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love of God, and into the patient waiting for Christ.

6 Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, kthat ye withdraw yourselves from 'every brother that walk

disorderly, and not after the tradition 5 which ye received of us.

7 For yourselves know how ye ought to follow 6 us : for we P behaved not ourselves disorderly among you ;

8 Neither did we eat any man's bread for nought; but I wrought with labour 8 and travail 9 night and day, that we might not be chargeable to any of you :

9' Not because we have not power, but to make * ourselves an ensample unto you to follow us.

10 For even when we were with you, this we commanded you,

t that if any would not work, neither should he eat.

5 teaching. Wi. institution. Co. Ma. Cr. Bi. instruction. Gen. Gimitate. Rh. We, Pu. 'gratis. Rh. 8 weariness, Ham. Whit. 9 toil. Ham. Rh. Whit. fatigue. Pu. Israel, our fathers, keep this for ever in the imagination of the thoughts of the heart of thy people, and prepare their heart unto thee.

k Ver. 14. 1Tim. vi.5 : Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness : from such withdraw thyself. See on MAT. xviii. 17.

11 Cor. xi. 5, 13: But every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with her head uncovered dishonoureth her head : for that is even all one as if she were shaven. Judge in yourselves : is it comely that a woman pray unto. God uncovered?

m Ver. 11, 12, 14; and on ver. 11. n 2 Thes, ii. 15.

See on 1 Cor, xi. I. p See on 1 Thes. ii. 10. 4 See on Acts, xviii. 3.

See on 1 Cor. ix. 4, 6. * Ver. 7. See on 1 Cor. xi. 1. Gen. iii. 19: In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread,

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11 For we hear that there are some " which walk among you disorderly, 'working not at all, but are busybodies.10

12 Now them that are such we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness " they work, and eat their own bread. 13 But ye, brethren, be "not weary

12 in well doing.

14 And if any man obey not our word by this epistle, note that man, 13 and * have no company with him, that he may be ashamed.

15 » Yet count him not as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother.

30 busy themselves about that which belongs not to them. Ham. 11 silence. Wi. Rh. stillness. Pu. 12 faint not. Ä. V. be not slothful. Pu. 13 signify that man by an epistle. A. V.

till thou return unto the ground. Thes. iv. 11 : The words under ver. 11.

u Ver. 6. 'Acts, xx. 35: I have showed you all things, how that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive. Eph. iv. 28 : Let him that stole steal no more : but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. 1 Thes. iv. 11 : That ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you. 1 Tim. v. 13: And withal they (the younger widows] learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not. 1 Pet. iv. 15: Let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters.

w 1 Cor. xv. 58 : Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord. Gal. vi. 9: Let us not be weary in well doing : for in due season we shall

reap,

if we faint not. See on MAT. xviii. 17.

Lev. xix. 17: Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. Eph. v. 11 : Have 'no fellowship with

16 Now the Lord of peace himself give you peace always 14 by all means.

3.15 The Lord be with

you all. 17 The a salutation of Paul with mine own hand, which is the token in every epistle : so I write. 18 Theb

grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all.. Amen.

The second epistle to the Thessalonians was written from Athens.

Heverlasting peace. Wi, Rh. 15 in every place. Rh. Wh. in every manger, Pu.

the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them. 1 Thes. v. 14 : Warn them that are unruly. 1 Tim. v. 20 : Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear. Tit. iii. 10: A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject. z See on Rom. xv. 33.

See on 1 Cor. xvi. 21. • See on Rom. xvi. 20, 24.

a

THE FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL THE APOSTLE TO

Timothy.

Timothy was a native of Lystra, in Lycaonia : his father was a Gentile; but his mother, whose name was Eunice, was a Jewess (Acts, xvi. 1), and educated her son with great care in her own religion (2 Tim. i. 5; iii. 15). Paul calls Timothy his “own son in the faith” (2 Tim. i. 2), from which expression it is inferred that Paul was the person who converted him to the belief of the Gospel; and as, upon Paul's second arrival at Lystra, Timothy is mentioned as being then a disciple, and as having distinguished himself among the Christians of that neighbourhood, his conversion, as well as that of Eunice his mother, and Lois his grandmother, must have taken place when St. Paul first preached at Lystra, in the year 46. Upon St. Paul's leaving Lystra, in the course of his second apostolical journey, he was induced to take Timothy with him, on account of his

excellent character, and the zeal which, young as he was, he had already shown in the cause of Christianity. From this time Timothy acted as a minister of the Gospel : he generally attended St. Paul, but was sometimes employed by him in other places ; he was very diligent and useful, and is always mentioned with great esteem and affection by St. Paul, who joins his name with his own in the inscription of six of his epistles. He is sometimes called bishop of Ephesus; and it has been said that he suffered martyrdom in that city some years after the death of St. Paul. Several learned men think that the first epistle to Timothy was written subsequent to St. Paul's first imprisonment at Rome, and, therefore, after the period at which the Acts of the Apostles end; and, as St. Paul was liberated in the year 63, the writing of this epistle, and the journey to which it refers, have been placed in the year 64. The design of this epistle was to instruct Timothy with respect to the superintendence and management of the church of Ephesus; what ought to be the qualifications of those who were to be appointed ministers; how false teachers should be withstood, erroneous notions refuted, and perfect order and harmony restored.

CHAP. I. 1 Timothy is put in mind of the charge which was given unto him by

Paul at his going to Macedonia : 5 of the right use and end of the law : 11 of Saint Paul's calling to be an apostle, 20 and of Hymenæus and Alexander.

A. D. 65. PAUL, an apostle of Jesus Christ * by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope ;

1 appointment. Ham. Whit.

CHAP. I. a See on Acts, ix. 15.

• 1 Tim. i. 3 : This is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour. do. iv. 10: Because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of them that believe. 2 Tim. i. 9 : Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began. Tit. i. 3: Which [preaching) is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour. do. ii. 10: That they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things. do. ii. 4: After that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared. JUDE, 25: To the only wise God our Saviour be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever.

• Col. i. 27 : Christ in you, the hope of glory.

2 Unto Timothy, e my own son 2 in the faith : "Grace, mercy, and peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.

3 As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some " that they teach no other doctrine,

4 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying 5 which is in faith : so do.

3

3

2 beloved son. Wi. not otherwise. Wi. Co. Ma. Rh. Pu, no strange doctrine. Cr. Br. * uncertain. Wi. 5 the dispensation of God. Ham.

a See on Acts, xvi. 1.
e See on 1 Cor. iv. 17.
f See on Rom.i. 7.

& Acts, xx. 1, 3: Paul-departed for to go into Macedonia, He purposed to return through Macedonia. Phi. ii, 24: I trust in the Lord, that I also myself shall come shortly.

ħ Gal. i. 6,7: I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another Gospel : which is not another; but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the Gospel of Christ. 1 Tim. vi. 3, 4: The words under ver. 10.

il Tim.iv.7: Refuse profane and old wives' fables, and exercise thyself rather unto godliness. do.vi. 3, 4, 20: If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness; he is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh

envy, strife. O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called. 2 Tim. ii. 14, 16, 23: Of these things put them in remembrance, charging them before the Lord that they strive not about words to no profit, but to the subverting of the hearers. Shun profane and vain babblings : for they will increase unto more ungodliness. Foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do gender strifes. do. iv. 4: They shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables. Tit. i. 14 : Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth. do. iii. 9: Avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law ; for they are unprofitable and vain.

k 1 Tim. vi. 4: See above.

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