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at least they might be ashamed of their trifling, and reform their conduct. He signs the letter with his own hand, and desires them to mark it well, that they might not be imposed on by letters written in his name that were not genuine, and by which the Thessalonians had perhaps formerly been deceived.


CHAP. I. 1 Saint Paul certifieth them of the good opinion which he had of their faith, love, and patience ; 11 and therewithal useth divers reasons for the comforting of them in persecution, whereof the chiefest is taken from the righteous judgment of God.

A. D. 54. PAUL, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians bin God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ :

2 Grace unto you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

3 We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is meet, because that your faith groweth exceedingly, and the charity of every one of you all toward each other aboundeth; 4 So that we ourselves 'glory in you in the

CHAP. I. a See on 1 Thes. i. 1..

b 1 Thes. i. 1 : Unto the church of the Thessalonians which is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ.

See on Rom. i. 7. d 2 Thes. ii. 13. See on Rom. i. 8.

e ! Thes. i. 8: For from you sounded out the word of the Lord not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in every place your faith to God-ward is spread abroad ; so that we need not to speak any thing. do. iii. 6, 9: Timotheus came from you unto us, and brought us good tidings of your faith and charity.--For what thanks can we render to God again for you, for all the joy wherewith we joy for your sakes before our God?

12 Cor. vii. 14: If I have boasted any thing to him of you, I am not ashamed; but as we spake all things to you in truth, even so our boasting, which I made before Titus, is found a truth. do. ix. 2: I know the forwardness of your mind, for which I boast of you to them of Macedonia, that Achaia was ready a year ago; and your zeal" hath provoked very many. 1 Thes. ii. 19, 20: What is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing ? Are not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming ? For ye are our glory and joy.


churches of God for your patience and faith in "all your persecutions and tribulations that

ye endure :

5 Which is a ' manifest token' of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted ? k worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer :

6 m Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble

you; 7 And to you who are troubled "rest with us,

la manifestation. Pu. 2 approved. Dod. 8 1 Thes. i. 3 : Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father.

h 1 Thes. ii. 14: Ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God, which in Judæa are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they have of the Jews. James, v. 11: Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord ; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.

Pui. i. 28 : And in nothing terrified by your adversaries : which is to them an evident token of perdition, but to you

of salvation, and that of God.

k See on LUKE, xx. 35.

11 Thes. ii. 14: The words under ver. 4. Heb. x. 32, 33 : But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of afflictions ; partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used.

m Zec, ii. 8: Thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you : for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.' Mat. xvi

. 27: Then shall he reward every man according to his works. Rev. vi. 10 : They cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth ?

n Heb. iv. 9, 10: There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. For he that is entered into his rest, he also, hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his. Rev. vi. 11 : It was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren,


when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, 8 In Pflaming fire taking 4 4 vengeance on them

3 Gr. the angels of his power. A. V. yielding. A. V. that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled. do. xiv. 13: Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth : Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours. See on Rom. viii. 18.

• See on Acts, i. 11.

v Exod. xix. 18: Mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire. do. xxiv. 17 : The sight of the glory of the Lord was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel. Lev. x. 2: There went out fire from the LORD, and devoured them, [Nadab and Abihu,) and they died before the LORD. NUMB. xvi. 35: There came out a fire from the LORD, and consumed the two hundred and fifty men that offered incense. Deut. iv. 24: The LORD thy God is a consuming fire, even a jealous God. do. ix. 3: Understand therefore this day, that the LORD thy God is he which goeth over before thee ; as a consuming fire he shall destroy them. Ps. xcvii. 3: A fire goeth before him, and burneth up his enemies round about. Is A. lxvi. 15: Behold, the LORD will come with fire, and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire. EZEK. Xxxvi. 5: Thus saith the Lord God; Surely in the fire of my jealousy have I spoken against the residue of the heathen. Dan. vii. 9 : I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sithis throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire. Zep. i. 18: Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD's wrath ; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy. do. iii. 8: All the earth shall be devoured with the fire of my jealousy. Heb. x. 27 : A certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. do. xii. 29: Our God is a consuming fire. 2 Pet. ij. 7: The heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. Rev. xxi. 8: But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

9 Deut. xxxii. 41, 43 : If I whet my glittering sword, and

that "know not God, and that obey not the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ :

9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and " from the glory of his power ;

10 When he shall come to be "glorified in his saints, and to be wadinired in all them that believe (because our * testimony among you was believed) in that day.

11 Wherefore also we pray always for you, , mine hand take hold on judgment; I will render vengeance to mine enemies, and will reward them that hate me. Rejoice, O ye nations, with his people : for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, and to his people,

Ps. Ixxvi. 6: At thy rebuke, O God of Jacob, both the chariot and horse are cast into a dead sleep. ZEP. i. 6: And them that are turned back from the LORD; and those that have not sought the Lord, nor enquired for him. See on 1 Thes: iv. 5. s Rom. ii. 8: The words under ver. 9.

MAT. xxv. 41: Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels. Rom. ii. 8, 9: Unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil. Phi. m. 19 : Whose end is destruction. 2 Pet. iii. 7 : The words under ver. 8.

u Deut. xxxiii. 2: The LORD came from Sinai-he came with ten thousands of saints : from his right hand went a fiery law for them. IsA.ji. 19: They shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of

his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth. 2 Thes, ii. 8.

Ps. lxxxix. 7: God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him. MAT. xxv. 31: When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory.

w Ps. Ixviii. 35: 0 God, thou art terrible out of thy holy places: the God of Israel is he that giveth strength and power unto his people. Blessed be God.

* See on 1 Cor. i. 6.

that our God would count: you worthy of this calling, and fulfil all the good pleasure of his goodness, and the "work of faith with power :

12 That the name of our Lord Jesus Christ may be glorified * in you, and ye in him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.

CHAP. II. 1 He willeth then to continue stedfast in the truth received, 3 show.

eth that there shall be a departure from the faith, 9 and a discovery of antichrist, before the day of the Lord come: 15 and thereupon repeateth his former exhortation, and prayeth for them.

NOW we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him,

2 °That ye be not soon shaken in mind,' or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor

3 vouchsafe. A. V. from your mind. Co. Ma. Cr, from your sense. Rh. from your opinion. Han. 2 terrified. Rh.

y Ver. 5. Col.i. 12: Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light. Rev. iii. 4: Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white : for they are worthy.

z See on GAL. v. 6.

a Rom. ii. 7, 10: To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life. But glory, honour, and peace, to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first, and also to the Gentile. 1 Pet. i. 7: That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold-might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ. do. iv. 14: If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you : on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified.

CHAP. II. a See on Acts, i, 11.

MARK, xiii. 27 : And then shall he send his angels, and shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven. See on John, xii. 26.

See on MAT. xxiv. 4, 6,

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