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designed to teach us to look after this | Spirit; and, also, in all the cleansing vital blessing? Most assuredly; for bap- efficacy of the blood of Christ ; for obtism could never save us, as St. Peter says serve, we cannot be interested in one it does, unless the blood of Christ be sig- without the other. If cleansed by the nified; therefore, the preaching of John Spirit, we are also cleansed by the blood the Baptist fully proves the fact. “ He of Christ. If baptized with one, we are preached the baptism of repentance for also baptized with the other; and therethe remission of sins," Mark i. 4. St. fore we believe in one baptism for the Peter preached the same doctrine to the remission of our sins, according to the 3,000 on the day of Pentecost; “ Repent creed of our national church; and acand be baptized in the name of Christ, cording, also, to the preaching of John for the remission of sins.” And Anna- the Baptist. This is the one baptism nias said to Paul, “Arise and be bap- which St. Paul speaks of in Eph. iv. 5, tized, and wash away thy sins.”
not immersion as the one and only mode, These quotations must be enough to but the baptism of the Holy Ghost, satisfy any candid reader that the blood which is expressly and positively so called of sprinkling is signified in baptism ; | by St. Paul in 1 Cor. xii. 13. “By One and we need not ask, whether immersion Spirit we are all baptized into one body.” or sprinkling would be the most suitable By this Spirit we are effectually baptized mode to represent this? It is so obvious, into Christ, and by it we have union and that we wonder that any of our respected fellowship with him in his death, burial, brethren should contend for the exclu- and resurrection, and are thereby raised sive mode of immersion, and thereby to newness of life. Compare Gal. iii. 27, make it essential for the due administra- with Rom. i. 3, 4; Phil. iii. 10, 1). tion of the ordinance.
Now if all these vital blessings are II. Is the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, comprehended in the baptism of the with all his saving influences, also signified Holy Ghost which is shed upon us, or in baptism ?-If so, this is another vital poured upon us abundantly through Jesus question ; for without this outpouring, all Christ, we cannot be at a loss to know our works, however excellent and praise- what emblem will be most suitable to worthy, can never save us; "Not by works represent this dispensation of the Holy of righteousness wbich we have done, but Spirit. Not baptism in water but bapaccording to his mercy he saved us, by the tism with water-not in, because we are washing of regeneration and the renewing not baptized in the Holy Ghost, but of the Holy Ghost, which he has shed with the Holy Ghost. See for proof in upon us abundantly through Jesus Christ.” | Matt. iii. 11. And it is very remarkable, But is there any direct proof that this too, that every Christian must admit, vital blessing is emblematically signified that Divine purification by the blood and in baptism? John the Baptist baptized Spirit of Christ is the PRINCIPAL-the with water, and this was emblematical of CHIEF thing signified in baptism-that the baptism of the Holy Ghost, which on this is nowhere emblematically reprethe day of Pentecost was poured out upon sented by plunging, dipping, or immersion ; the 3,000, by which they were first con- but by pouring and sprinkling it is; as vinced of their lost and ruined state, and we find it positively and expressly stated afterwards received the remission of their in Ez. xxxvi. 25; Acts ii. 17; Titus iii. sins, and the saving gifts of the Holy 5,6; Heb. x. 22; Heb. ix. 10-22. Ghost. Compare Matt. iii. 11, with Acts III. Is our baptismal union with Christ i. 5; Acts ii. 17–39.
in his death, burial, and resurrection, How very important, then, is this vital effected by the outpouring of the Holy question ; for if baptized with the saving Ghost ? If so, then we have another influence of the Holy Spirit, we are question that is vital, that is most inteinterested in all the graces of the lloly resting; for by this union we shall not
only be like Christ in his death, but we accomplished ?" Yes, he said this; but shall also be like him in his resurrection. it must be remembered, also, that his But how will this resemblance be real- sufferings and death are described by other ized? We shall be mystically crucified emblematical representations in which with him-we shall die unto sin-sin immersion, or any other mode, cannot be shall have no more dominion over us- implied. In Isa. liii. 12, they are dewe shall be raised to newness of life-we scribed by pouring—"He poured out his shall die no more-we shall live unto soul unto death." In Mark x. 38, by God-and we shall sit with Christ in drinking of the bitter cup. In Gal. ii. 20, heavenly places. But are all these the by crucifixion. In Zech. xi. 10, by being happy results of the baptism of the Holy pierced ; and in Rom. vi. 5, by being Ghost ? Yes, all these, and ten thousand planted in his death, and believers togetimes more. See Rom. vi. 3—11; Eph. ther with him. ii. 4-7; and 1 Cor. xii. 13.
Now baptism could never be designed How anxious, then, should we be for to be emblematical of all these; and as it this spiritual baptism. May we have it would be partial and unfair to select any more abundantly poured out upon us, one of these, to the exclusion of the rest, that our union and fellowship with Christ we may safely infer that baptism was in his death, burial, and resurrection, never designed to represent the overwhelmmay be increasingly realized and en- ing sufferings of Christ, neither his death, joyed.
burial, and resurrection, but rather the But if this our baptismal union is baptism of the Holy Spirit, which is poured effected by the outpouring of the Holy out upon us, and by which this union can Ghost, immersion cannot be a suitable only be secured. It was this that made emblem to represent this. We know that the holy apostle so anxious to know many sincere Christians have concluded Christ and the power of his resurrection, from our burial with Christ by baptism, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being and from his overwhelming sufferings, made conformable unto his death, if by that immersion must necessarily be im- any means he might attain to the resurplied; even some of our own learned rection of the dead. Phil. iii. 10, 11. divines have concluded, that immersion This was everything with St. Paul, ---the was probably one of the modes of primi- chief—the principal thing. May it be tive practice. But Dr. John Owen, and ours also. Amen. other learned divines, have come to a In our next paper we will endeavour, very different conclusion : they consider by the help of the Holy Spirit, to answer that St. Paul does not refer to the mode, the two following vital questions, which as emblematical of our union with Christ cannot but be interesting to parents who in his death, burial, and resurrection, but are truly anxious for the salvation of their as emblematicalof the baptism of the Holy children, viz., Spirit by which this union is effected. The IV. Is Divine purification by the blood mode, therefore, that will be most suit- and Spirit of Christ, which is signified in able to represent this baptism cannot be baptism, absolutely necessary for the salimmersion, because the baptism of the vation of infants ? Spirit is poured out, or shed upon, through V. Is there any conditional promise in Jesus Christ.
the Word of God to warrant believers to But is not baptism especially designed pray and to hope that this blessing may to represent the overwhelming sufferings be connected with the outward and visible and death of Christ? Did he not say,
sign? “I have a baptism to be baptized with, Bath, Sept. 28th, 1847. N, T. and now am I straitened till it be
THE DUTY OF THE CHURCH TO JEWISH CONVERTS.
ANSWER TO A QUESTION PROPOSED IN THE EVANGELICAL MAGAZINE FOR OCTOBER :
WHAT IS THE DUTY OF THE CHURCH TO JEWISH CONVERTS ?”
To some, the Jew is an object of won- changing their creed, are facts we own der-to others, of scorn. But by the
with sorrow. Yet the bypocrisy of some Christian, he should be regarded not with should not lead us to regard all as insina cold heart or frowning countenance. cere.
Is not this the very way we are No; rather should it be with an earnest judged by the world? and do they judge desire to promote the best interest of his fairly, who look only at the failings of a soul, remembering that he belongs to a few, and pass over the consistency of race once the peculiar people of God, who lived in the enjoyment of a glorious mani- In this matter it becomes a point of festation of the Divine presence. Though duty to cast away all false prejudice; and now the glory has departed, their temple we must treat the Jewish convert as a overthrown, and themselves exiles from sincere and honest man; for what will their fatherland, yet are they not utterly sooner make a man deceitful, than for forsaken ; — the Gospel provisions are him to know that he is suspected? Hence, equally adapted to supply the spiritual when you give the right hand of fellowwants of Jew and Gentile. “For there ship to a recent convert, do it in lore;is no difference between the Jew and the let no whisperings, suspicions, or insinua. Greek; for the same Lord over all is rich tings be encouraged. Remember, that unto all that call upon him.” This Gos- “charity thinketh no evil." pel the Jews have rejected, and still reject The duty of the Church to the Jewish it; yet on many the spirit of grace and convert, is, in most respects, precisely supplication has been poured out, and similar to the duty it owes to all those they have looked on him whom they received into her communion. The elder pierced, and have seen in Jesus of Naza- members must “look after” their younger reth the Saviour of sinners. Many have brethren—not in a cold, patronising spirit, embraced the Christian religion, to whose but with a heartfelt desire to do them consciences the words of truth have spo- good. The regular attendance upon the ken with unresisting power. They have public exercises of religion must be affecfound Christ precious to their souls, both tionately urged, and if a negligence grain life and death. And there are now dually takes place, a word spoken in seamany converts from Judaism living among son would not be ineffectual. The friendly
Their case is peculiar. It is no conversation on religious subjects; the small sacrifice for a Jew to leave the faith gift or loan of some well-selected book; of his fathers. It is a far more serious the private prayer-meetings—are all means thing than most persons imagine. They to be used for promoting the growth is have a very heavy cross to bear,-perse- grace and the spirit of piety in young cution, distress, the loss of friendship and converts. At the same time, everything property, ofttimes await them. But, more that would tend to encourage spiritual than this, they have to encounter the pride, should be carefully avoided. prejudice, and to push their way against There is one point which will claim the suspicions, of Christians. That there attention. It is a duty devolving on every is a strong prejudice existing against church to help its poorer members, and “converted Jews,” is undoubted. Nor especially to assist those who, for conwould it be difficult to trace the rise of science sake, have endured loss and it this feeling. That there have been men proach. The Jew, in uniting with a whose religion has been as the morning Christian Church, is entitled to their dew, and that some, thoroughly unprin- support and sympathy. How may that cipled, have tried to make a gain by support be most effectually giren? The
common practice is to furnish such per- consistency” is fairly tried. In this way sons with testimonials of character,—to the commingling and co-operation of Jews supply them with a few trifling articles and Gentiles will be greatly assisted. for sale. This plan cannot be too strongly This plan has been tried, and the result condemned. The Jews have national has been successful. peculiarities and failings, and these are Fellow Christians, pray for the unconthus kept alive. Far more beneficial verted Jews, that they may be led to would it be for that church to which a Jesus.
convert" becomes united, to strive and Pray for those who have “received assist him to engage in some settled occu- Christ Jesus the Lord,” that they may be pation, and to form regular habits of rooted and built up in Him, and estabusiness; thus the necessities of life would blished in the faith ; and yet, remember be supplied--the propensity to wandering “to withold not good from them to whom and " bargaining” would be checked. it is due, when it is in the power of thine The man becomes known as an upright hand to do it.” tradesman, and “the test of religious
THE STAR OF BETHLEHEM—THOUGHTS FOR CHRISTMAS.
“ The Lord is come. The heavens proclaim
His birth; the nations learn his name;
Of eastern sages to their God." “ And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down and worshipped him; and when they had opened their treasury, they presented unto him gifts, gold, and frankincense, and myrrb,” Matt. ii. 11.
In the visit of the wise men to the tions for a considerable period; and they Saviour, several things claim our atter- would also be exposed to great danger,tion. The place from whence they came for as tribes of banditti are very numeris supposed by some to have been Arabia, ous in the east, they might be exposed which was noted for its frankincense. to be plandered by them; and as Herod Others think they came from Persia. had charged them to bring him word. The object they liad in view, was not to where the young child was, as they had collect medals, or curiosities, or manu- disobeyed his orders, could he have apscripts; it was not to acquire languages, prehended them, there is no doubt but or to ascertain the geographical bound- their lives must have paid for it; and aries of countries. No! It was to see this journey would also require great the Saviour: not to gratify a vain and faith,—they had nothing but a star to carnal curiosity, but to worship him. direct them, and they knew not after all And whatever may have been their views whether they should be able to discover or expectations of him, as the promised the object of their visit. How different Messiah, they, doubtless, expected, (as is the case with us who live in the was the case with many others,) that present day, and especially in this highly some great and illustrious personage was favoured land, in performing our worto appear at this time. This journey | ship! We have no long, dangerous, and would be attended with great fatigue. expensive journey to undertake, as the It was a warm climate; and there were poet very justly observes : few places of accommodation on the “But we have no such lengths to go, road; there would be great expense; they Nor wander far abroad; are supposed to have been twelve or
Where'er the saints assemble now,
There is a house for God." fourteen days on the journey; it would also require great self-denial; they would But let us notice the interesting object have to leave their families and occupa- | beheld--the infant Saviour. It was an
object of wonder. The prophet says: / may be considered as an object of joy to “Unto us a child is born; unto us a son our fallen world. is given ; and his name shall be called, It was an object of innocence, it was Wonderful.” Yes! his name is Wonder- | the only child that was ever born into ful. How wonderful that he, who is the our world without sin; he had neither mighty God, should be a little child! original nor actual sin; there is not a that he, who is the everlasting Father, believer on earth but has to mourn over should be a babe! that he, who upholds in-dwelling sin, and to exclaim with the the universe, should be supported in his apostle : “When I would do good, evil mother's arms! that he, who fills im- is present with me;"—but it was not so mensity with his presence, should be with Jesus: cradled in a manger! His birth was “His life was pure without a spot, attended with wonders: armies of angels
And all his nature clean." filled the heavens, and sang in rapturous
That righteousness which he wrought strains the heavenly anthem, “Glory to
out for the justification of the sinner is God in the highest; and on earth peace, perfect; a righteousness in which the goodwill toward men."
His life was
law can find no blemish, and justice no filled with wonders : miracles attended
stain: that sacrifice he offered upon the him wherever he went; all nature was
accursed tree was spotless: hence says obedient to his command. His death was attended with wonders; the earth
“ The lamb, the dove, set forth quaked, the rocks rent, the graves opened,
His perfect innocence, the dead arose, the sun was shrouded in Whoze blood, of matchless worth, darkness, and the veil of the temple was
Must be the soul's defence ;
For he who can for sin atone miraculously rent in twain from the top
Must have no failings of his own." to the bottom. And the redemption which he has accomplished will fill all
No, he had no failings of his own; and heaven with adoring wonder to all eter
"such an high priest became us, who is
holy, harmless, undefiled, and separate nity.
from sinners." “The cross, the manger, and the throne, And this child was also an interesting Are big with wonders yet unknown."
object: who would not like to have enIt was an object of joy; hence the joyed the privilege of good old Simeon, angel said to the shepherds, “ Fear not, when he took up the infant Saviour in for behold I bring you good tidings of his arms, and exclaimed, “ Lord, Dow great joy." His birth was calculated to lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, afford joy; for not a ray of hope had for mine eyes have seen thy salvation !" dawned upon our world; but for him,
“ With what divine and vast delight the portals of heaven must have re- The good old man was fillid, mained for ever closed; the trumpet of
When fondly in his wither'd arms the gospel must have been for ever
He clasp'd the holy child." silent; gloom and despair must have It is not the privilege of the Christian hung over all: for if Jesus had not in the present day, like Simeon, or the appeared, the faith and hope of the Old wise men before us, to see Jesus in the Testament would have perished, the flesh; but it is his privilege to see him by promises would have failed; prophecy faith; and Jesus has said, “ Blessed are would have been unaccomplished; atone- they that have not seen and yet have ment never could have been made; the believed.” We have no star to guide us world must have remained unredeemed, to the visible presence of Jesus, but we and heaven would have been lost for have another star, the star of Revelation. ever. Hence the birth of Jesus, as the “We have a more sure word of prorising of the bright and morning star, | phecy :" "Thy word is a lamp unto