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Nevertheless, there shall be always a church on earth, to worship God according to his will m.
VI. There is no other head of the church but the Lord Jesus Christ.n; nor can the Pope o Rome in any sense be head thereof, but is that antichrist, that man of sin, and son of perdition, that exalteth himself in the church against Christ, and all that is called God o.
en, and is become the habitation of is the beginning, the first born from devils, and the hold of every foul the dead; that in all things he might spirit, and a cage of every unclean have the pre-eminence. Eph. i. 22. and hateful bird. Rom. xi. 18. And hath put all things under his Boast not against the branches: but feet, and gave him to be the head if thou boait, thou bearest not the over all things to the church. root, but the root thee, v. 19. . o Matth. xxiii. 8. But be not ye Thou wilt say then, The branches called Rabbi: for one is your Mawere broken off, that I might be ster, even Christ, and all ye are graffed in. V. 20. Well; because brethren. v. 9. And call no man of unbelief they were broken off, your father upon earth: for one and thou standest by faith. Be not is your Father, which is in heaven. high-minded, but fear. v. 21. For v. 10. Neither be ye called masters : if God spared not the natural for one is your Master, even Christ. branches, take head left he also spare 2 Theff. ii. 3. Let no man deceive not thee. v. 22. Behold therefore you by any means : for that day the goodness, and severity of God: shall not come except there come on them which fell, severity ; but a falling away first, and that man towards thee, goodness, if thou con- of fin be revealed, the son of perditinue in his goodness: otherwise tion: v. 4. Who opposeth and exthou also shalt be cut off
alteth himself above all that is calin Matth. xvi. 18. And I say also led God, or that is worshipped; so unto thee, That thou art Peter, and that he as God fitteth in the temple upon this rock I will build my of God, fhewing himself that he is church: and the gates of hell shall God. v. 8. And then shall that not prevail against it. Psal. Ixxii. wicked be revealed, whom the Lord 17. His name shall endure for ever: Thall consume with the spirit of his his name shall be continued as long mouth, and shall destroy with the as the fun: and men shall be blessed brightness of his coming: y. 9. Ein him, all nations shall call him ven him whose coming is after the blessed. Pfal. cii. 28. The chile working of Satan, with all power, dren of thy fervants shall continue, and signs, and lying wonders. Rev. and their feed shall be established xiii. 6. And he opened his mouth before thee. Matth. xxviii. 19, 20. in blasphemy against God, to blas(See in letter g.)
pheme his name, and his tabernacle, . VI. n Col. i. 18. And he is the and them that dwell in heaven. head of the body, the church : who
CHAP. XXVI. Of Communion of Saints.
L L faints that are united to Jesus Christ their head,
by his Spirit, and by faith, have fellowship with him in his graces, sufferings, death, resurrection, and glory a. And, being united to one another in love, they have communion in each other's gifts and graces b, and are obliged to the performance of such duties, public and private, as do conduce to their mutual good, both in the inward and outward man c.
I. a , lohn i. 3. That which we in the likeness of his resurrection : bave seen and heard, declare we v. 6. Knowing this, that our old unto you, that ye also may have man is crucified with him, that the fellow hip with us and truly our body of sin might be destroyed, that fellowship is with the father, and henceforth we should not serve fin. with his Son Jesus Christ Eph. iii. 2 Tim. ii. 12. If we suffer, , we shall 16. That he would grant you, ac also reign with him: if we deny cording to the riches of his glory, him, he also will deny us. to be strengthened with might, by b Eph. iv. 15. But speaking the his Spirit in the inner man ;
truth in love, may grow up into That Christ may dwell in your him in all things, which is the head, hearts by faith; that ye being root even Christ, v. 16 From whom ed and grounded in love, v. 18. the whole body fitly joined togeMay be able to comprehend with ther, and compacted by that which all saints, what is the breadth; and every joint supplieth, according to length, and depth, and height; the effectual working in the measure
And to know the love of of every part, maketh increase of Christ, which passeth knowledge, the body, unto the edifying of itself that he might be filled with all the in love. i Cor. xii. 7. But the mafulness of God. John i. 16. And nifestation of the Spirit is given to of his fulness have all we received, every man to profit with all. I Cor. and grace
for grace. Eph. ii. 5. iii. 21. Therefore let no man glory Even when we were dead in sins, in men, for all things are yours : hath quickened us together with v. 22. Whether Paul, or Apollos, Christ," (by grace ye are saved) or Cephas, or the world, or life, or v y. 6. 'And hath raised us up to death, or things present, or things gether, and made us fit together in to come; all are yours; v. 23. And heavenly places in Christ Jesus. ye are Christ's, and Christ is God's. Phil. iii. 1o. That I may know him, Col. ii. 19. And pot holding the and the power of his resurrection, head, from which all the body by and the fellowship of his sufferings, joints and bands, having nourishbeing made conformable unto his ment, ministered, and knit together, death. m. vi. 5. For if we have increaseth with the increase of God. been planted together in the like ci Theff. v. 11. Wherefore comness of his death, we hall be allo fort yourselves together, and edify
II. Saints, by profession, are bound to maintain an hoy fellowship and communion in the worship of God, and in performing such other spiritual fervices as tend to their mutual edification d; as also in relieving each other in outward things, according to their several abilities and necessities. Which communion, as God offereth opportunity, is to be extended unto all those who in every place call upon the name of the Lord Jesus e.
III. This communion which the faints have with Christ, doth 'not make them in any wise partakers of the sub
stance one another, even as also ye do. and so much the more, as ye fee v. 14. Now we exhort you, brethren the day approaching. Acts ii. 42. warn them that are unruly, comfort And they continued stedfastly in the the feeble-minded, support the weak, apostles doctrine and fellowship, and be patient toward all men. Rom. i. ia breaking of bread, and in prayer. 11. For I long to see you, that I v. 46. And they continuing daily may impart unto you some spiritual with one accord in the temple, gift, to the end you may be establish- and breaking of bread from house to ed; v. 12. That is, that I may be house, did eat their meat with glad-, comforted together with you, by the ness and singleness of heart. If. ii. 3. mutual faith both of
And many people shall go and say,, I debtor both to the Come ye, and let us go up to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians, both mountain of the Lord, to the house to the wise, and to the unwise, of the God of Jacob, and he will 1 John ii. 16. Hereby perceive we teach us of his ways, and we will the love of God, because he laid walk in his paths; for out of Zion down his life for us : and we ought shall go forth the law, and the word to lay down our lives for the bre. of the Lord from Jerusalem. : Cor. thren.
v. 17. But whoso hath this xi. 20. When ye come together. worlds good, and seeth his brother therefore into one place, this is not bave need, and shutteth up his to eat the Lord's supper. bowels of compaflion from him, how e Acts ü.
And all that belie. dwelleth the love of God in him? ved were together, and had all, v. 18. My little children, let us things common. V. 45. And sold not love in word, neither in tongue, their poffeflions and goods, and partbut in deed, and in truth. Gal. vi. ed them to all men, as every man 10. As we have therefore opportu. had need. 1 John iii. 17. (See in nity, let us do good unto all men, letter c.) (2 Cor. viii. and ix. chapeļpecially unto them who are of the ters.) Ads xi. 29. Then the dilhousehold of faith.
ciples, every man according to his II. d Heb. X. 24. And let us ability, determined to send , relief, consider one another, to provoke unto the brethren which dwelt in Juupto love, and to good works. v. 25. dea. v. 30. Which also they did, Not forsaking the allembling of our and sent it to the elders by the felves together, as the manner of hands of Barnabas and Saul. fome is; but exhorting one another :
stance of his God head, or to be equal with Christ in any refpect: either of which to affirm, is impious and blasphemous f. Nor doth their communion one with another, as saints, take away or infringe the title or property which each man hath in his goods and possessions g.
CHA P. XXVII. Of the Sacraments. Acraments are holy signs and seals of the covenant of grace a, immediately instituted by God b, to repre
sent III. f Col. i. 18. And he is the the oil of gladness above thy fellows. head of the body, the church : who 8 Exod. xx. 15. Thou shalt not is the beginning, the first born from steal. Eph. iv. 28. Let him that the dead; that in all things he stole, steal no more : but rather let might have the pre-eminence, v. 19. him labour, working with his hands For it pleased the Father, that in the thing which is good, that he him should all fulness dwell. 1 Cor. may have to give to him that need. viii. 6. But to us there is but one eth. Acts v.
Whiles it remainGod, the Father, of whom are all ed, was it not thine own ? and after things, and we in him; and one it was fold, was it not in thine own Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all power? why hast thou conceived things; and we by him. If. xlii. 8. this thing in thine heart ? thou hast I am the Lord, that is my name,
not lied upto men, but unto God. and my glory will I not give to ano I a Rom. iv. 11. And he receip. ther, neither my praise to gravened the sign of circumcision, a seal images. 1 Tim. vi. 15. Which in of the righteousness of the faith his times he shall show, who is the which he had yet being uncircumcisbleffed and only Potentate, the ed : that he might be the father of King of kings, and Lord of lords. all them that believe, though they be v. 16. Who only hath immortality, not circumcised; that righteousness dwelling in the light which no man might be imputed unto them also. can approach unto, whom no man Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish hath seen, nor can see; to whom my covenant between me and thee, be honour and power everlasting, and thy seed after thee, in their geAmen. Pfal. xlv. 7. Thou lovest nerations, for an everlasting coverighteousness, and hatest wickedness : Dant; to be a God unto thee, and therefore God, thy God, hath a to thy feed after thee, v. 10 (See nointed thee with the oil of gladness below in letter f:) above thy fellows. With Heb. i. 8. 6 Matth. xxviii. 19.
ye there. But unto the Son he faith, Thy fore and teach all nations, baptizing throne, O God, is for ever and them in the name of the Father, ever: a sceptre of righteousness is and of the Son, and of the Holy the sceptre of thy kingdom: v.9. Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have Thou haft loved righteousness, and received of the Lord, that which hated iniquity: therefore God, even also I delivered unto you, That the thy God, hath anointed thee with Lord Jesus, the fame night in
sent Christ and his benefits; and to confirm our interest in hiin c; as also to put a visible difference between those that belong unto the church, and the rest of the world d; and folemnly to engage them to the service of God in Christ, according to his word e.
II. There is in every facrament a spiritual relation, or "facramental union, between the sign and the thing signified; whence it comes to pass, that the names and effects of the one are attributed to the other f. III, The grace which is exhibited in or by the facra
ments, which he was betrayed, took bread. of. Gen, xxxiv. 14. And they said
ci Cor. x. 16. The cup of bles- unto them, We cannot do this fing which we bless, is it not the thing, to give our sister to one that communion of the blood of Christ is uncircumcised: for that were a the bread which we break, is it not reproach unto us. the communion of the body of e Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that Christ? Cor. xi. 25. After the so many of us as were baptized insame manner also he took the cup, to Jesus Christ, were baptized into when he had supped, saying, This his death? v. 4. Therefore we cup is the New Testament in my are buried with him by baptism inblood : this do ye, as oft as ye to death; that like as Christ was drink it, in remembrance of me. raised up from the dead by the gloV. 26. For as often as ye eat this ry of the Father, even so we also bread, and drink this cup, ye do should walk in newness of life. hew the Lord's death till he come. I Cor. x. 16. (See in letter c) * Gal. iii. 27. For as inany of you v. 21. Ye cannnt drink the cup as have been baptized into Christ, of the Lord, and the cup of dehave put on Christ. Gal. ii. 17. vils : ye cannot be partakers of the And this I say, That the covenant Lord's table, and of the table of that was confirmed before of God devils. in Christ, the law which was four II. f Gen. xvii. 10. This is my hundred and thirty years after, can- covenant, which ye shall keep bepot disannul, that it should make tween me, and you, and thy feed the promise of none effect.
after thee: Every man-child among d Rom. xv. 8. Now I fay, that you shall be circumcifed. Matth. Jesus Christ was a minister of the xxvi. 27. And he took the cup, circuincision for the truth of God, and gave thanks, and gave it to to confirm the promises made unto them, saying, Drink ye all of it : the fathers. Exod. xii. 48. And v. 28. For this is my blood of the when a stranger shall sojourn with New Testament, which is fhed for thee, and will keep the passover to many for the remission of fins. the Lord, let all his males be cir. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of rightecumcised, and then let him come ousness, which we have done, but” near and keep it; and he shall be as according to his mercy he saved us one that is born in the land: for no by the washing of regeneration, and rocircumcised person shall eat there renewing of the Holy Ghoft.