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BUT of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you.

2 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night.

3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as e travail ? upon a woman with child ; and they shall not escape.

4 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief.

I shall come. Co. Ma. Bi. Gen.


pangs. Pu.

CHAP. V. a See on MAT. xxiv. 3, 36. b1 Thes. iv. 9. • See on MAT. xxiv. 43, 44,

a Isa. xiii. 6–9: Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at hand; it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty. Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man's heart shall melt: and they shall be afraid : pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed one at another; their faces shall be as flames. Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate : and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. LUKE, xvii. 26, 27, &c: As it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all, &c. do. xxi. 34-36: Take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day come upon you unawares. For as a snare shall it come on all them that dwell on the face of the whole earth. Watch ye therefore, and pray always. 2 Thes. i. 9.

e Jer. xiii. 21 : What wilt thou say when he shall punish thee? for thou hast taught them to be captains, and as chief over thee : shall not sorrows take thee, as a woman in travail ? Hos. xiii. 13 : The sorrows of a travailing woman shall come upon him : he is an unwise son ; for he should not stay long in the place of the breaking forth of children.

* Rom. xiii. 12, 13 : The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. Let us walk honestly, as in the


5 Ye are all the children of light, and the 6 children of the day : we are not of the night, nor of darkness.

6 Therefore let us not sleep, as do others ; but let us i watch and be sober.

7 For k they that sleep sleep in the night, and they that be drunken are drunken in the night.

8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on 3 the breastplate of faith and love ; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.

9 For "God hath not appointed us to wrath, • but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 Who P died for us, that, whether we wake

3 having on. Rh. day. 1 John, ii. 8: Again, a new commandment I write unto you, which thing is true in him and in you : because the darkness is past, and the true light now shineth. $ See on LUKE, xvi. 8.

Mat. xxv.5: While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept. Rom. xiii. 11: And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep.

Rom. xiii. 11–13: And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. See on MAT. xxiv. 42.

k See on ver. 4.

1 Acts, ii. 15 : These are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.

m See on Rom. xiii. 12. n See on Rom. ix. 22.

• 2 Thes. ii. 13, 14 : But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth : whereunto he called you by our Gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.

p See on Rom. vi. 11.

or sleep, we should live together with him.

11 Wherefore 9 comforto yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also ye

do. 12 And we beseech you, brethren, 'to know them which labour among you, and are over you: in the Lord, and admonish you ;

13 And to esteem them very highly in love for their works' sake. And be at speace among yourselves.

14 Now we exhort 6 you, brethren, warn? them that are unruly,8 " comfort the feebleminded, support

10 the weak, w be patient” toward all men.

15 See that none X render evil for evil unto any man; but ever follow that which is good, both Yamong yourselves, and to all men.



4 exhort. A. V. s preside over you. Dod. 6 beseech. A. V. ? admonish. Gen. Rh. Pu. 8 disorderly. A. V. men of little heart. Wi. those of little courage. Pu. 1receive. Wi, bear up. Rh. Il be forbearing. Pue

91 THES. iv. 18.
r See on Phi. ii. 29.
8 See on MARK, ix. 50.

+ 2 Thes. iii. 11, 12: We hear that there are some which walk among you disorderly, working not at all, but are busybodies. Now them that are such we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness they work, and eat their own bread.

u HEB. xii. 12: Lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees.

See on Rom. xiv. 1.

GAL. v. 22: But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith. Eph. iv. 2: With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love. Col. iii. 12: Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering. 2 Tim. iv. 2: Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine,

* See on Mat. y. 39, 44. y See on 1 Thes. iii. 12.



pray God


13 At 15 all

16 - Rejoice evermore.
17 a Pray without ceasing."

18 In every thing give thanks :13 for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.

19 Quench not the Spirit.
20 Despise not prophesyings.

21 Prove 14 all things ; 'hold fast that which is good.

22 6 Abstain from all appearance of evil.15 23 And the


h God of peace i sanctify you wholly; and I pray your whole spirit and

Pray without intermission. Rh. Leave not off praying. Pu. every thing be thankful, &c. Pu. 14 Examine. Ma. Bi. Gen. suspicious things. Co. Ma. every sort of evil. Ham.

2 See on Rom. xii. 12; and on Acts, v. 41.

a 1 Pet. iv. 7: But the end of all things is at hand : be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer. See on LUKE, xviii. 1.

b See on Rom. i. 8.

c1 Cor. xiv. 30: If any thing be revealed to another that sitteth by, let the first hold his peace. See on Eph. iv. 32,

d 1 Cor. xiv. 30. The words under ver. 19. do. xiv. 1, 39 : Follow after charity, and desire spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy.--Covet to prophesy, and forbid not to speak with tongues.

e See on 1 Cor. ii. 11, 15.

f Phi. iv. 8: Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things.

8 Isa. xxxiii. 15, 16 : He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil ; he shall dwell on high : his place of defence shall be the munitions of rocks : bread shall be given him; his waters shall be sure. 1 Thes. iv. 12.

h See on Rom. xv. 33. i See on 1 Cor. i. 8.

k 1 Cor. vi. 20 : Glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's. do. vii. 34: The unmarried woman careth for the things of the Lord, that she may be holy both in body and in spirit. Gal, vi. 18: The grace of our Lord


with you.

soul and body 16 ' be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

24 Faithful is he that calleth you, who also will do it.17

25 Brethren, "pray for us. 26 • Greet all the brethren with an holy kiss. 27 I charge

you by the Lord that P this epistle be read unto all the holy brethren. 28 The 9 grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be

Amen. 19
The first epistle unto the Thessalonians was

written from Athens. 18 whole constiation, spirit, &c. Dod. " perform that. Pu. 18 adjare. A. V. 19 so let it be. Pu. Jesus Christ be with your spirit. (Repeated Phile. 25.) 2 Tim. iv. 22: The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit.

11 Cor. i. 8: Who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Cbrist. m See on 1 Cor. i. 9.

See on Rom. xv. 30. • See on Rom. xvi. 16. p See on Cor. iv. 16. 9 See on Rom. xvi. 20, 24.




This second epistle to the Thessalonians was written from Corinth, a little time after the first, and probably at the end of the year 52. In this St. Paul animates the Thessalonians against the fears occasioned by a false interpretation of a passage in his first epistle, as if he had said, that the day of the Lord was at hand. He exhorts them to continue stedfast in the doctrine he had taught them, and to suffer with constancy under persecution. He reproves, more vehemently than before, those who lived in idleness and vain curiosity; he would have the rest notice these people, and separate from them, that

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