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were present on the occasion ; some of whom gence which distinguishes almost every page took parts in the services.
of the works we have quoted, warrants us in Through the kindness and energy of the anticipating a most valuable addition to the ladies of the congregation, a most elegant interests of pathological science in the forth. repast was provided in the school-room ad. coming journal – an anticipation further joining the chapel. About one hundred and strengthened by the practical knowledge fifty were present at the dinner, and two which Dr. Winslow must be daily deriving hundred and sixty at the tea. Several from the opportunities presented in his own tickets for adınission were given to the private asylum. When, moreover, we look poorer members of the church, that they at the scope of the intended work, as inti. might share in the entertainments of the mated in the prospectus, that it will embrace, day.
among other matters, analyses of works on mental derangement; abstracts of the reports of British and foreign asylums; accounts of judicial proceedings involving the question
of insanity; original articles on the treatOn Wednesday, October 13th, the Rev. ment of the insane ; translations of approSamuel C. Kent was publicly set apart for priate papers from the German, French, and the work of the Christian ministry at Brain- Italian literature—when we contemplate :o ton, North Devon. The Rev. Jobn Bounsall, wide a field of instructive lore, on a theme of Ottery St. Mary, delivered the introduc. that comes home alike to the business and tory discourse. The Rev. R. Thompson, bosoms” of the monarch and the menial, we M.A., of Ilfracombe, asked the usual ques- hail the effort as deserving the loftiest pa. tions. The Rev. B. Kent, of Barnstaple, tronage, and sincerely trust that such a offered the ordination prayer. The Rev. work, needed as it is, and executed as we Henry Madgin, of Tiverton, gave the charge doubt not it will be, will enjoy a long and to the pastor ; and the Rev. J. Buckpitt, of prosperous career ; for, in our estimation, Torrington, preached to the people. Several there is no public writer to be put in comof the neighbouring ministers assisted in the parison with him whose philanthropic efforts services.
are unceasingly directed to the hallowed purpose of “ministering to a mind diseased."
JURISPRUDENCE AND INSANITY.
PASSED BY THE CUMBER
OF CONGREGATICHURCHES MET AT
Among the many recent announcements
RESOLUTION in the literary world for the opening year,
ASSOCIATION we are gratified to perceive there is one
CARLISLE, great desideratum about to be supplied in
ON TOESDAY, 5TH OCTOBER, 1817. the production of a serial publication that can scarcely fail to command the attention "Learning with much regret that the of all classes of the community, but more Rev. Robert Wilson, of Cockermouth, bas especially of the medical, scientific, and seen it right to resiga bis pastoral charge legal members. A quarterly journal of psy- | there, we cannot allow this meeting of the chological medicine and mental pathology, Cumberland Association of Congregational in other words, of medical jurisprudence and Churches to close, without giving expression insanity, is to make its appearance on the to our views and feelings respecting him. 1st of January, under the editorial direction We are unanimously and cordially of opiof Dr. Forbes Winslow, a gentleman whose nion, that, during the five years he has name is already honourably known in the been settled at Cockermouth, he has larepublic of letters by his invaluable works boured with becoming devotedness, has on the Disorders of the Mind, of which bis adorned in his person the doctrine of God " Anatomy of Suicide" and “The Plea of our Saviour, and has there seals of his mi. Insanity in Criminal Cases” furnish confir- nistry from the Lord, that will be his joy matory proofs. In the medical periodicals and crown upon a future day. His removal, of - the present day, the important questions we believe, gives satisfaction to none, but of psychological inquiry are, it is notorious, causes sorrow to all the members of the rarely discussed, and when alluded to, often flock which he leaves behind. We are, but very succinctly and imperfectly exam- moreover, under peculiar obligation thus to ined. Indeed, a subject that involves the speak of him, when we reflect on the ability possession of personal freedom, the rights of and assiduity he has displayed as one of the citizenship, the acquisition of property, and secretaries of this Association. Wherever all that can impart enjoyment to human life, be goes, our prayers will accompany him, requires professional ability of no common and to any particular church of God we stamp to elucidate with a perspicuity that shall be happy to recommend him.” shall elicit general conviction. The intelli
Jas. MACFARLANE, Sec.
MISSIONS OF THE AMERICAN "The service commenced; and I looked BOARD.
around with interest, to see how such a (Concluded from page 606.)
company of heathen would conduct them.
selves in the house of God. I was sur. SOUTH AFRICA.
prised, and happily disappointed, to find At Umlazi, near Port Natal, Mr. Bryant i among them so much order and decorum, and Dr. Adams are labouring amidst many stillness and attention. I do not know but encouragements. “H," say they, “we they were as quiet and attentive as congrehad ten tongues, they might all be well em- gations of this size usually are in New Eng. ployed in teaching these ignorant people." land. I saw no laughing or whispering, . .. " The natives appear to be of a and but little restlessness and nodding: frank, confiding spirit, and perfectly acces thongh the weather was warm, and some of sible to missionary operations." . . . them had walked twelve miles or more " Their language, Zulu, is remarkable for (sometimes they walk tweoty miles) to ateuphony, and is not difficult of acquisition." | tend public worship. So far as their cop. Mr. Bryant's first day spent at Umlazi was duct in the chapel was concerned, they the Lord's day; and his account of the certainly would not suffer in comparison scepe is vivid and interesting:
with many congregations in America. Had “The sabbath morning was as beautiful my observation ended here, I should have and quiet as any that ever dawned on New
gone away strongly impressed in their faEngland. Soon after breakfast the natives vour, and with too high an opinion of their were seen coming from various directions to civilization. attend the sabbath-school, their dark forms “These people are little accustomed to moring in silent procession, one after an restraint; and the task of sitting still an other, over the neighbouring bills and val hour and a half at a time, is one that is leys towards the sanctuary. They first seldom or never imposed upon them, except assembled in the school-room, which is at public worship. When the service closed, under the same roof as Dr. Adams's house. therefore, their pent-up feelings seemed to There many of the females, who had come gush forth with a vebemence which was the almost naked, clothed themselves in plain greater because of the previous temporary calico dresses, which are kept hanging up restraint; and many of them, on emerging in the school-room for that purpose; and from the chapel, started off on a full run, which, at the close of public worship, are chattering and laughing like so many chil. again put off, and suspended in the proper dren just released from the confinement of the place. About 200 assembled, and were school-room. One or two minutes sufficed tauglit,-a few from the English Testament, / to give vent to their feelings; and they theri but most of them from the Zulu books, retired with a good degree of silence and which have been prepared and printed by order. Save this one momentary outbreak, the missionaries. In about three quarters l I saw hardly anything during the day that of an hour more bad assembled than the, would be deemed reprehensible among the school-room would hold, and they all re. | people of New England. paired to the chapel ; where Dr. Adams About three o'clock in the afternoon, the spent some time in catechizing them, and people again assembled in the school-room hearing them repeat the Lord's Prayer and ; for instruction; but there were not so many the Ten Commandments. A few minutes as in the former part of the day. After were then allowed for recess; after which singing and prayer, Dr. Adams questioned public service commenced.
them with regard to the sermon, adding “ Dr. Adams's chapel will hold about further explanations and remarks suited to 600 persons. It was filled, and some stood press the subject home to their hearts." around on the outside, who could not gain! The labours of Dr. Adams bave not been admission. Some were clothed very de without fruit. Within a few months past, cently! some had only a shirt or panta- | there has been unusual seriousness among loons; a few were dressed in the cast-off | the natives ; and a few of them give good garments of soldiers; and others were !
evidence of piety. The converts hold a nearly naked. A portion of the men brought prayer-meeting once or twice a week, which along their assagays and war-clabs, which was commenced by themselves, without any they left outside the chapel door. This was suggestion from the missionaries. almost our first view of the natives; and a An interesting event occurred on the singular group they were, 600 of them thus | Wednesday after Mr. Bryant's arrival, viz., apparreled and crowded together in one long the marriage of two men, who give evidence and narrow chapel.
of being truly converted, and who, of their
own accord, abandoned polygamy, and de- Christian manner in this vast missionary sired to be married in a Christian manner. field. The Evangelical Society of Geneva Men here commonly buy their wives with has directed six colporteurs to Lyons, to cattle; paying about ten head for a common the part-maintenance of which we contri. woman, and thirty or forty head for the bute. The Foreign Aid Society has assisted daughter of a chief. It is a mark of wealth. us for two others. The Edinburgh Bible and honour to have several wives; and Society also supports two colporteurs : a bence the natives are desirous of increasing lady in Scotland, a kind friend to the work the number, as they have the means. One in Lyons, has conveyed to us a special chief, who lives a few miles distant, it is donation for another agent. The Free said, has eleven.
Church of Scotland entirely supports the Polygamy is one of the strongholds of minister for the new chapel at the Croix beathenism. It is an institution which is Rousse. These several efforts are carried bolstered up by two pillars—the selfishness on with a harmony for which we cannot of the people and their code of honour; and sufficiently bless God. The brethren emit is cheering to those who have long been ployed in evangelization have meetings every toiling in this part of the missionary field, fortnight, for the purpose of prayer and to know that some progress is made towards the study, in common, of the various quesundermining this gigantic evil. Nothing tions which interest the work; and also of but the gospel, operating on the heart and passages of Scripture which may appear to life, can thoroughly remove it; and men require elucidation. By means of these give some evidence of being truly converted, different agents, nearly one thousand Roman when, in defiance of the sneers and op- Catholic families are regularly visited, and position of their countrymen, and at the in most of which the gospel is listened to sacrifice of their own temporal interest and with respect and pleasure. We wish our honour, they renounce polygamy and begin friends to remember this large number of to live according to the commandment of persons evangelized, and to help by their Christ.
prayers the brethren engaged in this great The men to whom I have already alluded field. had both had two wives. One man was We have already mentioned, the work married to the woman whom he had pur- commenced at the Croix Rousse, and the chased first; the other to the one whom he had difficulties we were meeting with in prepurchased in the second instance, because the paring to open our new chapel. It were first opposed bis becoming a Christian, and too long to relate all the details of this bad no desire to live with him afterwards. | complicated affair, which we have been purHaving been duly published, according to suing for the last eight months; it will the English laws, they were publiciy mar- suffice to mention, that the prefect of Lyons ried by Dr. Adams in the school.room, began by absolutely forbidding our religious about eighty of the natives coming in as worship in any part of the township of the spectators. The occasion was improved to Croix Rousse. Some time after, the mayor show them the sinfulness of polygamy, and added a special refusal with respect to the to press on them the duty of living accord place of worship ; but which we need ing to the institutions of Christ.
hardly say, was based on no sincere or seri. ous motive. We appealed from both these
decisions to the minister of worship, M. FRANCE.
Hebert; and, on his keeping silence, and after waiting patiently for two months, we informed him that we should open the
chapel on the 30th of May last. We also LYONS, FRANCE.
informed the mayor of our intention; he In our Report of the month of February replied by a fresh refusal to permit our last, we announced our intention to publish worship. We persisted in our intention, occasional accounts of the work of the gos. and, on the day tixed, opened the chapel for pel at Lyons, and this we have now the public worship. We were aware that the pleasure of doing,
meeting would be dispersed, but we felt During the past six months the work bas that it was our duty to obtain, by any increased exceedingly. We mentioned in means, the recognition of our most sacred our last letter that seven agents, acting as rights. We felt that we were supported by colporteurs, or Bible readers, were labouring the good wishes and prayers of our brethren in our city or its suburbs. We now have in Christ, of all denominations; and we fifteen agents, of different descriptions, en- were, moreover, following the directions of gaged in carrying the word of truth from the Society for the Protection of the general bouse to house. Several religious societies, Interests of Protestantism in France. The desirous of labouring in this metropolis of commissary of police made his appearance; popery, have met together in the most and having, with as much respect and
OCCASIONAL REPORT OF THE EVANGELIZ.
ATION COMMITTEE OF THE CHURCH OF
civility as the case would admit of, read his at the Croix Rousse, they are much needed; summons to the meeting to disperse, it unfortunately the state of our funds does not broke up in the greatest order, although allow us, at present, to entertain this object. many persons were shedding tears.
While the township of the Croix Rousse A prosecution was inevitable; but the is separated from the city of Lyons, by its Lyons authorities feared, apparently, to elevated position and its steep approaches, discuss the great principles of religious the township of the Guillotière is not less liberty : and, instead of pursuing the mini. so by the rapid Rhone ; and although there ster, M. Cuenod, or any of the persons are six bridges to unite it to Lyons, yet fire present at the meeting, they attacked the of these take toll, which is a great obstacle landlord of the chapel, who had let it to us to attendance at the chapel by our poor several months previously, and who was weavers. The Croix Rousse contains a po. quite a stranger to the whole matter. But pulation of 35,000 souls ; tbe Guillotière the cause of religious liberty was to be fully contains more than 40,000, and is becoming pleaded, and to obtain almost the victory, one of the most important of the Lyons before the various jurisdictions of the second districts. Adjoining this township is the city of France, and in the head-quarters of extensive village of Villeurbane, which is Jesuitism. We succeeded in obtaining the nearly a league in length; and the hardly assistance of one of the most celebrated and less important village of Charpennes is most estimable members of the Lyons bar, quite contiguous. There are several mema councillor of the prefect, and who had bers of the Lyons congregation who reside been substitute for him. Our landlord, it at Villeurbane, and we should have very is true, was condemned to the minimum of great facilities in opening a chapel there. punishment, viz., a fine of sixteen francs, for We have long entertained hopes for this having allowed the meetiog to take place district; meetings for edification have for on his premises without permission; but some time been held there, and a regalar the public prosecutor was forced to acknow. | place of worship is very much desired. ledge, in the fullest manner, that our pub- | Previous to undertaking this, we have beca lic worship was guaranteed by the charter desirous of following the system pursued at itself, and that none could legally contest the Croix Rousse, and have called special our right. We feel assured that this ver- ministers to labour there. Our Evangeliza. dict, and a similar one obtained the same tion Committee has obtained the services day, in a case which had occurred in the of our esteemed brother, M. le pastr. Laūgt, neighbouring departmeot of the Ain, has for this important post. Nothing but the greatly advanced the cause of religious clearest indication of God's will would bare liberty in France. A full account of the induced us to take this step, at a time when proceedings is to be published, and which, our funds are so deficient. But the most we trust, will preclude all further contesta- unequivocal directions of Providence bare tion as to our right to celebrate religious traced our path, and the good hand of God worship according to our own convictions. has given a blessing to our determination. We have again applied to the authorities to When M. Laügt arrived amongst us, authorize the premises ; and, as the great there were 200 families in this district ready principle of freedom of worship has been to receive him. After a residence of two recognised, we trust shortly to obtain a months, this number had increased to 300. favourable decision, which is the object of Having paid them a first visit, he recom. so many desires and prayers.
menced his labours, and was mach imOur chapel at the Croix Rousse, although pressed by the favourable change wbich bad closed, has yet been useful to the cause of almost everywhere taken place in the interthe gospel. Interested by the opposition of val. Where he had at first been received the authorities, and the subsequent prose- with indifference, he was listened to with cution, crowds of persons have been to pleasure. Many persons had made notable visit it,-and, by means of tracts and suit- progress in the knowledge of Divine things, able addresses, the keeper has had abundant and several appear sincerely converted to opportunity to make the gospel known. God. Thus has a new evangelical district The irritation at first caused by the clergy or parish been rapidly formed; and me has disappeared, and the public voice has already anticipate the time when it will become more and more favourable to the require more than one pastor. Hare we cause of the oppressed. In the mean time, been imprudent in establishing our esteemed a large congregation is prepared for the brother there, while we have such a deficifinal opening of the chapel; and our excel. ency in our funds ? These 300 families are lent minister, M. Cuenod, has a circle of there to reply. We trust our friends will about 250 families, who look upon him as hear their voice, as we have done, and will their pastor, and who may be considered as enable us to consolidate our labours in this gained to the gospel.
new district. It would be very desirable to open schools
(See conclusion in Supplement.)