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Established in pursuance of the Mercantile Marine Act, 1850,



To come into operation on the 1st September, 1852.

No *Foreign-going vessel is permitted to clear out from any custom house in the United Kingdom, unless the masters and mates respectively are in possession of Certificates, either of Service or of Competency.

The Certificate of Service entitles an officer, who has already served as either master or mate in the British merchant service before the 1st January 1851, to go in those capacities again, and may be had by application to the Registrar-General of Seamen, Custom House, London, on the transmission of the necessary certificates and testimonials.

Certificates of Competency will be granted by tbe Board of Trade, to all mates and masters who have passed examinations, whether under the old or present regulations, and also to all officers who have passed Lieutenants, Masters, and Second Masters examinations in the Royal Navy and East India Com. pany's service, unless special reasons to the contrary exist; and any person desirous of changing a passing certificate-obtained under the former Boards of Examiners—for a Certificate of Competency, should send it to the Registrar-General, as before

* By a Foreign-going vessel is meant one which is bound to some place out of the United Kingdom, beyond the limits included between the rivers Elbe and Brest.

mentioned, with a request to that effect, and state the port to which he wishes it to be sent, where it will be delivered to him by the Collector of Customs or the Shipping Master.

All other officers, entering for the first time upon their duties, whether as mate or master, will be required to undergo an examination before one of the Local Marine Boards before they can act in either of those capacities.

The examinations required for qualifications for the several ranks under mentioned, are as follow :

A SECOND MATE must be seventeen years of age, and must have been four years at sea.

IN NAVIGATION.—He must write a legible hand, and understand the four first rules of arithmetic, and the use of logarithms. He must be able to correct the courses steered for variation and leeway, and find the difference of latitude and longitude therefrom; be able to correct the sun's declination for longitude, and find his latitude by meridian altitude of the sun ; and work such other easy problems of a like nature as may be put to him. He must understand the use of the sextant, and be able to observe with it, and read off the arc.

IN SEÁMANSHIP.-He must give satisfactory answers as to the rigging and unrigging of ships, stowing of holds, &c.; must understand the measurement of the log-line, glass, and lead-line; be conversant with the rule of the road, as regard both steamers and sailing-vessels, and the lights carried by them.

An ONLY MATE must be eigbteen years of age, and have been four years at sea.

IN NAVIGATION.-In addition to the qualification required for a Second Mate, an Only Mate must be able to work a day's work complete, including the bearing and distance of the port he is bound to by Mercator's method. He must be able to observe, and calculate the amplitude of the sun, and deduce the variation of the compass therefrom. He must know how to lay off the place of the ship on the chart, both by bearings of known objects, and by latitude and longitude. He must be



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