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1843, alludes to the above period, and over a numerous body, consisting of says: “We found his society," namely, nearly all ages and conditions of persons. that of Mr. Charles, “to be of no in- Such was his attachment to the work of considerable advantage to us.
the Lord, that he would suffer nothing a little in advance of myself in years, as to prevent his appearing amongst his well as in experience. He was a young brethren in all their meetings, and atman of sound judgment; he well under-tending to every department of the work stood the doctrines of grace, and felt with the utmost punctuality. An anectheir practical influence upon his heart, dote will strikingly illustrate this:-A while he also exemplified their truth and great part of his property, consisting of power in his life and conversation. With a paper-mill, was destroyed by fire. (The this character he quitted Bristol for Wales. event took place on a Saturday.) After This, I well remember, and also the the fire was got under, and as soon as he many delightful opportunities we had could place confidential persons to watch when we occasionally met, and the regret the ruins, and protect the few things felt at his departure.”
saved from the destructive element, he On his return to Carmarthen, Mr. set off on a journey of twenty miles, to Charles began business there on his own preach on the following morning, acaccount. After a few years be married cording to previous engagement. He the daughter of Samuel Levi Phillips, preached three times during the day, most Esq., banker, of Haverfordwest. Mr. admirably. He appeared cheerful and Phillips was a native of Frankfort-on- contented, and never uttered a word on the-Mayne, and had been brought up in the painful event which had befallen the Jewish religion, being also the son him on the preceding day. The news, of a Rabbi, but had been converted to when it reached the ears of those whom Christianity soon after his arrival in Eng- he had visited, was at first incredible,land, in the earlier part of his life. His so greatly had he appeared to be abdaughter became a subject of spiritual stracted from the world by his message religion through the ministry of the late to them, and wholly devoted to the work Rev. Rowland Hill,—to whom she re- and cause of his Redeemer. mained greatly attached during life, and So great was the self-denial of this her house continued to be his head pious minister of Jesus Christ, and such quarters when he visited that part of the his trust in the Lord, that, for twenty country. Mrs. Charles never having years he travelled far and near in the learnt the Welsh language, the occasional work of the ministry, altogether at bris visits of English ministers became in
own expense. Being one of the ordained creasingly agreeable and useful to her. ministers, by whom the ordinance of the Her children, also, as they grew up, la- Lord's-supper was administered throughbouring, in some measure, under the out the Connexion, he was seldom at same disadvantages, became much inter- home more than one sabbath in the ested in the visits of strangers, and par- month : it was therefore in the nature ticularly in those of Mr. Hill.
of things that his temporal affairs should At an unusually early age, Mr. Charles suffer in consequence of his frequent became a leader in the denomination of and prolonged absence from them, indithe Calvinistic Methodists; and in a few pendently of the expense of travelling. years he began to distinguish himself The friends of the cause, in every part, among his brethren for deep and pious provided more liberal donations for mithought, sound judgment, extensive know- nisters distinguished by their talents, ledge of scriptural truth, and that com- and by their stations in life, and to te mand of temper so essential to the main- highest of these he was considered as tenance of an effective superintendence entitled; but he always declined even
gift, and received nothing during the dresses them, not as his juniors, but as whole time he was a preacher. A lady his companions and equals. His style is in Cardiganshire, who had a chapel near not that of instruction, but of converse; her mansion, used to set apart a guinea and its enlightened character impresses for the minister who presided at the the stamp of superiority upon the entire monthly communion. No one was more circle. The piety, the true philosophy, sought for on those occasions than Mr. and the refined taste, with the indications Charles, who was often there, and as of extensive reading and enlightened often solicited in vain to accept the gift. observation, which his letters evince,
When at home, Mr. Charles had no prove the exalted order of being to which time for idle intercourse with his neigh-he belonged. The affection of the parent bours. He was never seen by those who seems to have been transformed to the had no business or acquaintance with no less ardent, and more pure, feelings of him, but while passing through the streets friendship: and nothing could exceed between his dwelling and the places where the intensity of the attachment which his trade was conducted, or on his way
subsisted on both sides. to chapel. He would attend a Bible or The estimation in which Mr. Charles Missionary Meeting, and he is known to was held as a preacher, especially by his have astonished some of the best judges own countrymen, was very high indeed. by his orations on such occasions; but at It is said, that " the three mighty ones no public meeting below these in charac- in the ministry, in Wales, in their age, ter could any one ever hope to see him. were D. Charles, of Carmarthen; ChristHe was most select in his chosen and mas Evans, of Anglesey; and Williams, intimate friends, and equally sincere and
of Wern."* While in London, Mr. affectionate. He sought them not among
Charles preached, in English, at Surrey persons of distinguished talent, and still Chapel, on the solicitation of his old less among the rich. Piety was indis- friend, the Rev. Rowland Hill: he pensable, in combination with common also preached at Spafields Chapel, and sense and modesty. He knew nothing other places. His preaching in town, of dissimulation, so that any one whose
whether in English or Welsh, was atmanners he disliked would soon make tended, on every practicable occasion, the discovery, although no rudeness had by the Rev. W. Howells, the then minibeen shown. He abhorred cant above ster of the Episcopal Chapel, Long-acre. all things, and probably lost some oppor
Mr. Howells was so enthusiastic an adtunities of usefulness through the horror mirer of his preaching, that he seemed, of it; but where he could not be sus- at times, while listening to it, to forget pected of being a dealer in the hateful
He invariably took his commodity, he would speak of religion, station immediately under the pulpit, as and yield to its dictates, with unflinching if his highest ambition were to be the courage. In his own family, and with clerk of such a man; and on hearing friends in whom he had confidence, he some striking passage of a sermon, would was one of the most kind and agreeable jump from his seat, rubbing his hands, companions imaginable. His conduct in and turning round, as if he stood on a his family was altogether most exemplary, pivot. He was in the habit of describing and every way consistent with his high | Mr. Charles as “the greatest divine be religious and moral character.
where he was.
had ever known;" and once said to his husband and father, his cheerful and daughter, Mrs. Hughes, “If I could, I affectionate kindness and uniform wis- would make your father a bishop." dom were remarkable. His letters to his children are exceedingly creditable to * Rees's “ Memoirs of Williamis,” translated them, as well as to himself. He ad- by Jones, of Kilsby, p. 102.
During his visit to the metropolis, in, also read to him; and both the reading 1827, or soon afterwards, the health of and singing of hymns by his daughters, Mr. Charles became precarious. A de gave him great consolation. His mind gree of lethargy oppressed him, and the was intent on family worship: and somesymptoms were deemed alarming. He times, the household being assembled, was in some measure relieved by fre and a chapter read, while the family quent cupping, and cold applications to kneeled around him, as he sat on his the head. This complaint had been gra- chair, he would mutter a prayer that dually coming upon him for some time, would generally overwhelm all present and paralysis had been seriously appre with surprise and deep emotion, thongh hended. After any operation, he so far they understood not a syllable! The recovered, that his life and usefulness effect upon the minds of casual visitors were prolonged for a short period. For on these occasions was deep and a few months, in the early part of 1828, striking. The devotional expression of his health improved, and he went about his countenance, together with his tones preaching as with a renewed commis and emphasis, bespeaking intense feel sion, and with unwonted earnestness. | ings of want and confidence, while speakMany who heard him at this time were ing to God in a language known to be delighted beyond measure with his mini- unintelligible to man, presented a scene strations; but several were impressed which could never be forgotten. On one with the idea that his course was fast occasion, he was driven by a relative to drawing to an end. They judged him the house of a friend, a few miles in the “ripe for heaven,” and his soul in too country, to tea. The party assembled close contact with eternal realities to was numerous, among which were some allow of the hope of his being continued ministers and preachers. When the much longer in the service of his Lord meal was ready, individuals directed their below. He was at home one day early eyes to him. He took the hint, and imin July, 1828, and, while sitting at plored the Divine blessing in a manner table, was observed to handle his knife, which instantly bathed the whole coinwith some difficulty. He felt a numbness pany in tears. On two or three occasions in the thumb of his right band, which during his illness he was taken to the gradually extended. Professional attend- chapel in a wheel-chair, where he united ance was immediately procured, and the in the celebration of the Lord's-supper, serious nature of the attack was soon when both himself and the church were discovered. In a few days the whole of so greatly affected, that evil consequences his right side was paralysed, and his to him were apprehended from a toospeech gone. This was followed by a frequent repetition of the experiment. violent fit of apoplexy, which it was He used to say, in the time of health, that, thought he would not survive. Life, when death came, he should only have to however, was spared; but the effects of do what he had done thousands of times, the malady were not palliated. For six namely, commit his soul into the hands years and two months he endured a life of his Saviour! This event occurred on of utter helplessness and constant suf- the 2nd of September, 1843, in the 72nd fering, incapable of more than a small year of his age. His remains were indegree of the comfort which duty and terred in the family grave, in the churchextraordinary affection could provide. yard of Llangynor,—where all that was
Of this excellent and lamented minis- mortal remains until the day of a general ter, it is said, that “the pious and devo resurrection, when Christ shall be "gloritional frame of his mind never forsookfied in his saints," and admired in all him." He continued able to read, and true believers. read the Scriptures daily. Much was The writer of this memoir is indebted
to an extended biographical article ap- and clear type ; and will be highly valued pended to a volume of Sermons in Mr. | by all the friends of the preacher, both Charles's best style, recently translated in England and Wales. To them, alinto English by his son-in-law, the Rev. though dead, he will thus speak again ; H. Hughes. Those Sermons demand, nor will it be to the deaf, the careless, or and will no doubt obtain, a distinct no- the unwilling. tice in the review department of the
John BULMER. Evangelical Magazine.. They are beau
1, Windsor-terrace, St. Paul's, Bristol, tifully and correctly printed, in a large
August 4, 1847.
OUR PERIODICAL LITERATURE, AND A WORD FOR THE
Whatever may be its ultimate effect | mighty movement of the periodical press on the minds of the people, it is a matter is nothing short of a revolution-a revoluof fact that this species of literature has tion for good or evil. That it indicates been multiplied more than fifty per cent., growing intelligence among the masses of during the last quarter of a century. The our population will not be questioned by very attempt to ascertain the nuinber of any competent judge; but that it is an weekly, monthly, and quarterly periodi- unmixed good is very far from being cals, would be a task of no ordinary diffi- true. While so large a portion of it is of culty and labour. Every religious deno
Every religious deno- doubtful, not to say pernicious, tendency, mination, every great and benevolent the philanthropist cannot look upon it but institution, has its periodical representa- with mixed and even anguished feelings : tive, to expound its principles, and to when he has run his eye over all its best advocate its claims. And, beyond all portions, he will find himself petrified this, there is a mighty mass of periodical and overwhelmed as he thinks of the sad literature devoted to every interest in the amount of evil which other portions of it community, embracing every topic in our are inflicting upon vast numbers of the social economy, laying open the progress community. He sees in it a giant power, of modern science, ministering to fashion which cannot be arrested; but a power and folly, inculcating every form of poli- | for the improvement or deterioration of tics, from the defunct toryism of a by- the human race. gone age, to the extreme liberalism that
One fact is palpable ;-we have a vast would catch at everything new, and spare body of reading men, women, and chilnothing old. We have periodicals for dren in this country. Is the Christian Romanists, Anglo-catholics, (as they style church duly impressed with this fact? themselves,) High-churchmen, Evangeli- and is it sufficiently stirred by the consicals, Plymouth Brethren, Millennarians, deration of it? While good men sleep, New Lights, and those of every minute the tares are being sown, with an activity shade of doctrinal and ecclesiastical views. worthy of a better cause. There is a And, then, there is the infidel and licen- trade and a traffic in the corruption of tious periodical press, active beyond mea- men's minds by the public press; and if sure in the cause of evil, and pouring its those who are the professed friends of the tide of pestilence and death into the Bible, of religion, and of sound morality, workshop of the mechanic, the cottage of are not alive to the obligations which the peasant, and the manufactories of press upon them, they must expect that our merchant princes. Of its kind, the the field which they have left unculti* See November Magazine.
vated will be occupied by other and very different labourers. There is a power in power for good; and only requires to be the enlightened and Christian portion of more extensively circulated, in order to the community, which, if fully realised its producing a greater melioration of the and acted upon with earnestness and public mind. faith, would go far, in a few years, to sup- The direct tendency of such works to plant and destroy the infidel and licen- draw attention to the word of God, to tious press. Were there a competent press home upon the heart and conmeasure of zeal among religious men, to science the grand question of personal give full effect to the cheap Christian religion, and to convey information in literature already in existence, we might reference to all the existing efforts for look for great and glorious results. the spread of Christianity at home and
It is not intended to convey the idea abroad, are reasons sufficiently powerful that nothing, or even little, is being ac- to induce active and devoted Christians complished by the religious periodical to contribute a portion of their influence press of the day: we are thankful to to their still wider diffusion. feel that it was never in so vigorous and The objects, too, to which the profits healthy a condition as it is at the present arising from the sale of many of our moment: but, considering the reading monthly periodicals are applied, ought, tendency of the age, and the sleepless in connection with the truth and intelliactivity of those who labour to pervert gence they convey, to operate as a powermillions of the people, we are anxious to ful argument with benevolent and philancall the attention of our readers to one of thropic men, to employ a portion of their the easiest, most obvious, and effective influence for their more extended circumethods of doing good. Large as is the lation. The Christian Witness and Chriscirculation of such periodicals as the tian's Penny Magazine, for instance, realise Christian Witness, the Evangelical Ma- a fund annually of not less than twelve gazine, the Christian's Penny Magazine, or fourteen hundred pounds applicable the Tract Society's monthly Visitor, and to the relief of aged and pious ministers, other works of similar character and either in the form of special grants, or of tendency, a very small amount of zeal sums to aid in providing annuities for on the part of their present readers them, when they are no longer able for might double, or even triple, their sale. their work. What Christian man, unless In some instances, these periodicals might sunk in abject poverty, could withhold the be lent from house to house, allowing a small sum monthly of fourpenee, to aid couple of days for their perusal; and in in the accumulation of a fund devoted to others, parties more imbued with the so noble and generous an object? The growing intelligence of the age might Baptist and Evangelical Magazines, on be induced to procure the publications the other hand, take up the cases of the for themselves, and thus a Christian widows of our deceased brethren; and literature might take the place of that the relief thus afforded to many a godiy, light and frivolous reading which will be but suffering, sister in Christ, is such as resorted to, if Christians, in their walks scarcely to admit of minute detail. Hunof usefulness, do not put forth an effort in dreds of sufferers would be the most elothis direction for the mental, moral, and quent pleaders for the extended circulareligious improvement of those who dwell tion of these periodicals. around them.
Having reached the close of another It is not for a moment assumed that year, we feel that we can appeal with our religious periodical literature is not confidence to the Christian public of susceptible of great improvement, or that behalf of the Evangelical Magazine. The it is free from defects which hinder in spirit in which it was originated, by such some degree its usefulness. But, with men as Eyre, and Burder, and Wilks, all its infirmities, it has in it an immense and Waugh, and Hill, and Bogue, has