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preached in their synagogues throughout all Galilee, and cast

out devils. 40 And there came a leper to him, beseeching him, and kneeling

down to him, and saying unto him, If thou wilt, thou canst 41 make me clean. And Jesus, moved with compassion, put forth

his hand, and touched him, and saith unto him, I will; be thou 42 clean. And as soon as he had spoken, immediately the leprosy 43 departed from him, and he was cleansed. And he straitly 44 charged him, and forthwith sent him away; and saith unto him,

See thou say nothing to any man; but go thy way, show thyself

to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing those things which 45 Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them. But he went

out, and began to publish it much, and to blaze abroad the matter, insomuch that Jesus could no more openly enter into the city, but was without in desert places: and they came to him from every quarter.

CHAPTER II.

The Paralytic. Conversations of Jesus. AND again he entered into Capernaum, after some days; and 2 it was noised that he was in the house. And straightway many

were gathered together, insomuch that there was no room to receive them, no, not so much as about the door: and he preached 3 the word unto them. And they come unto him, bringing one 4 sick of the palsy, which was borne of four. And when they

could not come nigh unto him for the press, they uncovered the roof where he was: and when they had broken it up, they let

of his coming was to proclaim every popular excitement were produced, where his glad tidings.

the seditious spirit of the Jewish 39. Compare Mat. iv. 23. Cast people, or the quick jealousy of the out devils, i. e. cured diseases and priests and Romans, might be arousinsanity, attributed to demons. ed, and the gospel perish in its

40-45. See Mat. viii. 1-4. The embryo state. miracle here recorded occurred after the Sermon on the Mount, which

CHAPTER II. Mark has entirely omitted. — Jesus 1-14. Compare Mat. ix. 1-9, could no more openly enter into the and the comments thereupon. city. The healed leper, contrary to 4. The press. The dense crowd. the strictest charge from Jesus, bla- Uncovered the roof- broken it up zoned his cure abroad so as to em- A knowledge of the construction of barrass his benefactor. If too great houses in Judea is here necessary.

down the bed wherein the sick of the palsy lay. When Jesus 5 saw their faith, he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee. But there were certain of the scribes sitting 6 there, and reasoning in their hearts, Why doth this man thus 7 speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins but God only? And 8 immediately, when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts? Whether is it easier to say to the 9 sick of the palsy, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and take up thy bed, and walk? But that ye may know that the 10 Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,) I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy bed, 11 and go thy way into thy house. And immediately he arose, 12 took up the bed, and went forth before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw it on this fashion.

And he went forth again by the sea-side; and all the multi- 13 tude resorted unto him, and he taught them. And as he passed 14 by, he saw Levi the son of Alpheus, sitting at the receipt of custom, and said unto him, Follow me. And he arose, and fol- . lowed him. And it came to pass, that as Jesus sat at meat in 15 his house, many publicans and sinners sat also together with Jesus and his disciples; for there were many, and they followed him. And when the scribes and Pharisees saw hini eat with 16 publicans and sinners, they said unto his disciples, How is it that he eateth and drinketh with publicans and sinners ? When 17 Jesus heard it, he saith unto them, They that are whole, have

They brought the sick man on a lit- confidence in his healing power ter, and, finding it impossible to ap- was thus most strikingly manifestproach Jesus below, they went up by ed. the stairs, usually placed in the gate- 10. Power on earth to forgive sins. way of the house, to the flat roof. The same power which God had They then rolled back the awning, delegated to his Son, was also given which was spread over the court, and to the apostles. Mat. xvi. 19, xviii. which is called the roof in the text, 18; John xx. 23. and broke up, or removed, a part of 14. Levi, supposed to be the same the balustrade, or parapet, and let as Matthew, for two names were not down the couch, by the tiling, directly uncommon among the Jews. into the midst of the place where 15-22. See notes on Mat. ix. 10 Sesus was teaching, Their perfect - 17.

no need of the physician, but they that are sick: I came not to

call the righteous, but sinners, to repentance. 18 And the disciples of John, and of the Pharisees, used to fast:

and they come and say unto him, Why do the disciples of John, 19 and of the Pharisees fast, but thy disciples fast not ? And Jesus

said unto them, Can the children of the bride-chamber fast, while

the bridegroom is with them ? as long as they have the bridegroom 20 with them, they cannot fast. But the days will come, when the

bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they 21 fast in those days. No man also seweth a piece of new cloth on an

old garment: else the new piece that filled it up, taketh away from 22 the old, and the rent is made worse. And no man putteth new

wine into old bottles : else the new wine doth burst the bottles, and the wine is spilled, and the bottles will be marred: but new

wine must be put into new bottles. 23 And it came to pass, that he went through the cornfields on

the Sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck 24 the ears of corn. And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, 25 why do they on the Sabbath day that which is not lawful ? And

he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when

he had need, and was a hungered, he and they that were with 26 him? how he went into the house of God, in the days of Abiathar

the high-priest, and did eat the show-bread, which is not lawful

to eat, but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with 27 him? And he said unto them, The Sabbath was made for man, 28 and not man for the Sabbath : therefore, the Son of man is Lord

also of the Sabbath.

17. To repentance. These words father, Ahimelech. Various modes are generally regarded as spurious. have been resorted to for the expla

21, 22. New cloth on an old gar- nation of this difficulty. It is suffiment new wine into old bottles. cient to say, that the event in question Expressions to denote great incon did in fact occur in the days of Abigruity and unfitness.

athar, who was afterwards, if he was 23-28. See Mat. xii. 1-8, and not then, high-priest; and that his the notes.

name may have been mentioned 23. The ears of corn. The heads rather than that of Ahimelech, as of grain.

being more famous. 1 Sam. xxii. 26. In the days of Abiathar the high 20, 21, 22, xxiii. 6. priest. From 1 Sam. xxi. 1, 2, 8, we 27. The Sabbath was made for man, infer, that the chief actor in the scene and not man for the Sabbath. The with David was not Abiathar, but his institutions, and means, and influ

CHAPTER III.

Miracles of Jesus, and his Choice of the Twelve. AND he entered again into the synagogue; and there was a man there which had a withered hand. And they watched him, 2 whether he would heal him on the Sabbath day; that they might accuse him. And he saith unto the man which had the withered 3 hand, Stand forth. And he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do 4 good on the Sabbath days, or to do evil ? to save life, or to kill ? But they held their peace. And when he had looked round 5 about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand.

ences, of religion were given for the speakable blessing it is to us! The benefit of mån. The Sabbath fol- weary find repose, the young instruclows the general rule. Man is not tion, the erring the way of peace, the a secondary appendage to this sys- indifferent the needed rebuke, and tem of things, but its centre and the sad consolations to reach their prime object. He is the lord of inmost griefs. The judicious obserthis lower world, and heir of God. vance of this institution is the pillar Not simply the sweet and hallowed of morality and religion. Every rerest and devotion of the Sabbath were turning Sabbath sun beholds a wider, prepared for him, but all Nature, purer worship of the Almighty FaProvidence, and Grace, are tasked for ther, a closer knitting of the ties of his good. What a wretch must he human brotherhood, and a fleeing be, if no throbbings of gratitude, no away of the darkness of sin and sortears of contrition, no breathings of row before the spreading light of the devotion, no efforts of obedience, no gospel of Jesus Christ. cheerful surrender of himself into the “The Sabbath — the jubilee of hands of his mighty Father, ever tes- the whole world; whose light dawns tify that he recognizes and praises welcome alike into the closet of the this blessed nurture of Heaven! God philosopher, into the garret of toil, forgive us, that we are so slow to and into prison cells, and every appreciate, and so cold to feel, his where suggests, even to the vile, a infinite kindness! The Sabbath was thought of the dignity of spiritual made for man. Man did not make it being. Let it stand, forevermore, a himself. He is so blind to his high- temple, which new love, new faith, est, spiritual interest, and so bound new sight, shall restore to more than up in his earthly cares, that he never its first splendor to mankind.” would have devised for himself such an institution. Its nature and object

CHAPTER III. carry with them intrinsic marks of a 1-12. See on Mat. xii. 9-16. divine origin, apart from the proofs 5. Few descriptions can be found of Scripture. God made it for his more graphic than this. As Jesus child in his twofold condition of asked his questions, and paused for laborer and sinner, that he might a reply, he looked round upon the have rest from toil, and victory over circle of hollow-hearted, cautious sin. And in both lights, what an un- religionists, with strong indignation, · And he stretched it out: and his hand was restored whole as the 6 other. And the Pharisees went forth, and straightway took coun

sel with the Herodians against him, how they might destroy him. 7 But Jesus withdrew himself with his disciples to the sea: and

a great multitude from Galilee followed him, and from Judea, 8 and from Jerusalem, and from Idumea, and from beyond Jordan;

and they about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude, when they 9 had heard what great things he did, came unto him. And he

spake to his disciples, that a small ship should wait on him, because 10 of the multitude, lest they should throng him. For he had healed

many; insomuch that they pressed upon him for to touch him, 11 as many as had plagues. And unclean spirits, when they saw

him, fell down before him, and cried, saying, Thou art the Son 12 of God. And he straitly charged them, that they should not

make him known. 13 And he goeth up into a mountain, and calleth unto him whom

joined with the tenderest compas- best secured by the government of sion for their perverseness. In that the descendants of Herod, with the look, what depth, and power, and sanction and under the protection of sensibility, were concentrated, that it Rome. They were the foreign facshould have been remembered ever tion, and, as such, in general, in direct after by his disciples! The anger opposition to the Pharisaic or naof Jesus was not a mere impulse of tional party." irascible or petulant feeling, but a 8. Idumea. Usually called Edom, sorrowful indignation, the emotion of a country lying south of Palestine. a deeply-stirred, but compassionate The fame of Jesus had gone out beand forgiving spirit. The evange- yond the confines of his native land. list relates the fact as it was, without –Tyre and Sidon. See note, Mat. comment or explanation, and trusts, xi. 21. without one shade of suspicion, to 10. Plagues. Literally, scourges, the good sense and candor of the or judgments from God, as all disreader, never fearing that any infer- eases were regarded by the Jews. ence could be drawn from it, in the 11. Unclean spirits, i. e. those who least degree, unfavorable to the char- were supposed to be possessed by acter of his spotless Master. Such evil spirits, as epileptic and insane conduct attests his guileless honesty persons. and veracity.

13-15. Compare Luke vi. 12, 13, · 6. Herodians. Milman remarks, where we learn he went up into a in his late History of Christianity, mountain to pray. Jesus uniformly that “this appellation probably in- resorts to the exercises of devotion cludes all those who, estranged from in the great emergencies of his life, the more inveterate Judaisin of the as at his baptism, Luke iii. 21; at nation, and having, in some degree, the raising of Lazarus from the dead, adopted Grecian habits and opinions, John xi. 11; at this appointment of considered the peace of the country the twelve ; after the supper, John

VOL. II.

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