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drive into a net, and then knock them on the head t.

* The candid and venerable president De Thou expresses himself thus concerning these innocent and unfortunate persons : “ Homines esse qui tre

: “ centis circiter abhinc annis asperum & incultum “ solum vectigale à dominis acceperint, quod im" probo labore & asliduo cultu frugum ferax &

aptum pecori reddiderint; patientiffimos eos “ laboris & inediæ, à litibus abhorrentes, erga “ egenos munificos, tributa principi & fua jura “ dominis sedulò & fumma fide pendere; Dei culer tum affiduis precibus & morum innocentiam præ - se ferre, ceterum rarò divorum templa adire, nisi *** fi quando ad vicina fuis finibus oppida mercandi " aut negotiorum causa divertant; quà fi quando

que pedem inferant, non dei, divorumque statuis " advolvi, nec cereos eis aut donaria ulla ponere; o non facerdotes ab eis rogari ut pro se, aut pro

pinquorum manibus rem divinam faciant, non “ cruce frontem infigniri uti aliorum moris eft: “ cùm coelum intonant non se luftrali aqua aspergere, fed fublatis in cælum oculis dei

opem

implorare; non religionis ergo peregrè proficisci, non per

vias antè crucium fimulacra caput apen 66 rire ; facra alio ritu, & populari lingua cele

brare ;

After the death of Francis I. a prince, whom it must be confessed, was more remarkable for his gallantries and his misfortunes than for his cruelty, the execution of a thousand heretics, and in particular that of Dubourg, a counfellor of the parliament, together with the mafsacre of Vafly, made the persecuted fly to arms. Their feet multiplied in proport on with the fises lighted for them, and the swords of executioners drawn against them, patience gave way to rage, and they followed the ex

“ brare ; non denique Pontifici aut Epifcopis ho.

porem deferre, fed quosdam è suo numero de. « lectos pro antiftibus & doctoribus habere. Hæę * uti ad Franciscum relata VI.” Id. Feb. anni &c.

Madame de Cental, who was proprietor of part of the lands thus laid waste and drenched in the blood of their quondam inhabitants, applied for redress to Henry II. who referred her to the parliament of Paris. The solicitor-general of Provence, whose name was Guerin, and had been the principal author of these massacres, was condemned to lose his head; and was the only one who suffered on this occasion, the punishment due to the other accomplices in his guilt; because, says De Thou, aulicorum favore deftitueretur, he had not friends at court, C6

ample

ample of their enemies in cruelty. Nine civil war's filled France with carnage ; and a. peace, more fatal than war itself, produced the day of St. Bartholomew, which stands without example in the annals of crimes.

Henry III. and Henry IV. fell victims to the league; the one by the hand of a Dominican friar, and the other by that of a monster who had been a brother of the Mendicant order. There are who pretend, that humanity, indulgence, and liberty of conscience, are horrible things; I would ask such persons feriously, if they could have produced cala.. mities comparable to those I have just re«. lated ?

С НА Р.

CHA P. IV.

Whether TOLERATION. is dangerous; and

among what Nations it is practised.

SOME

OME people will have it; that if we were

to make use of humanity and indulgence towards our mistaken brethren who pray to God in bad French, it would be putting arms into their hands, and we should see revived the bloody days of. Jarnac, Moncontours Coutras, Dreux, St. Denis, &c. I know not how this may be, as I have not the gift of prophecy ; but I really cannot discover the congruity of this reasoning, «. That because these men took up arms against “ me when I oppressed them, they will do the « fame if I shew them favour."

And here I would willingly take the liberty: to intreat those who have the reins of government in hand, or are destined to fill the highest ftations, for once to examine maturely, wherber there is any reason to apprehend, that indulgence would occasion the same rebellions as cruelty and oppression; and whether, what has happened undercertain circumstances, would happen under others of a different nature; or

whether whether times, opinions, and manners are al

ways the same?

The Hugonots, it cannot be denied, have formerly given into all the rage of enthufiafm, and have been polluted with blood as well as ourselves : but can it be said, that the present generation is as barbarous as the former ? Have not time and reason, that have lately made fo great progress, together with good books, and that natural foftness introduced from fociety, found their way among those who have the guidance of these people? And do we not clearly perceive that almost all Europe has undergone a change within the laft century?

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The hands of government have every where been strengthened, while ihe minds of the people have been softened and civilized ; the general police, supported by numerous standing armies, leave us no longer any cause to fear the return of those times of anarchy, when proteftant boors and catholic peasants were haftily called together from the labours of agriculture, to więid the sword against each others lives.

Alia tempora, aliæ cura. It would be highly absurd in the present days to decimate the

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