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Before the Father's throne: them the glad Son
See, Father, what first fruits on earth are sprung
Compare Milton's Sonnet xiv. he passage is this, Let me interpret is speaking of good works and for him unskilful with what words alms.
to pray for himself, me his advoFaith-clad them o'er with purple words of St. John, 1 Ep. ii. 1,
cate and propitiation, the very beams And azure wings, that up they flew 2. We have an advocate with the so drest
Father, Jesus Christ the righteous, And spake the truth of thee on glo. and he is the propitiation for our rious themes
sins. Before the Judge.
38. The smell of peace tow'ard
mankind;] The peace offering 83. - -me his advocate is frequently called an offering of And propitiation ;]
a sweet savour unto the Lord. So The construction of the whole Levit. iii. 5. Heylin.
To mitigate thus plead, not to reverse,)
may dwell in joy and bliss, Made one with me as I with thee am one.
To whom the Father, without cloud, serene.
44. Made one with me Gross is to be joined in conwith thee am one.] That they all struction with him and not with may be one, as thou Father art in distemper; and therefore the me, and I in thee : and the glory comma after distemper should be which thou gavest me, I have carefully preserved, as in Milgiven them ;
that they may be one, ton's own editions, and not be even us we are one. John xvii. placed after distemper gross, as in 21, 22.
Dr. Bentley's edition. 53. -gross to air as gross,]
Wak’d in the renovation of the just,
He ended, and the Son gave signal high
74. His trumpet heard in Oreb presented to be standing, or fallsince perhaps &c.] For the law ing down before the throne of was given on mount Oreb with God; because they are genethe noise of the trumpet, Exod. rally employed there in acts of XX. 18. and at the general judg- praise and adoration. But here ment, according to St. Paul, they are introduced in another 1 Thess. iv. 16. the Lord shall character, called to synod, like descend from heaven with a grand council, or to be as it shout, with the voice of the arch. were assessors with the Almighty, angel, and with the trump of God.
when he was to pronounce his 78. Of amarantine shade,] See decree on fallen man: and thereiii. 353. and the note there. fore the poet very properly says,
82. And took their seats ;] In they took their seats. And thus Rev. iv. 4. and xi. 16. the four our Saviour tells the Apostles, and twenty elders are described they shall sit upon twelve thrones as sitting on seats round the as his assessors, judging the twelve throne. Pearce.
tribes of Israel. Matt. xix. 28. The angels are generally re Greenwood,
Th’ Almighty thus pronounc'd his sovran will.
O sons, like one of us Man is become
Michael, this my behest have thou in charge,
84. O sons, &c.] The assem tree of life, und eat and live for bling of all the angels of heaven, ever; Therefore the Lord God to hear the solemn decree passed sent him forth from the garden of upon Man, is represented in Eden, to till the ground from very lively ideas. The Al. whence he was taken. So he drove mighty is here described as re out the Man: and he placed at membering mercy in the midst the east of the garden of Eden of judgment, and commanding cherubims and a flaming sword, Michael to deliver his message which turned every way, to keep in the mildest terms, lest the the way of the tree of life. spirit of Man, which was already 86. of that defended fruit;] broken with the sense of his Forbidden fruit, from defendre guilt and misery, should fail (French) to forbid; so used by before him. Addison.
Chaucer, This whole speech is founded upon the following passage in Ge
Where can you say in any manner
age nesis iii. 22, 23, 24. And the Lord
That ever God defended marriage ? God said, Behold the Man is be
Hume and Richardson. come as one of us, to know good and evil: And now lest he put 99. Michael, this my behest forth his hand, and tuke also of the have thou in charge,! Our au
Take to thee from among the Cherubim
100 Thy choice of flaming warriors, lest the Fiend, Or in behalf of Man, or to invade Vacant possession, some new trouble raise : Haste thee, and from the Paradise of God Without remorse drive out the sinful pair,
105 From hallow'd groud th' unholy, and denounce To them and to their progeny from thence Perpetual banishment. Yet lest they faint At the sad sentence rigorously urg'd, For I behold them soften'd and with tears Bewailing their excess, all terror hide. If patiently thy bidding they obey, Dismiss them not disconsolate; reveal To Adam what shall come in future days, As I shall thee inlighten ; intermix My covenant in the Woman's seed renew'd; So send them forth, though sorrowing, yet in peace : And on the east side of the garden place, Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbs, Cherubic watch, and of a sword the flame Wide-waving, all approach far off to fright,
thor has with great judgmenting our first parents, and even singled out Michael to receive while he is ordering Michael to this charge. It would not have drive them out of Paradise, orbeen so proper for the sociable ders him at the same time to spirit Raphael to have executed hide all terror ; and for the same this order : but as Michael was reason he chooses to speak of the principal angel employed in their offence in the softest mandriving the rebel angels out of ner, calling it only an excess, a heaven, so he was the most pro- going beyond the bounds of per to expel our first parents too their duty, by the same metaout of Paradise.
phor as sin is often called trans111. Bewailing their excess,] gression. God is here represented as pity