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GEORGE WITHER-A.D. 1588-1667.


FROM THE FOURTH ECLOGUE OF THE SHEPHERD'S HUNTING. Roget (G. Wither) exhorts his friend Willy (William Browne, author of Britannia's Pastorals) not to give

over writing verses on account of some partial detraction which he had met with ; describes the comfort which he himself derives from the Muse. The scene is in the Marshalsea, where Wither was imprisoned for his Satires, and where Browne is supposed to visit him. Willy. For a song I do not pass

With Detraction's breath on thee. 'Mongst my friends, but what, alas!

It shall never rise so high Should I have to do with them,

As to stain thy poesy. That my music do contemn?

As that sun doth oft exhale Roget. What's the wrong?

Vapours from each rotten vale, Willy. A slight offence,

Poesy so sometime drains Wherewithal I can dispense ;

Gross conceits from muddy brains, But hereafter, for their sake,

Mists of envy, fogs of spite, To myself I'll music make.

'Twixt men's judgments and her light.

But so much her power may do, Roget. What, because some clown offends,

That she can dissolve them too. Wilt thou punish all thy friends ?

If thy verse do bravely tower, Willy. Honest Roget, understand me,

As she makes wing, she gets power: Those that love me may command me;

Yet the higher she doth soar, But thou know'st I am but young,

She's affronted still the more, And the pastoral I sung

Till she to the high’st hath past, Is by some supposed to be

Then she rests with fame at last. (By a strain) too high for me ;

Let nought therefore thee affright, So they kindly let me gain

But make forward in thy flight. Not my labour for my pain.

For, if I could match thy rhyme, Trust me, I do wonder why

To the very stars I'd climb; They should me my own deny.

There begin again, and fly, Though I'm young, I scorn to flit

Till I reach'd eternity. On the wings of borrow'd wit.

But alas! my Muse is slow, I'll make my own feathers rear me

For thy place she flags too low; Whither others' cannot bear me.

Yea, the more's her hapless fate, Yet I'll keep my skill in store,

Her short wings were clipt of late; Till I've seen some winters more.

And poor I, her fortune ruing, Roget. But in earnest mean'st thou so?

Am myself put up a muing. Then thou art not wise, I trow.

But, if I my cage can rid, That's the ready way to blot

I'll fly where I never did. All the credit thou hast got.

And, though for her sake I'm crost, Rather in thy age's prime

Though my best hopes I have lost, Get another start of time;

And knew she would make my trouble And make those that so fond be,

Ten times more than ten times double ; Spite of their own dullness, see,

I should love and keep her too, That the sacred Muses can

Spite of all the world could do. Make a child in years a man.

For, though banish'd from my flocks, Envy makes their tongues now run,

And confined within these rocks, More than doubt of what is done.

Here I waste away the light, See'st thou not in clearest days,

And consume the sullen night, Oft thick fogs cloud heav'n's rays;

She doth for my comfort stay, And the vapours that do breathe

And keeps many cares away. From the earth's gross womb beneath,

Though I miss the flowery fields, Seem they not with their black streams

With those sweets the spring-tide yields ; To pollute the sun's bright beams;

Though I may not see those groves, And yet vanish into air,

Where the shepherds chaunt their loves, Leaving it unblemish'd, fair?

And the lasses more excel So, my Willy, shall it be

Than the sweet-voiced philomel ;

Though of all those pleasures past

The dull loneness, the black shade, Nothing now remains at last

That these hanging vaults have made; But remembrance (poor relief)

The strange music of the waves, That more makes than mends my grief;

Beating on these hollow caves; She's my mind's companion still,

This black den which rocks emboss, Maugre envy's evil will;

Overgrown with eldest moss ; Whence she should be driven too,

The rude portals, which give light Were't in mortals' power to do.

More to terror than delight; She doth tell me where to borrow

This my chamber of Neglect, Comfort in the midst of sorrow;

Wall'd about with Disrespect : Makes the desolatest place

From all these, and this dull air, To her presence be a grace ;

A fit object for despair, And the blackest discontents

She hath taught me by her might Be her fairest ornaments.

To draw comfort and delight. In my former days of bliss

Therefore, thou best earthly bliss, Her divine skill taught me this,

I will cherish thee for this; That from every thing I saw

Poesy, thou sweet's content I could some invention draw,

That e'er heaven to mortals lent, And raise pleasure to her height

Though they as a trifle leave thee, Through the meanest object's sight.

Whose dull thoughts cannot conceive thee; By the murmur of a spring,

Though thou be to them a scorn, Or the least bough's rustling,

Who to nought but earth are born; By a daisy whose leaves spread

Let my life no longer be Shut when Titan goes to bed,

Than I am in love with thee. Or a shady bush or tree,

Though our wise ones call it madness, She could more infuse in me

Let me never taste of sadness, Than all Nature's beauties can

If I love not thy madd'st fits In some other wiser man.

Above all their greatest wits. By her help I also now

And though some too seeming holy Make this churlish place allow

Do account thy raptures folly, Some things that may sweeten gladness

Thou dost teach me to contemn In the very gall of sadness.

What make knaves and fools of them.

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WALLER—A. D. 1605-87.

Such was Philoclea, and such Dorus' flame!
The matchless Sydney that immortal frame
Of perfect beauty on two pillars plac'd:
Not his high fancy could one pattern, grac'd
With such extremes of excellence, compose ;
Wonders so distant in one face disclose !
Such cheerful modesty, such humble state,
As when, bin love, but with as doubtful fate
Inviting fruit on too sudardy reach, we see
All the rich flow'rs through his i
Amaz'd we see in this one garland bouna.

Had but this copy (which the artist cook
From the fair picture of that noble book)
Stood at Kalander's, the brave friends had jarr'd,
And, rivals made, th' ensuing story marr’d.
Just Nature, first instructed by his thought,
In his own house thus practis'd what he taught.
This glorious piece transcends what he could think,
So much his blood is nobler than his ink!

Thyrsis, a youth of the inspired train,
Fair Sacharissa lov’d, but lov'd in vain:
Like Phæbus sung the no less am'rous boy ;
Like Daphne she, as lovely, and as coy!
With numbers he the flying nymph pursues,
With numbers such as Phæbus' self might use !
Such is the chase when Love and Fancy leads,
O'er craggy mountains, and through flow'ry meads;
Invok”d to testify the lover's care,
Or form some image of his cruel fair,
Urg'd with his fury, like a wounded deer,

wua now approaching near,
Had reach'd the nymph with his harmoniouo lay,
Whom all his charms could not incline to stay.
Yet what he sung in his immortal strain,
Though unsuccessful, was not sung in vain :
All but the nymph that should redress his wrong,
Attend his passion, and approve his song.
Like Phæbus, thus acquiring unsought praise,
He catch'd at love, and filld his arms with bays.

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Had Dorothea liv'd when mortals made
Choice of their deities, this sacred shade
Had held an altar to her pow'r that gave
The peace and glory which these alleys have;
Embroider'd so with flowers where she stood,
That it became a garden of a wood.
Her presence has such more than human grace,
That it can civilize the rudest place ;
And beauty too, and order, can impart,
Where Nature ne'er intended it, nor art.
The plants acknowledge this, and her admire,
No less than those of old did Orpheus' lyre.
If she sit down, with tops all tow'rds her bow'd,
They round about her into arbours crowd;
Or if she walk, in even ranks they stand,
Like some well marshall’d and obsequious band.
Amphion so made stones and timber leap
Into fair figures from a confus'd heap:
And in the symmetry of her parts is found
A pow'r like that of harmony in sound.

Ye lofty beeches! tell this matchless dame,
That if together ye fed all one flame,
It could not equalize the hundredth part
Of what her eyes have kindled in my heart!-
Go, Boy, and carve this passion on the bark
of yonder tree, which stands the sacred mark
Of noble Sydney's birth; when such benign,
Such more than mortal-making stars did shine,
That there they cannot but for ever prove
The monument and pledge of humble love;
His humble love whose hope shall ne'er rise higher
Than for a pardon that he dares admire.

Anger, in hasty words or blows,
Itself discharges on our foes;
And sorrow too finds some relief
In tears, which wait upon our grief:
So ev'ry passion, but fond love,
Unto its own redress does move;
But that alone the wretch inelines
To what prevents his own designs;
Makes him lament, and sigh, and weep,
Disorder'd, tremble, fawn, and creep;
Postures which render him despis’d,
Where he endeavours to be priz’d.
For women (born to be control'd)
Stoop to the forward and the bold;
Affect the haughty and the proud,
The gay, the frolic, and the loud.
Who first the gen'rous steed opprest,
Not kneeling did salute the beast;
But with high courage, life, and force,
Approaching, tam’d th' unruly horse.

Unwisely we the wiser East
Pity, supposing them opprest
With tyrants' force, whose law is will,
By which they govern, spoil, and kill:
Each nymph, but moderately fair,
Commands with no less rigour here.
Should some brave Turk, that walks among
His twenty lasses, bright and young,
And beckons to the willing dame,
Preferr'd to quench his present flame,
Behold as many gallants here,
With modest guise and silent fear,


All to one female idol bend,

ON THE While her high pride does scarce descend

DEATH OF THE LORD PROTECTOR. To mark their follies, he would swear That these her guard of eunuchs were,

We must resign! Heav'n his great soul does claim And that a more majestic queen,

In storms, as loud as his immortal fame : Or humbler slaves, he had not seen.

His dying groans, his last breath, shakes our isle, All this with indignation spoke,

And trees uncut fall for his fun'ral pile; In vain I struggled with the yoke

About his palace their broad roots are tost Of mighty Love: that conqu’ring look,

Into the air.—So Romulus was lost! When next beheld, like lightning strook

New Rome in such a tempest miss'd her king, My blasted soul, and made me bow

And from obeying fell to worshipping. Lower than those I pity'd now.

On Oeta's top thus Hercules lay dead, So the tall stag, upon the brink

With ruin'd oaks and pines about him spread. Of some smooth stream about to drink,

The poplar, too, whose bough he wont to wear

On his victorious head, lay prostrate there.
Surveying there his armed head,
With shame remembers that he fled

Those his last fury from the mountain rent:
The scorned dogs, resolves to try

Our dying hero from the continente spaniards reft, The combat next; but if their cry

Ravish'd whole townsritain left.

As his last legs Invades again his trembling ear,

The ocears

Which so long our hopes confin’d, He strait resumos leis wuuucu caiu,

uu limits to his vaster mind; Leaves the untasted spring behind,

Our bounds' enlargement was his latest toil,
And, wing'd with fear, outflies the wind.

Nor hath he left us pris'ners to our isle:
Under the tropic is our language spoke,
And part of Flanders hath receiv'd our yoke.

From civil broils he did us disengage,

Found nobler objects for our martial rage;

And, with wise conduct, to his country shew'd Design or Chance makes others wive,

The ancient way of conquering abroad. But Nature did this match contrive:

Ungrateful then! if we no tears allow Eve might as well have Adam fled,

To him that gave us peace and empire too. As she deny'd her little bed

Princes that fear'd him grieve, concern'd to see To him, for whom Heav'n seem'd to frame

No pitch of glory from the grave is free. And measure out this only dame.

Nature herself took notice of his death, Thrice happy is that humble pair,

And, sighing, swell’d the sea with such a breath, Beneath the level of all care!

That to remotest shores her billows rollid, Over whose heads those arrows fly

Th’approaching fate of their great ruler told.
Of sad distrust and jealousy;
Secured in as high extreme
As if the world held none but them.

To bim the fairest nymphs do shew
Like moving mountains topp'd with snow;

Fair! that you may truly know
Aud ey'ry man a Polypheme

What you unto Thyrsis owe, Iues this Galatea seem :

I will tell you how I do Ayu may presume her faith to prove;

Sacharissa love and you.
Ha putter death that proffers love.

Joy salutes me when I set
All Culorist that kind Nature thus
View all the world had sever'd us ;

My blest eyes on Amoret;

But with wonder I am strook,
Ajuwun tor survives us two,
А. Тук цін : tox only you !

While I on the other look.

If sweet Amoret complains,
I have sense of all her pains ;
But for Sacharissa I

Do not only grieve, but die.

All that of myself is mine, Twice twenty slender virgin-fingers twine

Lovely Amoret! is thine ; This curioue web, where all their fancies shine.

Sacharissa's captive fain

Would untie his iron chain,
As nature them, so they this shade have wrought,
Bottas their bands, and various as their thought.

And those scorching beams to shun,
Not Juno's bird, when his fair train dispread,

To thy gentle shadow run.

If the soul had free election He woos the female to his painted beds

To dispose of her affection, No, not the bow, which so adorns the skies,

I would not thus long have borne bus glorious in, or boasta so many dyes,

Haughty Sacharissa's scorn:

But 'tis sure some pow'r above,

Who already have of me Which controls our wills in love!

All that's not idolatry; If not love, a strong desire

Which, though not so fierce a flame, To create and spread that fire

Is longer like to be the same. In my breast, solicits me,

Then smile on me, and I will prove Beauteous Amoret! for thee.

Wonder is shorter liv'd than love.
'Tis amazement more than love
Which her radiant eyes do move :
If less splendor wait on thine,

TO A LADY IN RETIREMENT. Yet they so benignly shine,

Sees not my love how time resumes I would turn my dazzled sight

The glory which he lent these flow'rs; To behold their milder light:

Though none should taste of their perfumes, But as hard 'tis to destroy

Yet must they live but some few hours. That high flame as to enjoy;

Time what we forbear devours!
Which how eas'ly I may do,
Heav'n (as eas'ly scal'd) does know!

Had Helen, or the Egyptian Queen,
Amoret! as sweet and good

Been ne'er so thrifty of their graces, As the most delicious food,

Those beauties must at length have been Which but tasted does impart

The spoil of age, which finds out faces Life and gladness to the heart.

In the most retired places.
Sacharissa's beauty's wine,
Which to madness doth inclines

Should some malignant planet bring
Such a liquor as no brain

A barren drought or ceaseless show'r That is mortal can sustain.

Upon the autumn or the spring, Scarce can I to heav'n excuse

And spare us neither fruit nor flow'r,
The devotion which I use

Winter would not stay an hour.
Unto that adored dame;
For 'tis not unlike the same

Could the resolve of love's neglect
Which I thither ought to send;

Preserve you from the violation So that if it could take end,

Of coming years, then more respoçt "Twould to Heav'n itself be due,

Were due to so divine a fashion, To succeed her and not you;

Nor would I indulge my passion.

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