this could ever evince such a character; and if this work was done, of necessity there must be such a character. This fact and its import, then, must stand or fall together. But more particularly, as this divine character can no where be published but along with the fact, i am assured, by hearing the grandest chara&ter thence arising, that the fact must be true. For to suppose that the bare notion or idea of ought greater than God could ever be any where imagined, would be the wildest of all absurdities, And it is very evident, that that view of God, which the lower it abases the pride of man, raises his comfort and joy the higher ---which reduces man to the most unreserved or to extretne dependance, while it exalts him to the summit of all happinesscould never be the contrivance of man, whose strongest impuise is toward the gratifying of his pride, and whose joy naturally rises or sinks according to the success thereof. Therefore, when the faci and its import are conveyed to my knowledge by the ame testimony, I have no room to doubt, that God, who alone can describe his own character, is the testifier and declarer of both. And surely it would be extremely absurd to suppole, that such a divine character could arise from a contriyed lie. Again, it is from this fact that the amiable character of the just God and the saviour rises to my view. I could never have known there was fuch a God, had I not known this fact. But I know, this fact being true, there must be such a God, because it is impollible to account for it otherwise.Yea, every attempt to account for it otherwise, not only extinguishes all my former lights, but without furnishing me with any new ones, lands me in atheism, in chaos, and utter darkress : whereas the account of it given by the witnesses, while it proves all my former wisdom to be foolishness, opens to me a new and more delightful source of knowledge, throwing light upon a thousand facts that I could never account for before; Thewing me a no less wonderful than satisfactory propriety in all the extraordinary circumstances attending the birth, life, death, and resurrection of Jesus, and the miniitry of his witnelles. It throws light upon all the ancient la cred writings,
and the extraordinary facts recorded in them, from the creation downward. It sets my mind at rest as to all the difficulties about the divine character, and the present and future condition of all lapsed intelligences, which occasionally pinched me be
fore. I am now reconciled to the entrance of fin and death 'into the world, and the whole dark side of things, on account of the marvellous light that shines forth from the greatest darkness. I am now reconciled to the shade, on account of the magnificent picture thence arising to my view, and which could not otherwise have appeared. In a word, I thence perceive a no less amiable than grand uniformity of design, in all the works of God from first to last. Whereas, should I shut my eyes against the light issuing thence, I am immediatel 2 lost in an unfathomable abyss of absurdities I know then assuredly, when I hear thefe illiterate men, attended by supernatural power bearing witness to the fact, declaring the import of it, and speaking (Te Meyanete T8 :8) “ the grand things of God," I hear God himself speaking; I hear the voice and testimony of God. Divine wisdom and divine power, which are indeed inseparable, present themselves to my conscience at once; niy pride is abashed, my reasonings are filenced, and hope arises to me from a new and unexpected source*. I am fully satisfied, ther, in agreement with the witnesses, to hold the meaning they have given of the resurrection of Jesus, for the gospel, the word, and the tistimony of God, and to call it, by way of eminence, The TRUTH, in opposition to every falle gloss on the Scriptures, and every false reasoning about the light ar law of nature, or about any of the works and ways of God. This truth opens for me a plain path, and affords me firm grour:d for every step, so that I have no occasion to grope 20orig probabilities with the Academics, or no less uncertain feelings of the devotees; no reason to envy the former the pleature they propole in their bumble, candid, and sincere in
« * Were fuch a majestic perforage as is described by John in the tenth chapter of the Açocalyple to appear publicly to our view, would not all our former ideas of grandeur evanith at his presence! Hare the wise men, of alıroit every slicceeding age, exloded the principles maintained by their predecefors, both in ei hics and in phyfics? And should it seem a thing incredible to us, that when God, no longer uinking at the times of ignorance, was to commence a public Spe: ker and writer to men, he thould explode the wifedom of all the teachers who formerly taught mankind? And if we willingly hear wise men tracing to us the order and connection of facts and appearances in the course of nature, why should we not hear God explaining to us fupernatural facts? This seems to be a province proper for the author and controlier of nature. It was fure'y tar above the filers of Galilee.!?