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Chelmsford Sessions. - Bloody-
-- Parson's and Tithes.--Parson
Bourbons and City Guttlers.--
No. 7.-Belgium. Wiltshire Benett. -
- France; Letter from Mr. W.
Cobbett.-No.3. History of George
land; Letter of Mr. O'Connell to
shire. --The Fires. - Labourers'
Wages. -- Hunt, — Marquis of
Blandford and his Parsons.-Par-
ter; on the new plan of publish No. 8.-To the Landowners of Eng-
land, on their Defeat by the Loan
Mungers.-Blandford and his Par-
sons. —Game Laws. — Preston
Cock. Parliament. Reform, Civil
ging Soldiers.- Ireland; Repeal
section ; Tithes. The Budget.
France.-Leeds Reform Meeting.
No. 4.-To the Ministers, on the only
Mr. Cobbett.-The Indictment.-
No. 5.-Cause of Reform.-To the
Cock.-Letter of Mr. Hodges.
ders of the Register.-a Bill to
ment; Repeal of the Union; France; Letter of Mr. W. Cobbett.
No. 13.-The Press against Parlia-
isters and the People. To Earl rity and Minority on the Second
fires), in case the person making such discovery shall be liable to be prosecuted for the same.
And the Lords Commissioners of our Treasury are hereby required to make payment accordingly' of the said rewards.
Given at our Court at St. James's, this twenty-third day of November, one thousand eight hundred and thirty, in the first year of our reiga. God save the King.
Here, in the case of the setting fire, iş la freehold estate worth twenty-five pounds a
year; or, an appuity for life of about fortyTIANGING OF ENGLISH LABOURERS. five pounds a-year, though the informer be
only twenty-one years of age; and, if he - I SHALL, under this head, put upon record the hangings that are now going on. the worth of an annuity of a hundred pounds
* be from forty to fifty years of age, here is I shall not, except in the way of explanation, make any remark, or state any fact,
a year for life. The hanging began at
Chelmsford, in Essex. from myself, and shall not venture on the
ESSEX. insertion of any private, or written com
Ar CHELMSTORD, FRIDAY, CHRISTMAS Evı. mooication; but shall put on record | JAMES Ewen, a young man, having a wife and two
small children, merely what I find in the public papers. *
On Friday James Ewen, convieted of arson, and Thos. Bateman, for highway robbery, accompanied with cir. cumstances of savage barbarity, underwent the extrema
penalty of the law in front of Springfield Gaol. Ewen, it was issued before the trials begao, offor
will be recollected, had been found guilty of setting tiro ing a reward of a hundred pounds to any one to the barn and stack of Me. Sach, farmer, at Rayleigh,
The circumstantial evidenco to connect him with the fact who should cause any one to be convicted
was very slight, but the principal witness, a man named of some of the acts of violence; and FIVE Richardson, who had been imprisoned as an accessary to HUNDRED POUNDS in the case of
the crime, swore that the prisoner had, unsolicited, told kim, after the fire, that he was the perpetrator, and urged
bim at the same time to join him in firing another stack to losert the Proclamation itself.
belonging to Mr. Blewett, the next evening. Richardson
was known to be a notoriously bad character, and circumWILLIAN R-Whereas great multitudes of lawless and scances subsequently transpiring to cast suspicion upon disorderly persons have, for some time past, assembled his evidence, the most strengons exertions were made, by themselves together in a riotous and tumaltuous manner,
a number of the most respectable inhabitants, to savo in the Counties of Wilts, Kent, Sussex, Surrey, Hants, Ewen's life, but without success. Ewen prolested bug in. and Berks : and for the purposes of compelling their em- | nocence, in the most earnest manner, up to the last mo. ployers to comply with certain regulations prescribed by ! ment, though he freely confessed that in his life he had themseloes, with respect to wages, have had recourse to I been uilty of many offences. His wife and two measures of force and violence, and have actually com - I took their farewell of the unfortunate ban a few days mitted various acts of outrage in different parts of the previons, and his brother was admitted to him on the coanties above-mentioned, whereby the property of many morning of his execution. No commiseration was excited of our good subjects has, in several instances, been wholly For Re
wnolly for Bateman, who bad robbed and cruelly ill-used an destroyed, and their lives and properties are still greatly Lold mar
auy old man, opwards of 70, by stamping his head into a ditch. endangered:
and crushing his ear off, which was found buried six We, therefore, being duly sensible of the mischievous inches in the mud. About nine o'clock, after leaving the consequences which must inevitably ensue, as well to the
chapel, the culprits ascended the platform, Ewen with peace of the kingdom as to the lives and properties of our great birmness, and Batoman discovering much. agitation. subjects from such wicked and illegal practices, if they go
pon placing the rope round Ewen's Dock, it was found anpunished; and being Armly resolved to cause the laws to
2c laws to to be too short, upon which be observed, “It's rather & be put into exccution for the punishment of such offend
tight fit.” The balter was obliged to be spliced, and gri, have thought fit by the advice of our Privy Council, while this was accomplishing, Ewen remarked to a per: to issQe this Proclamation, hereby strictly commanding all
son who stood near, “It's rather cold standing up here." Justices of the Peace, Sheriffs Under-Sheriffs, and all The manne haine adinated, the bolts were withdrawn, and other Ciril officers whatsoever. within the said counties the prisoners were launched into eternity. They strugof Wilts, Kent, Sussex, Surrey, Hants, and Berks, that gled very much.-The general impression amongst the they do use their utmost endeavours to discover, appre. Magistrates was,. that Ewen wat innocent.-- London hend, and bring to justice, the persons concerned in the Morning Advertiser of 37th Dee. riotons proceedings above-mentioned. And as a further inducement to discover the said offend
· KENT. en, we do hereby promise and declare that any person or
AT MAIDSTONB, ON CHRISTMAS EVR. persons who shall discover and apprehend, or cause to be
John Dekk, discovered and apprehended, the authors, abettors, or per
WM. PACKMAN, petrators of any of the outrages above-mentioned, so
HENRY PACKMAN, S that they, or any of them, may be duly convicted thereof, EXECUTION OF THREE INCENDIARIES AT MAIDSTONB.
um og ryty Pounas for each and John Dyke, otherwise Field, and William and Hents every person who shall be convicted, and shall also receive Packman, brothers, were executed on Penenden Heath, our most gracious pardon for the said offence, in case the on Friday. The first had protested bis innocence of being person making such discovery as aforesaid shall be liable concerned in the fires : bat the two latter, who are quite to be prosecuted for the same.
boys, confessed their guilt. A troop of Scotch Greys at. And whereas certain wicked incendiaries have secretly tended. for fear that any disturbance should take place. by fire, in many parts of the said counties, destroyed the Henry Packman addressed the crowd, and accused Bishop, corn, bay, buildings, and other property of our subjects, we who have evidence against him, of having instigaled him to do hereby promise and declare, that any person or persons burn the ricks, &c. No disturbance took place. London who shall discover and apprehend, or cause to be dis- Morning Chronicle of 28th Dec.. Covered and apprehended, the authors of the said fires, so that they or any one of them may be duly convicted thereof, shall be entitled to the sum of' Five Hun- together, with ag full an account as I can dred Pounds for each and every person who shall be get of all the circumstances relating to 0 convicted, and shall also receive our most gracious
W . CORRITT.
TREATMENT OF THE ENGLISH from my petition to the two Houses of LABOURERS.
Parliament, dated 4th December. The · "That it has been proved before com- following I take from the Morning * mittees of the House of Commons, Chronicle of 29th Dec., and it will show
« that the allowance for the subsistence that a change has now taken place in '“ of a labouring man,including his earn- the treatment of the labourers. Pray, *6 ings, has been, as fixed by the magis- i reader, attend to the whole of it; mark Ctrates in Wiltshire, no more than one it well; and then I leave you to make « pound and a quarter of bread and one your own remarks. * half-penny in money per day for food CHELMSFORD PETTY SESSIONS, * and clothes, with nothing for drink,
FRIDAY, Dec. 24. ** fuel, or bedding; that it has been LABOURERS' WAGES.—The Surveyor and " proved before the said committees, Overseer of Great Waltham appeared upon a 56 that formerly the labourers all brewed summons to answer the complaint of three 6 their own beer, and that now they
labourers, named Tilly, Smiin, and Gentry,
Y for not paying them sufficient for their labour “ vever do it; that formerly they ate in the gravel-pits to procure them the com" meat, cheese, butter, and bread, and mon necessaries of life. The case has been " they now live almost wholly on pota- several times before the Bench. On the first toes, which they carry cold to the
occasion a summons was issued against the
| defendants, who, on its being served upon fields when at work there; that it has them, went to Mr. Tufnell, and upon their " been proved before the said comnite promising to comply with his directions and " tees, that the honest, hard-working reasonably increase the wages, the summons " labourer is not allowed more than
was dismissed without a hearing. The Sur
veyor, however, instead of complying with « about half as much food as is allowed
Mr. Tusnell's order, thinking that as the sum" the convicted felons in the jails and mons was dismissed he should not be called. 66 hulks; that it has been proved be-on to answer for his conduct, refused to give <fore the said committees, that the the complaiuants any more for their labour,
and they again coming to complain to the 4. labourers commit crimes in order to Bench.
Bench, a second summops was issued ; a let" get fed and clothed as well as the ter was also written by the Chairman to Mr. « convicts are fed and clothed ; that the Tufnell, informing him of the reprehensible “ Magistrates of Warwickshire have conduct of the Surveyor. The complainants
now stated that they were employed to work * declared in resolutions at their Quarter
er in the gravel-pit by the Surveyor, -who re.“ Sessions, that the labourers commit fused to pay them more than 45. 6d. a-week ** crimes in order to get into jail, the each. They were all single men, and had to
4 jail being a more happy place than pay Is. each for lodging and 6d. for washing, is their own homes; that it has been
after which they had only 3s. left for seven
days' subsistence. " proved before the said committees, Chairman: How could you manage to keep
that the young women are, now-a- alive-did you live upon sticks and stones ? ,“ days, almost all pregnant before mar. | The Surveyor, in his defence, said he asked * riage, owing to fathers and them
the complainants how much they had from
" the Surveyor last year; they told him 9d. aselves being too poor to pay the ex- | day, and he gave them that sum. * penses of the wedding; that it has Chairman : And so you really and seriously « been proved before the said commit- thought that sufficient for a poor man to live * “ tees, that the labourers, having an upomi:
The Surveyor said that he never served the “ assistant overseer for a driver, are office before, and did not understand it. " compelled to draw carts and wagons Chairman : That is no defence at all ; you « like beasts. of burden; and that it has knew a man could not live upon 3s. a week. " long been a general practice to put
Mr. Tufnell said he felt satisfied that so
far as the overseer was concerned, no blame "them up at auction, and to sell them attached to him. He had always fulfilled the - 46 for certain lengths of time, as is the duties of his office to the perfect satisfaction
4 custom with regard to the negroes in of the parishioners; at the same time he did " the slave colonies : that all these
full justice to the poor.
| The complainants said, if the Surveyor " things have been proved to commit would give them ls, a.day for their work, « tees of the House of Commons.” they should be well satisfied.
The above paragraph is an extract The Bench said that was the lowest sum
which they ought to have. In fact, they did |
BLOODY-MINDED. not see how u man could subsist upon less.
The Surveyor was reprimanded for his con The following letter was publishes duct, and ordered to pay the men in future Is. in the Morning Chronicle on Christma a-day, and also for the time they had lost in Day :coming to make the complaint.- Essex Herald.
1“ Sir,- In The Times (the Bloody Bravo! good, Mr. Tufnell! Whata!“Old Times] newspaper of this mornpity it was that the men did not complain
“ing, I read the following paragraph, LAST YEAR! Ah! ...... But
" which I beg you to insert, along with let us proceed. Now, it was proved by
dhol" the comment that I have subjoined their published scale, that the magis
" to it: trates of Dorsetshire allowed 2s. ad. a 'CONFESSION OF THOMAS GOODMAN week for a working man when bread was
-COBBETT'S LECTURES. 10d. the quartern loaf (as it is now); it was
• The unfortunate young man, Thomas proved before a Committee of the House to the barn of Mr. Alderton, at Battle, and
Goodman, who was convicted of setting fire of Commons, on the evidence of BENETT sentenced to dealh, has made a full confession (now a member for the county), that the of his guilt, and attributes bis untimely end magistrates of Wiltshire allowed a gal- to that notorious demagogue, William Cobbett,
wbo, you may lon loaf and three-pence a week to each lecture at Battle some time ago, in which he
nay remember, delivered a public member of a labourer's family for food told bis auditors that unless the farmers would and clothing; that is, at this time, 2s. Id. consent to pay better wages to their labourers, for each, and nothing for drink, washing the fires which were then going on in Kent
"might also take place in this county, and that or lodging, or fuel or bedding. If, then, the boundary between the counties was but 4s. 6d. a week to these Essex men was imaginary. It is a singular fact that in less cruelty, what was the treatment of the than a fortnight after the delivery of this leclabourers of Dorsetshire and Wiltshire! ture, the first fire-namely, that which broke
Jout on the night of the 3d of November, took If 6s a week is the “ lowest sum that a
place in the parish of Battle; and it is still single man ought to have,” what was the more singular, that the property destroyed on treatment of the men in these Western that occasion belonged to Mr. Charles Emery, counties? If it was cruelty to give them landlord of the George Ion, at Battle, who
ilhad refused Cobbett the use of his principal a farthing less than 6s. a week, what
room for the purpose of delivering his lecture. was it to give a working man 2s. 7d. The unfortunate young man, who is only 18 when bread was at the same price ? Il years of age, confesses that he was so štirred is said that William Packman, who, as up by the words of Cobbett, that his brain was we have seen, was hanged on PENENDEN |
nearly turned; and that he was under the im
pression that nothing but the destruction of Heath, on Christmas Eve, said to one property by fire at night would effect that of his old companions, who was crying: species of revolution, the necessity, of which “ Never mind, Dick, you 'll have your was so strongly enforced by the arch lecturer. belly full now.” Though mere boys,
Of the eight fires which took place in the
parish of Battle, within one month, the these Packmans are said to have died Junfortunate convict has confessed that five of with the greatest composure. This them were occasioned by his own hand. The Essex justice is to be applauded for his following are the words of the culprit with conduct, and I hope his example will be
will be reference to Cobbett, as taken down this
morning, in the presence of the Rev. Henry followed all over the country; for that John Rush, Curate of Crowhurst, Sussex : is the effectual way of putting an end tol 1, Thomas Goodman, never should af these horrible scenes, the like of which thought of douing ancy sutch thing if Mr. Cobhave not been beheld for ages, and, 1
and bett Cobet had never given aney lactures i
|believe that their never would bean any fires or trust, never will be beheld again. Imob in Battle nor maney others places if he trust that all men are now convinced, never had given aney lactures at all."”. with this worthy magistrate of Essex, Now, Sir, in the first place, the rethat 68. a week is the very lowest that porter is A PARSON ; and that is quite a single man ought to have to live upon ; enough with regard to the truth of the and if all the magistrates act on the report. In the next place, as to the same rule, there will once more be pretended statement of Goodman, please peace.
to observe these facts : I. That the