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CHA P. XIX. Of the Law of God. M OD gave to Adam a law, as a covenant of works,

J by which he bound him, and all his posterity, to personal, entire, exact, and perpetual obedience, promised life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it; and endued him with power and ability to keep it a.

II. This Refs, the Lord shall be a light unto likeness: and let them have dominion me. v.9. I will bear the indignation over the fish of the sea, and over the of the Lord, because I have finned fowl of the air, and over the cattle, against him, until he plead my cause, and over all the earth, and over every and execute judgment for me: he creeping thing that creepeth upon will bring me forth to the light, and the earth. v. 27. So God created I shall behold his righteousness. Jer. man in his own image, in the image xxxii. 40. And I will make an ever- of God created he him: male and lasting covenant with them, that I female created he them. With Gen. will not turn away from them, to do ii: 17. But of the tree of the knowthem good; but I will put my fear ledge of good and evil, thou shalt in their hearts, that they shall not not eat of it: for in the day that thou depart from me. If. liv. 7. For a eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. small moment have I forsaken thee, Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gentiles, but with great mercies will I gather which have not the law, do by nathee. V.8. In a litele wrath I hid my ture the things contained in the law, face from thee, for a moment; but these having not the law, are a law with everlasting kindness will I have unto themselves: V. 15. Which shew mercy on thee, faith the Lord thy the work of the law written in their Redeemer, v.9. For this is as the wa- hearts, their conscience alsu bearing ters of Noah unto me: for as I have witness, and their thoughts the mean sworn that the waters of Noah should while accusing or else excusing one no more go over the earth; so have another. Rom. x. 5. For Moses deI sworn that I would not be wroth fcribeth the righteousness which is with thee, nor rebuke thee. v. 1o. of the law, T'hat the man which doch For the mountains shall depart, and those things shall live by them.Rom. the hills be removed, but niy kind. v. 12. Wherefore as by one man fin nels shall not depart from thee, nei- entered into the world, and death ther shall the covenant of my peace by sin; and so death passed upon all be removed, saith the Lord, that men, for that all have finned. v. 19. hath mercy on thee. Psal. xxii. 1. For as by one man's disobedience My God, my God, why hast thou many were made finners : so by the forsaken me ? why art thou so far obedience of one shall many be made from helping me, and from the righteous. Gal. iii. 10. For as many words of my roaring ? (Psal. as are of the works of the law, are Ixxxviii. throughout.)

under the curse : for it is written, I.a Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let Cursed is every one that continueth us make man in our image, after our not in all things which are written

II. This law, after his fall, continued to be a pertea rule of righteousness : and, as such, was delivered by God upon mount Sinai in ten commandments, and write ten in two tables b; the four first commandments contain: ing our duty towards God, and the other fix our duty to a man c. .

III. Besides this law, commonly called Moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a church under. age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances, partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits d ; and partly

hold in the book of the law to do them. false witness, Thou shalt not covet; v. 12. And the law is not of faith ; and if there be any other command, but, The man that doth them shall ment, it is briefly comprehended in live in them. Eccl. vij. 29. Lo, this this saying, namely, Thou shalt love only have I found, that God hath thy neighbour as thyself. Deut. v. made man upright; but they have 32. Ye Thall observe to do therefore fought out many inventions. Job as the Lord your God hath com, xxviii. 28. And unto man he said, manded you : you shall not turn aside Behold the fear of the Lord, that to the right hand or to the left. Deut, is wisdom and to depart from evil, is x. 4. And he wrote on the tables,ac. understanding.

cording to the first writing, the ten II. b James i. 25. But whoso look commandments, which the Lord eth into the perfect law of liberty, spake unto you in the mount, out of and continueth therein, he being not the midst of the fire, in the day of a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the the assembly: and the Lord gave work, this man shall be blessed in his them unto me. Exod.xxxiv. 1. And deed. James ii. 8. If ye fulfil the royal the Lord said unto Mofes, Hew thee law according to the scripture, Thou two tables of stone like unto the first: shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, and I will write upon these tables ye do well. 7. 10. For whosoever the words that were in the first tathall keep the whole law, and yet bles which thou brakest. offend in one point, he is guilty of all, c Matth, xxii. 37. Jesus said unto 0.11. For he that said, Do not com him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy mit adultery; faid also, Do not kill. God with all thy heart, and with all Now if thou commit no adultery, yet thy soul, and with all thy mind. if thou kill, thou art become a tranf. v. 38. This is the first and great gressor of the law. v. 12. So speak ye, commandnient. v. 39. And the se. and fo do, as they that shall be judg- cond is like unto it, Thou shalt love ed by the law of liberty. Rom. xiii. thy neighbour as thyself. v. 40. 8. Owe no man anything, but On these two commandments hang love one another : for he that loveth all the law and the prophets. another, hath fulfilled the law. v.9. III. d (Heb. ix. chapter) Heb. For this, Thou shalt not commit a. X. . For the law having a shadow dultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou of good things to come, and not the {halt not steal, Thou shalt not bear very image of the things, can never

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holding forth divers instructions of moral duties ee All which ceremonial laws are now abrogated under the New Testament f.

IV. To them also, as a body-politic, he gave fundry judia cial laws, which expired together with the Itate of that people, not obliging any other now, further than the general equity thereof may require g. :

- , y. The with those facrifices, which they of the midst of the week he: fhall. fered year by year continually, make cause the sacrifice and the oblation" the comers thereunto perfect. Gal. to cease, and for the overspreading iv. J. Now. I say, that the heir, as of abominations, he shall make it long as he is a child, differeth po desolate, even until the consumma. thing from a fervant, though he be tion, and that determined shall be lord of all; .v. 2. But is under tutors poured upon the desolate. Eph. ii. and governors, until the time ap. 15. Having abolished in his flesh the pointed of the father. v. 3. Even enmity, even the law of commande so we, when we were children, were ments, contained in ordinances, for. in bondage under the elements of the to make in himself, of twain, one world. Col. ii. 17. Which are'a new man, fo' making peace ; v. fhadow of things to come; but the 16. And that he might reconcile, body is of Christ.

both unto God in one body by the é i Cor. v. 7. Purge out there. cross, having flain the enmity therefore the old leaven, that ye may be by. a new lump, as ye are unleavened: “IV. g (Exod. xxi. chapter. Exod. for even Christ our passover is fa- xxii. 1. to the 29th verse : See crificed for 'us. . 2Cor. vi. 17. both in the Bible). Gen. xlix. io. Wherefore come out from among The scepter shall not depart from them, and be ye separate, faith the Judah, nor a lawgiver from between Lord, and touch not the unclean his feet,' until Shiloh come, and thing; and I will receive you. Jude unto him shall the gathering of the 23. And others fave with fear, pull people be. With 1 Pet. ii. 13. ing them out of the fire; hating Submit yourselves to every ordieven the garment spotted by the nance of man for the Lord's fake : ffelh.

whether it be to the king, as suf Col. ii. 14. Blotting out the preme : v. 14. Or unto governors, hand-writing of ordinances that as unto them that are sent by him, was against us, which was contrary for the punishment of evil-doers, to us, and took it out of the way, and for the praise of them that do nailing it to his cross. v. 16. Let well. Matth. v. 17. Think not that no man therefore judge you, in meat I am come to destroy the law or the or in drink, or in respect of an ho. prophets: I am not come to destroy, ly day, or of the new moon, or of but to fulfil. With v. 38. Ye have the Sabbath-days : v. 17. Which heard that it hath been said, An are a shadow of things to come; but eye for an eye, and a tooth for a the body is of Christ. Dan. ix. 27. tooth. v. 39. But I say unto you, And he shall confirm the covenant that ye resist not evil : but whosowith many for one week : and in ever shall smite thee on thy right

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V. The moral law doth for ever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof h; and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in re fpect of the authority of God the Creator who gave it i. Nei. ther doth Christ in the gospel any way diffolve, but much strengthen this obligation k.'

vi. Although true believers be not under the law as a covenant of works, to be thereby juftified or condemned l; yet is it of great use to them, as well as to

others;

cheek; turn to him the other also. ¿ Jam. ii. 10. 11. (See in letter b), 1 Cor. ix. 8. Say I these things as ik Matth. v. 17. (See in letter 8). à man? or faith not the law the Vor18. For verily I say unto you, fame also ? v. 9. For it is written in Till heaven and earth pafs, one jot the law of Moses, Thou shalt not or one tittle 'fhall in no wife pass muzzle the mouth of the ox that from the law, till all be fulfilled. tradeth out the corn. Doth God v. 19. Whosoever therefore shall take care for oxen? 1. 10. Or faith break one of these least, command. he it altogether for our sakes? for ments, and shall teach men so, he our sakes, no doubt, this is written: fhall be called the least in the kingthat he that ploweth should plow in dom of heaven: but whosoever shall hope; and that he that thresheth' do, and teach them, the same shall in hope, should be partaker of his be called great in the kingdom of hope.

heaven.' Jam. i. 8. See in letter V. h Rom. xiii. 8. 9. (See above b before). "Rom. iii. 31. Do we then in letter 6). v. 10. Love worketh make void the law through faith? no ill to his neighbour: therefore God forbid : yea, we establish the love is the fulfilling of the law. Eph. law. vi. 2. Honour thy father and mo- VI. 1 Rom. vi. 14. For fin shall ther, which is the first command not have dominion over you : for ment with promise. 1 John ii. 3. ye are not under the law, but un. And hereby do we know that we der' grace." Gal. ii. 16. Knowing know him, if we keep his command.' that a man is not justified by the ments. v. 4. He that saith, I know works of the law, but by the faith him, and keepeth not his command.. of Jesus Christ, even we have bements, is a liar, and the truth is lieved in Jesus Christ; that we might not in him. '1.7. Brethren, I write be justified by the faith of Christ, no new commandment unto you, and not by the works of the law : but an old commandment which ye for by the works of the law shall had from the beginning: the old no flesh be justified. Gal. ii. 13. commandment is the word which ye Christ hath redeemed us from the have heard from the beginning : v. curse of the law, being made a 8. Again a new commandment I curse for us : for it is written, Curwrite unto you, which thing is true fed is every one that hangeth on a ih him ard in you : because the dark- tree. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulnefs is past, and the true light pow ness of the time was come, God

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others; in that, as a rule of life, informing them of the will of God and their duty, it directs, and binds them to walk accordingly m; discovering also the finful pollutions of their nature, hearts, and lives n; so as, examining themselves thereby, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against fin o; together with a clearer fight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of his obedience p. It is likewise of use to the regenerate, to restrain their cor

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made under the law. v. 5. To re- except the law had said, Thou shalt deem them that were under the not covet.' Rom. ii. 20. Therefore law, that we might receive the a- by the deeds of the law, there shall doption of fons. Afts xiii. 39. And no flesh be justified in his fight : for by him all that believe are justified by the law is the knowledge of sin., from all things, from the which ye o James i. 23. For if any be a could not be justified by the law hearer of the word, and not a doer, of Moses. Rom. viii. 1. There is he is like unto a man beholding his therefore now no condemnation to natural face in a glass : V. 24. For them which are in Christ Jesus, who he beholdeth himself, and goeth walk pot after the flesh, but after the his way, and straightway forgetSpirit.

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eth what manner of man he was. m Rom. vii. 12. Wherefore the V. 25. But whoso looketh into the law is holy; and the commandment perfect law of liberty, and continue holy, and just, and good. v. 22. eth therein, he being not a forgetFor I delight in the law of God, ful hearer, but a doer of the work, after the inward man. v: 25. I this man shall be blessed in his deede thank God, through Jesus Christ our Rom. vii. 9. For I was alive withLord. So then, with the mind I out the law once :' but when the myself serve the law of God; but commandment came, fin rèvived, with the Aesh the law of sin. Pfal. and I died. v. 14. For we know cxix. 4. Thou hast commanded us that the law is fpiritual : but I am to keep thy precepts diligently. v.5;' carnal, fold under sin. . v. 24. O O that my ways were directed to wretched man that I am, who shall keep thy statutes ! v. 6. Then shall deliver me from the body of this I not be ashamed, when I have re- death! spect unto all thy commandments. Gal. iii. 24. Wherefore the i Cor. vii. 19. Circumcision is no- law was our schoolmaster to bring thing, and uncircumcision is no- .us unto Christ, that we might be thing, but the keeping of the com- :justified by faith. Rom. vii. 24. mandments of God. Gal. y. 14. (See before in the letter o v. 25. 16. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. See in in letter m). Rom. viii. 3. For what the Bible.

the law could not do, in that it was in Rom. vii. 7. What shall we say weak through the flesh, God send. then? Is the law fin? God forbid. ing his own Son, in the likeness of Nay, I had not known sin, but by inful Heih, and for fin condemned the law: for I had not known lust, fin in the desh; . 4. That the

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