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CLARK'S FOREIGN THEOLOGICAL LIBRARY. | they are by no means small, no student, of
Volume IV. Giesler's Compendium of moderate pretensions, can afford to exclude Ecclesiastical History. Vol. 1. A Com- from his library this masterly specimen of pendium of Ecclesiastical History. By ecclesiastical research. Dr. John C. L. GIESLER, Consistorial It will be sufficient guarantee of the Counsellor, and Ordinary Professor of faithfulness of the translation, to announce Theology, in Göttingen. Fourth Edition, that it has been executed, con amore, by revised and amended. Translated from our friend, Dr. Davidson, whose German the German, by SAMUEL DAVIDSON, scholarship no one acquainted with him, LL.D., Professor of Biblical Literature or the German language, will call in and Ecclesiastical History in the Lan- question. He has, we believe, performed cashire Independent College. Volume I. his task ably and well ; and, as he has 8vo. pp. 472.
taken the author's last edition, viz., the T. and T. Clark, Edinburgh; and Hamilton,
fourth, as the basis of his version, there can Adams, and Co.
be no doubt that it is superior to any other
one that has hitherto appeared in an EngWe have often, with great sincerity, ex lish dress. To students in divinity, and pressed our deep obligations to Mr. Clark, Christian ministers in general, of all deno. for the enterprise be has displayed in the minations. we earnestly recommend this cause of biblical literature. No bookseller | Encyclopædia of ecclesiastical reference. of the age has won for himself a more envi
Sincerely do we thank our friend Dr. able reputation in this department; while | Davidson for the labour which he has put every new publication which issues from forth in the department of a faithful transhis prolific press but enhances the debt of lator. gratitude which is felt by many an anxious and earoest aspirant in the path of sacred knowledge.
MEMOIR of William KNIBB, Missionary As it respects Giesler's “Compendium
in Jamaica. By John HOWARD Hinof Ecclesiastical History," the first volume
ton, M.A. 8vo. pp. 572. of which we now introduce to our readers,
Houlston and Stoneman. it may be well to describe its character, and to furnish some estimate of its general We regard it as a peculiarly happy cir. value. The author has long been known to cumstance, that the biography of this disthe learned world as a man of immense lite tinguished missionary should have been rary attainments; which he has devoted committed to the care of one in every way with extraordinary zeal and assiduity to the so competent to the task. It needed a cause of biblical knowledge. Like most, or mind as vigorous and well disciplined as at least like many, of his countrymen, his our friend Mr. Hinton's to do justice to a theological theories are not to be trusted ; | life of such extraordinary incident as that of there is a blight on much of the German William Knibb. And we must say, after a Divinity, which makes us cautious in com very careful perusal of the memoir which mitting ourselves unreservedly to its most we now introduce with great satisfaction to evangelical authors.
our readers, that the biographer has exeAs an ecclesiastical historian, however, cuted his undertaking with extraordinary Dr. Giesler is a writer of extraordinary skill and success. In this calm and delibedimensions. His text, which contains the rate verdict, we not only include Mr. Hinthread of history, is remarkably brief and ton's original estimates of Mr. Knibb's concise ; but his notes are ample beyond labours, sufferings, and character ; but also all ordinary precedent; and supply to the the discreet and effective use he has made student the means of verifying for himself of the documents committed to him, and of the accuracy of the facts detailed. Hence, the public speeches delivered by the deas a text-book, the work is of immense ceased in his visits to this country, upon value, both for the information it contains, occasions of great and stirring interest. and the spirit of inquiry which it tends to Whatever might have been the constituawaken. Deep and varied research, and tional or other infirmities of Mr. Knibb, most determined impartiality, are the pro no one of ordinary candour and discernment minent characteristics of the work. The can fail to regard him as a man raised up latter quality predominates even to a fault, by God for the work which was assigned and might breed a spirit of perplexity and him to accomplish. Endowed with mascu. doubt, in certain minds, where none ought line courage and never-tiring benevolence, to be felt. But the vast treasures of know. | he took his standing in Jamaica at a time ledge amassed in every page may be re when such a spirit was required to plead garded as a compensation for all minor and defend the interests of injured and defects. The style is cold, rugged, and oppressed humanity. And nobly did he dry; but with all these disadvantages, and discharge his trust, in denouncing slavery,
in checking the evils of the apprenticeship | truths a new vigour of thought, and a more system, and in maintaining the rights of the enlarged intelligence; a more familiar accoloured population, after their freedom quaintance with literature, science, and had been legislatively secured. When we philosophy, to adapt it to the times that are think of all that he endured for conscience coming upon us. Mr. Brown argues this sake-of the cruelty and wrong practised with a great power, though with somewhat upon him in the name of colonial law-and of quaintness of language, and with fervour of the fair fame which he ultimately esta. of spirit that augurs well for his future blished for himself, after all the insults success in the ministry, unless he should which had been heaped upon him, for no be carried too much away with his own other crime than his unshaken attachment views of philosophy and science, and forget to the African race, we cannot for a moment that it is the gospel, and the gospel only, allow ourselves to dwell upon alleged in that is the “power of God unto salvation." firmities amidst excellences so many, and He pays a well-merited tribute of applause virtues so rare. He must have been more to the ministry among us which has become than human had he not been betrayed, at venerable, and is retiring from the stage, times, into a state of mind towards his and seems duly sensible of the danger, in “enemies, persecutors, and slunderers," this transition state of the ministry, of the which might have better been suppressed. new losing somewhat of the power of the Our decided conviction is, that without | old, while it may surpass it in attraction. such men as Knibb, the curse of slavery We cannot see, however, why this should would have eked out its existence for many necessarily be the case. The ministry of years longer than it did, and we are but Chalmers was not the less powerful for little disposed to tax, with scrupulous se- having in it more of learning and pbilosopby, verity, every mode of procedure adopted by and would have been still more powerful, Mr. Knibb for its extinction, in a state of and more permanently so, had it been cha. society in which moderation itself could not racterized by more simplicity. There is a have escaped the severest censure.
want of this simplicity in the production We thank Mr. Hinton most sincerely for before us. The style is stately, and somethe pleasing, and, we believe, truthful light, what pompous, and sufficiently betrays the in which he has placed the character of school of Carlyle and Emerson. There is Knibb. He has held up a mirror before the also a tone of assumption,--of “believe eyes of his heartless enemies, in which they me,” and “if you will,” “take this other may see reflected their own disgusting mode of illustration,"&c. But a few years of features ; while in the bland virtues of the experience will moderate this tone and reduce bold hero of his simple tale, he has intro. | it, while the earnestness of spirit pervading duced us to an intimate acquaintance with
the lecture is such as most impress every a loving pastor, an indulgent husband, a one favourably in reference to the author. It tender parent, a faithful friend, and a de- would be well if the old and young ministers voted philanthropist.
could meet frequently together, and impart something to each other of what may be the best in both parties. Why should there be
any jealousy or envy between them, when The Young MINISTRY. A Lecture for the their object is the same, and in the progress
Times. By James Baldwin Brown, of which all must rejoice. If our young A.B., Minister of Clapham-road Chapel. brethren should, like the learned and literary ADDITIONAL REMAINS of the Rev. ROBERT | breathes the spirit of the beloved disciple; MURRAY M CHEYNE, lale Minister of between whose temper of mind and that of St. Peter's Church, Dundee ;' consisting the writer, there are many points of striking of various Sermons anil Lectures, deli. resemblance. Such men as Mr. Bickersteth vered by him in the course of his Minis. | are a blessing to the age in which they live. try. Second Thousand. Crown 8vo. pp. 540. John Johnstone.
apostle, preach Christ and him crucified, Some time ago we read a discourse not with the enticing words of man's wisentitled, “ The Old Ministry,” by an Ameri- dom, lest the preaching of the cross should can divine, in which he contended for a be made of none effect, and faith stand in the return to the old style of preaching as the wisdom of man, and not in the power of only thing that could save us. Here we God,-if there shall be in their ministry have a “ Lecture” from a young divine in much of the spirit of the gospel, the spirit our own country on the “ Young Ministry," of prayer, and the Spirit of God, in answer in which he contends for an alteration in to fervent prayer, their elder brethren, they the style of preaching, to make it more may be assured, will be the first to hail suited to the rising intelligence of the age, them, and bid tbem God.speed. But a little and prevent it from falling behind the other degree of fear 'must be allowed these latter, teaching that is now at work in gaining lest what is vital should be discarded with on the attention of the public mind. Partly what is effete, and what is adopted should we believe both. There must be a return be a new form without a new force, or to the old truths of the gospel that have bearing on its front the legible inscription, won for it its victories over the world, the “Mighty through God.” flesh, and the devil, in the bearts of men; and there must be in the ministry of those
The EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE ; its Origin The memory of the author of these “ Re. and Development. Containing Personal mains" is very fragrant, not only in the Notices of its distinguished Friends in immediate circle in which he moved, but in Europe and America. By J. W. Massie, many other sections of the Christian church. D.D., M.R.I.A., Author of“ Continental His was a career of brightness. In life and India," &c. in death, through the grace of God, he fur. nished a lovely example of what a Christian Those who wish to become acquainted pastor ought to be, “in spirit, in faith, in with the providential steps which led to the charity."
formation of the Evangelical Alliance, will As posthumous productions, these Re. find them amply detailed in tbis volume. mains bear some marks of imperfection, As a record of many minute circumstances which would not have appeared, had they and events connected with this hallowed been prepared by the lamented author for confraternity of the disciples of Christ, it publication. But they are glowing appeals deserves to be regarded as an historical to the human heart and conscience, founded document of peculiar value. The author on most evangelical views of Bible truth. has entered warmly into the spirit of the Some of the author's accommodations of Alliance, and has laboured with indefatitexts are such as we cannot approve; as, for gable zeal to consolidate and extend its instance, where he makes the “ foolish wo interests. If anything were necessary to man,” in Prov. ix., to be Satan ; and the prove that a determined voluntary may, “gray hairs here and there," Hos. vii. 9, without compromise, be a zealous friend of not known, to be, “the Bible neglected, this particular form of manifesting Christian prayer neglected, Christ little esteemed, sin union, the connection of Dr. Massie with not hated, Christians lightly esteemed, and the Alliance may be accepted as complete the ungodly not warned," &c. Other ex. | evidence of the fact. The more we retravagances of the same kind we have de. flect on the course which we have pursued tected in this volume, and we cannot help in reference to the Alliance, the more we thinking that, in justice to the deceased, the are convinced that we acted in accordance editor should have withheld them from with the revealed will of God. Thankful public gaze. But, notwithstanding these | are we to say, that no sentence hostile to defects, the volume is a very interesting and this movement of Christian mind can be instructive one, rich in all the materials found in any of our pages. May the Holy which contribute to the power and pathos
Spirit continue to smile graciously upon of the Cbristian pulpit.
an undertaking, the object of which is to show to the world that Christians are one!
FAMILY ExpoSITIONS: on the EPISTLES of St. Jons, and St. JUDE. By the
The Lake, and other Poems. Pp. 255. Rev. E. BICKERSTETH, Rector of Wal.
Seeley, Burnside, and Seeley. ton, Herts. Crown 8vo. pp. 264.
But for a press of matter we should have Seeley.
introduced this little volume to the notice of This is, indeed, a family book, as its en our readers on the past month. It at least tire contents will show ; but it is no less a fully sustains its pretensions. The writer book for the heart and the closet, which no does not assume to be a great poet. He Cbristian will be able to peruse without is not one of those who would say with feeling himself drawn into communion with Horace,God. The expositions, though not elabo
“Sublimi seriam sidera vertice.” rate or critical, are highly scriptural and But his muse has been to himself a solace very instructive; affording evidence, in many and comfort, and it is well fitted to be the instances, of accurate research and sound same to others. There is no piece of any biblical knowledge on the part of the au. | length in the volume excepting “The thor. But the spiritual and practical fea. | Lake." The others are either sonnets or tures of the volume are its grand recom- other short effusions. They all display a mendations. It enters into the very essence mind that is well acquainted not only with of experimental and vital godliness; it I classical writers, but with our sterling
English literature. Genuine feeling is every- The Angels of God: their Nature, Chawhere found, and the whole is baptized with racter, Ranks, and Ministerial Services; the ethereal influence of Christianity.
as exhibited in the Holy Scriptures. By the Rev. Thomas TIMPSON, Minister of
Union Chapel, Lewisham, author of the The Excellent Woman, as described in
“Companion to the Bible," the “ Key to the Book of Proverbs.
the Bible," &c. 12mo. pp. 524. Religious Tract Society.
John Snow. We hail it as an auspicious feature of the present day, that so many works have been We are quite sensible that this very inpublished fitted to elevate and refine the structive and truly comforting volume has female character, and to hallow and direct been sadly neglected. It was well deserving female influence. The circulation of the of better treatment; and we can assure the writings of Mrs. Ellis upon this subject, of esteemed author that accidental circumthe beautiful little essay entitled “Woman's stances alone have occasioned our delay in Mission," and of similar productions, can- noticing it. not fail to be beneficial to the class for The subject here discussed has probably which they were designed, and through them been too much neglected by theologians. to the rising youth of both sexes, whose By a careful induction of scriptural passages minds and manners they contribute so power- it will be found that angels are often the fully to form. We have pleasure in com- subjects of inspired reference and comment. mending to the notice of our readers the They are beings not only endowed with suwork of a new labourer in this interesting perior faculties, but instinct with glowing field, who has already distinguished herself benevolence; and are ever employed, under in the walks of botanical science. The the moral government of God, in relieving design of the publication is to illustrate the misery or in diffusing happiness. They portrait of a good woman, drawn in the seem to be the great moral counterpoise to thirty-first chapter of the book of Proverbs. the agency and influence of evil spirits, who In the execution of this task, the writer has are ever instigating men to sin, or drawing displayed great research and judgment. them into the vortex of misery to which it Considered as an exposition of an instructive conducts. portion of Scripture, the work would not As Mr. Timpson has treated his subject, disgrace the pen of a learned and critical he has invested it with a peculiar charm. divine. The author has spared no pains to
He has looked at it in a variety of aspects; bring the stores of biblical antiquities and and in every separate train of thought he classical allusion to unfold the meaning of a has found lessons of warning or consolation highly poetical, but in some parts obscure for the people of God. delineation of female excellence. But while The topics discussed are the following: the book is valuable as a record of the cha. The importance and perversion of the docracteristics and occupations of Jewish ladies trine,-the existence, the nature, the titles, in the days of Solomon, the writer does not the powers, the stations, and numbers of forget the widely different state of society in angels,-cherubim, their nature and rank,which British ladies of the nineteenth cen- seraphim, their rank and character,-the tury are placed, and the very diversified creation of angels,-Christ the Lord of character of the duties they are called to angels, — the fall of evil angels, — their perform. In the application of the general power, malice, and operations,-confirmaprinciples involved in the inspired descrip- tion of the elect angels,--Messiah the angel tion to modern society, she displays admir- Jehovah,-prophetic mission of angels, able tact and judgment. The publication of cherubim guardian of the tree of life, this brief treatise by the Religious Tract Hagar relieved by the angels,- Abraham Society will be a guarantee for the evangeli- entertains three angels,-Lot delivered by cal and unsectarian character of its senti- angels,-Jacob preserved by angels,-Moses ments. The style is easy and elegant, receives the law by the ministry of angels, while the manner in which it is got up, and - Balaam reproved by the angel, - Joshua the exquisite pictorial illustrations by encouraged by the angel,-Gideon commis. which it is embellished, render it as attrac- sioned by the angels,-Manoah instructed tive in form as it is solid and useful in its by the angel,-Israel chastised with pesti. contents. We recommend “ The Excellent lence by an angel,-Elijah translated by Woman" as à suitable present to English angels,-Elisha defended by angels,-Semaidens, and though the fair author knows nacherib's army destroyed by an angel, not by experience the joys or trials of matri. Daniel preserved by an angel, -John's birth mody, yet many of her counsels may be foretold by an angel,--the virgin Mary asperused with advantage by her matronly sured by the angel Gabriel of the birth of readers.
Christ, -angels announcing the birth of
temptation and in his agony,-angels are we are glad that they have been drawn up at the resurrection of Christ,-attend his by one who intimately knew him, and with ascension,-an angel delivers the apostle whom he was wont to correspond upon all from prison,-Cornelius instructed by an | the most touching incidents of his missionangel, - Peter released from prison by an | ary career. Dr. Hoby has done full justice angel,-angels ministers of Christ to the to the memory of a friend who was greatly saints,-angels receive the souls of dying revered beyond the immediate circle of his saints,-angels minister at the resurrection, ecclesiastical connections. Few men have -angels the companions of saints in glory. directed their steps to the east who have
Our readers will perceive from this out done better service than Dr. Yates to what line of thought that the work before us is may be termed our missionary literature. no skimming or flimsy production, but a He had such a gift for the acquirement of thorough investigation of the subject which language, that he did much in this departit professes to treat. Indeed, we cannot ment to stamp the missionary character. withhold from Mr. Timpson our heartfelt His labours in Sanscrit alone will be suffithanks for the edification we have derived cient to fix his reputation as an oriental from his able and excellent essay.
scholar of no mean rank. We believe him to have been a man of high attainment, and of pre-eminent worth; an ornament to his
own denomination, a fit companion of Carey, MEMOIR of WILLIAM YATES, D.D., of and Ward, and Marshman, and others, and
Calcutta. With an Abridgment of his an honoured member of the great catholic Life of W. H. Pearce. By JAMES
community of which Christ is the glorious HOBY, D.D. 8vo. pp. 488.
In his missionary character, moreover, he
was a devoted preacher of the word; and, Dr. Yates was one of those men whom
at last, fell a sacrifice to the incessant toils nature has marked out for great and noble to which, in an inhospitable clime, he had enterprise. The shoemaker of Loughbo- been subjected for the space of thirty years. roogb, however dexterous in his handicraft, He died on his way home from India, and was not to be permanently limited to his his mortal remains were committed to that original sphere. He had mind of the high- deep which will restore its dead. est type ; and, in connection with his early We thank our friend, Dr. Hoby, for this conversion, Divine Providence arranged the very interesting and instructive memoir. circumstances and events which were to He has reared a suitable monument to the conduct him to the far east, as an honoured memory of his devoted friend ; and the and distinguished missionary of the cross. abridgment of dear Mr. Pearce's Life, by His annals are sufficiently striking to de Dr. Yates, will be truly acceptable to very serve a distinct and permanent record ; and
JOHN WILKINSON, ESQ.
| gelical minister, and repeatedly the president
of their annual meetings. During the visit It is with feelings of the deepest regret of the Emperor Alexander to this country, that we record the death of John Wilkinson, in 1814, Mr. Wilkinson preached before Esq., of High Wycombe, Bucks, an event | his Imperial Majesty, his sister the Grand for which the expectation of his numerous Duchess of Oldenburgh, and suite, at the friends had for some time been prepared. Friends' Meeting-house in St. Martin'sIt took place at his residence, on Thursday, lane, London. His subject was, the effects the 24th of December last, in the 66th year of vital religion, and the nature of true of his age, after a protracted and painful worship, beautifully applying the text, “ He illness.
is their help and their shield," and afterMr. Wilkinson was the son of a pious wards concluded the service with earnest clergyman of the Church of England. He and appropriate prayer. Mr. Wilkinson received a liberal education, and on the formed one of a deputation of three to wait death of his father his mother seceded from on the emperor with a congratulatory ad. the Established Church and joined the So. dress from the Society of Friends, when his ciety of Friends, in whose principles she | Imperial Majesty took occasion to allude trained up her son, and of which Society he | in the kindest terms to Mr. Wilkinson's became a distinguished ornament, an evan. sermon, and expressed how fully his spirit