## Elements of Geometry: Containing the First Six Books of Euclid, with a Supplement on the Quadrature of the Circle, and the Geometry of Solids. To which are Added, Elements of Plane and Sperical TrigonometryW.E. Dean, 1844 - 317 páginas |

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Página 61

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**chord**or subtense of an arc is the straight line which joins its two ex- tremities . C. A straight line is said to be inscribed in a circle , when the extremities of it are in the circumference of the circle . And any straight line ... Página 62

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**chords**or arcs which their sides include . 8. The sector of a circle is the figure contained by two straight lines drawn from the centre , and the arc of the circumference between them . 9. Similar segments of a circle , are those in ... Página 64

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**chord**, passes through the centre ; for this perpendicular is the same as the one let fall from the centre on the same**chord**, since both of them passes through the middle of the**chord**. COR . 2. It likewise follows , that the ... Página 71

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**chord**is , the farther it is from the centre ; and , conversely , the farther the**chord**is from the centre , the shorter it is . PROP . XVI . THEOR . The straight line drawn at right angles to the diameter of a circle , from the ... Página 86

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**chord**is a diameter , is a semicircum- ference , and the included segment is a semicircle . PROP . B. THEOR . Through three given points which are not in the same straight line , one cir- cumference of a circle may be made to pass , and ...### Otras ediciones - Ver todas

### Términos y frases comunes

ABC is equal ABCD adjacent angles altitude angle ABC angle ACB angle BAC base BC bisected centre chord circle ABC circumference cosine cylinder demonstrated described diameter divided draw equal and similar equal angles equiangular equilateral equilateral polygon equimultiples Euclid exterior angle fore four right angles given rectilineal given straight line greater Hence hypotenuse inscribed join less Let ABC magnitudes meet multiple opposite angle parallel parallelogram parallelopiped perpendicular polygon prism PROB PROP proportional proposition quadrilateral radius ratio rectangle contained rectilineal figure remaining angle right angled triangle SCHOLIUM segment semicircle shewn side BC sine solid angle solid parallelopiped spherical angle spherical triangle square straight line BC THEOR touches the circle triangle ABC triangle DEF wherefore

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Página 95 - If two triangles have two angles of the one equal to two angles of the other, each to each, and one side equal to one side, viz. either the sides adjacent to the equal...

Página 68 - THE angles in the same segment of a circle are equal to one another...

Página 23 - Straight lines which are parallel to the same straight line are parallel to one another. Triangles and Rectilinear Figures. The sum of the angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles.

Página 74 - The angle in a semicircle is a right angle; the angle in a segment greater than a semicircle is less than a right angle; and the angle in a segment less than a semicircle is greater than a right angle.

Página 78 - IF from any point without a circle two straight lines be drawn, one of which cuts the circle, and the other touches it ; the rectangle contained by the whole line which cuts the circle, and the part of it without the circle, shall be equal to the square of the line which touches it.

Página 9 - UPON the same base, and on the same side of it, there cannot be two triangles that have their sides which are terminated in one extremity of the base equal to one another, and likewise those which are terminated in the other extremity.

Página 75 - If a straight line touch a circle, and from the point of contact a...

Página 18 - AT a given point in a given straight line, to make a rectilineal angle equal to a given rectilineal angle. Let AB be the given straight line, and A...

Página 134 - EQUIANGULAR parallelograms have to one another the ratio which is compounded of the ratios of their sides.

Página 136 - AB is (7. 5.) to AD, as AE to AG ; and DC to CB, as GF to FE; and also CD to DA, as FG to GA ; therefore the sides of the parallelograms ABCD, AEFG about the equal angles are proportionals; and they are therefore similar to one another (1.