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been translated into the German and, tions, as a Friend, to a ministry receiving Spanish languages; and, together with pecuniary support either from endowhis other works, has been printed in ments or from congregations; but exAmerica. These two works, the “Ob-hibits a view of Episcopalian, Presbyservations" and the “ Essays," may be terian, and Congregational polity, which considered as comprising his theology; all the parties concerned should seriously the former showing wherein he differed ponder. But we must not proceed with from others; and the latter showing this analysis. His other works contain wherein he agreed. It need not be said treatises “On the Observance of the Sabthat the points of agreement comprise all bath;" "The right application of Knowthat is vital and essential. The “Bibli- ledge;" “The Accordance of Geology cal Notes and Dissertations" are chiefly with Natural and Revealed Religion ;" critical and philological examinations of and on many other subjects, all of which several passages of Scripture, relative to declare a mind sacredly imbued with the the Deity and incarnation of Christ; and spirit of wisdom and piety, and strongly discover a surprising degree of acquaint- | desirous to instruct and bless mankind. ance with Hebrew and Rabbinical litera- It did not accord with the will or with ture, as well as a con amore sympathy with the wisdom of our heavenly Father, that the investigation which he pursues. His one of his children, so richly gifted and "Hints on the Portable Evidences of honoured, should pass through life withChristianity" is a book, the title and sub- out the discipline of tribulation—" for ject of which was suggested to him in a whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth.” conversation with Dr. Chalmers, and the In addition to the losses wbich he sustreatise itself is an argument in proof of tained in the death of his parents, of the truth and excellency of Christianity, brothers and sisters, of his beloved Buxderived from the accordance of its de- ton, to whom he had said, “From our scriptions of mankind with human expe- very early years we have been bound torience, and of its peculiar doctrines with gether in the ties of friendship and broman's necessities as a sinner. This evi- therhood ;” and by the death of many dence he calls portable, because both the others, his own habitation had twice become Bible itself and personal experience are “the house of mourning." His first wife, things which every man can carry about Jane Birkbeck, died in 1822. His second with him. His “ Thoughts on Habit and wife, Mary Fowler, died in 1836. His Discipline" is a book which every person, third wife, Eliza P. Kirkbride, still surand which especially every young person, vives, to cherish his beloved memory, and should most carefully “read, mark, learn, submissively to lament her loss. Thus and inwardly digest.” It relates princi- over all “the glory,” derived from rich pally to self-government—a subject little intellectual and spiritual endowments, understood, and less practised; but of abundant wealth, great labours and useimmense importance to intellectual and fulness, and the praise of all the churches, religious character, cultivation, and use
“the defence of dark tribulafulness. His “Essay on the Habitual tion;" which mercifully prevented the Exercise of Love to God, considered as glory from either utterly destroying, or a Preparation for Heaven," may be re- unduly dazzling. How wise, paternal, garded as a chapter of the former book; and sovereign is the government under and the charm conveyed by its very title, which we are placed; how much we owe is sustained and strengthened through to the painful, yet profitable discipline of the whole of the holy and the heavenly affliction ; and when, in eternity, we look treatise. All honour to the memory of back upon time, what reason shall we the man who could write and live such a
“ He hath done all things book as that. His “Puseyism traced to well!" its Root," not only coutains his objec- Such a review of life has, no doubt,
have to say,
begun to be taken by our departed friend; | evident it now is, for some days previand probably he now derives, even from ously, he was gathering up his mantle, the circumstance of his rapid removal and approaching nearer to the cross, that from earthly scenes, unspeakable grati- he might fall there. How beautifully tude and joy. After an accidental fall the close of his life was in harmony with with his horse, which did not appear to its course. His last speech besought his injure bim at the time, and after an illness fellow-citizens to remember the poor. of only one short week, during the greater His last sermon was full of evangelical part of which no danger was apprebended, doctrine, and pathos, and admonition. he fell asleep in Jesus. The very man- His last public prayer was a devout enner of his removal was, however, a mani-treaty that he, and all around him, might festation of his heavenly Father's mercy. be ready for the coming of their Lord. Possessing, in some degree of strength, “And so, having served his generation a physical fear of death ; afraid of dying, according to the will of God, he fell asleep, rather than of being dead, “ he was heard and was gathered to his fathers." in that he feared," and received “the bliss “Si quæreris monumentum ejus, cirwithout the pain" of dying. He had walked CUMSPICE." If you ask for his monuwith God; "and he was not, for God took ment, look around—not indeed on sculphim." But though the event of death tured marble, or on splendid architecture, may have boen sudden and unexpected, but on a mourning city, and on an afflicted it was not so to his Lord and Master. He church; on poverty supplied with bread, who intended so to close his life, had and on misery deprived of its sting; on been previously preparing him for the sinners saved, and on Christ glorified. dispensation. There were probably not
- Monumentum ære perennius, many dying declarations for the hand of
Regaliquo situ pyramidum altius, Christian friendship to record ; but if so, Quod non imber edax, non Aquilo impotens, it is well, we are the more thrown
Possit diruere, aut innumerabilis upon the language of his life. Still
, how! Annorum series, aut fuga temporum."
THE VALUE OF RELIGION.
THOUGHTS ON RELIGION.
That field of promise how it flings abroad
inseparable from everything that is holy. Nothing, to every person whose views It is allied to everything that is benevolent are enlightened and dispassionate, is so va- and useful. It is connected with everyluable, so momentous, as religion ; the re- thing that is happy. It embraces all that ligion of the New Testament—the religion is essential to our best interests, in every of the cross of Christ; that religion which condition of life, and in the prospect of flows from heaven—which is derived im- every change of life. If this religion, mediately from the Saviour-which cen. so clearly unfolded by the Son of God, tres in the Redeemer's character and be understood and enjoyed by us, what, 'work—and which is communicated and that is really valuable, can we want? if enjoyed by the agency of his Spirit. It it be not possessed by us, what, that is is identified with everything that is great in the highest degree desirable and imand ennobling, it is associated with every- portant, do we not require ? thing that is engaging and lovely. It is It is “the pearl of great price," to en
rich us for ever. It is the “balm of random; if we recur to it, either alone or Gilead;" a celestial cure for every wound | in company, without any seriousness of -a celestial remedy for every disorder. spirit, or appropriate sense of its dignity It is the “ well of salvation" opened with and importance, we commit a great sinthe express design to purify and bless. we discoverindifference to the most solemn It is “the water of life,” intended and and momentous theme—we clearly indicalculated to enliven, to fructify, and to cate the frame of our own minds, unfold, render happy, throughout eternity. No that, with us, there is something radically thing that is earthly, however costly and wrong, and often inflict a positive and precious, can, for a moment, be com. cruel injury on others, especially on the pared with the religion of the Bible; young, and the early, but anxious inindeed, everything else is valueless, and
quirer. utter vanity, when compared with it. It is a principle which we should ever Let, then, the first, the last, the unceasing bear in mind, that religion requires proinquiry be, “ Is this religion ours ;-ours
found and habitual seriousness. Levity to have-ours to enjoy ?" Do we esti- of thought-recklessness of feeling-Aipmate it aright? Do we appreciate its pancy of manner, are as much opposed excellence? Have we felt its power? to it, as light is opposed to darkness—as Are we sensible of its importance ? Do | heaven is opposed to hell. We should we realise its priceless blessings ? Never never enter on the contemplation of any let us think of comparing anything with of the hallowed subjects of Christianity religion ; should we do so, we are charge without deep seriousness, an earnest deable with ignorance the most profound sire to be taught and directed aright, with error the most pernicious—with and fervent prayer to God, that all our folly the most criminal.
reflections and inquiries may be conducted under the influence of a becoming tem
per, and prove permanently beneficial to TIE SACREDNESS OF RELIGION.
The cold and wanton levity of many, True religion is the most sacred of all when recurring to the sacred and awful subjects. Its holiness is consummate, its subjects of religion, is as ignorant as importance is at once vast and unspeak- l pernicious—as absurd as criminal. It is able; and, in dwelling on it in the closet, the mark of a shallow, little mind, as well or in recurring to it before others, these as of a hard, callous, and depraved heart. points must ever be regarded. Religion | The greatest minds—men of the most is to be received, valued, lored, yet it enlarged views, of the most exalted and must never be rendered unduly familiar. carefully disciplined intellect, of the It must never be deemed a common | most profound and original investigathing. Its distinctive, divine, pre-emi tions-have been accustomed to treat nent sacredness must, under all circum- Christianity with deference and solemnity, stances, be maintained. True religion from a sense of its sacredness and immay be compared to fruit on the tree, portance. covered with its bloom. The fruit is Newton and Boyle-Milton and Locke, heedlessly gathered and handled by are splendid examples. When a man many, till its native bloom and beauty feels his weakness—is sensible of his ignobave disappeared. We should sedulously rance—is convinced of his depravityguard against this spirit. When the is impressed with the holiness, grandeur, subject of religion is introduced, let it and infinite authority of the Divine Being ever be with a corresponding feeling of -he will always regard, with the utmost reverence. It is no trifling matter. It sacredness and awe, the communications is our life--it is our happiness—it is our which are made to him as a sinner, and salvation ; and, if we converse on it at as an immortal creature, from heaven,
THE SPIRITUALITY OF RELIGION. I have we in heaven but thee, and there is In examining the religion of the Bible, none upon earth that we desire beside with discrimination and care, nothing thee." strikes the devout mind more powerfully than its spirituality—its purely un
WHAT RELIGION DEMANDS. earthly character. We see at once that The religion of the Bible requires, as it came from heaven, and that it leads an essential qualification for its enjoydirectly to heaven.
ment, dispassionate and enlightened It is essentially a spiritual system. In thought and inquiry. We must come to its nature-its aspect-its design-its its investigation without prejudice ; withtendency—it is altogether unworldly. out cherishing any undesirable and imThe doctrines which it unfolds are spi proper bias. We must regard it as the ritual doctrines; the mysteries of mercy sublimest and most momentous of all into which it requires us to “ look," are subjects, which it is most desirable and spiritual mysteries ; the precepts to which necessary for us to understand. We must it demands obedience, are spiritual pre- view it as the truth of God, which decepts; the consolations which it admi-mands our most intelligent, discriministers, are spiritual consolations; the nating, and patient investigation. We rich and varied blessings which it com- must cultivate a simple and fervent desire municates, are spiritual blessings; the to elicit “the mind of the Spirit," - to promises which it expresses and applies, comprehend the requirements of the are, emphatically, spiritual promises. It Saviour-to appreciate the mysteries of raises our thoughts and affections from the gospel-to enter into the import and earth to heaven. It carries our anticipa- surpassing excellence of the discoveries tions and desires forward from time to of Divine mercy. In the examination of eternity. It shows us what ought to be the Christian religion, nothing will be our chief business-our primary aim- done to any purpose, without an honest our supreme and continual solicitude, and dispassionate mind, determined to namely, not to settle down here ; not to receive the message of heaven with all be absorbed in the consideration of "the simplicity, readiness, and sincerity, from things which are seen and temporal,” | a conviction of its vast and utterable immuch less to grovel and burrow in the portance. This is the Spirit, the only world, like moles which penetrate and Spirit, which God will sanction, which abide in the earth.
the Saviour will honour, which will result Christianity shows us that our views in a blessing. are to centre in God, who is a pure If, in examining the religion of the Spirit, the holiest, as well as the greatest New Testament, any are resolved to act of Beings : that our affections are to be under the influence of prejudice, cherishfixed immediately on the Saviour, the ing preconceived, but crude and illembodiment of spirituality, as well as digested opinions, what good can be exthe incarnation of love; and that we are pected to flow from the investigation ? to be perpetually aspiring after the dig- Indeed, there is no fair and honest invesnity, the bliss, the unsullied purity, oftigation at all. There is a lofty and an “the better country.” Thus it is, that insuperable barrier raised in the way of the Christian religion, by its celestial its reception. Its beauty will not be origin, and its supreme spirituality, gives perceived—its pregnant meaning will not an expansion and holiness to the thoughts be ascertained-its scope and bearings -an elevation of the loftiest kind to the will not be comprehended-its divine feelings—and surprisingly ennobles the sweetness will not be tasted—its divine entire character. It unfolds to us the power will not be felt. hollowness and sordidness of the world, Christianity only unfolds itself to the and teaches us to cry, “Lord, whom humble, enlightened, and unbiassed in
THE ENJOYMENT OF RELIGION.
quirer; the inquirer who cherishes doci- to regard for our increased illumination, lity of disposition-who has the temper our scriptural edification, our unceasing of “the weaned child,"—and who is growth in grace. These ordinances will always anxious to say: “That which I not be neglected—they will not be unknow not, O Lord, teach thou me." dervalued, much less trifled with. We “Open thou mine eyes, that I may be- | shall esteem them most highly. We hold wondrous things out of thy law!" shall prize them as some of God's choicest Such a spirit, in the investigation of blessings conferred upon us, and we shall Divine truth, can never be cultivated, never be so happy as when we are enwithout a rich and permanent blessing gaged in their celebration. If we enjoy resulting from its exercise and develop- religion in the soul, how are we supported ment. To such an inquirer, the religion under all the trials of our chequered and of Christ, in all its tenderness, beauty, shadowy existence below? How are we and sublimity, will invariably be unfolded. enabled to meet every difficulty, though
most formidable ; to brave every assailant, though most violent; to encounter every storm, though, perhaps, most raging; to
endure every suffering, though, someIt is a blessing at once precious and
times, most intense ; and to look forward inestimable, to enjoy religion in the soul;
to the closing scene, without being overnot merely to possess a theoretic ac
whelmed with terror and dismay ;-but, quaintance with it, however extensive; in the swellings of Jordan, to be susnot merely to converse about it, however
tained in the valley of death, to be pleasing may be the conversation in
tranquillized-and in the immediate andulged; but to enjoy its divine virtue- ticipation of eternity, and all its awful to realise its divine sweetness—to experi- disclosures, to be composed, and even ence its healing and divine influence—to joyful. These are the advantages—thi feel its divine and transforming power.
is the blessedness—of religion. These If religion be enjoyed by us, how lovely
are some of the treasures with which it does the Saviour appear! The characters
crowns and enriches its truly humble, he sustains—the relations he bears-the obedient, and persevering followers
. work he performs-the compassion and
Dear reader, may you enjoy the religrace he displays, are clothed with power- gion of Christ! It will dignify your chaful and irresistible attractions.
racter-it will expand and ennoble your If religion be enjoyed by us, how mind-it will purify and transform your beautiful and captivating does the word spirit. It will enlighten, when nothing else of God appear to us;-in the wide
can illuminate. It will cheer, when norange of its doctrines—in the simplicity, thing else can console. It will strengthen, adaptation, and fulness of its precepts, when nothing else can invigorate. It in the amplitude and tenderness of its
will save, when nothing else can de. invitations—in the holiness and sweet
liver. ness of its promises, we go to it continu
Value and love the religion of the ally as to the richest feast, and we feed Bible, and you are redeemed—neglect it, on its discoveries with ever augmenting trifle with it, despise it, and you are lost delight. If we enjoy religion in the
and beggared for ever. soul, how precious are the ordinances of the gospel in our estimation! those
“O bappy souls that know the sound; simple and devout observances—those
Celestial light their steps surround, hallowed and sublime institutions which And show that jubilee begun, the Lord has commanded uş perpetually Which through eternal years shall run.”