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that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.

18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.

19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For d who hath resisted his will ? 12

20 Nay but, О man, who art thou that repliest against God ?13 e Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus ?

21 'Hath not the potter power over the clay, 12 counsel, or decree. Br. answerest again, or disputest with God. JOB, xxxiii. 13. A. V.

2 CHR. xx. 6: And said, O LORD God of our fathers, art not thou God in heaven? and rulest thou not over all the kingdoms of the heathen ? and in thine hand is there not power and might, so that none is able to withstand thee? Job, ix. 12: Behold, he taketh away, who can hinder him ? who will say unto him, What doest thou ? do. xxiii. 13 : But he is in one mind, and who can turn him ? and what his soul desireth, even that he doeth. do. xxxiii. 13: Why dost thou strive against him? for he giveth not account of any of his matters. Dan. iv. 35: And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing : and he doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth : and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou ?

e Isa. xxix. 16: Shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not ? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding ? do. xlv. 9Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker ! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands? do. Ixiv. 8: But now, O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.

PRO. xvi. 4: The LORD hath made all things for himself : yea, even the wicked for the day of evil. JER. xviii. 6 : 0 house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter ? saith the Lord. Behold, as the clay is in the potter's hand, so are ye in my hand, O house of Israel. Wisd. xv. 7: The potter, tempering soft earth, fashioneth every vessel with much labour for our service : yea, of the same clay he maketh both the

of the same lump to make sone vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour ?

22 What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath i fitted 14 to destruction :

23 And that he might make known the briches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had ' afore prepared unto glory,

24 Even us, whom he hath called, m not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles ?

25 As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people ; and her beloved, which was not beloved.

26 And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not

14 made up. A. V. vessels that serye for clean uses, and likewise also all such as serve to the contrary : but what is the use of either sort, the potter himself is the judge.

8 2 Tim. ii. 20 : But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour. h 1 Thes. i. 10: Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to

do. v. 9: God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ.

i1 Pet. ii. 8: Å stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed. Jude, 4: There are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men. k See on Rom. ii. 4.

Rom. viii. 28-30. m Rom. iii. 29 : Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also.

* Hos. ii. 23 : I will say to them which were not my people, Thou art art my people ; and they shall say, Thou art my God. 1 PET. ii. 10: Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.

• Hos. i.9, 10 : Ye are not my people, and I will not be your God. Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the


my people ; there shall they be called the children 15 of the living God.

27 Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, P Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a 9 remnant 16 shall be saved : 17

28 For he will finish the work, 18 and cut it short in righteousness : " because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth.

29 And as Esaias said before, *Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.


16 but a remnant. Co. Ma. 17 escape. Ham.

18 the

sons. Rh. Pu. account. A. V.

sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered ; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God.

PISA. X. 22, 23 : Though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return : the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness. For the Lord God of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined, in the midst of all the land.

4 Rom. xi. 5: Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace.

ISA. xxviii. 22: Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be made strong: for I have heard from the Lord God of hosts a consumption, even determined upon the whole earth.

s Isa, i. 9: Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, and we should have been like unto Gomorrah. LAM. iii. 22 : It is of the LORD's mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not.

Gen. xix. 24, 25: Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; and he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. Isa. xiii. 19: Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. Jer. 1. 40: As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the LORD; so shall no man abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein.


30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, 'even the righteousness which is of faith.

31 But Israel, which w followed after the law of righteousness, * hath not attained to the law of righteousness.

32 Wherefore ? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;

33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence : and whosoever a believeth on him shall not be ashamed. 19

CHAP. X. 5 The Scripture showeth the difference betwixt the righteousness of

the law, and this of faith, 11 and that all, both Jew and Gentile, that believe, shall not be confounded, 18 and that the Gentiles shall receive the word and believe : 19 Israel was not ignorant of these things.

BRETHREN, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.

2 For I bear them record that they have a * zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.

3 For they being ignorant of God's righteous

19 confounded. A. V.

u Rom.iv. 11 : And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised : that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised ; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also. do. x. 20.

v See on Rom.i, 17.
w Rom, x. 2, 3: do. xi. 7.

x Gal. v. 4: Christ is become of no effect unto you, whoso ever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.

y See on LUKE, ii. 34. z See on LUKE, ii. 34. a Rom. x. 11.

CHAP. X. a See on Acta, xxi. 20, b Rom. ix. 30. See on Rom. i. 17.

ness,' and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.

4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.

5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, « That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.

6 But 4 the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, e Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above :

7 Or, Who shall descend into the deep ?5 (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.)

8 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart : that is, the word of faith, which we preach ; 9 That if thou shalt & confess with thy mouth

the righteousness that availeth before God. Co. 2 seeking. Wi. Pu. 3 the perfection. Br. "Whereas. 6 the abyss. Wh. 6 the Scripture. Wi.

c Mat. v. 17 : Think not that I am come to destroy the Law, or the Prophets : I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. GAL. iii. 24. See on Acts, xiii. 38, 39.

Neh. ix. 29 : They dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, which if a man do, he shall live in them. See on LUKE, X. 28.

e DEUT. Xxx. 11-13: This commandment which I command thee this day, it is not hidden from thee, neither is it far off. It is not in heaven, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? Neither is it beyond the sea, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it?

Deut. xxx. 14: But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it.

& MAT. X. 32: Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven. LUKE, xii. 8: Also I say unto you, Whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the angels of God. Acts, viii. 37: If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest [be baptized]. And he an


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